source: networking/netprogs/wpa_supplicant.xml@ 28690a0

10.0 10.1 11.0 11.1 7.10 7.6 7.6-blfs 7.6-systemd 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind gnome kde5-13430 kde5-14269 kde5-14686 krejzi/svn lazarus nosym perl-modules qt5new systemd-11177 systemd-13485 trunk upgradedb xry111/intltool xry111/test-20220226
Last change on this file since 28690a0 was 28690a0, checked in by Igor Živković <igor@…>, 8 years ago

Update to wpa_supplicant-2.2.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@13207 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 16.5 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY wpa_supplicant-download-http
8 "http://hostap.epitest.fi/releases/wpa_supplicant-&wpa_supplicant-version;.tar.gz">
9 <!ENTITY wpa_supplicant-download-ftp " ">
10 <!ENTITY wpa_supplicant-md5sum "238e8e888bbd558e1a57e3eb28d1dd07">
11 <!ENTITY wpa_supplicant-size "2.3 MB">
12 <!ENTITY wpa_supplicant-buildsize "26 MB">
13 <!ENTITY wpa_supplicant-time "0.2 SBU">
14]>
15
16<sect1 id="wpa_supplicant" xreflabel="wpa_supplicant-&wpa_supplicant-version;">
17 <?dbhtml filename="wpa_supplicant.html"?>
18
19 <sect1info>
20 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
21 <date>$Date$</date>
22 </sect1info>
23
24 <title>wpa_supplicant-&wpa_supplicant-version;</title>
25
26 <indexterm zone="wpa_supplicant">
27 <primary sortas="a-wpa_supplicant">wpa_supplicant</primary>
28 </indexterm>
29
30 <sect2 role="package">
31 <title>Introduction to WPA Supplicant</title>
32
33 <para>
34 <application>WPA Supplicant</application> is a Wi-Fi Protected Access
35 (WPA) client and IEEE 802.1X supplicant. It implements WPA key negotiation
36 with a WPA Authenticator and Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP)
37 authentication with an Authentication Server. In addition, it controls the
38 roaming and IEEE 802.11 authentication/association of the wireless LAN
39 driver. This is useful for connecting to a password protected wireless
40 access point.
41 </para>
42
43 &lfs75_checked;
44
45 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
46 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
47 <listitem>
48 <para>
49 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&wpa_supplicant-download-http;"/>
50 </para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>
54 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&wpa_supplicant-download-ftp;"/>
55 </para>
56 </listitem>
57 <listitem>
58 <para>
59 Download MD5 sum: &wpa_supplicant-md5sum;
60 </para>
61 </listitem>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>
64 Download size: &wpa_supplicant-size;
65 </para>
66 </listitem>
67 <listitem>
68 <para>
69 Estimated disk space required: &wpa_supplicant-buildsize;
70 </para>
71 </listitem>
72 <listitem>
73 <para>
74 Estimated build time: &wpa_supplicant-time;
75 </para>
76 </listitem>
77 </itemizedlist>
78
79 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">WPA Supplicant Dependencies</bridgehead>
80
81 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
82 <para role="recommended">
83 <xref linkend="libnl"/> and
84 <xref linkend="openssl"/>
85 </para>
86
87 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
88 <para role="optional">
89 <xref linkend="dbus"/>,
90 <xref linkend="libxml2"/>, and
91 <xref linkend="qt4"/>
92 </para>
93
94 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
95 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/wpa_supplicant"/>
96 </para>
97
98 </sect2>
99
100 <sect2 role="kernel" id="wpa_supplicant-kernel">
101 <title>Kernel Configuration</title>
102
103 <para>
104 Enable the following options in the kernel configuration as well as
105 specific device drivers for your hardware and recompile the kernel if
106 necessary:
107 </para>
108
109<screen><literal>Networking support --->
110 Wireless --->
111 cfg80211 - wireless configuration API: Y or M
112 cfg80211 wireless extensions compatibility: Y
113 Generic IEEE 802.11 Networking Stack (mac80211): Y or M
114Device Drivers --->
115 Network device support --->
116 Wireless LAN ---></literal></screen>
117
118 <para>
119 Select the options that support your hardware:
120 <command>lspci</command> from <xref linkend="pciutils"/> can be used to
121 view your hardware configuration.
122 </para>
123
124 <indexterm zone="wpa_supplicant wpa_supplicant-kernel">
125 <primary sortas="d-wpa_supplicant">wpa_supplicant</primary>
126 </indexterm>
127 </sect2>
128
129 <sect2 role="installation">
130 <title>Installation of WPA Supplicant</title>
131
132 <para>
133 First you will need to create an initial configuration file for the
134 build process. You can read <filename>wpa_supplicant/README</filename>
135 and <filename>wpa_supplicant/defconfig</filename> for the explanation
136 of the following options as well as other options that can be used.
