source: multimedia/videoutils/mplayer.xml@ a242f2e1

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Last change on this file since a242f2e1 was a242f2e1, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 18 years ago

Changed strip option to tar in mplayer

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@3604 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 18.8 KB
Line 
1<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.3//EN"
2 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.3/docbookx.dtd" [
3 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
4 %general-entities;
5
6 <!ENTITY mplayer-download-http "http://www1.mplayerhq.hu/MPlayer/releases/MPlayer-&mplayer-version;.tar.bz2">
7 <!ENTITY mplayer-download-ftp "ftp://ftp1.mplayerhq.hu/MPlayer/releases/MPlayer-&mplayer-version;.tar.bz2">
8 <!ENTITY mplayer-md5sum "a812d945b884c2e2fa7f90c57cd76bff">
9 <!ENTITY mplayer-size "6.3 MB">
10 <!ENTITY mplayer-buildsize "93.5 MB (additional 22 MB for essential CODECs)">
11 <!ENTITY mplayer-time "2.19 SBU">
12
13 <!ENTITY mplayer-codec "essential-20050115.tar.bz2">
14 <!ENTITY mplayer-codec-md5sum "b627e5710c6f2bf38fc2a6ef81c13be8">
15 <!ENTITY mplayer-codec-size "9.4 MB">
16
17 <!ENTITY mplayer-skin "Blue-1.4.tar.bz2">
18 <!ENTITY mplayer-skin-md5sum "3006f514cf0c9a8f832cfb1abee276bf">
19 <!ENTITY mplayer-skin-size "221 KB">
20
21 <!ENTITY mplayer-font "font-arial-iso-8859-1">
22 <!ENTITY mplayer-font-md5sum "1ecd31d17b51f16332b1fcc7da36b312">
23 <!ENTITY mplayer-font-size "234 KB">
24]>
25
26<sect1 id="mplayer" xreflabel="MPlayer-&mplayer-version;">
27<sect1info>
28<othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
29<date>$Date$</date>
30</sect1info>
31<?dbhtml filename="mplayer.html"?>
32<title><application>MPlayer</application>-&mplayer-version;</title>
33<indexterm zone="mplayer">
34<primary sortas="a-MPlayer">MPlayer</primary></indexterm>
35
36<sect2>
37<title>Introduction to <application>MPlayer</application></title>
38
39<para>The <application>MPlayer</application> package contains an audio/video
40player controlled via the command line or a graphical interface which is
41able to play almost every popular audio and video file format
42and <acronym>CODEC</acronym> (COder/DECoder, also COmpressor/DECompressor).
43With supported video hardware and additional drivers,
44<application>MPlayer</application> can play video files without an
45<application>X</application> window system installed.</para>
46
47<para>For <application>MPlayer</application> general information and available
48features, including a full list of file formats, <acronym>CODEC</acronym>s and
49output devices supported by <application>MPlayer</application>, visit the
50<ulink url="http://www1.mplayerhq.hu/homepage/design7/info.html">
51<application>MPlayer</application> web site</ulink>.</para>
52
53<sect3><title>Package information</title>
54<itemizedlist spacing='compact'>
55<listitem><para>Download (HTTP):
56<ulink url="&mplayer-download-http;"/></para></listitem>
57<listitem><para>Download (FTP):
58<ulink url="&mplayer-download-ftp;"/></para></listitem>
59<listitem><para>Download MD5 sum: &mplayer-md5sum;</para></listitem>
60<listitem><para>Download size: &mplayer-size;</para></listitem>
61<listitem><para>Estimated disk space required:
62&mplayer-buildsize;</para></listitem>
63<listitem><para>Estimated build time:
64&mplayer-time;</para></listitem></itemizedlist>
65</sect3>
66
67<sect3><title>Additional downloads</title>
68<para><emphasis>Patches</emphasis></para>
69<itemizedlist spacing='compact'>
70<listitem><para>Required Patch (for fbdev driver support): <ulink
71url="&patch-root;/MPlayer-&mplayer-version;-kernel_2.6-1.patch"/></para>
72</listitem>
73</itemizedlist>
74
75<para><emphasis><acronym>CODEC</acronym>s</emphasis></para>
76<itemizedlist spacing='compact'>
77<listitem><para>Proprietary <acronym>CODEC</acronym>s: <ulink
78url="http://www.mplayerhq.hu/MPlayer/releases/codecs/&mplayer-codec;"/></para>
79</listitem>
80<listitem><para>Download MD5 sum: &mplayer-codec-md5sum;</para></listitem>
