source: general/prog/git.xml@ 59e9311

10.0 10.1 11.0 7.10 7.5 7.6 7.6-blfs 7.6-systemd 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind gnome kde5-13430 kde5-14269 kde5-14686 ken/refactor-virt krejzi/svn lazarus nosym perl-modules qt5new systemd-11177 systemd-13485 trunk upgradedb xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since 59e9311 was 59e9311, checked in by Fernando de Oliveira <fernando@…>, 8 years ago

Updates Git-1.8.5.3 and whois 5.1.1.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@12577 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 14.4 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY git-download-http "http://git-core.googlecode.com/files/git-&git-version;.tar.gz">
8 <!ENTITY git-download-ftp " ">
9 <!ENTITY git-md5sum "57b966065882f83ef5879620a1e329ca">
10 <!ENTITY git-size "4.6 MB">
11 <!ENTITY git-buildsize "190 MB (additional 14 MB with downloaded docs and
12 man pages, or 24 MB building docs and man pages)">
13 <!ENTITY git-time "0.7 SBU (additional 8.4 SBU for tests and 2.6 SBU
14 for docs and man pages creation)">
15]>
16
17<sect1 id="git" xreflabel="git-&git-version;">
18 <?dbhtml filename="git.html"?>
19
20 <sect1info>
21 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
22 <date>$Date$</date>
23 </sect1info>
24
25 <title>Git-&git-version;</title>
26
27 <indexterm zone="git">
28 <primary sortas="a-Git">Git</primary>
29 </indexterm>
30
31 <sect2 role="package">
32 <title>Introduction to Git</title>
33
34 <para>
35 <application>Git</application> is a free and open source, distributed
36 version control system designed to handle everything from small to very
37 large projects with speed and efficiency. Every
38 <application>Git</application> clone is a full-fledged repository with
39 complete history and full revision tracking capabilities, not dependent on
40 network access or a central server. Branching and merging are fast and easy
41 to do. <application>Git</application> is used for version control of files,
42 much like tools such as <application>Mercurial</application>,
43 <application>Bazaar</application>, <xref linkend="subversion"/>,
44 <xref linkend="cvs"/>, <application>Perforce</application>, and
45 <application>Team Foundation Server</application>.
46 </para>
47
48 &lfs74_checked;
49
50 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
51 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
52 <listitem>
53 <para>
54 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&git-download-http;"/>
55 </para>
56 </listitem>
57 <listitem>
58 <para>
59 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&git-download-ftp;"/>
60 </para>
61 </listitem>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>
64 Download MD5 sum: &git-md5sum;
65 </para>
66 </listitem>
67 <listitem>
68 <para>
69 Download size: &git-size;
70 </para>
71 </listitem>
72 <listitem>
73 <para>
74 Estimated disk space required: &git-buildsize;
75 </para>
76 </listitem>
77 <listitem>
78 <para>
79 Estimated build time: &git-time;
80 </para>
81 </listitem>
82 </itemizedlist>
83
84 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
85 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
86 <listitem>
87 <para>
88 <ulink url="http://git-core.googlecode.com/files/git-manpages-&git-version;.tar.gz">
89 http://git-core.googlecode.com/files/git-manpages-&git-version;.tar.gz</ulink>
90 (only needed if you've not installed asciidoc and xmlto)
91 </para>
92 </listitem>
93 <listitem>
94 <para>
95 <ulink url="http://git-core.googlecode.com/files/git-htmldocs-&git-version;.tar.gz">
96 http://git-core.googlecode.com/files/git-htmldocs-&git-version;.tar.gz</ulink>
97 and other docs (only needed if you've not installed asciidoc).
98 </para>
99 </listitem>
100 </itemizedlist>
101
102 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Git Dependencies</bridgehead>
103
104 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
105 <para role="recommended">
106 <xref linkend="curl"/> (needed to use <application>Git</application> over http,
107 https, ftp or ftps),
108 <xref linkend="expat"/>,
109 <xref linkend="openssl"/> and
110 <xref linkend="python2"/>
111 </para>
112
113 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
114 <para role="optional">
115 <xref linkend="pcre"/>,
116 <xref linkend="subversion"/> with Perl bindings (for <command>git svn</command>), and
117 <xref linkend="tk"/> (gitk, a simple <application>Git</application>
118 repository viewer, uses <application>Tk</application> at runtime)
119 </para>
120
121 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to create the man pages and html docs)</bridgehead>
122 <para>
123 <ulink url="http://www.methods.co.nz/asciidoc/">AsciiDoc</ulink> and
124 <xref linkend="xmlto"/>
125 </para>
126
127 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
128 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/git"/>
129 </para>
130 </sect2>
131
132 <sect2 role="installation">
133 <title>Installation of Git</title>
134
135 <para>
136 Install <application>Git</application> by running the following
137 commands:
138 </para>
139
140<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
141 --libexecdir=/usr/lib \
142 --with-gitconfig=/etc/gitconfig &amp;&amp;
143make</userinput></screen>
144
145 <para>
146 If you have installed <ulink
147 url="http://www.methods.co.nz/asciidoc/">AsciiDoc</ulink> you can
148 create the html version of the man pages and other docs:
149 </para>
150
151<screen><userinput>make html</userinput></screen>
152
153 <para>
154 If you have installed <ulink
155 url="http://www.methods.co.nz/asciidoc/">AsciiDoc</ulink> and
156 <xref linkend="xmlto"/> you can create the man pages:
157 </para>
158
159<screen><userinput>make man</userinput></screen>
160
161 <para>
162 To check the results, issue: <command>make test</command>.
163 </para>
164
165 <para>
166 Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>
167 user:
168 </para>
169
170<screen role="root"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
171
172 <para>
173 If you created the man pages, install them as the
174 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
175 </para>
176
177<screen role="root"><userinput>make install-man</userinput></screen>
178
179 <para>
180 If you created the html docs, install them as the
181 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
182 </para>
183
184<screen role="root"><userinput>make htmldir=/usr/share/doc/git-&git-version; install-html &amp;&amp;
185mkdir -p /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/man-pages/{html,text} &amp;&amp;
186mv /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/{git*.txt,man-pages/text} &amp;&amp;
187mv /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/{git*.,index.,man-pages/}html &amp;&amp;
188mkdir /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/technical/{html,text} &amp;&amp;
189mv /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/technical/{*.txt,text} &amp;&amp;
190mv /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/technical/{*.,}html &amp;&amp;
191mkdir /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/howto/{html,text} &amp;&amp;
192mv /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/howto/{*.txt,text} &amp;&amp;
193mv /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/howto/{*.,}html</userinput></screen>
194
195 <para>
196 Alternatively, If you downloaded the man pages untar them as the
197 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
198 </para>
199
200<screen role="root"><userinput>tar -xf ../git-manpages-&git-version;.tar.gz -C /usr/share/man --no-same-owner --no-overwrite-dir</userinput></screen>
201
202 <para>
203 If you downloaded the html docs untar them as the
204 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
205 </para>
206
207<screen role="root"><userinput>mkdir -p /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/man-pages/{html,text} &amp;&amp;
208
209tar -xf ../git-htmldocs-&git-version;.tar.gz \
210 -C /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version; --no-same-owner --no-overwrite-dir &amp;&amp;
211
212find /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version; -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \; &amp;&amp;
213find /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version; -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \; &amp;&amp;
214
215mv /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/{git*.txt,man-pages/text} &amp;&amp;
216mv /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/{git*.,index.,man-pages/}html &amp;&amp;
217mkdir /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/technical/{html,text} &amp;&amp;
218mv /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/technical/{*.txt,text} &amp;&amp;
219mv /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/technical/{*.,}html &amp;&amp;
220mkdir /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/howto/{html,text} &amp;&amp;
221mv /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/howto/{*.txt,text} &amp;&amp;
222mv /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;/howto/{*.,}html</userinput></screen>
223
224 </sect2>
225
226 <sect2 role="commands">
227 <title>Command Explanations</title>
228
229 <para>
230 <parameter>--with-gitconfig=/etc/gitconfig</parameter>: This sets
231 <filename>/etc/gitconfig</filename> as the file that stores
232 the default, system wide, <application>Git</application>
233 settings.
234 </para>
235
236 <para>
237 <option>--without-python</option>: Use this switch if
238 <application>Python</application> is not installed.
239 </para>
240
241 <para>
242 <option>--with-libpcre</option>: Use this switch if
243 <application>PCRE</application> is installed.
244 </para>
245
246 <para>
247 <command>tar -xf ../git-manpages-&git-version;.tar.gz -C
248 /usr/share/man --no-same-owner</command>: This untars
249 <filename>git-manpages-&git-version;.tar.gz</filename>. The
250 <option>-C</option> option makes tar change directory to
251 <filename class="directory">/usr/share/man</filename> before
252 it starts to decompress the docs. The <option>--no-same-owner</option>
253 option stops tar from preserving the user and group details of the
254 files. This is useful as that user or group may not exist on your
255 system; this could (potentially) be a security risk.
256 </para>
257
258 <para>
259 <command>mv /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version; ...</command>: These
260 commands move some of the files into subfolders to make it easier to sort
261 through the docs and find what you're looking for.
