source: general/sysutils/sysstat.xml@ fdc00738

10.0 10.1 11.0 7.10 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.6-blfs 7.6-systemd 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind gnome kde5-13430 kde5-14269 kde5-14686 ken/refactor-virt krejzi/svn lazarus nosym perl-modules qt5new systemd-11177 systemd-13485 trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since fdc00738 was fdc00738, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 10 years ago

Update to sysstat-10.0.2.
Update to iso-codes-3.30.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@8972 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 11.6 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY sysstat-download-http "http://perso.wanadoo.fr/sebastien.godard/sysstat-&sysstat-version;.tar.bz2">
8 <!ENTITY sysstat-download-ftp "ftp://ibiblio.org/pub/linux/system/status/sysstat-&sysstat-version;.tar.bz2">
9 <!ENTITY sysstat-md5sum "0dc5c4baf4165658450dd60913aa75bc">
10 <!ENTITY sysstat-size "268 KB">
11 <!ENTITY sysstat-buildsize "6 MB">
12 <!ENTITY sysstat-time "less than 0.1 SBU">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="sysstat" xreflabel="Sysstat-&sysstat-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="sysstat.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>Sysstat-&sysstat-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="sysstat">
26 <primary sortas="a-Sysstat">Sysstat</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to Sysstat</title>
31
32 <para>The <application>Sysstat</application> package contains utilities
33 to monitor system performance and usage activity.
34 <application>Sysstat</application> contains the <command>sar</command>
35 utility, common to many commercial Unixes, and tools you can schedule via
36 cron to collect and historize performance and activity data.</para>
37
38 &lfs70_checked;
39
40 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
41 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
42 <listitem>
43 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&sysstat-download-http;"/></para>
44 </listitem>
45 <listitem>
46 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&sysstat-download-ftp;"/></para>
47 </listitem>
48 <listitem>
49 <para>Download MD5 sum: &sysstat-md5sum;</para>
50 </listitem>
51 <listitem>
52 <para>Download size: &sysstat-size;</para>
53 </listitem>
54 <listitem>
55 <para>Estimated disk space required: &sysstat-buildsize;</para>
56 </listitem>
57 <listitem>
58 <para>Estimated build time: &sysstat-time;</para>
59 </listitem>
60 </itemizedlist>
61
62 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Sysstat Dependencies</bridgehead>
63
64 <para>There are no build-time requirements for this package; however,
65 it is designed to be controlled by a cron daemon such as
66 <xref linkend="fcron"/>.</para>
67
68 <!-- <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
69 <para role="recommended"><xref linkend="fcron"/></para> -->
70
71 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
72 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/sysstat"/></para>
73
74 </sect2>
75
76 <sect2 role="installation">
77 <title>Installation of Sysstat</title>
78
79 <para>Install <application>Sysstat</application> by running the
80 following commands:</para>
81
82<!-- <screen><userinput>make config &amp;&amp;
83make</userinput></screen> -->
84
85<screen><userinput>sa_lib_dir=/usr/lib/sa \
86sa_dir=/var/log/sa \
87conf_dir=/etc/sysconfig \
88./configure --prefix=/usr \
89 --disable-man-group &amp;&amp;
90make</userinput></screen>
91
92 <para>This package does not come with a test suite.</para>
93
94 <para>Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
95
96<screen role="root"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
97
98<!-- install -v -m644 sysstat.sysconfig /etc/sysconfig/sysstat</userinput></screen> -->
99
100 </sect2>
101
102 <sect2 role="commands">
103 <title>Command Explanations</title>
104
105 <!-- <para><command>make config</command>: Runs the interactive configuration
106 process. The first question prompts you for an
107 <quote><computeroutput>Installation directory</computeroutput></quote>.
108 Reply with <filename class="directory">/usr</filename>, as this is
109 equivalent to <application>Autoconf</application>'s
110 <option>-prefix=/usr</option> parameter to <command>configure</command>.
