source: archive/expect.xml

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Last change on this file was 45ab6c7, checked in by Xi Ruoyao <xry111@…>, 4 months ago

more SVN prop clean up

Remove "$LastChanged$" everywhere, and also some unused $Date$

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 15.9 KB
Line 
1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY expect-download-http "&sourceforge-dl;/expect/expect&expect-version;.tar.gz">
8 <!ENTITY expect-download-ftp " ">
9 <!ENTITY expect-md5sum "00fce8de158422f5ccd2666512329bd2">
10 <!ENTITY expect-size "624 KB">
11 <!ENTITY expect-buildsize "3.2 MB (with tests)">
12 <!ENTITY expect-time "0.2 SBU (with tests)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="expect" xreflabel="Expect-&expect-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="expect.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <date>$Date$</date>
20 </sect1info>
21
22 <title>Expect-&expect-version;</title>
23
24 <indexterm zone="expect">
25 <primary sortas="a-Expect">Expect</primary>
26 </indexterm>
27
28 <sect2 role="package">
29 <title>Introduction to Expect</title>
30
31 <para>
32 The <application>Expect</application> package was installed in the
33 LFS temporary tools directory for testing other packages. These
34 procedures install it in a permanent location. It contains tools for
35 automating interactive applications such as <command>telnet</command>,
36 <command>ftp</command>, <command>passwd</command>,
37 <command>fsck</command>, <command>rlogin</command>,
38 <command>tip</command>, etc. <application>Expect</application> is also
39 useful for testing these same applications as well as easing all sorts of
40 tasks that are prohibitively difficult with anything else.
41 </para>
42
43 &lfs91_checked;
44
45 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
46 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
47 <listitem>
48 <para>
49 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&expect-download-http;"/>
50 </para>
51 </listitem>
52 <!-- <listitem>
53 <para>
54 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&expect-download-ftp;"/>
55 </para>
56 </listitem> -->
57 <listitem>
58 <para>
59 Download MD5 sum: &expect-md5sum;
60 </para>
61 </listitem>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>
64 Download size: &expect-size;
65 </para>
66 </listitem>
67 <listitem>
68 <para>
69 Estimated disk space required: &expect-buildsize;
70 </para>
71 </listitem>
72 <listitem>
73 <para>
74 Estimated build time: &expect-time;
75 </para>
76 </listitem>
77 </itemizedlist>
78
79 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Expect Dependencies</bridgehead>
80
81 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
82 <para role="required">
83 <xref linkend="tcl"/>
84 </para>
85
86 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
87 <para role="optional">
88 <xref linkend="tk"/>
89 </para>
90
91 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
92 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/expect"/></para>
93
94 </sect2>
95
96 <sect2 role="installation">
97 <title>Installation of Expect</title>
98
99 <para>
100 Install <application>Expect</application> by running the following
101 commands:
102 </para>
103
104 <!-- Not sure if we need a static library as it does not build by default
105 any longer. Only a .so library is installed when passing
106 'enable-shared'. -->
107<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
108 --with-tcl=/usr/lib \
109 --enable-shared \
110 --mandir=/usr/share/man \
111 --with-tclinclude=/usr/include &amp;&amp;
112make</userinput></screen>
113
114 <para>
115 To test the results, issue: <command>make test</command>.
116 </para>
117
118 <para>
119 Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
120 </para>
121
122<screen role="root"><userinput>make install &amp;&amp;
123ln -svf expect&expect-version;/libexpect&expect-version;.so /usr/lib</userinput></screen>
124
125 </sect2>
126
127 <sect2 role="commands">
128 <title>Command Explanations</title>
129
130 <para>
131 <parameter>-with-tcl=/usr/lib</parameter>: This parameter is used to
132 tell the <command>configure</command> script where the
133 <command>tclConfig.sh</command> is located.
134 </para>
135
136 <para>
137 <parameter>--enable-shared</parameter>: This option enables
138 building the shared library.
