source: kde/plasma5/plasma-all.xml@ e804dc1

10.0 10.1 11.0 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind ken/refactor-virt lazarus perl-modules qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since e804dc1 was 4c3c7f43, checked in by Pierre Labastie <pieere@…>, 4 years ago

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git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@19219 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE chapter PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY plasma5-download-http "http://download.kde.org/stable/plasma/&plasma5-version;">
8 <!ENTITY plasma5-download-ftp " ">
9 <!ENTITY plasma5-md5sum "See Below">
10 <!ENTITY plasma5-size "103 MB">
11 <!ENTITY plasma5-buildsize "932 MB (291 MB installed)">
12 <!ENTITY plasma5-time "36 SBU">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="plasma5-build" xreflabel="Plasma-&plasma5-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="plasma-all.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy: bdubbs $</othername>
20 <date>$Date: 2015-09-24 16:44:04 -0500 (Thu, 24 Sep 2015) $</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>Building Plasma 5</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="plasma5-build">
26 <primary sortas="a-kf5">KDE Plasma 5</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <para>KDE Plasma 5 is a collection of packages based on top of KDE Frameworks
30 5 and QML. It has been derived from the monolithic KDE 4 desktop.
31 They implement the KDE Display Environment (Plasma 5).</para>
32
33 &lfs81_checked;
34
35 <para>The instructions below build all of the Plasma 5 packages in one
36 step by using a bash script.</para>
37
38 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
39 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
40 <listitem>
41 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&plasma5-download-http;"/></para>
42 </listitem>
43 <listitem>
44 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&plasma5-download-ftp;"/></para>
45 </listitem>
46 <listitem>
47 <para>Download MD5 sum: &plasma5-md5sum;</para>
48 </listitem>
49 <listitem>
50 <para>Download size: &plasma5-size;</para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>Estimated disk space required: &plasma5-buildsize;</para>
54 </listitem>
55 <listitem>
56 <para>Estimated build time: &plasma5-time;</para>
57 </listitem>
58 </itemizedlist>
59
60 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Plasma 5 Dependencies</bridgehead>
61
62 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
63 <para role="required">
64 <!--<xref linkend="fontforge"/>,-->
65 <xref linkend="GConf"/>,
66 <xref linkend="gtk2"/>,
67 <xref linkend="gtk3"/>,
68 <xref linkend="kf5-frameworks"/>,
69 <xref linkend="libpwquality"/>,
70 <xref linkend="libxkbcommon"/>,
71 <xref linkend="mesa"/> built with <xref linkend="wayland"/>,
72 <xref linkend="NetworkManager"/>,
73 <xref linkend="pulseaudio"/>,
74 <xref linkend="python2"/>,
75 <xref linkend="qca"/> (built with qt5),
76 <xref linkend="taglib"/>, and
77 <xref linkend="xcb-util-cursor"/>
78 </para>
79
80 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
81 <para role="recommended">
82 <xref linkend="libdbusmenu-qt"/>,
83 <xref linkend="libcanberra"/>,
84 <xref linkend="libinput"/>,
85 <xref linkend="linux-pam"/>,
86 <xref linkend="lm_sensors"/>,
87 <xref linkend="oxygen-icons5"/>, and
88 <xref linkend="pciutils"/>
89 </para>
90
91 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
92 <para role="optional">
93 <xref linkend="glu"/>,
94 <xref linkend='ibus'/>,
95 <xref linkend="xorg-synaptics-driver"/>,
96 <ulink url="http://distributions.freedesktop.org/wiki/AppStream">appstream-qt</ulink>,
97 <ulink url="https://www.kdevelop.org/">KDevPlatform</ulink>,
98 <ulink url="http://gpsd.berlios.de">libgps</ulink>,
99 <ulink url="https://github.com/libhybris/libhybris">libhybris</ulink>,
100 <ulink url="http://sourceforge.net/projects/libraw1394/">libraw1394</ulink>,
101 <ulink url="https://bitbucket.org/godsme/mockcpp">mockcpp</ulink>,
102 <ulink url="https://www.freedesktop.org/software/PackageKit/releases/">packagekit-qt</ulink>,
103 <ulink url="http://qalculate.sourceforge.net">Qalculate</ulink>,
104 <ulink url="https://launchpad.net/qapt">Qapt</ulink>,
105 <ulink url="https://github.com/osiam/osiam">SCIM</ulink>, and
106 <ulink url="http://www.dest-unreach.org/socat/">socat</ulink> (for pam_kwallet)
107 </para>
108
109 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
110 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/kf5"/></para>
111
112 <sect2>
113 <title>Downloading KDE Plasma5</title>
114
115 <para>
116 The easiest way to get the KDE Plasma5 packages is to use a single
117 <command>wget</command> to fetch them all at once:
118 </para>
119
120<screen><userinput>url=http://download.kde.org/stable/plasma/&plasma5-version;/
121wget -r -nH -nd -A '*.xz' -np $url</userinput>
122<literal>
123The options used here are:
124 -r recurse through child directories
125 -nH disable generation of host-prefixed directories
126 -nd do not create a hierarchy of directories
127 -A '*.xz' just get the *.xz files
128 -np don't get parent directories</literal></screen>
129
130 </sect2>
131
132 <sect2>
133 <title>Setting Package Order</title>
134
135 <para>
136 The order of building files is important due to internal dependencies.
137 Create the list of files in the proper order as follows:
138 </para>
139
140<screen><userinput>cat &gt; plasma-&plasma5-version;.md5 &lt;&lt; "EOF"
141<literal>61b926818863e0ff1e87b9a7f4bc1371 kde-cli-tools-5.10.5.tar.xz
142133cfcf1c2f3f98f60036a0fb4cd2c84 kdecoration-5.10.5.tar.xz
14393465b802514e1a3d90ae3b79f7a7f85 libkscreen-5.10.5.tar.xz
1448352206006bd8df100ccf4457330c91f libksysguard-5.10.5.tar.xz
145f78318b14525ed3a56e33f4f24e5cd04 breeze-5.10.5.tar.xz
14602be5bb69c94ac18097375ae66384092 breeze-gtk-5.10.5.tar.xz
14790c04db347b282202a06a41e33f28083 kscreenlocker-5.10.5.tar.xz
1489874a761b9e92a88e6b4abba571c9f61 oxygen-5.10.5.tar.xz
14960e424cdcc01adc499902229c3a8ee80 kinfocenter-5.10.5.tar.xz
1503e531a86dbc0f517e79bbba83c8bba5b ksysguard-5.10.5.tar.xz
1515e8ad3d570909cd2910fbb1fe50650db kwin-5.10.5.tar.xz
15291d3559768edb8d805897f09bb9ca0ed systemsettings-5.10.5.tar.xz
1537332e40293623cc59a5d296afb0cac50 plasma-workspace-5.10.5.tar.xz
1549d55bed36f274f1b79427e0e515441b1 bluedevil-5.10.5.tar.xz
155f4f21444ee52f793c43bd1245880c408 kde-gtk-config-5.10.5.tar.xz
156b96fa0308bf5242924e608181b48d777 khotkeys-5.10.5.tar.xz
157c2259c358887d8e21b497e90a8dcef50 kmenuedit-5.10.5.tar.xz
15829a7eac44b1239a371d2f8337285cfa9 kscreen-5.10.5.tar.xz
1594117c95c592c7f51c6f1e54b9eb9a015 kwallet-pam-5.10.5.tar.xz
16037720b8eaf3e6271dc21b8cd7fda14d2 kwayland-integration-5.10.5.tar.xz
1610377a56033de0415174400dfe8e7516a kwrited-5.10.5.tar.xz
162b925292bb0300bea67e60e39bbffddf5 milou-5.10.5.tar.xz
1634ab4a1840448808ec998cbcfefdf6ac0 plasma-nm-5.10.5.tar.xz
164cf32842a5a80fcf875231548db222c73 plasma-pa-5.10.5.tar.xz
165e477f6554f7a266e52521ff98cc7b798 plasma-workspace-wallpapers-5.10.5.tar.xz
166eb76e3c900a3288792eb36524394ace8 polkit-kde-agent-1-5.10.5.tar.xz
167cf9600ad417ac19a2905f313d2a4b63c powerdevil-5.10.5.tar.xz
16807df99ee595a53c6d9f50c17ddb7bcb4 plasma-desktop-5.10.5.tar.xz
1695f69006dbd233aefa54b1f2f474ba0ec kdeplasma-addons-5.10.5.tar.xz
17073bf718d8625bcd7990200854846f330 kgamma5-5.10.5.tar.xz
1713013943358a15d878ffcd6cc0529ee8c ksshaskpass-5.10.5.tar.xz
172#2108f6f1856edbb845303faffa0663ec plasma-sdk-5.10.5.tar.xz
17399243c64866c23c03251fbe179ac4f4b sddm-kcm-5.10.5.tar.xz
174e05c789e6f6e21d642c4194480ca1b8c user-manager-5.10.5.tar.xz
175da06f5c055b78c773b8acd813cb22682 discover-5.10.5.tar.xz
176#c3463607251ff3fdcd73cc5eb0ab203c breeze-grub-5.10.5.tar.xz
177#f2e14a9075792c3e3a6df512490429b4 breeze-plymouth-5.10.5.tar.xz
178ac13d5b70b28c77d3a37d22cd4b949d5 kactivitymanagerd-5.10.5.tar.xz
17974e1cf72ec6c4ad920447b4cc7635c08 plasma-integration-5.10.5.tar.xz
180c03584b89c09b0d154bdb93290c11b81 plasma-tests-5.10.5.tar.xz
181#479e80625971fedb4bef3101060c91cf plymouth-kcm-5.10.5.tar.xz
1823ec1936fa9def125630493418455b6d8 xdg-desktop-portal-kde-5.10.5.tar.xz</literal>
183EOF</userinput></screen>
184
185 <note><para>The breeze-grub, breeze-plymouth, and plymouth-kcm packages
186 above are all for customized support of <ulink
187 url="https://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/Plymouth/">Plymouth</ulink>
188 which is designed to be run within an initial ram disk during boot (see