111 For all other prompts, you may press <keycap>Enter</keycap> to accept the
112 (very sane) defaults. When prompted for <quote><computeroutput>Number of
113 daily data files to keep: [7]</computeroutput></quote>, you may wish to
114 keep a larger number of files.</para> -->
115
116 <para><envar>sa_lib_dir</envar>: This environment variable specifies the
117 location of the package-specific library directory.</para>
118
119 <para><envar>sa_dir</envar>: This environment variable specifies the
120 location of the directory containing the data files.</para>
121
122 <para><envar>conf_dir</envar>: This environment variable specifies the
123 location of the system configuration directory.</para>
124
125 <para><parameter>--disable-man-group</parameter>: This parameter causes
126 the installation to ignore the man group variable resulting in the man
127 files having
128 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>:<systemitem class="groupname">root</systemitem>
129 ownership.</para>
130
131 <para>Run <command>./configure --help</command> to see other influential
132 environment variables you can pass to <command>configure</command>. You may
133 want to use the <envar>history</envar> and <envar>compressafter</envar>
134 variables to customize the amount of data files kept on the system.</para>
135
136 </sect2>
137
138 <sect2 role="configuration">
139 <title>Configuring Sysstat</title>
140
141 <sect3>
142 <title>Cron Information</title>
143
144 <para>To begin gathering <application>Sysstat</application> history
145 information, you must add to, or create a privileged user's crontab. The
146 history data location is
147 <filename class="directory">/var/log/sa</filename>. The user running
148 <application>Sysstat</application> utilities via cron must have write
149 access to this location.</para>
150
151 <para>Below is an example of what to install in the crontab. Adjust the
152 parameters to suit your needs. Use <command>man sa1</command> and
153 <command>man sa2</command> for information about the commands.</para>
154
155<screen><literal># 8am-7pm activity reports every 10 minutes during weekdays
1560 8-18 * * 1-5 /usr/lib/sa/sa1 600 6 &amp;
157
158# 7pm-8am activity reports every hour during weekdays
1590 19-7 * * 1-5 /usr/lib/sa/sa1 &amp;
160
161# Activity reports every hour on Saturday and Sunday
1620 * * * 0,6 /usr/lib/sa/sa1 &amp;
163
164# Daily summary prepared at 19:05
1655 19 * * * /usr/lib/sa/sa2 -A &amp;</literal></screen>
166
167 <para>Ensure you submit the revised crontab to the cron daemon.</para>
168
169 </sect3>
170
171 <sect3 id="sysstat-init">
172 <title>System Startup Information</title>
173
174 <indexterm zone="sysstat sysstat-init">
175 <primary sortas="f-sysstat">sysstat</primary>
176 </indexterm>
177
178 <para>At system startup, a LINUX RESTART message must be inserted in the
179 daily data file to reinitialize the kernel counters. This can be
180 automated by installing the <filename>/etc/rc.d/init.d/sysstat</filename>
181 init script included in the <xref linkend="bootscripts"/>
182 package using the following command as the
183 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
184
185<screen role="root"><userinput>make install-sysstat</userinput></screen>
186
187 </sect3>
188
189 </sect2>
190
191 <sect2 role="content">
192 <title>Contents</title>
193
194 <segmentedlist>
195 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
196 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
197 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
198
199 <seglistitem>
200 <seg>cifsiostat, iostat, mpstat, nsfiostat, pidstat, sa1, sa2,
201 sadc, sadf, and sar</seg>
202 <seg>None</seg>
203 <seg>/usr/lib/sa, /usr/share/doc/sysstat-&sysstat-version; and
204 /var/log/sa</seg>
205 </seglistitem>
206 </segmentedlist>
207
208 <variablelist>
