source: kde/plasma5/plasma-all.xml@ d6c6562

10.0 10.1 11.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind ken/refactor-virt lazarus perl-modules qt5new trunk upgradedb xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since d6c6562 was d6c6562, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 4 years ago

Remove gcc7 entity

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@19032 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE chapter PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY plasma5-download-http "http://download.kde.org/stable/plasma/&plasma5-version;">
8 <!ENTITY plasma5-download-ftp " ">
9 <!ENTITY plasma5-md5sum "See Below">
10 <!ENTITY plasma5-size "103 MB">
11 <!ENTITY plasma5-buildsize "917 MB (290 MB installed)">
12 <!ENTITY plasma5-time "34 SBU">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="plasma5-build" xreflabel="Plasma-&plasma5-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="plasma-all.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy: bdubbs $</othername>
20 <date>$Date: 2015-09-24 16:44:04 -0500 (Thu, 24 Sep 2015) $</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>Building Plasma 5</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="plasma5-build">
26 <primary sortas="a-kf5">KDE Plasma 5</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <para>KDE Plasma 5 is a collection of packages based on top of KDE Frameworks
30 5 and QML. It has been derived from the monolithic KDE 4 desktop.
31 They implement the KDE Display Environment (Plasma 5).</para>
32
33 &lfs80_checked;
34
35 <para>The instructions below build all of the Plasma 5 packages in one
36 step by using a bash script.</para>
37
38 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
39 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
40 <listitem>
41 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&plasma5-download-http;"/></para>
42 </listitem>
43 <listitem>
44 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&plasma5-download-ftp;"/></para>
45 </listitem>
46 <listitem>
47 <para>Download MD5 sum: &plasma5-md5sum;</para>
48 </listitem>
49 <listitem>
50 <para>Download size: &plasma5-size;</para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>Estimated disk space required: &plasma5-buildsize;</para>
54 </listitem>
55 <listitem>
56 <para>Estimated build time: &plasma5-time;</para>
57 </listitem>
58 </itemizedlist>
59
60 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Plasma 5 Dependencies</bridgehead>
61
62 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
63 <para role="required">
64 <!--<xref linkend="fontforge"/>,-->
65 <xref linkend="gtk2"/>,
66 <xref linkend="gtk3"/>,
67 <xref linkend="kf5-frameworks"/>,
68 <xref linkend="libpwquality"/>,
69 <xref linkend="libxkbcommon"/>,
70 <xref linkend="mesa"/> built with <xref linkend="wayland"/>,
71 <xref linkend="NetworkManager"/>,
72 <xref linkend="pulseaudio"/>,
73 <xref linkend="python2"/>,
74 <xref linkend="qca"/> (built with qt5),
75 <xref linkend="taglib"/>, and
76 <xref linkend="xcb-util-cursor"/>
77 </para>
78
79 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
80 <para role="recommended">
81 <xref linkend="libdbusmenu-qt"/>,
82 <xref linkend="libcanberra"/>,
83 <xref linkend="libinput"/>,
84 <xref linkend="linux-pam"/>,
85 <xref linkend="lm_sensors"/>,
86 <xref linkend="oxygen-icons5"/>, and
87 <xref linkend="pciutils"/>
88 </para>
89
90 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
91 <para role="optional">
92 <xref linkend="glu"/>,
93 <xref linkend='ibus'/>,
94 <xref linkend="xorg-synaptics-driver"/>,
95 <ulink url="http://distributions.freedesktop.org/wiki/AppStream">appstream-qt</ulink>,
96 <ulink url="https://www.kdevelop.org/">KDevPlatform</ulink>,
97 <ulink url="http://gpsd.berlios.de">libgps</ulink>,
98 <ulink url="https://github.com/libhybris/libhybris">libhybris</ulink>,
99 <ulink url="http://sourceforge.net/projects/libraw1394/">libraw1394</ulink>,
100 <ulink url="https://bitbucket.org/godsme/mockcpp">mockcpp</ulink>,
101 <ulink url="https://www.freedesktop.org/software/PackageKit/releases/">packagekit-qt</ulink>,
102 <ulink url="http://qalculate.sourceforge.net">Qalculate</ulink>,
103 <ulink url="https://launchpad.net/qapt">Qapt</ulink>,
104 <ulink url="https://github.com/osiam/osiam">SCIM</ulink>, and
105 <ulink url="http://www.dest-unreach.org/socat/">socat (for pam_kwallet)</ulink>
106 </para>
107
108 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
109 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/kf5"/></para>
110
111 <sect2>
112 <title>Downloading KDE Plasma5</title>
113
114 <para>
115 The easiest way to get the KDE Plasma5 packages is to use a single
116 <command>wget</command> to fetch them all at once:
117 </para>
118
119<screen><userinput>url=http://download.kde.org/stable/plasma/&plasma5-version;/
120wget -r -nH -nd -A '*.xz' -np $url</userinput>
121<literal>
122The options used here are:
