source: networking/netutils/networkmanager.xml@ adf17153

11.0 lazarus qt5new trunk
Last change on this file since adf17153 was adf17153, checked in by Xi Ruoyao <xry111@…>, 4 months ago

more --buildtype=release addition

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY NetworkManager-download-http
8"&gnome-download-http;/NetworkManager/&NetworkManager-minor;/NetworkManager-&NetworkManager-version;.tar.xz">
9 <!ENTITY NetworkManager-download-ftp
10"&gnome-download-ftp;/NetworkManager/&NetworkManager-minor;/NetworkManager-&NetworkManager-version;.tar.xz">
11 <!ENTITY NetworkManager-md5sum "8ce53a38356864832f7f10ad46fcde27">
12 <!ENTITY NetworkManager-size "5.1 MB">
13 <!ENTITY NetworkManager-buildsize "739 MB (with tests)">
14 <!ENTITY NetworkManager-time "0.9 SBU (with tests, using parallelism=4)">
15]>
16
17<sect1 id="NetworkManager" xreflabel="NetworkManager-&NetworkManager-version;">
18 <?dbhtml filename="networkmanager.html"?>
19
20 <sect1info>
21 <date>$Date$</date>
22 </sect1info>
23
24 <title>NetworkManager-&NetworkManager-version;</title>
25
26 <indexterm zone="NetworkManager">
27 <primary sortas="a-NetworkManager">NetworkManager</primary>
28 </indexterm>
29
30 <sect2 role="package">
31 <title>Introduction to NetworkManager</title>
32
33 <para>
34 <application>NetworkManager</application> is a set of co-operative
35 tools that make networking simple and straightforward. Whether you use WiFi,
36 wired, 3G, or Bluetooth, NetworkManager allows you to quickly move from
37 one network to another: Once a network has been configured and joined
38 once, it can be detected and re-joined automatically the next time it's
39 available.
40 </para>
41
42 &lfs101_checked;
43
44 <note revision="systemd">
45 <para>
46 Make sure that you disable the <command>systemd-networkd</command>
47 service or configure it not to manage the interfaces you want to manage
48 with <application>NetworkManager</application>.
49 </para>
50 </note>
51
52 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
53 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
54 <listitem>
55 <para>
56 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&NetworkManager-download-http;"/>
57 </para>
58 </listitem>
59 <listitem>
60 <para>
61 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&NetworkManager-download-ftp;"/>
62 </para>
63 </listitem>
64 <listitem>
65 <para>
66 Download MD5 sum: &NetworkManager-md5sum;
67 </para>
68 </listitem>
69 <listitem>
70 <para>
71 Download size: &NetworkManager-size;
72 </para>
73 </listitem>
74 <listitem>
75 <para>
76 Estimated disk space required: &NetworkManager-buildsize;
77 </para>
78 </listitem>
79 <listitem>
80 <para>
81 Estimated build time: &NetworkManager-time;
82 </para>
83 </listitem>
84 </itemizedlist>
85
86 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">NetworkManager Dependencies</bridgehead>
87
88 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
89 <para role="required">
90 <xref linkend="jansson"/> and
91 <xref linkend="libndp"/>
92 </para>
93
94 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
95 <para role="recommended">
96 <xref linkend="curl"/>,
97 <!--<xref linkend="dhcpcd"/> or
98 DHCPCD support is known to be broken with dhcpcd-9 -->
99 <xref role="nodep" linkend="dhcp"/> (client only),
100 <xref linkend="gobject-introspection"/>,
101 <xref linkend="iptables"/>,
102 <xref linkend="newt"/> (for <command>nmtui</command>),
103 <xref linkend="nss"/>,
104 <xref linkend="polkit"/>,
105 <xref linkend="pygobject3"/>,
106 <phrase revision="sysv"><xref linkend="elogind"/>,</phrase>
107 <phrase revision="systemd"><xref linkend="systemd"/>,</phrase>
108 <xref linkend="upower"/>,
109 <xref linkend="vala"/>, and
110 <xref linkend="wpa_supplicant"/> (built with D-Bus support),
111 </para>
112
113 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
114 <para role="optional">
115 <xref linkend="bluez"/>,
116 <xref linkend="dbus-python"/> (for the test suite),
117 <!-- <xref linkend="firewalld"/> (For whenever firewalld is reintroduced) -->
118 <xref linkend="gnutls"/> (used if <xref linkend="nss"/> is not found),
119 <xref linkend="gtk-doc"/>,
120 <xref linkend="libpsl"/>,
121 <xref linkend="qt5"/> (for examples),