137 Create a build configuration file that should work for standard WiFi
138 setups by running the following command:
139 </para>
140
141<screen><userinput>cat &gt; wpa_supplicant/.config &lt;&lt; "EOF"
142<literal>CONFIG_BACKEND=file
143CONFIG_CTRL_IFACE=y
144CONFIG_DEBUG_FILE=y
145CONFIG_DEBUG_SYSLOG=y
146CONFIG_DEBUG_SYSLOG_FACILITY=LOG_DAEMON
147CONFIG_DRIVER_NL80211=y
148CONFIG_DRIVER_WEXT=y
149CONFIG_DRIVER_WIRED=y
150CONFIG_EAP_GTC=y
151CONFIG_EAP_LEAP=y
152CONFIG_EAP_MD5=y
153CONFIG_EAP_MSCHAPV2=y
154CONFIG_EAP_OTP=y
155CONFIG_EAP_PEAP=y
156CONFIG_EAP_TLS=y
157CONFIG_EAP_TTLS=y
158CONFIG_IEEE8021X_EAPOL=y
159CONFIG_IPV6=y
160CONFIG_LIBNL32=y
161CONFIG_PEERKEY=y
162CONFIG_PKCS12=y
163CONFIG_READLINE=y
164CONFIG_SMARTCARD=y
165CONFIG_WPS=y
166CFLAGS += -I/usr/include/libnl3</literal>
167EOF</userinput></screen>
168
169 <para>
170 If you wish to use <application>WPA Supplicant</application> with
171 <xref linkend="NetworkManager"/>, make sure that you have installed
172 <xref linkend="dbus"/> and <xref linkend="libxml2"/>, then add the
173 following options to the <application>WPA Supplicant</application>
174 build configuration file by running the following command:
175 </para>
176
177<screen><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; wpa_supplicant/.config &lt;&lt; "EOF"
178<literal>CONFIG_CTRL_IFACE_DBUS=y
179CONFIG_CTRL_IFACE_DBUS_NEW=y
180CONFIG_CTRL_IFACE_DBUS_INTRO=y</literal>
181EOF</userinput></screen>
182
183 <para>
184 Install <application>WPA Supplicant</application> by running the
185 following commands:
186 </para>
187
188<screen><userinput>cd wpa_supplicant &amp;&amp;
189make BINDIR=/sbin LIBDIR=/lib</userinput></screen>
190
191 <para>
192 If you have installed <xref linkend="qt4"/> and wish to build
193 the <application>WPA Supplicant</application> GUI program, run
194 the following commands:
195 </para>
196
197<screen><userinput>pushd wpa_gui-qt4 &amp;&amp;
198qmake wpa_gui.pro &amp;&amp;
199make &amp;&amp;
200popd</userinput></screen>
201
202 <para>
203 This package does not come with a test suite.
204 </para>
205
206 <para>
207 Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
208 </para>
209
210<screen role="root"><userinput>install -v -m755 wpa_{cli,passphrase,supplicant} /sbin/ &amp;&amp;
211install -v -m644 doc/docbook/wpa_supplicant.conf.5 /usr/share/man/man5/ &amp;&amp;
212install -v -m644 doc/docbook/wpa_{cli,passphrase,supplicant}.8 /usr/share/man/man8/</userinput></screen>
213
214 <para>
215 If you have built <application>WPA Supplicant</application> with
216 <application>D-Bus</application> support, you will need to install
217 <application>D-Bus</application> configuration files. Install them
218 by running the following commands as the
219 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
220 </para>
221
222<screen role="root"><userinput>install -v -m644 dbus/fi.{epitest.hostap.WPASupplicant,w1.wpa_supplicant1}.service \
223 /usr/share/dbus-1/system-services/ &amp;&amp;
224install -v -m644 dbus/dbus-wpa_supplicant.conf \
225 /etc/dbus-1/system.d/wpa_supplicant.conf</userinput></screen>
226
227 <para>
228 If you have built the <application>WPA Supplicant</application> GUI
229 program, install it by running the following commands as the
230 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
231 </para>
232
233<screen role="root"><userinput>install -v -m755 wpa_gui-qt4/wpa_gui /usr/bin/ &amp;&amp;
234install -v -m644 doc/docbook/wpa_gui.8 /usr/share/man/man8/ &amp;&amp;
235install -v -m644 wpa_gui-qt4/wpa_gui.desktop /usr/share/applications/ &amp;&amp;
236install -v -m644 wpa_gui-qt4/icons/wpa_gui.svg /usr/share/pixmaps/</userinput></screen>
237
238 <note>
239 <para>
240 You will need to restart the system <application>D-Bus</application> daemon
241 before you can use the <application>WPA Supplicant</application>
242 <application>D-Bus</application> interface.