189 <xref linkend="initramfs"/>). The plasma-sdk package is optional and used
190 for software development.</para></note>
191
192 </sect2>
193
194 <sect2 role="installation">
195 <title>Installation of Plasma5</title>
196
197 &as_root;
198
199 <para>
200 First, start a subshell that will exit on error:
201 </para>
202
203<screen><userinput>bash -e</userinput></screen>
204
205 <para>
206 Install all of the packages by running the following
207 commands:
208 </para>
209
210<screen><userinput>while read -r line; do
211
212 # Get the file name, ignoring comments and blank lines
213 if $(echo $line | grep -E -q '^ *$|^#' ); then continue; fi
214 file=$(echo $line | cut -d" " -f2)
215
216 pkg=$(echo $file|sed 's|^.*/||') # Remove directory
217 packagedir=$(echo $pkg|sed 's|\.tar.*||') # Package directory
218
219 tar -xf $file
220 pushd $packagedir
221
222 mkdir build
223 cd build
224
225 cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$KF5_PREFIX \
226 -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release \
227 -DBUILD_TESTING=OFF \
228 -Wno-dev .. &amp;&amp;
229
230 make
231 as_root make install
232 popd
233
234<!-- some packages end up with files owned by root in $packagedir,
235 so use as_root for removing -->
236 as_root rm -rf $packagedir
237 as_root /sbin/ldconfig
238
239done &lt; plasma-&plasma5-version;.md5
240
241exit
242
243cd $KF5_PREFIX/share/plasma/plasmoids
244
245for j in $(find -name \*.js); do
246 as_root ln -sfv ../code/$(basename $j) $(dirname $j)/../ui/
247done</userinput></screen>
248
249 </sect2>
250
251 <sect2 role="commands">
252 <title>Command Explanations</title>
253
254 <para>
255 <command>ln -sfv ../code/$(basename $j) $(dirname $j)/../ui/</command>:
256 Create symbolic links so qml files can find needed javascript modules.
257 </para>
258
259 </sect2>
260
261 <sect2 role="configuration">
262 <title>Configuring Plasma</title>
263
264 <sect3>
265 <title>Linux PAM Configuration</title>
266
267 <para>
268 If you built Plasma with the recommended <application>Linux
269 PAM</application> support, create necessary configuration files by
270 running the following commands as the <systemitem
271 class="username">root</systemitem> user:
272 </para>
273
274<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /etc/pam.d/kde &lt;&lt; "EOF"
275# Begin /etc/pam.d/kde
276
277auth requisite pam_nologin.so
278auth required pam_env.so
279
280auth required pam_succeed_if.so uid &gt;= 1000 quiet
281auth include system-auth
282
283account include system-account
284password include system-password
285session include system-session
286
287# End /etc/pam.d/kde
288EOF
289
290cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/kde-np &lt;&lt; "EOF"
291# Begin /etc/pam.d/kde-np
292
293auth requisite pam_nologin.so
294auth required pam_env.so
295
296auth required pam_succeed_if.so uid &gt;= 1000 quiet
297auth required pam_permit.so
298
299account include system-account
300password include system-password
301session include system-session
302
303# End /etc/pam.d/kde-np
304EOF
305
306cat &gt; /etc/pam.d/kscreensaver &lt;&lt; "EOF"
307# Begin /etc/pam.d/kscreensaver
308
309auth include system-auth
310account include system-account
311
312# End /etc/pam.d/kscreensaver
313EOF</userinput></screen>
314 </sect3>
315 </sect2>
316
317 <sect2 role="starting">
318 <title>Starting Plasma5</title>
319
320 <para revision="sysv">
321 You can start <application>Plasma5</application> from runlevel 3, using
322 <xref linkend="xinit"/>, or from runlevel 5, using a Display Manager,
323 such as <xref linkend="sddm"/>.