122 <xref linkend="ModemManager"/>,
123 <xref linkend="valgrind"/>,
124 <ulink url="http://www.thekelleys.org.uk/dnsmasq/doc.html">dnsmasq</ulink>,
125 <ulink url="https://firewalld.org/">firewalld</ulink>,
126 <ulink url="https://github.com/Distrotech/libaudit">libaudit</ulink>,
127 <ulink url="https://github.com/jpirko/libteam">libteam</ulink>,
128 <ulink url="&gnome-download-http;/mobile-broadband-provider-info/">mobile-broadband-provider-info</ulink>,
129 <ulink url="https://www.samba.org/ftp/ppp/">PPP</ulink>, and
130 <ulink url="https://dianne.skoll.ca/projects/rp-pppoe/">RP-PPPoE</ulink>
131 </para>
132
133 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
134 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/NetworkManager"/>
135 </para>
136 </sect2>
137
138 <sect2 role="kernel" id="NetworkManager-kernel">
139 <title>Kernel Configuration</title>
140
141 <para>
142 If you wish to run the tests, enable the following options in the
143 kernel configuration and recompile the kernel if necessary:
144 </para>
145
146 <!-- Ethernet Teaming support is potentially optional, but I didn't
147 run the tests again to test that. It was needed to convince one of
148 the Linux Platform tests to move farther along because otherwise
149 RTNETLINK would respond with an Error 95 - unknown device type.
150 This would cause the test to fail early on in the process. -->
151
152<screen><literal>Device Drivers ---&gt;
153 [*] Network device support [CONFIG_NETDEVICES] ---&gt;
154 [*] Bonding driver support [CONFIG_BONDING]
155 [*] Dummy net driver support [CONFIG_DUMMY]
156 [*] Ethernet team driver support [CONFIG_NET_TEAM]</literal></screen>
157
158 <indexterm zone="NetworkManager NetworkManager-kernel">
159 <primary sortas="d-NetworkManager">NetworkManager</primary>
160 </indexterm>
161 </sect2>
162
163 <sect2 role="installation">
164 <title>Installation of NetworkManager</title>
165
166 <para>
167 If <xref linkend="qt5"/> is installed and the Qt based
168 examples are desired, fix two meson.build files:
169 </para>
170
171<screen><userinput>sed -e 's/-qt4/-qt5/' \
172 -e 's/moc_location/host_bins/' \
173 -i examples/C/qt/meson.build &amp;&amp;
174
175sed -e 's/Qt/&amp;5/' \
176 -i meson.build</userinput></screen>
177
178 <para>
179 Fix a missing meson.build file for initrd hooks (not used in BLFS):
180 </para>
181
182<screen><userinput>sed '/initrd/d' -i src/core/meson.build</userinput></screen>
183
184 <para>
185 Fix the python scripts so that they use <application>Python
186 3</application>:
187 </para>
188
189<screen><userinput>grep -rl '^#!.*python$' | xargs sed -i '1s/python/&amp;3/'</userinput></screen>
190
191 <para>
192 Install <application>NetworkManager</application> by running the
193 following commands:
194 </para>
195
196<screen revision="sysv"><userinput>mkdir build &amp;&amp;
197cd build &amp;&amp;
198
199CXXFLAGS+="-O2 -fPIC" \
200meson --prefix=/usr \
201 --buildtype=release \
202 -Dlibaudit=no \
203 -Dlibpsl=false \
204 -Dnmtui=true \
205 -Dovs=false \
206 -Dppp=false \
207 -Dselinux=false \
208 -Dsession_tracking=elogind \
209 -Dmodem_manager=false \
210 -Dsystemdsystemunitdir=no \
211 -Dsystemd_journal=false \
212 -Dqt=false \
213 .. &amp;&amp;
214ninja</userinput></screen>
215
216<screen revision="systemd"><userinput>mkdir build &amp;&amp;
217cd build &amp;&amp;
218
219CXXFLAGS+="-O2 -fPIC" \
220meson --prefix=/usr \
221 --buildtype=release \
222 -Dlibaudit=no \
223 -Dlibpsl=false \
224 -Dnmtui=true \
225 -Dovs=false \
226 -Dppp=false \
227 -Dselinux=false \
228 -Dqt=false \
229 -Dsession_tracking=systemd \
230 -Dmodem_manager=false \
231 .. &amp;&amp;
232ninja</userinput></screen>
233
234 <para>
235 An already active graphical session
236 with a bus address is necessary to run the tests. To test the results,
237 as the root user, <!-- needs the "ip" command -->
238 issue: <command>ninja test</command>. Five tests,
239 <filename>test-l3cfg</filename>,
240 <filename>devices/test-acd</filename>,
241 <filename>platform/test-tc-linux</filename>,
242 <filename>platform/test-route-linux</filename>, and
243 <filename>platform/test-link-linux</filename>,
244 <!--<filename>platform/test-cleanup-linux</filename>,--> are known to fail.