123 -r recurse through child directories
124 -nH disable generation of host-prefixed directories
125 -nd do not create a hierarchy of directories
126 -A '*.xz' just get the *.xz files
127 -np don't get parent directories</literal></screen>
128
129 </sect2>
130
131 <sect2>
132 <title>Setting Package Order</title>
133
134 <para>
135 The order of building files is important due to internal dependencies.
136 Create the list of files in the proper order as follows:
137 </para>
138
139<screen><userinput>cat &gt; plasma-&plasma5-version;.md5 &lt;&lt; "EOF"
140<literal>385dedd91c52692248582590afb1fada kde-cli-tools-5.10.0.tar.xz
14197251f0737fedeb8e718da52fb2e3c4f kdecoration-5.10.0.tar.xz
14293cf21d6485c2207b01a36493687021a libkscreen-5.10.0.tar.xz
1434dc7f5d5fd0fb1c78ba0d7442c643439 libksysguard-5.10.0.tar.xz
144c3ee9712d1b5e76c60e520369d8d0203 breeze-5.10.0.tar.xz
145e3abfe588d5d606c1bd9feb57296f2df breeze-gtk-5.10.0.tar.xz
1463234d0bbfbf2ca277e835c25b8c8e347 kscreenlocker-5.10.0.tar.xz
14776ac64277d4e0329baa4b119dbe1d872 oxygen-5.10.0.tar.xz
148f4fdc03dded336fb79dcb1d41198f12b kinfocenter-5.10.0.tar.xz
149eeb495ac4971114e4c378f749b307d5a ksysguard-5.10.0.tar.xz
150ca95a965a3a165c1fdaa6db8b33efa8d kwin-5.10.0.tar.xz
15115a6eb395aae2b2c12eed4ebb0806853 systemsettings-5.10.0.tar.xz
152b58e8037c09011abf1e868df1d5bc401 plasma-workspace-5.10.0.tar.xz
153c0cd10543a62358d73060747e950c19b bluedevil-5.10.0.tar.xz
154d65869affd1204d8056efca6a20fd37b kde-gtk-config-5.10.0.tar.xz
15553ff209275740023066ddcf3f930ddce khotkeys-5.10.0.tar.xz
156cf6a4611f2c35a32e2571dc13ea0a348 kmenuedit-5.10.0.tar.xz
157b34337a7849c39b5b9710ce4ec06ecd7 kscreen-5.10.0.tar.xz
15882847e071a55f526150f3b945d9cd13e kwallet-pam-5.10.0.tar.xz
15950a1816d7d70246a9c7bcc08cfe6a014 kwayland-integration-5.10.0.tar.xz
16083a93dbc26f874e8da5b5b5f61a53450 kwrited-5.10.0.tar.xz
1612a49140e706662d4543d2ab43ed833f0 milou-5.10.0.tar.xz
162976e21025c3a18331ba450f304c68720 plasma-nm-5.10.0.tar.xz
1637c6186fb1356fe457f4c8ab9e68ee343 plasma-pa-5.10.0.tar.xz
164d7cc2d1c45442672bb528cbcfb3e7b0c plasma-workspace-wallpapers-5.10.0.tar.xz
1653a2ba731b5668c806ab40e2efe285ef2 polkit-kde-agent-1-5.10.0.tar.xz
1667acf9ead83f2ed6f676115351a41742a powerdevil-5.10.0.tar.xz
167d1edc632e923a66c578b0b301221efb1 plasma-desktop-5.10.0.tar.xz
16893fd41d84118483582bf2d2cfe39d8d4 kdeplasma-addons-5.10.0.tar.xz
169e6658da2bb79caedeba733c0c1fcfc95 kgamma5-5.10.0.tar.xz
170f90500aaf1f2ee90cd2d248d646bf44f ksshaskpass-5.10.0.tar.xz
171#bc5650a67220f5ec2c7556635a4e15b7 plasma-sdk-5.10.0.tar.xz
17200e5f4bec1a304d756e87e9c52269306 sddm-kcm-5.10.0.tar.xz
173814f9ecc0299de76d722de7020c19bd5 user-manager-5.10.0.tar.xz
1741070622fea6faa5952b724028c14bc7d discover-5.10.0.tar.xz
175#330e2a7c084a432aed63d0a31c54df1e breeze-grub-5.10.0.tar.xz
176#0059b846bb6236adad2e5b5d0df3c2d6 breeze-plymouth-5.10.0.tar.xz
177a35ae2e6c7ef48234841b416769a17ac kactivitymanagerd-5.10.0.tar.xz
17824c9a41664ffa89768df14005335e7bc plasma-integration-5.10.0.tar.xz
179182f5a883551ab5a789cf8afd3212d64 plasma-tests-5.10.0.tar.xz
180#480568df95a0d73829e9b3478c130917 plymouth-kcm-5.10.0.tar.xz
1816e3f734d83271fa7a28176faf9649688 xdg-desktop-portal-kde-5.10.0.tar.xz</literal>
182EOF</userinput></screen>
183
184 <note><para>The breeze-grub, breeze-plymouth, and plymouth-kcm packages
185 above are all for customized support of <ulink
186 url="https://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/Plymouth/">Plymouth</ulink>
187 which is designed to be run within an initial ram disk during boot (see