243 </para>
244 </note>
245
246 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
247 href="../../xincludes/update-desktop-database.xml"/>
248
249 </sect2>
250
251 <sect2 role="configuration">
252 <title>Configuring wpa_supplicant</title>
253
254 <sect3 id="wpa_supplicant-config">
255 <title>Config File</title>
256
257 <para>
258 <filename>/etc/sysconfig/wpa_supplicant-*.conf</filename>
259 </para>
260
261 <indexterm zone="wpa_supplicant wpa_supplicant-config">
262 <primary
263 sortas="e-etc-sysconfig-wpa_supplicant-star.conf">/etc/sysconfig/wpa_supplicant-*.conf</primary>
264 </indexterm>
265
266 </sect3>
267
268 <sect3>
269 <title>Configuration Information</title>
270
271 <para>
272 To connect to an access point that uses a password, you need to put
273 the pre-shared key in <filename>
274 /etc/sysconfig/wpa_supplicant-<replaceable>wifi0</replaceable>.conf</filename>.
275 SSID is the string that the access point/router transmits to
276 identify itself. Run the following command as the
277 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
278 </para>
279
280<screen role="root"><userinput>wpa_passphrase <replaceable>SSID</replaceable> <replaceable>SECRET_PASSWORD</replaceable> &gt; /etc/sysconfig/wpa_supplicant-<replaceable>wifi0</replaceable>.conf</userinput></screen>
281
282 <para>
283 <filename>/etc/sysconfig/wpa_supplicant-<replaceable>wifi0</replaceable>.conf
284 </filename> can hold the details of several access points. When
285 <command>wpa_supplicant</command> is started, it will scan for the
286 SSIDs it can see and choose the appropriate password to connect.
287 </para>
288
289 <para>
290 If you want to connect to an access point that isn't password
291 protected, put an entry like this in <filename>
292 /etc/sysconfig/wpa_supplicant-<replaceable>wifi0</replaceable>.conf</filename>.
293 Replace "Some-SSID" with the SSID of the access point/router.
294 </para>
295
296<screen>network={
297 ssid="<replaceable>Some-SSID</replaceable>"
298 key_mgmt=NONE
299}</screen>
300
301 <para>
302 There are many options that you could use to tweak how you connect
303 to each access point. They are described in some detail in the
304 <filename>wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf</filename> file in the
305 source tree.
306 </para>
307
308 </sect3>
309
310 <sect3>
311 <title>Connecting to an Access Point</title>
312
313 <para id="wpa-service">
314 If you want to configure network interfaces at boot using
315 <command>wpa_supplicant</command>, you need to install the
316 <filename>/lib/services/wpa</filename> script
317 included in <xref linkend="bootscripts"/> package:
318 </para>
319
320<screen role="root"><userinput>make install-service-wpa</userinput></screen>
321
322 <indexterm zone="wpa_supplicant wpa-service">
323 <primary sortas="f-wpa">wpa</primary>
324 </indexterm>
325
326 <para>
327 If your router/access point uses DHCP to allocate IP addresses, you
328 can install <xref linkend="dhcp"/> client and use it to
329 automatically obtain network addresses. Create the
330 <filename>/etc/sysconfig/ifconfig-<replaceable>wifi0</replaceable>
331 </filename> by running the following command as the
332 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
333 </para>
334
335<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/sysconfig/ifconfig.<replaceable>wifi0</replaceable> &lt;&lt; "EOF"
336<literal>ONBOOT="yes"
337IFACE="<replaceable>wlan0</replaceable>"
338SERVICE="wpa"
339
340# Additional arguments to wpa_supplicant
341WPA_ARGS=""
342
343WPA_SERVICE="dhclient"
344DHCP_START=""
345DHCP_STOP=""
346
347# Set PRINTIP="yes" to have the script print
348# the DHCP assigned IP address
349PRINTIP="no"
350
351# Set PRINTALL="yes" to print the DHCP assigned values for
352# IP, SM, DG, and 1st NS. This requires PRINTIP="yes".