245 </para>
246
247 <para>
248 Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
249 </para>
250
251<screen role="root"><userinput>ninja install &amp;&amp;
252mv -v /usr/share/doc/NetworkManager{,-&NetworkManager-version;}</userinput></screen>
253
254 </sect2>
255
256 <sect2 role="commands">
257 <title>Command Explanations</title>
258
259 <para>
260 <envar>CXXFLAGS="-O2 -fPIC"</envar>: These compiler options are
261 necessary to build the Qt5 based examples.
262 </para>
263
264 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
265 href="../../xincludes/meson-buildtype-release.xml"/>
266
267 <para>
268 <option>-Ddocs=true</option>: Use this switch to enable building
269 man pages and documentation if <xref linkend="gtk-doc"/> is installed.
270 </para>
271
272 <para>
273 <parameter>-Dnmtui=true</parameter>: This parameter enables building
274 <command>nmtui</command>.
275 </para>
276
277 <para revision="sysv">
278 <parameter>-Dsystemdsystemunitdir=no</parameter> and
279 <parameter>-Dsystemd_journal=false</parameter>: systemd is not
280 used for sysv init systems.
281 </para>
282
283 <para>
284 <!--<parameter>-Djson_validation=false</parameter>, no longer recognized -->
285 <parameter>-Dlibpsl=false</parameter> and
286 <parameter>-Dovs=false</parameter>: These switches disable building with the
287 respective libraries. Remove if you have the needed libraries installed.
288 </para>
289
290<!--
291 <para>
292 <parameter>-Dlibpsl=false</parameter>: This switch is required if
293 <application>libpsl</application> is not installed. Omit this switch if
294 you have built <application>libpsl</application>.
295 </para>
296-->
297
298 <para>
299 <parameter>-Dmodem_manager=false</parameter>: This switch is requried if
300 <application>ModemManager</application> is not installed. Omit if you
301 have built <application>ModemManager</application> and
302 <application>mobile-broadband-provider-info</application>.
303 </para>
304
305 <para revision="sysv">
306 <parameter>-Dsession_tracking=elogind</parameter>: This switch
307 is used to set <command>elogind</command> as the default
308 program for session tracking.
309 </para>
310
311 <para revision="systemd">
312 <parameter>-Dsession_tracking=systemd</parameter>: This switch
313 is used to set <command>systemd-logind</command> as the default
314 program for session tracking.
315 </para>
316
317 <para revision="systemd">
318 <parameter>-Dsystemdsystemunitdir=/lib/systemd/system</parameter>:
319 This switch is used to set the correct installation directory for
320 systemd units.
321 </para>
322
323 <para>
324 <parameter>-Dppp=false</parameter>: This parameter disables
325 <application>PPP</application> support in
326 <application>NetworkManager</application>.
327 </para>
328
329 <para>
330 <parameter>-Dlibaudit=no</parameter> and
331 <parameter>-Dselinux=false</parameter>: libaudit and SELinux are not used
332 in BLFS.
333 </para>
334
335 <para>
336 <parameter>-Dqt=false</parameter>: disables the
337 <application>QT</application> examples. Omit if you have
338 <application>QT</application> available and wish to install the examples.
339 </para>
340
341 </sect2>
342
343 <sect2 role="configuration">
344 <title>Configuring NetworkManager</title>
345
346 <sect3 id="NetworkManager-config">
347 <title>Config Files</title>
348 <para>
349 <filename>/etc/NetworkManager/NetworkManager.conf</filename>
350 </para>
351
352 <indexterm zone="NetworkManager NetworkManager-config">
353 <primary
354 sortas="e-etc-NetworkManager-NetworkManager.conf">
355 /etc/NetworkManager/NetworkManager.conf</primary>
356 </indexterm>
357
358 </sect3>
359
360 <sect3><title>Configuration Information</title>
361
362 <para>
363 For <application>NetworkManager</application> to work, at least
364 a minimal configuration file must be present. Such a file is not
365 installed with <command>make install</command>. Issue the following
366 command as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user to
367 create a minimal <filename>NetworkManager.conf</filename> file:
368 </para>
369
370<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /etc/NetworkManager/NetworkManager.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
371<literal>[main]
372plugins=keyfile</literal>
373EOF</userinput></screen>
374
375 <para>
376 This file should not be modified directly by users of the system.
377 Instead, system specific changes should be made using configuration
378 files in the
379 <filename class="directory">/etc/NetworkManager/conf.d</filename>
380 directory.
