source: kde/plasma5/plasma-all.xml@ aa9c0853

10.0 10.1 11.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind ken/refactor-virt lazarus perl-modules qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since aa9c0853 was aa9c0853, checked in by DJ Lucas <dj@…>, 5 years ago

Remove unneeded '-DLIB_INSTALL_DIR' from KF5 and Plasma build instructions, Clean up Chromium instructions. Thanks Bruce.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@18531 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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File size: 13.9 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE chapter PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY plasma5-download-http "http://download.kde.org/stable/plasma/&plasma5-version;">
8 <!ENTITY plasma5-download-ftp " ">
9 <!ENTITY plasma5-md5sum "See Below">
10 <!ENTITY plasma5-size "116 MB">
11 <!ENTITY plasma5-buildsize "971 MB (307 MB installed)">
12 <!ENTITY plasma5-time "37 SBU">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="plasma5-build" xreflabel="Plasma-&plasma5-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="plasma-all.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy: bdubbs $</othername>
20 <date>$Date: 2015-09-24 16:44:04 -0500 (Thu, 24 Sep 2015) $</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>Building Plasma 5</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="plasma5-build">
26 <primary sortas="a-kf5">KDE Plasma 5</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <para>KDE Plasma 5 is a collection of packages based on top of KDE Frameworks
30 5 and QML. It has been derived from the monolithic KDE 4 desktop.
31 They implement the KDE Display Environment (Plasma 5).</para>
32
33 &lfs80_checked;
34
35 <para>The instructions below build all of the Plasma 5 packages in one
36 step by using a bash script.</para>
37
38 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
39 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
40 <listitem>
41 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&plasma5-download-http;"/></para>
42 </listitem>
43 <listitem>
44 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&plasma5-download-ftp;"/></para>
45 </listitem>
46 <listitem>
47 <para>Download MD5 sum: &plasma5-md5sum;</para>
48 </listitem>
49 <listitem>
50 <para>Download size: &plasma5-size;</para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>Estimated disk space required: &plasma5-buildsize;</para>
54 </listitem>
55 <listitem>
56 <para>Estimated build time: &plasma5-time;</para>
57 </listitem>
58 </itemizedlist>
59
60 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Plasma 5 Dependencies</bridgehead>
61
62 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
63 <para role="required">
64 <!--<xref linkend="fontforge"/>,-->
65 <xref linkend="gtk2"/>,
66 <xref linkend="gtk3"/>,
67 <xref linkend="kf5-frameworks"/>,
68 <xref linkend="libpwquality"/>,
69 <xref linkend="libxkbcommon"/>,
70 <xref linkend="mesa"/> built with <xref linkend="wayland"/>,
71 <xref linkend="NetworkManager"/>,
72 <xref linkend="pulseaudio"/>,
73 <xref linkend="python2"/>,
74 <xref linkend="qca"/> (built with qt5),
75 <xref linkend="taglib"/>, and
76 <xref linkend="xcb-util-cursor"/>
77 </para>
78
79 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
80 <para role="recommended">
81 <xref linkend="libdbusmenu-qt"/>,
82 <xref linkend="libcanberra"/>,