188 <xref linkend="initramfs"/>). The plasma-sdk package is optional and used
189 for software development.</para></note>
190
191 </sect2>
192
193 <sect2 role="installation">
194 <title>Installation of Plasma5</title>
195
196 &as_root;
197
198 <para>
199 First, start a subshell that will exit on error:
200 </para>
201
202<screen><userinput>bash -e</userinput></screen>
203
204 <para>
205 Install all of the packages by running the following
206 commands:
207 </para>
208
209<screen><userinput>while read -r line; do
210
211 # Get the file name, ignoring comments and blank lines
212 if $(echo $line | grep -E -q '^ *$|^#' ); then continue; fi
213 file=$(echo $line | cut -d" " -f2)
214
215 pkg=$(echo $file|sed 's|^.*/||') # Remove directory
216 packagedir=$(echo $pkg|sed 's|\.tar.*||') # Package directory
217
218 tar -xf $file
219 pushd $packagedir
220
221 mkdir build
222 cd build
223
224 cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$KF5_PREFIX \
225 -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release \
226 -DBUILD_TESTING=OFF \
227 -Wno-dev .. &amp;&amp;
228
229 make
230 as_root make install
231 popd
232
233<!-- some packages end up with files owned by root in $packagedir,
234 so use as_root for removing -->
235 as_root rm -rf $packagedir
236 as_root /sbin/ldconfig
237
238done &lt; plasma-&plasma5-version;.md5
239
240exit
241
242cd $KF5_PREFIX/share/plasma/plasmoids
243
244for j in $(find -name \*.js); do
245 as_root ln -sfv ../code/$(basename $j) $(dirname $j)/../ui/
246done</userinput></screen>
247
248 </sect2>
249
250 <sect2 role="commands">
251 <title>Command Explanations</title>
252
253 <para>
254 <command>ln -sfv ../code/$(basename $j) $(dirname $j)/../ui/</command>:
255 Create symbolic links so qml files can find needed javascript modules.
256 </para>
257
258 </sect2>
259
260 <sect2 role="configuration">
261 <title>Configuring Plasma</title>
262
263 <sect3>
264 <title>Linux PAM Configuration</title>
265
266 <para>
267 If you built Plasma with the recommended <application>Linux
268 PAM</application> support, create necessary configuration files by
269 running the following commands as the <systemitem
270 class="username">root</systemitem> user:
271 </para>
272
273<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /etc/pam.d/kde &lt;&lt; "EOF"
274# Begin /etc/pam.d/kde
275
276auth requisite pam_nologin.so
277auth required pam_env.so
278
279auth required pam_succeed_if.so uid &gt;= 1000 quiet
280auth include system-auth
281
282account include system-account
283password include system-password
284session include system-session
285
286# End /etc/pam.d/kde
287EOF
288
289cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/kde-np &lt;&lt; "EOF"
290# Begin /etc/pam.d/kde-np
291
292auth requisite pam_nologin.so
293auth required pam_env.so
294
295auth required pam_succeed_if.so uid &gt;= 1000 quiet
296auth required pam_permit.so
297
298account include system-account
299password include system-password
300session include system-session
301
302# End /etc/pam.d/kde-np
303EOF
304
305cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/kscreensaver &lt;&lt; "EOF"
306# Begin /etc/pam.d/kscreensaver
307
308auth include system-auth
309account include system-account
310
311# End /etc/pam.d/kscreensaver
312EOF</userinput></screen>
313 </sect3>
314 </sect2>
315
316 <sect2 role="starting">
317 <title>Starting Plasma5</title>
318
319 <para revision="sysv">
320 You can start <application>Plasma5</application> from runlevel 3, using
321 <xref linkend="xinit"/>, or from runlevel 5, using a Display Manager,
322 such as <xref linkend="sddm"/>.