381 </para>
382
383 <para>
384 To allow polkit to manage authorizations, add the following
385 configuration file:
386 </para>
387
388<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/NetworkManager/conf.d/polkit.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
389<literal>[main]
390auth-polkit=true</literal>
391EOF</userinput></screen>
392
393 <para>
394 To use something other than the built-in dhcp client (recommended if
395 using only <command>nmcli</command>), use the following configuration
396 (valid values include either dhclient <!--dhcpcd --> or internal):
397 </para>
398
399<screen role="nodump"><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/NetworkManager/conf.d/dhcp.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
400<literal>[main]
401dhcp=</literal><replaceable>dhclient</replaceable>
402EOF</userinput></screen>
403
404 <para>
405 To prevent <application>NetworkManager</application> from updating the
406 <filename>/etc/resolv.conf</filename> file, add the following
407 configuration file:
408 </para>
409
410<screen role="nodump"><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/NetworkManager/conf.d/no-dns-update.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
411<literal>[main]
412dns=none</literal>
413EOF</userinput></screen>
414
415 <para>
416 For additional configuation options, see
417 <command>man 5 NetworkManager.conf</command>.
418 </para>
419
420 <para>
421 To allow regular users to configure network connections,
422 you should add them to the
423 <systemitem class="groupname">netdev</systemitem>
424 group, and create a <application>polkit</application> rule that grants
425 access. Run the following commands as the
426 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
427 </para>
428
429<screen role="root"><userinput>groupadd -fg 86 netdev &amp;&amp;
430/usr/sbin/usermod -a -G netdev <replaceable>&lt;username&gt;</replaceable>
431
432cat &gt; /usr/share/polkit-1/rules.d/org.freedesktop.NetworkManager.rules &lt;&lt; "EOF"
433<literal>polkit.addRule(function(action, subject) {
434 if (action.id.indexOf("org.freedesktop.NetworkManager.") == 0 &amp;&amp; subject.isInGroup("netdev")) {
435 return polkit.Result.YES;
436 }
437});</literal>
438EOF</userinput></screen>
439
440 </sect3>
441
442 <sect3 id="NetworkManager-init">
443 <title><phrase revision="sysv">Boot Script</phrase>
444 <phrase revision="systemd">Systemd Unit</phrase></title>
445
446 <para revision="sysv">
447 To automatically start the <command>NetworkManager</command> daemon
448 when the system is rebooted, install the
449 <filename>/etc/rc.d/init.d/networkmanager</filename>bootscript from the
450 <xref linkend="bootscripts"/> package.
451 </para>
452
453 <para revision="systemd">
454 To start the <command>NetworkManager</command> daemon at boot, enable
455 the previously installed systemd unit by running the following command
456 as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
457 </para>
458
459 <note>
460 <para>
461 If using <application>Network Manager</application> to manage
462 an interface, any previous configuration for that interface should be
463 removed, and the interface brought down prior to starting
464 <application>Network Manager</application>.
465 </para>
466 </note>
467
468 <indexterm zone="NetworkManager NetworkManager-init">
469 <primary sortas="f-NetworkManager">NetworkManager</primary>
470 </indexterm>
471
472<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>make install-networkmanager</userinput></screen>
473
474<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>systemctl enable NetworkManager</userinput></screen>
475<!-- The below instruction is obsolete. NetworkManager-wait-online is now
476 enabled by default when enabling NetworkManager. -->
477<!--
478 <para revision="systemd">
479 <application>NetworkManager</application> also ships a systemd unit
480 called <filename>NetworkManager-wait-online.service</filename> which
481 can be used to prevent services that require network connectivity
482 from starting until <application>NetworkManager</application> has
483 established the connection. To enable it, run the following command
484 as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
485 </para>
486
487<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>systemctl enable NetworkManager-wait-online</userinput></screen>
488 -->
489 <!-- As such, let's now provide instructions on how to disable that
490 behavior, for those who wish to do so. -->
491 <para revision="systemd">
492 Starting in version 1.11.2 of <application>NetworkManager</application>,
493 a systemd unit named <filename>NetworkManager-wait-online.service</filename>
494 is enabled, which is used to prevent services that require network
495 connectivity from starting until <application>NetworkManager</application>
496 establishes a connection. To disable this behavior, run the following
497 command as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
498 </para>
499
500<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>systemctl disable NetworkManager-wait-online</userinput></screen>
501
502 </sect3>
503
504 </sect2>
505
506 <sect2 role="content">
507 <title>Contents</title>
508
509 <segmentedlist>
510 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
511 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
512 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
513
514 <seglistitem>
515 <seg>
516 NetworkManager, nmcli, nm-online, nmtui, and, symlinked to nmtui:
517 nmtui-connect, nmtui-edit, and nmtui-hostname
518 </seg>
519 <seg>
520 libnm.so
521 and several modules under /usr/lib/NetworkManager
522 </seg>
523 <seg>
524 /etc/NetworkManager,
525 /usr/include/libnm,
526 /usr/lib/NetworkManager,
527 /usr/share/doc/NetworkManager-&NetworkManager-version;,
528 /usr/share/gtk-doc/html/{libnm,NetworkManager}
529 (if the documentation is built),
530 and
531 /var/lib/NetworkManager
532 </seg>
533 <!-- A lot of libraries were removed here. We should verify compatibilty.