353PRINTALL="no"</literal>
354EOF</userinput></screen>
355
356 <para>
357 If you prefer <xref linkend="dhcpcd"/> instead of
358 <xref linkend="dhcp"/> client, then create the
359 <filename>/etc/sysconfig/ifconfig-<replaceable>wifi0</replaceable>
360 </filename> by running the following command as the
361 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
362 </para>
363
364<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/sysconfig/ifconfig.<replaceable>wifi0</replaceable> &lt;&lt; "EOF"
365<literal>ONBOOT="yes"
366IFACE="<replaceable>wlan0</replaceable>"
367SERVICE="wpa"
368
369# Additional arguments to wpa_supplicant
370WPA_ARGS=""
371
372WPA_SERVICE="dhcpcd"
373DHCP_START="-b -q <replaceable>&lt;insert appropriate start options here&gt;</replaceable>"
374DHCP_STOP="-k <replaceable>&lt;insert additional stop options here&gt;</replaceable>"</literal>
375EOF</userinput></screen>
376
377 <para>
378 Alternatively, if you use static addresses on your local network,
379 then create the
380 <filename>/etc/sysconfig/ifconfig-<replaceable>wifi0</replaceable>
381 </filename> by running the following command as the
382 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
383 </para>
384
385<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/sysconfig/ifconfig.<replaceable>wifi0</replaceable> &lt;&lt; "EOF"
386<literal>ONBOOT="yes"
387IFACE="<replaceable>wlan0</replaceable>"
388SERVICE="wpa"
389
390# Additional arguments to wpa_supplicant
391WPA_ARGS=""
392
393WPA_SERVICE="ipv4-static"
394IP="192.168.1.1"
395GATEWAY="192.168.1.2"
396PREFIX="24"
397BROADCAST="192.168.1.255"</literal>
398EOF</userinput></screen>
399
400 <para>
401 You can connect to the wireless access point by
402 running the following command as the
403 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
404 </para>
405
406<screen role="root"><userinput>ifup <replaceable>wifi0</replaceable></userinput></screen>
407
408 <para>
409 Replace <replaceable>wlan0</replaceable> with the correct
410 wireless interface and <replaceable>wifi0</replaceable>
411 with desired name for the configuration file. Please note
412 that <filename>wpa_supplicant-*.conf</filename> and
413 <filename>ifconfig.*</filename> configuration files need
414 to have identical names, ie both contain
415 <replaceable>wifi0</replaceable> in their name.
416 </para>
417
418 </sect3>
419
420 </sect2>
421
422 <sect2 role="content">
423 <title>Contents</title>
424
425 <segmentedlist>
426 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
427 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
428 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
429
430 <seglistitem>
431 <seg>
432 wpa_gui, wpa_supplicant, wpa_passphrase and wpa_cli
433 </seg>
434 <seg>
435 None
436 </seg>
437 <seg>
438 None
439 </seg>
440 </seglistitem>
441 </segmentedlist>
442
443 <variablelist>
444 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
445 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
446 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
447
448 <varlistentry id="wpa_gui">
449 <term><command>wpa_gui</command></term>
450 <listitem>
451 <para>
452 is a graphical frontend program for interacting with
453 <application>wpa_supplicant</application>.
454 </para>
455 <indexterm zone="wpa_supplicant wpa_gui">
456 <primary sortas="b-wpa_gui">wpa_gui</primary>
457 </indexterm>
458 </listitem>
459 </varlistentry>
460
461 <varlistentry id="wpa_supplicant-prog">
462 <term><command>wpa_supplicant</command></term>
463 <listitem>
464 <para>
465 is a daemon that can connect to a password protected wireless
466 access point.
467 </para>
468 <indexterm zone="wpa_supplicant wpa_supplicant-prog">
469 <primary sortas="b-wpa_supplicant">wpa_supplicant</primary>
470 </indexterm>
471 </listitem>
472 </varlistentry>
473
474 <varlistentry id="wpa_passphrase">
475 <term><command>wpa_passphrase</command></term>
476 <listitem>
477 <para>
478 takes an SSID and a password and generates a simple
479 configuration that <command>wpa_supplicant</command> can
480 understand.
481 </para>
482 <indexterm zone="wpa_supplicant wpa_passphrase">
483 <primary sortas="b-wpa_passphrase">wpa_passphrase</primary>
484 </indexterm>
485 </listitem>
486 </varlistentry>
487
488 <varlistentry id="wpa_cli">
489 <term><command>wpa_cli</command></term>
490 <listitem>
491 <para>
492 is a command line interface used to control a running
493 <command>wpa_supplicant</command> daemon.
494 </para>
495 <indexterm zone="wpa_supplicant wpa_cli">
496 <primary sortas="b-wpa_cli">wpa_cli</primary>
497 </indexterm>
498 </listitem>
499 </varlistentry>
500
501 </variablelist>
502
503 </sect2>
504
505</sect1>
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