source: gnome/gnome-intro.xml@ e7c6222

10.0 10.1 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.2.0 6.2.0-rc1 6.2.0-rc2 6.3 6.3-rc1 6.3-rc2 6.3-rc3 7.10 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.6-blfs 7.6-systemd 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind gnome kde5-13430 kde5-14269 kde5-14686 ken/inkscape-core-mods krejzi/svn lazarus nosym perl-modules plabs/python-mods qt5new systemd-11177 systemd-13485 trunk upgradedb v1_0 v5_0 v5_0-pre1 v5_1 v5_1-pre1 xry111/intltool xry111/soup3 xry111/test-20220226
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2<title>Introduction to Gnome</title>
4<para>This chapter attempts to install a complete Gnome2 desktop
5environment and a limited Gnome 1.4 library environment that is
6sufficient to run Gnome 1.4 applications included in this book. The
7order of the pages are meant to follow the build order defined by the
8Gnome2 development team as published in the <ulink url="">release notes</ulink>. If a package is in the release notes build list, but not in this chapter, it has been installed elsewhere in the book.</para>
10<para>The installation of Gnome2 is a large undertaking and one we would
11very much like to see you complete with the least amount of stress. One
12of our first goals in this installation is to protect your previously
13installed software. For absolute protection, we would construct a
14chroot jail for the installation, but since Gnome2 packages utilize the
15--prefix= option for configure, we will use that to fulfill our goal.
16There are two locations usable for our purposes,
17<filename>/usr/local</filename> and <filename>/opt/package</filename>.
18Since <filename>/usr/local</filename> is not utilized any where in the
19BLFS book, installation there would closely parallel a Gnome2
20installation using --prefix=/usr. However, it is not
21entirely safe for us to assume that your installation does not have any
22files in <filename>/usr/local</filename>. Therefore we are going to
23install with --prefix=/opt/gnome2. This will require additional edits
24which are covered on the pre-installation page. Removal of Gnome2 for
25any reason is as easy as removing the edits from the pre-installation
26page and issue the following commands:
27<screen><userinput>rm /opt/gnome2 -r &amp;&amp;
28rm /etc/gnome -r</userinput></screen></para>
30<para>If your system was completely built per LFS 4.0 and BLFS
31instructions, you have a very good chance of using Gnome2
32after your first install. If you are a typical LFS user, you have made
33modifications to the instructions along the way knowing that you have to
34take those modifications into account on future installations. You
35should have no problems integrating Gnome2 into your unique setup, but
36you will have 28 to 33 packages installed before you can run Gnome
37through any testing (assuming your window manager is preinstalled and
38tested). We would anticipate that you will be rebuilding gnome at least
39once to make adjustments for your setup. If this is the only chapter you
40are utilizing from the BLFS book, we think you should be successful by
41following these instructions, but you may find problems along the way
42that we may or may not be able to help you though on the blfs-support mailing
45<para>If you don't need the Gnome 1.4 library environment, you may skip
46pages that are headed (Gnome 1.4).</para>
48<para>If you are building a Gnome 1.4 desktop environment, you would
49install those labeled pages <emphasis>and</emphasis> any dependancies
50listed on those pages whether labeled or not. Gnome packages without
51pages are simply installed with:
52<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/opt/gnome &amp;&amp;
53make &amp;&amp;
54make install</userinput></screen>
55These instructions are simplistic to facilitate removal of Gnome 1.4
56from BLFS systems when it is no longer necessary. These instructions
57may be refined later to comply with BLFS standards for file locations,
58specifically <filename>/opt/gnome/etc</filename> to
59<filename>/etc</filename> and <filename>/opt/gnome/var</filename> to
60<filename>/var</filename>. You should consider using the Gnome 1.4 hint
61located at <ulink url=""/> if you
62have no interest in Gnome2.</para>
64<para>At this time, we feel that Gnome2 should be left in <filename>/opt/gnome2</filename>, but you can easily adjust the --prefix= option to your
65chosen destination. This can be done from the start or after a trial
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