139 </para>
140
141 <!-- Not really sure if this is required any longer as the library is now
142 installed directly in /usr/lib/expect5.45/. -->
143 <para>
144 <command>ln -sf ...</command>: This command creates a required link
145 to the shared library.
146 </para>
147
148 </sect2>
149
150 <sect2 role="configuration">
151 <title>Configuring Expect</title>
152
153 <sect3 id="expect-config">
154 <title>Config Files</title>
155
156 <para>
157 <filename>$exp_library/expect.rc</filename> and
158 <filename>~/.expect.rc</filename>
159 </para>
160
161 <indexterm zone="expect expect-config">
162 <primary sortas="e-AA.expect.rc">~/.expect.rc</primary>
163 </indexterm>
164
165 <indexterm zone="expect expect-config">
166 <primary sortas="e-A.exp_library-expect.rc">$exp_library/expect.rc</primary>
167 </indexterm>
168
169 </sect3>
170
171 <sect3>
172 <title>Configuration Information</title>
173
174 <para>
175 Reference the <command>expect</command> man page for information about
176 utilizing the <filename>expect.rc</filename> configuration files.
177 Additionally, many of the tools contained in the
178 <application>Expect</application> package will use their own
179 configuration files. Reference the respective man page, or
180 examine the script directly for configuration file information.
181 </para>
182
183 </sect3>
184
185 </sect2>
186
187 <sect2 role="content">
188 <title>Contents</title>
189
190 <segmentedlist>
191 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
192 <segtitle>Installed Library</segtitle>
193 <segtitle>Installed Directory</segtitle>
194
195 <seglistitem>
196 <seg>autoexpect, autopasswd, cryptdir, decryptdir, dislocate, expect, ftp-rfc,
197 kibitz, lpunlock, mkpasswd, passmass, rftp, rlogin-cwd, timed-read, timed-run,
198 unbuffer, weather, and optionally (if <application>Expect</application> was
199 linked against <application>Tk</application>), multixterm,
200 tknewsbiff, tkpasswd, xkibitz, and xpstat</seg>
201 <seg>libexpect&expect-version;.so</seg>
202 <seg>/usr/lib/expect&expect-version;</seg>
203 </seglistitem>
204 </segmentedlist>
205
206 <variablelist>
207 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
208 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
209 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
210
211 <varlistentry id="autoexpect">
212 <term><command>autoexpect</command></term>
213 <listitem>
214 <para>
215 generates an <application>Expect</application> script from
216 watching a session.
217 </para>
218 <indexterm zone="expect autoexpect">
219 <primary sortas="b-autoexpect">autoexpect</primary>
220 </indexterm>
221 </listitem>
222 </varlistentry>
223
224 <varlistentry id="autopasswd">
225 <term><command>autopasswd</command></term>
226 <listitem>
227 <para>
228 is a wrapper to make <command>passwd</command>(1) be
229 non-interactive.
230 </para>
231 <indexterm zone="expect autopasswd">
232 <primary sortas="b-autopasswd">autopasswd</primary>
233 </indexterm>
234 </listitem>
235 </varlistentry>
236
237 <varlistentry id="cryptdir">
238 <term><command>cryptdir</command></term>
239 <listitem>
240 <para>
241 encrypts all files in a directory.
242 </para>
243 <indexterm zone="expect cryptdir">
244 <primary sortas="b-cryptdir">cryptdir</primary>
245 </indexterm>
246 </listitem>
247 </varlistentry>
248
249 <varlistentry id="decryptdir">
250 <term><command>decryptdir</command></term>
251 <listitem>
252 <para>
253 decrypts all files in a directory.
254 </para>
255 <indexterm zone="expect decryptdir">
256 <primary sortas="b-decryptdir">decryptdir</primary>
257 </indexterm>
258 </listitem>
259 </varlistentry>
260
261 <varlistentry id="dislocate">
262 <term><command>dislocate</command></term>
263 <listitem>
264 <para>
265 allows processes to be disconnected and reconnected to a
266 terminal.