209 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
210 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
211 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
212
213 <varlistentry id="cifsiostat">
214 <term><command>cifsiostat</command></term>
215 <listitem>
216 <para>displays statistics about read and write operations on CIFS
217 filesystems.</para>
218 <indexterm zone="sysstat cifsiostat">
219 <primary sortas="b-cifsiostat">cifsiostat</primary>
220 </indexterm>
221 </listitem>
222 </varlistentry>
223
224 <varlistentry id="iostat">
225 <term><command>iostat</command></term>
226 <listitem>
227 <para>reports CPU statistics and input/output
228 statistics for devices and partitions.</para>
229 <indexterm zone="sysstat iostat">
230 <primary sortas="b-iostat">iostat</primary>
231 </indexterm>
232 </listitem>
233 </varlistentry>
234
235 <varlistentry id="mpstat">
236 <term><command>mpstat</command></term>
237 <listitem>
238 <para>writes activities for each available processor.</para>
239 <indexterm zone="sysstat mpstat">
240 <primary sortas="b-mpstat">mpstat</primary>
241 </indexterm>
242 </listitem>
243 </varlistentry>
244
245 <varlistentry id="nfsiostat">
246 <term><command>nfsiostat</command></term>
247 <listitem>
248 <para>displays statistics about read and write operations on NFS
249 filesystems.</para>
250 <indexterm zone="sysstat nfsiostat">
251 <primary sortas="b-nfsiostat">nfsiostat</primary>
252 </indexterm>
253 </listitem>
254 </varlistentry>
255
256 <varlistentry id="pidstat">
257 <term><command>pidstat</command></term>
258 <listitem>
259 <para>is used for monitoring individual tasks currently being managed
260 by the Linux kernel.</para>
261 <indexterm zone="sysstat pidstat">
262 <primary sortas="b-pidstat">pidstat</primary>
263 </indexterm>
264 </listitem>
265 </varlistentry>
266
267 <varlistentry id="sa1">
268 <term><command>sa1</command></term>
269 <listitem>
270 <para>collects and stores binary data in the system activity daily
271 data file. It is a front end to <filename>sadc</filename> designed
272 to be run from cron.</para>
273 <indexterm zone="sysstat sa1">
274 <primary sortas="b-sa1">sa1</primary>
275 </indexterm>
276 </listitem>
277 </varlistentry>
278
279 <varlistentry id="sa2">
280 <term><command>sa2</command></term>
281 <listitem>
282 <para>writes a summarized daily activity report. It is a front end
283 to <command>sar</command> designed to be run from cron.</para>
284 <indexterm zone="sysstat sa2">
285 <primary sortas="b-sa2">sa2</primary>
286 </indexterm>
287 </listitem>
288 </varlistentry>
289
290 <varlistentry id="sadc">
291 <term><command>sadc</command></term>
292 <listitem>
293 <para>is the system activity data collector, used as a backend for
294 <command>sar</command>.</para>
295 <indexterm zone="sysstat sadc">
296 <primary sortas="b-sadc">sadc</primary>
297 </indexterm>
298 </listitem>
299 </varlistentry>
300
301 <varlistentry id="sadf">
302 <term><command>sadf</command></term>
303 <listitem>
304 <para>is used for displaying the contents of data files created by
305 the <command>sar</command> command. But unlike
306 <command>sar</command>, <command>sadf</command> can write its data
307 in many different formats.</para>
308 <indexterm zone="sysstat sadf">
309 <primary sortas="b-sadf">sadf</primary>
310 </indexterm>
311 </listitem>
312 </varlistentry>
313
314 <varlistentry id="sar">
315 <term><command>sar</command></term>
316 <listitem>
317 <para>is used for displaying the contents of elected cumulative activity
318 counters in the operating system.</para>
319 <indexterm zone="sysstat sar">
320 <primary sortas="b-sar">sar</primary>
321 </indexterm>
322 </listitem>
323 </varlistentry>
324
325 </variablelist>
326
327 </sect2>
328
329</sect1>
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