81<listitem><para>Download size: &mplayer-codec-size;</para></listitem>
82<listitem><para>Additional <acronym>CODEC</acronym>s: <ulink
83url="http://www.mplayerhq.hu/MPlayer/releases/codecs/"/></para>
84</listitem>
85</itemizedlist>
86
87<para><emphasis>Skins</emphasis></para>
88<itemizedlist spacing='compact'>
89<listitem><para>Default <acronym>GUI</acronym> skin: <ulink
90url="http://www1.mplayerhq.hu/MPlayer/Skin/&mplayer-skin;"/></para>
91</listitem>
92<listitem><para>Download MD5 sum: &mplayer-skin-md5sum;</para></listitem>
93<listitem><para>Download size: &mplayer-skin-size;</para></listitem>
94<listitem><para>Additional skins: <ulink
95url="http://www1.mplayerhq.hu/MPlayer/Skin/"/></para>
96</listitem></itemizedlist>
97
98<para><emphasis>Fonts</emphasis></para>
99<itemizedlist spacing='compact'>
100<listitem><para>Prerendered fonts: <ulink
101url="http://www1.mplayerhq.hu/MPlayer/releases/fonts/&mplayer-font;.tar.bz2"/>
102</para></listitem>
103<listitem><para>Download MD5 sum: &mplayer-font-md5sum;</para></listitem>
104<listitem><para>Download size: &mplayer-font-size;</para></listitem>
105<listitem><para>Additional fonts: <ulink
106url="http://www1.mplayerhq.hu/MPlayer/releases/fonts/"/></para>
107</listitem></itemizedlist>
108
109<note><para>The <acronym>CODEC</acronym>s, skins and fonts are not required to
110build and use <application>MPlayer</application>.</para></note>
111</sect3>
112
113<sect3><title><application>MPlayer</application> dependencies</title>
114<sect4><title>Optional input drivers and libraries</title>
115<para><xref linkend="cdparanoia"/>,
116<xref linkend="libdv"/>,
117<xref linkend="libdvdread"/>,
118<xref linkend="samba3"/>,
119<ulink url="http://www.live.com/mplayer/">LIVE.COM Streaming Media</ulink>,
120<ulink url="http://www.matroska.org/downloads/linux.html">libmatroska</ulink>
121and <ulink url="http://www.metzlerbros.org/dvb/">DVB</ulink></para>
122</sect4>
123
124<sect4><title>Optional audio output drivers and libraries</title>
125<para><xref linkend="alsa"/>,
126<xref linkend="arts"/>,
127<xref linkend="esound"/>,
128<xref linkend="nas"/>,
129<xref linkend="sdl"/> (also used for video output),
130<xref linkend="xmms"/>,
131<ulink url="http://0pointer.de/lennart/projects/polypaudio/">polypaudio</ulink>,
132<ulink url="http://bio2jack.sourceforge.net/">bio2jack</ulink> (requires
133<ulink url="http://jackit.sourceforge.net/">JACK</ulink>)</para>
134</sect4>
135
136<sect4><title>Optional video output drivers and libraries</title>
137<para>X (<xref linkend="xfree86"/> or <xref linkend="xorg"/>),
138<xref linkend="libpng"/>,
139<xref linkend="libjpeg"/>,
140<xref linkend="libungif"/> or <xref linkend="giflib"/>,
141<xref linkend="GTK"/>,
142<xref linkend="freetype2"/>,
143<xref linkend="fontconfig"/>,
144<xref linkend="aalib"/>,
145<ulink url="http://www.directfb.org/">DirectFB</ulink>,
146<ulink url="http://www.svgalib.org/">SVGAlib</ulink>,
147<ulink url="http://www.ggi-project.org/">GGI</ulink>,
148<ulink url="http://sam.zoy.org/projects/libcaca/">libcaca</ulink>,
149<ulink url="http://www.ladspa.org/">LADSPA</ulink>,
150<ulink url="http://dxr2.sourceforge.net/">Dxr2</ulink>,
151<ulink url="http://dxr3.sourceforge.net/">libdxr3</ulink>,
152<ulink url="http://prdownloads.sourceforge.net/zapping/mp1e-1.9.3.tar.bz2">MP1E</ulink>,
153<ulink url="http://freedesktop.org/Software/FriBidi">FriBidi</ulink> and
154<ulink url="http://trific.ath.cx/software/enca/">Enca</ulink></para>
155</sect4>
156
157<sect4><title>Optional <acronym>CODEC</acronym>s</title>
158<para><xref linkend="libvorbis"/>,
159<xref linkend="xvid"/>,
160<xref linkend="LZO"/>,
161<xref linkend="libmad"/>,
162<xref linkend="lame"/>,
163<xref linkend="libfame"/>,
164<ulink url="http://www.theora.org/">Theora</ulink>,
165<ulink url="http://www.xiph.org/ogg/vorbis/index.html">Tremor</ulink>,
166<ulink url="http://www.audiocoding.com/modules/mydownloads/">FAAD2</ulink>,
167<ulink url="http://www.divx.com/divx/linux/">DivX4Linux</ulink>,
168<ulink url="http://users.tpg.com.au/adslblvi/#tooLAME">tooLAME</ulink>,