267 </para>
268 <indexterm zone="expect dislocate">
269 <primary sortas="b-dislocate">dislocate</primary>
270 </indexterm>
271 </listitem>
272 </varlistentry>
273
274 <varlistentry id="expect-prog">
275 <term><command>expect</command></term>
276 <listitem>
277 <para>
278 is a program that <quote>talks</quote> to other interactive
279 programs according to a script.
280 </para>
281 <indexterm zone="expect expect-prog">
282 <primary sortas="b-expect">expect</primary>
283 </indexterm>
284 </listitem>
285 </varlistentry>
286
287 <varlistentry id="ftp-rfc">
288 <term><command>ftp-rfc</command></term>
289 <listitem>
290 <para>
291 retrieves an RFC (or the index) from UUNET.
292 </para>
293 <indexterm zone="expect ftp-rfc">
294 <primary sortas="b-ftp-rfc">ftp-rfc</primary>
295 </indexterm>
296 </listitem>
297 </varlistentry>
298
299 <varlistentry id="kibitz">
300 <term><command>kibitz</command></term>
301 <listitem>
302 <para>
303 allows two (or more) people to interact with one shell
304 (or any arbitrary program).
305 </para>
306 <indexterm zone="expect kibitz">
307 <primary sortas="b-kibitz">kibitz</primary>
308 </indexterm>
309 </listitem>
310 </varlistentry>
311
312 <varlistentry id="lpunlock">
313 <term><command>lpunlock</command></term>
314 <listitem>
315 <para>
316 unhangs a printer which claims it is <quote>waiting for
317 lock</quote>.
318 </para>
319 <indexterm zone="expect lpunlock">
320 <primary sortas="b-lpunlock">lpunlock</primary>
321 </indexterm>
322 </listitem>
323 </varlistentry>
324
325 <varlistentry id="mkpasswd">
326 <term><command>mkpasswd</command></term>
327 <listitem>
328 <para>
329 generates passwords and can apply them automatically to users.
330 </para>
331 <indexterm zone="expect mkpasswd">
332 <primary sortas="b-mkpasswd">mkpasswd</primary>
333 </indexterm>
334 </listitem>
335 </varlistentry>
336
337 <varlistentry id="passmass">
338 <term><command>passmass</command></term>
339 <listitem>
340 <para>
341 changes a password on multiple machines.
342 </para>
343 <indexterm zone="expect passmass">
344 <primary sortas="b-passmass">passmass</primary>
345 </indexterm>
346 </listitem>
347 </varlistentry>
348
349 <varlistentry id="rftp">
350 <term><command>rftp</command></term>
351 <listitem>
352 <para>
353 is much like <command>ftp</command> except it uses
354 <option>~g</option> and <option>~p</option> instead of
355 <option>mget</option> and <option>mput</option>.
356 </para>
357 <indexterm zone="expect rftp">
358 <primary sortas="b-rftp">rftp</primary>
359 </indexterm>
360 </listitem>
361 </varlistentry>
362
363 <varlistentry id="rlogin-cwd">
364 <term><command>rlogin-cwd</command></term>
365 <listitem>
366 <para>
367 is <command>rlogin</command> except it uses the local current
368 directory as the current working directory on the remote machine.
369 </para>
370 <indexterm zone="expect rlogin-cwd">
371 <primary sortas="b-rlogin-cwd">rlogin-cwd</primary>
372 </indexterm>
373 </listitem>
374 </varlistentry>
375
376 <varlistentry id="timed-read">
377 <term><command>timed-read</command></term>
378 <listitem>
379 <para>
380 reads a complete line from stdin and aborts after a given
381 number of seconds.