83 <xref linkend="libinput"/>,
84 <xref linkend="linux-pam"/>,
85 <xref linkend="lm_sensors"/>,
86 <xref linkend="oxygen-icons5"/>, and
87 <xref linkend="pciutils"/>
88 </para>
89
90 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
91 <para role="optional">
92 <xref linkend="glu"/>,
93 <xref linkend="xorg-synaptics-driver"/>,
94 <ulink url="http://distributions.freedesktop.org/wiki/AppStream">appstream-qt</ulink>,
95 <ulink url="https://github.com/ibus/ibus/wiki">ibus</ulink>,
96 <ulink url="https://www.kdevelop.org/">KDevPlatform</ulink>,
97 <ulink url="http://gpsd.berlios.de">libgps</ulink>,
98 <ulink url="https://github.com/libhybris/libhybris">libhybris</ulink>,
99 <ulink url="http://sourceforge.net/projects/libraw1394/">libraw1394</ulink>,
100 <ulink url="https://bitbucket.org/godsme/mockcpp">mockcpp</ulink>,
101 <ulink url="https://www.freedesktop.org/software/PackageKit/releases/">packagekit-qt</ulink>,
102 <ulink url="http://qalculate.sourceforge.net">Qalculate</ulink>,
103 <ulink url="https://launchpad.net/qapt">Qapt</ulink>,
104 <ulink url="https://github.com/osiam/osiam">SCIM</ulink>, and
105 <ulink url="http://www.dest-unreach.org/socat/">socat (for pam_kwallet)</ulink>
106 </para>
107
108 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
109 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/kf5"/></para>
110
111 <sect2>
112 <title>Downloading KDE Plasma5</title>
113
114 <para>
115 The easiest way to get the KDE Plasma5 packages is to use a single
116 <command>wget</command> to fetch them all at once:
117 </para>
118
119<screen><userinput>url=http://download.kde.org/stable/plasma/&plasma5-version;/
120wget -r -nH --cut-dirs=3 -A '*.xz' -np $url</userinput>
121<literal>
122The options used here are:
123 -r recurse through child directories
124 -nH disable generation of host-prefixed directories
125 --cut-dirs=3 remove three levels of directories when saving
126 -A '*.xz' just get the *.xz files
127 -np don't get parent directories</literal></screen>
128
129 </sect2>
130
131 <sect2>
132 <title>Setting Package Order</title>
133
134 <para>
135 The order of building files is important due to internal dependencies.
136 Create the list of files in the proper order as follows:
137 </para>
138
139<screen><userinput>cat &gt; plasma-&plasma5-version;.md5 &lt;&lt; "EOF"
140<literal>73bc77af6f711c06d6d3f1ef45f10160 kde-cli-tools-5.9.2.tar.xz
141626a33ac01151206d3253e8c29d435ad kdecoration-5.9.2.tar.xz
142c9b35833c8d7c393d1bbb3dabc70f0d5 libkscreen-5.9.2.tar.xz
14378dc80f2ea85bc819a232a8aa8179c69 libksysguard-5.9.2.tar.xz
1445c276dcbe1d9ed7884246a34f6a3707a breeze-5.9.2.tar.xz
145f31d99fffcf1d8b339ae4a9cfec67856 breeze-gtk-5.9.2.tar.xz
146153146a388091bf167ada1f436394d11 kscreenlocker-5.9.2.tar.xz
14754e1676160447f7c8bc56b62242809d2 oxygen-5.9.2.tar.xz
14809c1336a19629f9f2b64885b4104d23e kinfocenter-5.9.2.tar.xz
149abc2bb29f5e72c04840f24085b84a48c ksysguard-5.9.2.tar.xz
15035a815b1de64c4feb1670d21b85484e3 kwin-5.9.2.tar.xz
151d711cf51ca3b21f1bed3ec367d6fbea8 systemsettings-5.9.2.tar.xz
1520ab5467630ac11bcfe9d134449811641 plasma-workspace-5.9.2.tar.xz
1539b5ea9445306520190a54e1e72b25d81 bluedevil-5.9.2.tar.xz
154f5a8d06f99eacb828d5476001f21481c kde-gtk-config-5.9.2.tar.xz
155f9949eee01af23cf7e5c940ae24e815a khotkeys-5.9.2.tar.xz
1560183785beb44a066907c4d7a0025ba00 kmenuedit-5.9.2.tar.xz
1578c4d6b9c36d8943a4c6d29313285d5d6 kscreen-5.9.2.tar.xz
