source: postlfs/config/vimrc.xml@ 0290a023

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Last change on this file since 0290a023 was 0290a023, checked in by Randy McMurchy <randy@…>, 17 years ago

Indexed configuration files and bootscripts in the 'After LFS Configuration Issues' section

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@3283 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE part PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.3//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.3/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="postlfs-config-vimrc" xreflabel="The vimrc Files">
9<sect1info>
10<othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
11<date>$Date$</date>
12</sect1info>
13<?dbhtml filename="vimrc.html"?>
14<title>The /etc/vimrc and ~/.vimrc Files</title>
15<indexterm zone="postlfs-config-vimrc">
16<primary sortas="e-etc-vimrc-vimrc">/etc/vimrc</primary></indexterm>
17<indexterm zone="postlfs-config-vimrc">
18<primary sortas="e-AA.vimrc-vimrc">~/.vimrc</primary></indexterm>
19
20<para>The <acronym>LFS</acronym> book installs <application>Vim</application>
21as its text editor. At this point we should state that there are a
22<emphasis>lot</emphasis> of different editing applications out there including
23<application>Emacs</application>, <application>nano</application>,
24<application>Joe</application> and many more. Anyone who has been around the
25Internet (especially usenet) for a short time will certainly have observed at
26least one flame war, usually involving <application>Vim</application> and
27<application>Emacs</application> users!</para>
28
29<para>The <acronym>LFS</acronym> book gives a basic <filename>vimrc
30</filename> file. Here, we attempt to enhance this file. At startup,
31<command>vim</command> reads <filename>/etc/vimrc</filename> and
32<filename>~/.vimrc</filename> (i.e., the global
33<filename>vimrc</filename> and the user-specific one.). Note that this is
34only true if you compiled <application>vim</application> using
35<acronym>LFS</acronym>-3.1 onwards. Prior to this,
36the global <filename>vimrc</filename> was
37<filename>/usr/share/vim/vimrc</filename>.</para>
38
39<para>Here is a slightly expanded <filename>.vimrc</filename> that you can
40put in <filename>~/.vimrc</filename> to provide user specific effects. Of
41course, if you put it into <filename>/etc/skel/.vimrc</filename> instead, it
42will be made available to users you add to the system later. You can also copy
43the file from <filename>/etc/skel/.vimrc</filename> to the home directory of
44users already on the system, like root. Be sure to set permissions, owner, and
45group if you do copy anything directly from
46<filename>/etc/skel</filename>.</para>
47
48<screen>" Begin .vimrc
49
50set columns=80
51set wrapmargin=8
52set ruler
53
54" End .vimrc</screen>
55
56<para>A <acronym>FAQ</acronym> on the <acronym>LFS</acronym> mailing lists
57regards the comment tags in <filename>vimrc</filename>. Note that they are "
58instead of the more usual # or //. This is correct, the syntax for
59<filename>vimrc</filename> is slightly unusual.</para>
60
61<para>We'll run through a quick explanation of what each of the
62options in this example file means here:</para>
63
64<itemizedlist>
65<!-- <listitem><para><option>set nocompatible</option> : This option
66stops <command>vim</command> from behaving in a strongly <command>vi
67</command>-compatible way. It should be at the start of any <filename>vimrc
68</filename> file as it can affect lots of other options which you may want to
69override.</para></listitem>
70
71<listitem><para><option>set bs=2</option>: This influences the behavior
72of the backspace option. It is fairly complex so see <command>:help 'bs'
73</command> for more details.</para></listitem> -->
74
75<listitem><para><option>set columns=80</option>: This simply sets the
76number of columns used on the screen.</para></listitem>
77
78<!-- <listitem><para><option>set background=dark</option>: This tells
79<command>vim</command> to use colors which look good on a dark
80background.</para></listitem> -->
81
82<listitem><para><option>set wrapmargin=8</option>: This is the number of
83characters from the right window border where wrapping starts.</para>
84</listitem>
85
86<!-- <listitem><para><option>syntax on</option>: Enables
87<command>vim</command>'s syntax highlighting.</para></listitem> -->
88
89<listitem><para><option>set ruler</option>: This makes
90<command>vim</command> show the current row and column at the bottom right of
91the screen.</para></listitem>
92</itemizedlist>
93
94<para>More information on the <emphasis>many</emphasis> <command>vim</command>
95options can be found by reading the help inside <command>vim</command> itself.
96Do this by typing <command>:</command><option>help</option> in
97<command>vim</command> to get the general help, or by typing
98<command>:</command><option>help usr_toc.txt</option> to view
99the User Manual Table of Contents.</para>
100
101</sect1>
102
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