323 </para>
324
325 <para revision="systemd">
326 You can start <application>Plasma5</application> from a TTY, using
327 <xref linkend="xinit"/><!--, or from a graphical display manager, such as
328 <xref linkend="sddm"/>-->.
329 </para>
330
331 <para>
332 To start <application>Plasma 5</application> using <xref linkend="xinit"/>,
333 run the following commands:
334 </para>
335
336<screen revision="sysv"><userinput>cat &gt; ~/.xinitrc &lt;&lt; "EOF"
337<literal>ck-launch-session dbus-launch --exit-with-session $KF5_PREFIX/bin/startkde</literal>
338EOF
339
340startx</userinput></screen>
341
342<screen revision="systemd"><userinput>cat &gt; ~/.xinitrc &lt;&lt; "EOF"
343<literal>dbus-launch --exit-with-session $KF5_PREFIX/bin/startkde</literal>
344EOF
345
346startx</userinput></screen>
347
348 <para>
349 The X session starts on the first unused virtual terminal, normally vt7.
350 You can switch to another vt<emphasis>n</emphasis> simultaneously
351 pressing the keys Ctrl-Alt-F<emphasis>n</emphasis>
352 (<emphasis>n</emphasis>=1, 2, ...). To switch back to the X session,
353 normally started at vt7, use Ctrl-Alt-F7. The vt where the command
354 <command>startx</command> was executed will display many messages,
355 including X starting messages, applications automatically started with
356 the session, and eventually, some warning and error messages. You may
357 prefer to redirect those messages to a log file, which not only will keep
358 the initial vt uncluttered, but can also be used for debugging purposes. This
359 can be done starting X with:
360 </para>
361
362 <screen><userinput>startx &amp;&gt; ~/x-session-errors</userinput></screen>
363
364 <note revision="sysv">
365 <para>
366 You may wish to drop consolekit and/or dbus-launch, e.g., just using
367 startkde in ~/.xinitrc. However some capabilities such as mounting or
368 umounting file systems from a file manager will not be possible, or the
369 reboot option may be absent or inoperative, among other problems.
370 </para>
371 </note>
372 <para>
373 When shutting down or rebooting, the shutdown messages appear on the vt
374 where X was running. If you wish to see those messages, simultaneously
375 press keys Alt-F7 (assuming that X was running on vt7).
376 </para>
377
378 <para>If you intend to start <application>Plasma</application> using a
379 display manager such as <xref linkend="sddm"/>, there will be two entries
380 for <application>Plasma</application>, one for use with
381 <application>Xorg</application>, and another for
382 <application>Wayland</application>. Modify the
383 <application>Xorg</application> entry with the following command, as the
384 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user, so that you can
385 differentiate between the two:</para>
386
387<screen><userinput role="root">sed '/^Name=/s/Plasma/Plasma on Xorg/' -i /usr/share/xsessions/plasma.desktop</userinput></screen>
388
389
390 </sect2>
391
392 <sect2 role="content">
393 <title>Contents</title>
394
395 <segmentedlist>
396 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
397 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
398 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
399
400 <seglistitem>
401 <seg>
402 There are too many plasma programs (50 in /opt/kf5/bin) to list
403 separately here.
404 </seg>
405 <seg>
406 There are too many plasma libraries (39 in /opt/kf5/lib) to list
407 separately here.
408 </seg>
409 <seg>
410 There are too many plasma directories (over 1000 in /opt/kf5) to
411 list separately here.
412 </seg>
413 </seglistitem>
414 </segmentedlist>
415
416 </sect2>
417
418</sect1>
419
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