15877c383d9f4f38d962b0bfaf97740fc00 kwallet-pam-5.9.2.tar.xz
159bd8b2ccb3feef5556e54134c48dcb4cd kwayland-integration-5.9.2.tar.xz
1601eb7128d2133ba378e2d816a75241f40 kwrited-5.9.2.tar.xz
161f060f64201f77190902ceb0b2970a854 milou-5.9.2.tar.xz
162fe07081e243c21a881e74811e21e5699 plasma-nm-5.9.2.tar.xz
163843b66f9c01373a5f9e706bb0ed6857f plasma-pa-5.9.2.tar.xz
16496b3bce05e95880f2d971f0e50ddc997 plasma-workspace-wallpapers-5.9.2.tar.xz
1653b83e658f8a3d8ca163f7f386204f7c8 polkit-kde-agent-1-5.9.2.tar.xz
1660fbed265a6e2ddc201951d686c60a6c9 powerdevil-5.9.2.tar.xz
167189bca8e52a9aa49e07979a73c2027ea plasma-desktop-5.9.2.tar.xz
1687d5bcc25bb81464e4d0a48cfcd88e4d0 kdeplasma-addons-5.9.2.tar.xz
1690bd92b511f5cf038e3d2cdb3603079e1 kgamma5-5.9.2.tar.xz
1706f7b588292a1a9b8dcf9b71bb14d7db2 ksshaskpass-5.9.2.tar.xz
171#db4a5d3fba916641d011fce81cd62491 plasma-sdk-5.9.2.tar.xz
172e9b418da105db2afd0174d4c0055e82b sddm-kcm-5.9.2.tar.xz
17354aa86277d27b2a7d10945375f46e781 user-manager-5.9.2.tar.xz
174fc31095f62beb97e5794190f37f9723d discover-5.9.2.tar.xz
175#4eff8049e19ca87cab6c94d208089f62 breeze-grub-5.9.2.tar.xz
176#6ff3b8b9d178c17f7b760d5da34b4eb7 breeze-plymouth-5.9.2.tar.xz
177e64bd0bc6d95847e24b37335c4071483 kactivitymanagerd-5.9.2.tar.xz
178777a8590c34777d0e9f5c40a6226b91a plasma-integration-5.9.2.tar.xz
1799bcb2aa6e73acc860389c0dfac76c242 plasma-tests-5.9.2.tar.xz</literal>
180EOF</userinput></screen>
181
182 <note><para>The breeze-grub and breeze-plymouth packages above are both for
183 customized support of <ulink
184 url="https://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/Plymouth/">Plymouth</ulink>
185 which is designed to be run within an initial ram disk during boot (see
186 <xref linkend="initramfs"/>). The plasma-sdk package is optional and used
187 for software development.</para></note>
188
189 </sect2>
190
191 <sect2 role="installation">
192 <title>Installation of Plasma5</title>
193
194 &as_root;
195
196 <para>
197 First, start a subshell that will exit on error:
198 </para>
199
200<screen><userinput>bash -e</userinput></screen>
201
202 <para>
203 Install all of the packages by running the following
204 commands:
205 </para>
206
207<screen><userinput>while read -r line; do
208
209 # Get the file name, ignoring comments and blank lines
210 if $(echo $line | grep -E -q '^ *$|^#' ); then continue; fi
211 file=$(echo $line | cut -d" " -f2)
212
213 pkg=$(echo $file|sed 's|^.*/||') # Remove directory
214 packagedir=$(echo $pkg|sed 's|\.tar.*||') # Package directory
215
216 tar -xf $file
217 pushd $packagedir
218
219 mkdir build
220 cd build
221
222 cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$KF5_PREFIX \
223 -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release \
224 -DBUILD_TESTING=OFF \
225 -Wno-dev .. &amp;&amp;
226
227 make
228 as_root make install
229 popd
230
231<!-- some packages end up with files owned by root in $packagedir,
232 so use as_root for removing -->
233 as_root rm -rf $packagedir
234 as_root /sbin/ldconfig
235
236done &lt; plasma-&plasma5-version;.md5
237
238exit
239
240cd $KF5_PREFIX/share/plasma/plasmoids
241
242for j in $(find -name \*.js); do
243 as_root ln -sfv ../code/$(basename $j) $(dirname $j)/../ui/
244done</userinput></screen>
245
246 </sect2>
247
248 <sect2 role="commands">
249 <title>Command Explanations</title>
250
251 <para>
252 <command>ln -sfv ../code/$(basename $j) $(dirname $j)/../ui/</command>:
253 Create symbolic links so qml files can find needed javascript modules.
254 </para>
255
256 </sect2>
257
258 <sect2 role="configuration">
259 <title>Configuring Plasma</title>
260
261 <sect3>
262 <title>Linux PAM Configuration</title>
263
264 <para>
265 If you built Plasma with the recommended <application>Linux
266 PAM</application> support, create necessary configuration files by
267 running the following commands as the <systemitem
268 class="username">root</systemitem> user:
269 </para>
270
271<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /etc/pam.d/kde &lt;&lt; "EOF"
272# Begin /etc/pam.d/kde
273
274auth requisite pam_nologin.so
275auth required pam_env.so
276
277auth required pam_succeed_if.so uid &gt;= 1000 quiet
278auth include system-auth
279
280account include system-account
281password include system-password
282session include system-session
283
284# End /etc/pam.d/kde
285EOF
286
287cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/kde-np &lt;&lt; "EOF"
288# Begin /etc/pam.d/kde-np
289
290auth requisite pam_nologin.so
291auth required pam_env.so
292
293auth required pam_succeed_if.so uid &gt;= 1000 quiet
294auth required pam_permit.so
295
296account include system-account
297password include system-password
298session include system-session
299
300# End /etc/pam.d/kde-np
301EOF
302
303cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/kscreensaver &lt;&lt; "EOF"
304# Begin /etc/pam.d/kscreensaver
305
306auth include system-auth
307account include system-account
308
309# End /etc/pam.d/kscreensaver
310EOF</userinput></screen>
311 </sect3>
312 </sect2>
313
314 <sect2 role="starting">
315 <title>Starting Plasma5</title>
316
317 <para revision="sysv">
318 You can start <application>Plasma5</application> from runlevel 3, using
319 <xref linkend="xinit"/>, or from runlevel 5, using a Display Manager,
320 such as <xref linkend="sddm"/>.
321 </para>
322
323 <para revision="systemd">
324 You can start <application>Plasma5</application> from a TTY, using
325 <xref linkend="xinit"/><!--, or from a graphical display manager, such as
326 <xref linkend="sddm"/>-->.
327 </para>
328
329 <para>
330 To start <application>Plasma 5</application> using <xref linkend="xinit"/>,
331 run the following commands:
332 </para>
333
334<screen revision="sysv"><userinput>cat &gt; ~/.xinitrc &lt;&lt; "EOF"
335<literal>ck-launch-session dbus-launch --exit-with-session $KF5_PREFIX/bin/startkde</literal>
336EOF
337
338startx</userinput></screen>
339
340<screen revision="systemd"><userinput>cat &gt; ~/.xinitrc &lt;&lt; "EOF"
341<literal>dbus-launch --exit-with-session $KF5_PREFIX/bin/startkde</literal>
342EOF
343
344startx</userinput></screen>
345
346 <para>
347 The X session starts on the first unused virtual terminal, normally vt7.
348 You can switch to another vt<emphasis>n</emphasis> simultaneously
349 pressing the keys Ctrl-Alt-F<emphasis>n</emphasis>
350 (<emphasis>n</emphasis>=1, 2, ...). To switch back to the X session,
351 normally started at vt7, use Ctrl-Alt-F7. The vt where the command
352 <command>startx</command> was executed will display many messages,
353 including X starting messages, applications automatically started with
354 the session, and eventually, some warning and error messages. You may
355 prefer to redirect those messages to a log file, which not only will keep
356 the initial vt uncluttered, but can also be used for debugging purposes. This
357 can be done starting X with:
358 </para>
359
360 <screen><userinput>startx &amp;&gt; ~/x-session-errors</userinput></screen>
361
362 <note revision="sysv">
363 <para>
364 You may wish to drop consolekit and/or dbus-launch, e.g., just using
365 startkde in ~/.xinitrc. However some capabilities such as mounting or
366 umounting file systems from a file manager will not be possible, or the
367 reboot option may be absent or inoperative, among other problems.
368 </para>
369 </note>
370 <para>
371 When shutting down or rebooting, the shutdown messages appear on the vt
372 where X was running. If you wish to see those messages, simultaneously
373 press keys Alt-F7 (assuming that X was running on vt7).
374 </para>
375
376 </sect2>
377
378 <sect2 role="content">
379 <title>Contents</title>
380
381 <segmentedlist>
382 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
383 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
384 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
385
386 <seglistitem>
387 <seg>
388 There are too many plasma programs (50 in /opt/kf5/bin) to list
389 separately here.
390 </seg>
391 <seg>
392 There are too many plasma libraries (39 in /opt/kf5/lib) to list
393 separately here.
394 </seg>
395 <seg>
396 There are too many plasma directories (over 1000 in /opt/kf5) to
397 list separately here.
398 </seg>
399 </seglistitem>
400 </segmentedlist>
401
402 </sect2>
403
404</sect1>
405
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