534 RESTORED AT 1.18.2 -renodr -->
535 </seglistitem>
536 </segmentedlist>
537
538 <variablelist>
539 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
540 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
541 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
542
543 <varlistentry id="nmcli">
544 <term><command>nmcli</command></term>
545 <listitem>
546 <para>
547 is a command-line tool for controlling
548 <application>NetworkManager</application>
549 and getting its status
550 </para>
551 <indexterm zone="NetworkManager nmcli">
552 <primary sortas="b-nmcli">nmcli</primary>
553 </indexterm>
554 </listitem>
555 </varlistentry>
556
557 <varlistentry id="nm-online">
558 <term><command>nm-online</command></term>
559 <listitem>
560 <para>
561 is an utility to determine whether you are online
562 </para>
563 <indexterm zone="NetworkManager nm-online">
564 <primary sortas="b-nm-online">nm-online</primary>
565 </indexterm>
566 </listitem>
567 </varlistentry>
568
569 <varlistentry id="nmtui">
570 <term><command>nmtui</command></term>
571 <listitem>
572 <para>
573 is an interactive ncurses-based user interface for
574 <application>nmcli</application>
575 </para>
576 <indexterm zone="NetworkManager nmtui">
577 <primary sortas="b-nmtui">nmtui</primary>
578 </indexterm>
579 </listitem>
580 </varlistentry>
581
582 <varlistentry id="nmtui-connect">
583 <term><command>nmtui-connect</command></term>
584 <listitem>
585 <para>
586 is an interactive ncurses-based user interface to
587 activate/deactivate connections
588 </para>
589 <indexterm zone="NetworkManager nmtui-connect">
590 <primary sortas="b-nmtui-connect">nmtui-connect</primary>
591 </indexterm>
592 </listitem>
593 </varlistentry>
594
595 <varlistentry id="nmtui-edit">
596 <term><command>nmtui-edit</command></term>
597 <listitem>
598 <para>
599 is an interactive ncurses-based user interface to edit connections
600 </para>
601 <indexterm zone="NetworkManager nmtui-edit">
602 <primary sortas="b-nmtui-edit">nmtui-edit</primary>
603 </indexterm>
604 </listitem>
605 </varlistentry>
606
607 <varlistentry id="nmtui-hostname">
608 <term><command>nmtui-hostname</command></term>
609 <listitem>
610 <para>
611 is an interactive ncurses-based user interface to edit the hostname
612 </para>
613 <indexterm zone="NetworkManager nmtui-hostname">
614 <primary sortas="b-nmtui-hostname">nmtui-hostname</primary>
615 </indexterm>
616 </listitem>
617 </varlistentry>
618
619 <varlistentry id="NetworkManager-prog">
620 <term><command>NetworkManager</command></term>
621 <listitem>
622 <para>
623 is the network management daemon
624 </para>
625 <indexterm zone="NetworkManager NetworkManager-prog">
626 <primary sortas="b-NetworkManager">NetworkManager</primary>
627 </indexterm>
628 </listitem>
629 </varlistentry>
630
631 <varlistentry id="libnm">
632 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libnm.so</filename></term>
633 <listitem>
634 <para>
635 contains functions used by <application>NetworkManager</application>
636 </para>
637 <indexterm zone="NetworkManager libnm">
638 <primary sortas="c-libnm">libnm.so</primary>
639 </indexterm>
640 </listitem>
641 </varlistentry>
642 </variablelist>
643
644 </sect2>
645
646</sect1>
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