169<ulink url="http://www.dolda2000.cjb.net/~fredrik/lirccd/">lirccd</ulink>
170and <ulink url="http://www.lirc.org/">LIRC</ulink></para>
171</sect4>
172</sect3>
173
174</sect2>
175
176<sect2>
177<title>Installation of <application>MPlayer</application></title>
178
179<sect3>
180<title><acronym>CODEC</acronym> installation (optional)</title>
181
182<para>If you downloaded any proprietary <acronym>CODEC</acronym>s
183(which can provide support for additional audio and video formats such as
184Real, Indeo and QuickTime), extract them to
185<filename class="directory">/usr/lib/mplayer/codecs</filename>
186using the following commands as the root user (substitute and/or add different
187<acronym>CODEC</acronym> filenames, if necessary):</para>
188
189<screen><userinput role='root'><command>install -d -m755 /usr/lib/mplayer/codecs &amp;&amp;
190tar -jxf ../&mplayer-codec; \
191 -C /usr/lib/mplayer/codecs --strip-components=1 &amp;&amp;
192chown -R root:root /usr/lib/mplayer/codecs</command></userinput></screen>
193
194<para>If you installed any <acronym>CODEC</acronym>s, ensure you add
195<option>--with-codecsdir=/usr/lib/mplayer/codecs</option>
196to the <command>configure</command> script.</para>
197</sect3>
198
199<sect3>
200<title><acronym>GUI</acronym> installation (optional)</title>
201
202<para>To enable building the <acronym>GUI</acronym> version of
203<application>MPlayer</application> (requires <xref linkend="GTK"/>), add
204<option>--enable-gui</option> to the <command>configure</command>
205script. You'll also need to extract at least one skin. Extract the desired
206skin and create the default location (as the root user):</para>
207
208<screen><userinput role='root'><command>install -v -d -m755 /usr/share/mplayer/Skin &amp;&amp;
209tar -jxf ../&mplayer-skin; \
210 -C /usr/share/mplayer/Skin &amp;&amp;
211chown -v -R root:root /usr/share/mplayer/Skin/Blue &amp;&amp;
212chmod -v 0755 /usr/share/mplayer/Skin/Blue{,/icons} &amp;&amp;
213ln -sfv Blue /usr/share/mplayer/Skin/default</command></userinput></screen>
214</sect3>
215
216<sect3>
217<title>Installing <acronym>OSD</acronym> and subtitles support
218(optional)</title>
219
220<para>To enable <acronym>OSD</acronym> (On Screen Display) and subtitles
221support, add <option>--enable-menu</option> to the
222<command>configure</command> script. You'll also need to set up at least one
223font (see font installation instructions a little later).</para>
224</sect3>
225
226<sect3>
227<title>Main <application>MPlayer</application> installation</title>
228
229<note><para>The package maintainers recommend building without any
230optimizations.</para></note>
231
232<para>Install <application>MPlayer</application> by running the following
233commands:</para>
234
235<screen><userinput><command>patch -Np1 -i ../MPlayer-&mplayer-version;-kernel_2.6-1.patch &amp;&amp;
236./configure --prefix=/usr --confdir=/etc/mplayer \
237 --enable-largefiles &amp;&amp;
238make</command></userinput></screen>
239
240<para>Now, as the root user:</para>
241
242<screen><userinput role='root'><command>make install &amp;&amp;
243install -d -m755 /usr/share/doc/mplayer &amp;&amp;
244cp -R DOCS/* /usr/share/doc/mplayer</command></userinput></screen>
245
246<para><application>MPlayer</application> can build a shared post-processing
247library which other packages can link to. Doing this means that
248<application>MPlayer</application> must also link dynamically to this library
249instead of the default statically linked method. If you desire to build the
250shared library, add <option>--enable-shared-pp</option> to the
251<command>configure</command> script, then execute the following command after
252the commands above:</para>
253
254<screen><userinput role='root'><command>make -C libavcodec/libpostproc install</command></userinput></screen>
255
256<para>You will need <filename>codecs.conf</filename> only if you want to
257change its properties, as the main binary contains an internal copy of
258it. Ensure any changes you make to <filename>codecs.conf</filename> achieve
259the desired results, as incorrect entries in this file have been known to
