source: gnome/gnome-intro.xml@ 664988f

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Last change on this file since 664988f was 664988f, checked in by Larry Lawrence <larry@…>, 17 years ago

modified GNOME intro

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1<partintro>
2<title>Introduction to <application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application></title>
3
4<para>This chapter attempts to install a complete
5<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>-&gnome-version; desktop
6environment and a limited
7<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> 1.4 library environment that is
8sufficient to run <application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> 1.4 applications included in this book. The
9order of the pages are meant to follow the build order defined by the
10GNOME development team as published in the <ulink
11url="http://www.gnome.org/start/&gnome-version;/notes/rninstallation.html">release notes</ulink>.</para>
12
13<para>The installation of <application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>-&gnome-version; is a large undertaking and one we would
14like to see you complete with the least amount of stress. One
15of our first goals in this installation is to protect your previously
16installed software, especially if you are testing
17<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> on your machine.
18<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>-&gnome-version; packages utilize the --prefix= option for configure, so we will
19use that and an Environment variable (<envar>GNOME_PREFIX</envar>) to add flexibility to
20the install.</para>
21
22<para>To install
23<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> as a desktop
24alternative, it is recommended that
25you install with --prefix=/usr. If you are not sure that you are going
26to keep <application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> on your
27installation, you may install with
28--prefix=/opt/gnome-&gnome-version;. Setting the Environment variable and the
29additional edits required by the second option are covered on the
30pre-installation page. Since
31<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> has matured,
32installing with --prefix=/usr is the preferable approach.</para>
33
34<para>If you choose the second option, removal of
35<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>-&gnome-version; is as easy
36as removing the edits from the pre-installation page and issuing the
37following command:</para>
38<screen><userinput><command>rm /opt/gnome-&gnome-version; -r </command></userinput></screen>
39
40<para>If your system was completely built per <acronym>LFS</acronym> and
41<acronym>BLFS</acronym>
42instructions, you have a very good chance of using
43<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>-&gnome-version;
44after your first install. If you are a typical <acronym>LFS</acronym> user, you have made
45modifications to the instructions along the way knowing that you have to
46take those modifications into account on future installations. You
47should have no problems integrating
48<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>-&gnome-version; into your unique setup, but
49you will have 28 to 33 packages installed before you can run
50<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>
51through any testing (assuming your window manager is preinstalled and
52tested). We would anticipate that you will be rebuilding
53<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> at least
54once to make adjustments for your setup.</para>
55
56<para>If you are building a
57<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> 1.4 desktop environment, you would
58install only those libraries in the
59<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> 1.4 chapter
60<emphasis>and</emphasis> any dependencies listed on those pages, whether
61labeled or not. <application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> packages without pages are simply installed with:
62<screen><command>./configure --prefix=/opt/gnome &amp;&amp;
63make &amp;&amp;
64make install</command></screen>
65These instructions are simplistic to facilitate removal of
66<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> 1.4
67from <acronym>BLFS</acronym> systems when it is no longer necessary. These instructions
68may be refined later to comply with <acronym>BLFS</acronym> standards for file locations,
69specifically <filename class='directory'>/opt/gnome/etc</filename> to
70<filename class='directory'>/etc</filename> and <filename
71class='directory'>/opt/gnome/var</filename> to
72<filename class='directory'>/var</filename>. You should consider using
73the <application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> 1.4 hint
74located at <ulink url="http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/hints/"/> if you
75have no interest in <application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>-&gnome-version;.</para>
76
77<para><application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>-&gnome-version; dependencies</para>
78<para>Required</para>
79<para><xref linkend="xfree86"/>, <xref linkend="GTK2"/>, <xref
80linkend="libpng"/>,
81<xref linkend="libjpeg"/>, <xref linkend="libtiff"/> and <xref
82linkend="popt"/></para>
83<para>Optional</para>
84<para><xref linkend="libxml2"/>, <xref linkend="libxslt"/>, <xref
85linkend="DocBook"/>,
86<xref linkend="docbook-xsl"/> and <xref linkend="fam"/></para>
87
88</partintro>
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