262 </para>
263
264 <para>
265 <command>find ... chmod ...</command>: These commands correct the
266 permissions in the shipped documentation tar file.
267 </para>
268
269 </sect2>
270
271 <sect2 role="configuration">
272 <title>Configuring Git</title>
273
274 <sect3 id="git-config">
275 <title>Config Files</title>
276 <para>
277 <filename>~/.gitconfig</filename> and
278 <filename>/etc/gitconfig</filename>
279 </para>
280
281 <indexterm zone="git git-config">
282 <primary sortas="e-AA.gitconfig">~/.gitconfig</primary>
283 </indexterm>
284
285 <indexterm zone="git git-config">
286 <primary sortas="e-etc-gitconfig">/etc/gitconfig</primary>
287 </indexterm>
288
289 </sect3>
290
291 </sect2>
292
293 <sect2 role="content">
294 <title>Contents</title>
295
296 <segmentedlist>
297 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
298 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
299 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
300
301 <seglistitem>
302 <seg>
303 git, git-receive-pack and git-upload-archive
304 (hardlinked to each other);
305 git-shell, git-cvsserver, git-upload-pack and
306 gitk (this one is optional)
307 </seg>
308 <seg>
309 None
310 </seg>
311 <seg>
312 /usr/lib/git-core,
313 /usr/share/doc/git-&git-version;,
314 /usr/share/git-core,
315 /usr/share/git-gui,
316 /usr/share/gitk (optional),
317 /usr/share/gitweb,
318 /usr/lib/perl5/site_perl/&lt;5.x.y&gt;/Git and
319 /usr/lib/perl5/site_perl/&lfs-perl-version;/auto/Git
320 </seg>
321 </seglistitem>
322 </segmentedlist>
323
324 <variablelist>
325 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
326 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
327 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
328
329 <varlistentry id="git-prog">
330 <term><command>git</command></term>
331 <listitem>
332 <para>
333 is the stupid content tracker.
334 </para>
335 <indexterm zone="git git-prog">
336 <primary sortas="b-git">git</primary>
337 </indexterm>
338 </listitem>
339 </varlistentry>
340
341 <varlistentry id="git-cvsserver">
342 <term><command>git-cvsserver</command></term>
343 <listitem>
344 <para>
345 is a CVS server emulator for <application>Git</application>.
346 </para>
347 <indexterm zone="git git-cvsserver">
348 <primary sortas="b-git-cvsserver">git-cvsserver</primary>
349 </indexterm>
350 </listitem>
351 </varlistentry>
352
353 <varlistentry id="gitk">
354 <term><command>gitk</command></term>
355 <listitem>
356 <para>
357 (optional) is a graphical <application>Git</application> repository
358 browser (needs <xref linkend="tk"/>).
359 </para>
360 <indexterm zone="git gitk">
361 <primary sortas="b-gitk">gitk</primary>
362 </indexterm>
363 </listitem>
364 </varlistentry>
365
366 <varlistentry id="git-receive-pack">
367 <term><command>git-receive-pack</command></term>
368 <listitem>
369 <para>
370 is invoked by <command>git send-pack</command> and updates the
371 repository with the information fed from the remote end.
372 </para>
373 <indexterm zone="git git-receive-pack">
374 <primary sortas="b-git-receive-pack">git-receive-pack</primary>
375 </indexterm>
376 </listitem>
377 </varlistentry>
378
379 <varlistentry id="git-shell">
380 <term><command>git-shell</command></term>
381 <listitem>
382 <para>
383 is a login shell for SSH accounts to provide restricted Git
384 access.
385 </para>
386 <indexterm zone="git git-shell">
387 <primary sortas="b-git-shell">git-shell</primary>
388 </indexterm>
389 </listitem>
390 </varlistentry>
391
392 <varlistentry id="git-upload-archive">
393 <term><command>git-upload-archive</command></term>
394 <listitem>
395 <para>
396 is invoked by <command>git archive --remote</command> and sends
397 a generated archive to the other end over the git protocol.
398 </para>
399 <indexterm zone="git git-upload-archive">
400 <primary sortas="b-git-upload-archive">git-upload-archive</primary>
401 </indexterm>
402 </listitem>
403 </varlistentry>
404
405 <varlistentry id="git-upload-pack">
406 <term><command>git-upload-pack</command></term>
407 <listitem>
408 <para>
409 is invoked by <command>git fetch-pack</command>, it discovers
410 what objects the other side is missing, and sends them after
411 packing.
412 </para>
413 <indexterm zone="git git-upload-pack">
414 <primary sortas="b-git-upload-pack">git-upload-pack</primary>
415 </indexterm>
416 </listitem>
417 </varlistentry>
418
419 </variablelist>
420
421 </sect2>
422
423</sect1>
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