source: gnome/gnome-intro.xml@ 998dcf8

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Last change on this file since 998dcf8 was 998dcf8, checked in by Randy McMurchy <randy@…>, 15 years ago

Updated some of the ancillary GNOME2 files

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@6183 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE partintro PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.4//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.4/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<partintro>
9
10 <title>Introduction to GNOME</title>
11
12 <para>This chapter presents the instructions to install a complete
13 GNOME-&gnome-version;&gnome-minor-version; desktop environment; and a limited
14 GNOME 1.4 library environment that is sufficient to run GNOME 1.4
15 applications included in this book. The order of the pages follows the build
16 order defined by the GNOME development team and documented in the <ulink
17 url="http://www.gnome.org/start/&gnome-version;/notes/en/rninstallation.html">
18 Release Notes</ulink>.</para>
19
20 <para>The installation of GNOME-&gnome-version;&gnome-minor-version; is a
21 large undertaking and one we would like to see you complete with the least
22 amount of stress. One of the first goals in this installation is to protect
23 your previously installed software, especially if you are testing GNOME on
24 your machine. GNOME-&gnome-version; packages utilize the
25 <option>--prefix=option</option> passed to <command>configure</command>,
26 so you will use that and an environment variable (<envar>GNOME_PREFIX</envar>)
27 to add flexibility to the installation.</para>
28
29 <para>To install GNOME as your desktop of choice, it is recommended that you
30 install using <option>--prefix=/usr</option>. If you are not sure that you
31 are going to keep the GNOME installation, or you think you will update to the
32 newest releases as they become available, you should install with
33 <option>--prefix=/opt/gnome-&gnome-version;</option>. Setting the environment
34 variable and the additional edits required by the second option are covered
35 in the Pre-Installation Configuration section.</para>
36
37 <para>If you choose the second option, removal of
38 GNOME-&gnome-version;&gnome-minor-version; is as easy as removing the edits
39 from the pre-installation page and issuing the following command (you may
40 need to become the <systemitem class='username'>root</systemitem>
41 user):</para>
42
43<screen role="root"><userinput>rm -rf /opt/gnome-&gnome-version;</userinput></screen>
44
45 <para>If your system was completely built per LFS and BLFS instructions,
46 you have a very good chance of using
47 GNOME-&gnome-version;&gnome-minor-version; after your first installation. If
48 you are a typical LFS user, you have made modifications to the instructions
49 along the way knowing that you have to take those modifications into account
50 on future installations. You should have no problems integrating
51 GNOME-&gnome-version;&gnome-minor-version; into your unique setup, but you
52 will have to install well over 50 packages before you can run GNOME through
53 any testing (assuming your windowing system is preinstalled and tested). You
54 should anticipate that you will be rebuilding GNOME at least once to make
55 adjustments for your setup.</para>
56
57 <para>If you are building a GNOME 1.4 library environment, you would install
58 only those libraries in the GNOME 1.4 chapter
59 <emphasis role='strong'>and</emphasis> any dependencies listed on those
60 pages, whether labeled or not. GNOME packages without pages in the book are
61 simply installed with:</para>
62
63<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/opt/gnome-1.4 &amp;&amp;
64make</userinput></screen>
65
66 <para>Now, as the <systemitem class='username'>root</systemitem> user:</para>
67
68<screen role='root'><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
69
70 <para>These instructions are simplistic to facilitate removal of
71 GNOME 1.4 from BLFS systems when it is no longer necessary. These
72 instructions may be refined later to comply with BLFS standards for file
73 locations, specifically
74 <filename class='directory'>/opt/gnome/etc</filename> to
75 <filename class='directory'>/etc</filename> and
76 <filename class='directory'>/opt/gnome/var</filename> to
77 <filename class='directory'>/var</filename>. You should consider using
78 the GNOME 1.4 hint located at <ulink url="&hints-root;"/> if you have no
79 interest in GNOME-&gnome-version;&gnome-minor-version;.</para>
80
81 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Alternate Installation Methods</bridgehead>
82 <para>As was previously mentioned, building a GNOME desktop from sources is
83 a significant project. Some may find it too tedious or time-consuming to
84 perform a full installation following the BLFS book. You may wish to review
85 the automated methods mentioned in the
86 GNOME-&gnome-version;&gnome-minor-version; <ulink
87 url="http://www.gnome.org/start/2.14/notes/en/rninstallation.html">Release
88 Notes</ulink>. Note that using any other method to install
89 GNOME-&gnome-version;&gnome-minor-version; other than using the BLFS
90 instructions cannot be supported by the BLFS team. Alternate methods are only
91 mentioned as a courtesy to builders who would like to build GNOME from
92 sources but do not have the time/desire/patience/whatever to follow the
93 BLFS book.</para>
94
95</partintro>
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