source: gnome/gnome-intro.xml@ 9f5de34f

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2<title>Introduction to <application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application></title>
4<para>This chapter attempts to install a complete
5<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>-&gnome-version; desktop
6environment and a limited
7<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> 1.4 library environment that is
8sufficient to run <application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> 1.4 applications included in this book. The
9order of the pages are meant to follow the build order defined by the
10GNOME development team as published in the <ulink
11url=";/notes/rninstallation.html">release notes</ulink>.</para>
13<para>The installation of <application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>-&gnome-version; is a large undertaking and one we would
14like to see you complete with the least amount of stress. One
15of our first goals in this installation is to protect your previously
16installed software, especially if you are testing
17<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> on your machine.
19packages utilize the <parameter>--prefix=option</parameter> for
20<command>configure</command>, so we will
21use that and an Environment variable (<envar>GNOME_PREFIX</envar>) to add flexibility to
22the install.</para>
24<para>To install
25<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> as a desktop
26alternative, it is recommended that
27you install with <parameter>--prefix=/usr</parameter>. If you are not sure that you are going
28to keep <application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> on your
29installation, you may install with
30<parameter>--prefix=/opt/gnome-&gnome-version;</parameter>. Setting the Environment variable and the
31additional edits required by the second option are covered on the
32pre-installation page. Since
33<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> has matured,
34installing with <parameter>--prefix=/usr</parameter> is the preferable approach.</para>
36<para>If you choose the second option, removal of
37<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>-&gnome-version; is as easy
38as removing the edits from the pre-installation page and issuing the
39following command:</para>
40<screen><userinput><command>rm /opt/gnome-&gnome-version; -r </command></userinput></screen>
42<para>If your system was completely built per <acronym>LFS</acronym> and
44instructions, you have a very good chance of using
46after your first install. If you are a typical <acronym>LFS</acronym> user, you have made
47modifications to the instructions along the way knowing that you have to
48take those modifications into account on future installations. You
49should have no problems integrating
50<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>-&gnome-version; into your unique setup, but
51you will have 28 to 33 packages installed before you can run
53through any testing (assuming your window manager is preinstalled and
54tested). We would anticipate that you will be rebuilding
55<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> at least
56once to make adjustments for your setup.</para>
58<para>If you are building a
59<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> 1.4 desktop environment, you would
60install only those libraries in the
61<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> 1.4 chapter
62<emphasis>and</emphasis> any dependencies listed on those pages, whether
63labeled or not. <application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> packages without pages are simply installed with:
64<screen><command>./configure --prefix=/opt/gnome &amp;&amp;
65make &amp;&amp;
66make install</command></screen>
67These instructions are simplistic to facilitate removal of
68<application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> 1.4
69from <acronym>BLFS</acronym> systems when it is no longer necessary. These instructions
70may be refined later to comply with <acronym>BLFS</acronym> standards for file locations,
71specifically <filename class='directory'>/opt/gnome/etc</filename> to
72<filename class='directory'>/etc</filename> and <filename
73class='directory'>/opt/gnome/var</filename> to
74<filename class='directory'>/var</filename>. You should consider using
75the <application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application> 1.4 hint
76located at <ulink url=""/> if you
77have no interest in <application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>-&gnome-version;.</para>
80<para><application><acronym>GNOME</acronym></application>-&gnome-version; dependencies</para>
83<xref linkend="GTK2"/> and
84<xref linkend="popt"/>
88<xref linkend="libxml2"/>,
89<xref linkend="libxslt"/>,
90<xref linkend="DocBook"/>,
91<xref linkend="docbook-xsl"/> and
92<xref linkend="fam"/>
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