260cause errors and render the player unusable. If necessary, create the file
261using the following command.</para>
262
263<screen><userinput role='root'><command>install -m644 etc/codecs.conf /etc/mplayer</command></userinput></screen>
264
265<para>You may also want to copy all the default configuration files to
266<filename class='directory'>/etc/mplayer</filename> for future reference or
267more customization ability.</para>
268
269<screen><userinput role='root'><command>install -m644 etc/*.conf /etc/mplayer</command></userinput></screen>
270</sect3>
271
272<sect3>
273<title><acronym>OSD</acronym> and subtitles font installation
274(required if <parameter>--enable-menu</parameter> was passed to
275<command>configure</command>)</title>
276
277<para>The recommended method to set up a font for
278<application>MPlayer</application> is to link a <acronym>TTF</acronym> file to
279your <filename class="directory">~/.mplayer</filename> directory. A link
280should be created in each user's home directory who may use
281<application>MPlayer</application>. For example:</para>
282
283<screen><userinput><command>mkdir ~/.mplayer &amp;&amp;
284ln -sf /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/TTF/luxisri.ttf \
285 ~/.mplayer/subfont.ttf</command></userinput></screen>
286
287<para>There are several other ways to set up a font package. To use a
288prerendered <application>MPlayer</application> font package, extract and link
289one of the font tarballs using the following commands:</para>
290
291<screen><userinput role='root'><command>tar -jxf ../&mplayer-font;.tar.bz2 \
292 -C /usr/share/mplayer/font &amp;&amp;
293chown -R root:root /usr/share/mplayer/font &amp;&amp;
294cd /usr/share/mplayer/font &amp;&amp;
295ln -sf &mplayer-font;/font-arial-<replaceable>[font size]</replaceable>-iso-8859-1/* .</command></userinput></screen>
296
297<para>Available font sizes are 14, 18, 24 or 28.</para>
298
299<para>Additional information as well as additional methods to set up an
300<application>MPlayer</application> font package can be found at <ulink
301url="http://www.mplayerhq.hu/DOCS/HTML/en/subosd.html#mpsub-install"/>.</para>
302</sect3>
303
304<sect3>
305<title>Installation for <acronym>DVD</acronym> playback (optional)</title>
306
307<para>If you want <acronym>DVD</acronym> playback with
308<application>MPlayer</application>, you need to ensure a link exists
309from your <acronym>DVD</acronym> drive to <filename>/dev/dvd</filename>. If
310necessary, create the link using the following commands:</para>
311
312<screen><userinput role='root'><command>cat &gt;&gt; /etc/udev/rules.d/24-dvd.rules &lt;&lt; "EOF"</command>
313# Create a /dev/dvd symlink
314
315KERNEL="<replaceable>[dvd drive]</replaceable>", SYMLINK="dvd"
316
317<command>EOF
318udevstart</command></userinput></screen>
319
320<para>Replace <replaceable>[dvd drive]</replaceable> with whatever
321device is appropriate, for example <filename>hdc</filename>. If
322you don't know which device to choose, type:</para>
323
324<screen><userinput><command>dmesg | grep DVD</command></userinput></screen>
325
326<para>It should result in an output like:</para>
327
328<screen><userinput>hdc: Pioneer DVD-ROM ATAPIModel DVD-114 0110,
329ATAPI CD/DVD-ROM drive</userinput></screen>
330</sect3>
331
332</sect2>
333
334<sect2>
335<title>Configuring <application>MPlayer</application></title>
336
337<sect3 id="mplayer-config"><title>Config files</title>
338<para><filename>/etc/mplayer/*</filename>,
339<filename>~/.mplayer/*</filename></para>
340<indexterm zone="mplayer mplayer-config">
341<primary sortas="e-AA.mplayer">~/.mplayer/*</primary></indexterm>
342<indexterm zone="mplayer mplayer-config">
343<primary sortas="e-etc-mplayer">/etc/mplayer/*</primary></indexterm>
344</sect3>
345
346<sect3><title>Configuration information</title>
347<para>Typically, there's no configuration required for the system-wide files
348in <filename class='directory'>/etc/mplayer</filename> (in fact, this
349directory is empty unless you copied the default files as mentioned above).