382 </para>
383 <indexterm zone="expect timed-read">
384 <primary sortas="b-timed-read">timed-read</primary>
385 </indexterm>
386 </listitem>
387 </varlistentry>
388
389 <varlistentry id="timed-run">
390 <term><command>timed-run</command></term>
391 <listitem>
392 <para>
393 runs a program for a given amount of time.
394 </para>
395 <indexterm zone="expect timed-run">
396 <primary sortas="b-timed-run">timed-run</primary>
397 </indexterm>
398 </listitem>
399 </varlistentry>
400
401 <varlistentry id="unbuffer">
402 <term><command>unbuffer</command></term>
403 <listitem>
404 <para>
405 disables the output buffering that occurs when program output
406 is redirected.
407 </para>
408 <indexterm zone="expect unbuffer">
409 <primary sortas="b-unbuffer">unbuffer</primary>
410 </indexterm>
411 </listitem>
412 </varlistentry>
413
414 <varlistentry id="weather">
415 <term><command>weather</command></term>
416 <listitem>
417 <para>
418 retrieves a weather report (courtesy University of Michigan)
419 for a given city or geographical area.
420 </para>
421 <indexterm zone="expect weather">
422 <primary sortas="b-weather">weather</primary>
423 </indexterm>
424 </listitem>
425 </varlistentry>
426
427 <varlistentry id="multixterm">
428 <term><command>multixterm</command></term>
429 <listitem>
430 <para>
431 creates multiple <command>xterm</command>s that can be driven
432 together or separately.
433 </para>
434 <indexterm zone="expect multixterm">
435 <primary sortas="b-multixterm">multixterm</primary>
436 </indexterm>
437 </listitem>
438 </varlistentry>
439
440 <varlistentry id="tknewsbiff">
441 <term><command>tknewsbiff</command></term>
442 <listitem>
443 <para>
444 pops up a window when there is unread news in your favorite
445 newsgroups and removes the window after you've read the news.
446 </para>
447 <indexterm zone="expect tknewsbiff">
448 <primary sortas="b-tknewsbiff">tknewsbiff</primary>
449 </indexterm>
450 </listitem>
451 </varlistentry>
452
453 <varlistentry id="tkpasswd">
454 <term><command>tkpasswd</command></term>
455 <listitem>
456 <para>
457 is a script to change passwords using
458 <command>expect</command> and <application>Tk</application>.
459 </para>
460 <indexterm zone="expect tkpasswd">
461 <primary sortas="b-tkpasswd">tkpasswd</primary>
462 </indexterm>
463 </listitem>
464 </varlistentry>
465
466 <varlistentry id="xkibitz">
467 <term><command>xkibitz</command></term>
468 <listitem>
469 <para>
470 allows users in separate <command>xterm</command>s to share one
471 shell (or any program that runs in an <command>xterm</command>).
472 </para>
473 <indexterm zone="expect xkibitz">
474 <primary sortas="b-xkibitz">xkibitz</primary>
475 </indexterm>
476 </listitem>
477 </varlistentry>
478
479 <varlistentry id="xpstat">
480 <term><command>xpstat</command></term>
481 <listitem>
482 <para>
483 is a script that acts as a front-end for <command>xpilot</command>.
484 </para>
485 <indexterm zone="expect xpstat">
486 <primary sortas="b-xpstat">xpstat</primary>
487 </indexterm>
488 </listitem>
489 </varlistentry>
490
491 <varlistentry id="libexpect">
492 <term><filename class='libraryfile'>libexpect&expect-version;.so</filename></term>
493 <listitem>
494 <para>
495 contains functions that allow <application>Expect</application> to
496 be used as a <application>Tcl</application> extension or to be
497 used directly from C or C++ (without
498 <application>Tcl</application>).
499 </para>
500 <indexterm zone="expect libexpect">
501 <primary sortas="c-libexpect&expect-version;">libexpect&expect-version;.so</primary>
502 </indexterm>
503 </listitem>
504 </varlistentry>
505
506 </variablelist>
507
508 </sect2>
509
510</sect1>
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