324 </para>
325
326 <para revision="systemd">
327 You can start <application>Plasma5</application> from a TTY, using
328 <xref linkend="xinit"/><!--, or from a graphical display manager, such as
329 <xref linkend="sddm"/>-->.
330 </para>
331
332 <para>
333 To start <application>Plasma 5</application> using <xref linkend="xinit"/>,
334 run the following commands:
335 </para>
336
337<screen revision="sysv"><userinput>cat &gt; ~/.xinitrc &lt;&lt; "EOF"
338<literal>ck-launch-session dbus-launch --exit-with-session $KF5_PREFIX/bin/startkde</literal>
339EOF
340
341startx</userinput></screen>
342
343<screen revision="systemd"><userinput>cat &gt; ~/.xinitrc &lt;&lt; "EOF"
344<literal>dbus-launch --exit-with-session $KF5_PREFIX/bin/startkde</literal>
345EOF
346
347startx</userinput></screen>
348
349 <para>
350 The X session starts on the first unused virtual terminal, normally vt7.
351 You can switch to another vt<emphasis>n</emphasis> simultaneously
352 pressing the keys Ctrl-Alt-F<emphasis>n</emphasis>
353 (<emphasis>n</emphasis>=1, 2, ...). To switch back to the X session,
354 normally started at vt7, use Ctrl-Alt-F7. The vt where the command
355 <command>startx</command> was executed will display many messages,
356 including X starting messages, applications automatically started with
357 the session, and eventually, some warning and error messages. You may
358 prefer to redirect those messages to a log file, which not only will keep
359 the initial vt uncluttered, but can also be used for debugging purposes. This
360 can be done starting X with:
361 </para>
362
363 <screen><userinput>startx &amp;&gt; ~/x-session-errors</userinput></screen>
364
365 <note revision="sysv">
366 <para>
367 You may wish to drop consolekit and/or dbus-launch, e.g., just using
368 startkde in ~/.xinitrc. However some capabilities such as mounting or
369 umounting file systems from a file manager will not be possible, or the
370 reboot option may be absent or inoperative, among other problems.
371 </para>
372 </note>
373 <para>
374 When shutting down or rebooting, the shutdown messages appear on the vt
375 where X was running. If you wish to see those messages, simultaneously
376 press keys Alt-F7 (assuming that X was running on vt7).
377 </para>
378
379 <para>If you intend to start <application>Plasma</application> using a
380 display manager such as <xref linkend="sddm"/>, there will be two entries
381 for <application>Plasma</application>, one for use with
382 <application>Xorg</application>, and another for
383 <application>Wayland</application>. Modify the
384 <application>Xorg</application> entry with the following command, as the
385 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user, so that you can
386 differentiate between the two:</para>
387
388<screen><userinput role="root">sed '/^Name=/s/Plasma/Plasma on Xorg/' -i /usr/share/xsessions/plasma.desktop</userinput></screen>
389
390
391 </sect2>
392
393 <sect2 role="content">
394 <title>Contents</title>
395
396 <segmentedlist>
397 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
398 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
399 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
400
401 <seglistitem>
402 <seg>
403 There are too many plasma programs (50 in /opt/kf5/bin) to list
404 separately here.
405 </seg>
406 <seg>
407 There are too many plasma libraries (39 in /opt/kf5/lib) to list
408 separately here.
409 </seg>
410 <seg>
411 There are too many plasma directories (over 1000 in /opt/kf5) to
412 list separately here.
413 </seg>
414 </seglistitem>
415 </segmentedlist>
416
417 </sect2>
418
419</sect1>
420
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