350Configuration can be accomplished by choosing the configuration button located
351on the <application>MPlayer</application> <acronym>GUI</acronym>. Any
352configuration changes made here will be copied to the user's
353<filename class='directory'>~/.mplayer</filename> directory.</para>
354</sect3>
355
356</sect2>
357
358<sect2>
359<title>Contents</title>
360
361<segmentedlist>
362<segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
363<segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
364<segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
365<seglistitem>
366<seg>gmplayer, mplayer and mencoder</seg>
367<seg>libdha.so and optionally, libpostproc.so</seg>
368<seg>/etc/mplayer, /usr/lib/mplayer, /usr/share/mplayer and
369/usr/share/doc/mplayer</seg>
370</seglistitem>
371</segmentedlist>
372
373<variablelist>
374<bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
375<?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
376
377<varlistentry id="gmplayer">
378<term><command>gmplayer</command></term>
379<listitem><para>is a symlink to <command>mplayer</command> which brings up
380the graphical user interface component of
381<application>MPlayer</application>.</para>
382<indexterm zone="mplayer gmplayer">
383<primary sortas="b-gmplayer">gmplayer</primary></indexterm>
384</listitem>
385</varlistentry>
386
387<varlistentry id="mplayer-prog">
388<term><command>mplayer</command></term>
389<listitem><para> manages the input formats, the <acronym>CODEC</acronym>s and
390the output formats to play video files, <acronym>DVD</acronym>s,
391(S)<acronym>VCD</acronym>s or network streams containing audio and/or video
392information on your system.</para>
393<indexterm zone="mplayer mplayer-prog">
394<primary sortas="b-mplayer">mplayer</primary></indexterm>
395
396<para>Examples:</para>
397
398<screen><userinput><command>mplayer -fs blfs.avi
399mplayer -vo fbdev -fb /dev/fb0 dvd://1 -aid 128 -sub en -framedrop
400mplayer -fs vcd://1 # works both for VCDs and SVCDs
401mplayer http://www.students.uni-marburg.de/~Klossa/hapkidofight_lo.mpg</command></userinput></screen>
402
403<para>For further information, look at the very good documentation included
404with the package in the source tree subdirectory
405<filename class="directory">DOCS</filename> (also installed at
406<filename class='directory'>/usr/share/doc/mplayer</filename>).</para>
407</listitem>
408</varlistentry>
409
410<varlistentry id="mencoder">
411<term><command>mencoder</command></term>
412<listitem><para>is used to encode any <application>MPlayer</application>
413playable movie to DivX4, <application>XviD</application> or any
414<acronym>CODEC</acronym> in
415<filename class='libraryfile'>libavcodec</filename> with
416<acronym>PCM</acronym>/MP3/VBRMP3 audio.</para>
417<indexterm zone="mplayer mencoder">
418<primary sortas="b-mencoder">mencoder</primary></indexterm>
419
420<para>Example:</para>
421
422<screen><userinput><command>rm frameno.avi
423mencoder -dvd 1 -aid 128 -ovc frameno -oac mp3lame \
424-lameopts vbr=3 -o frameno.avi</command>
425
426# mencoder should output bitrates for average encodings
427# now, choose one you like best! In the following lines,
428# replace &lt;bitrate&gt; and &lt;name.avi&gt; with statements of your
429# personal liking.
430
431<command>mencoder -dvd 1 -aid 128 -oac copy -ovc lavc \
432-lavcopts vcodec=mpeg4:vpass=1:vhq:vbitrate=&lt;bitrate&gt; -o &lt;name.avi&gt;
433mencoder -dvd 1 -aid 128 -oac copy -ovc lavc \
434-lavcopts vcodec=mpeg4:vpass=2:vhq:vbitrate=&lt;bitrate&gt; -o &lt;name.avi&gt;
435mencoder -forceidx &lt;name.avi&gt;</command></userinput></screen>
436</listitem>
437</varlistentry>
438
439<varlistentry id="libdha">
440<term><filename class='libraryfile'>libdha.so</filename></term>
441<listitem><para>contains functions used by the
442<application>MPlayer</application> programs.</para>
443<indexterm zone="mplayer libdha">
444<primary sortas="c-libdha">libdha.so</primary></indexterm>
445</listitem>
446</varlistentry>
447
448<varlistentry id="libpostproc">
449<term><filename class='libraryfile'>libpostproc.so</filename></term>
450<listitem><para>is a post-processing filter library used by the
451<application>MPlayer</application> programs and other packages.</para>
452<indexterm zone="mplayer libpostproc">
453<primary sortas="c-libpostproc">libpostproc.so</primary></indexterm>
454</listitem>
455</varlistentry>
456
457</variablelist>
458
459</sect2>
460
461</sect1>
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