source: kde/intro/pre-install-config.xml@ 24f47b24

10.0 10.1 11.0 11.1 7.10 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind lazarus nosym perl-modules qt5new trunk upgradedb xry111/intltool xry111/test-20220226
Last change on this file since 24f47b24 was b176eea, checked in by Pierre Labastie <pieere@…>, 8 years ago

correct typo correction, sorry

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@13012 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="kde-pre-install-config">
9 <?dbhtml filename="pre-install-config.html"?>
10
11 <sect1info>
12 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
13 <date>$Date$</date>
14 </sect1info>
15
16 <title>KDE Pre-installation Configuration</title>
17
18 <note><para>If you did not install <application>Xorg</application> in
19 <filename class="directory">/usr</filename>, some of the
20 <application>CMake</application> modules in <application>KDE</application>
21 look for packages at hard coded locations. To accommodate this issue,
22 create the following symbolic link (as the root user):</para>
23
24<screen role="root"><userinput>ln -sv $XORG_PREFIX /usr/X11R6</userinput></screen>
25 </note>
26
27 <sect2><title>Installing in /usr</title>
28
29 <para>One option is to put <application>KDE</application> into the
30 <filename class='directory'>/usr</filename> hierarchy. This creates a
31 simpler setup but makes it more difficult to try multiple versions of
32 <application>KDE</application>.</para>
33
34<screen><userinput>export &kde-dir-var;=/usr</userinput></screen>
35 </sect2>
36
37 <sect2><title>Installing in /opt</title>
38
39 <para>A method of building multiple versions installs
40 <application>KDE</application> in the <filename
41 class='directory'>/opt</filename> hierarchy:</para>
42
43<screen><userinput>export &kde-dir-var;=/opt/kde</userinput></screen>
44
45 <para>If you are not installing <application>KDE</application> in
46 <filename class="directory">/usr</filename>, you will need to make some
47 additional configuration changes. Best practice is to add those to your
48 system or personal profile:</para>
49
50<screen><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/profile.d/kde.sh &lt;&lt; 'EOF'
51<literal># Begin /etc/profile.d/kde.sh
52
53&kde-dir-var;=/opt/kde
54KDEDIR=&kde-dir;
55
56pathappend &kde-dir;/bin PATH
57pathappend &kde-dir;/lib/pkgconfig PKG_CONFIG_PATH
58pathappend &kde-dir;/share/pkgconfig PKG_CONFIG_PATH
59pathappend &kde-dir;/share XDG_DATA_DIRS
60pathappend /etc/kde/xdg XDG_CONFIG_DIRS
61
62export &kde-dir-var; KDEDIR
63
64# End /etc/profile.d/kde.sh</literal>
65EOF
66</userinput></screen>
67
68 <para>Add to your <filename>/etc/ld.so.conf</filename>:</para>
69
70<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /etc/ld.so.conf &lt;&lt; EOF
71<literal># Begin kde addition
72
73/opt/kde/lib
74
75# End kde addition</literal>
76EOF</userinput></screen>
77
78 <indexterm zone="kde-pre-install-config">
79 <primary sortas="e-etc-ld.so.conf">/etc/ld.so.conf</primary>
80 </indexterm>
81
82 <para>Several KDE packages install files into D-Bus and polkit directories.
83 When installing KDE in a location other than <filename class="directory">/usr</filename>,
84 D-Bus and polkit need to find these files. The easiest way to achieve this is to create
85 the following symlinks (as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user):</para>
86
87<screen role="root"><userinput>install -d &kde-dir;/share &amp;&amp;
88ln -svf /usr/share/dbus-1 &kde-dir;/share &amp;&amp;
89ln -svf /usr/share/polkit-1 &kde-dir;/share</userinput></screen>
90
91 <tip>
92 <para>Sometimes, the installation paths are coded into installed files.
93 This is the reason why <filename class="directory">/opt/kde</filename>
94 is used as installation prefix instead of <filename
95 class="directory">/opt/kde-&kde-version;</filename>. After installing
96 <application>KDE</application>, you may rename the directory and create
97 a symlink:</para>
98
99<screen role="root"><userinput>mv /opt/kde{,-&kde-version;} &amp;&amp;
100ln -svf kde-&kde-version; /opt/kde</userinput></screen>
101
102 <para>Later on, you may want to install other versions of
103 <application>KDE</application>. To do that, just remove the symlink and
104 use <filename class="directory">/opt/kde</filename> as the prefix again
105 (<application>KDE</application> must not be started). Which version of
106 <application>KDE</application> you use depends only on where the symlink
107 points to. No other reconfiguration will be needed.</para>
108
109 </tip>
110
111 </sect2>
112</sect1>
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