source: postlfs/security/gnupg2.xml@ 5030bab

10.0 10.1 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 12.0 7.10 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.6-blfs 7.6-systemd 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind gnome kde5-13430 kde5-14269 kde5-14686 kea ken/inkscape-core-mods krejzi/svn lazarus lxqt nosym perl-modules plabs/python-mods qt5new systemd-11177 systemd-13485 trunk upgradedb xry111/intltool xry111/soup3 xry111/test-20220226 xry111/xf86-video-removal
Last change on this file since 5030bab was 5030bab, checked in by Krejzi <krejzi@…>, 10 years ago

Package updates and bugfixes.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@11133 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 12.9 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY gnupg2-download-http " ">
8 <!ENTITY gnupg2-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.gnupg.org/gcrypt/gnupg/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;.tar.bz2">
9 <!ENTITY gnupg2-md5sum "6a8589381ca1b0c1a921e9955f42b016">
10 <!ENTITY gnupg2-size "4.0 MB">
11 <!ENTITY gnupg2-buildsize "67 MB">
12 <!ENTITY gnupg2-time "1.2 SBU">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="gnupg2" xreflabel="GnuPG-&gnupg2-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="gnupg2.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>GnuPG-&gnupg2-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="gnupg2">
26 <primary sortas="a-GnuPG-2">GnuPG 2</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to GnuPG 2</title>
31
32 <para>The <application>GnuPG 2</application> package is GNU's tool for
33 secure communication and data storage. It can be used to encrypt data and
34 to create digital signatures. It includes an advanced key management
35 facility and is compliant with the proposed OpenPGP Internet standard as
36 described in RFC2440 and the S/MIME standard as described by several RFCs.
37 GnuPG 2 is the stable version of GnuPG integrating support for OpenPGP and
38 S/MIME. It does not conflict with an installed <xref linkend="gnupg"/>
39 OpenPGP-only version.</para>
40
41 &lfs72_checked;
42
43 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
44 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
45 <listitem>
46 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&gnupg2-download-http;"/></para>
47 </listitem>
48 <listitem>
49 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&gnupg2-download-ftp;"/></para>
50 </listitem>
51 <listitem>
52 <para>Download MD5 sum: &gnupg2-md5sum;</para>
53 </listitem>
54 <listitem>
55 <para>Download size: &gnupg2-size;</para>
56 </listitem>
57 <listitem>
58 <para>Estimated disk space required: &gnupg2-buildsize;</para>
59 </listitem>
60 <listitem>
61 <para>Estimated build time: &gnupg2-time;</para>
62 </listitem>
63 </itemizedlist>
64
65 <!-- <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
66 <itemizedlist spacing='compact'>
67 <listitem>
68 <para>Required Patch: <ulink
69 url="&patch-root;/gnupg2-&gnupg2-version;-curl_LDAP-1.patch"/>
70 </para>
71 </listitem>
72 </itemizedlist> -->
73
74 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">GnuPG 2 Dependencies</bridgehead>
75
76 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
77 <para role="required"><xref linkend="pth"/>,
78 <xref linkend="libassuan"/>,
79 <xref linkend="libgcrypt"/>, and
80 <xref linkend="libksba"/></para>
81
82 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
83 <para role="recommended"><xref linkend="pinentry"/> (Run-time requirement for most of
84 the package's functionality)</para>
85
86 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
87 <para role="optional"><xref linkend="openldap"/>,
88 <xref linkend="libusb-compat"/>,
89 <xref linkend="curl"/>,
90 <ulink url="http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~ian/adns/">GNU
91 adns</ulink>, and an
92 <xref linkend="server-mail"/></para>
93
94 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
95 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/gnupg2"/></para>
96
97 </sect2>
98
99 <sect2 role="installation">
100 <title>Installation of GnuPG 2</title>
101
102 <para>Install <application>GnuPG 2</application> by running the following
103 commands:</para>
104
105<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
106 --libexecdir=/usr/lib/gnupg2 \
107 --docdir=/usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version; &amp;&amp;
108make</userinput></screen><!-- &amp;&amp;
109
110makeinfo - -html - -no-split -o doc/gnupg_nochunks.html doc/gnupg.texi &amp;&amp;
111makeinfo - -plaintext -o doc/gnupg.txt doc/gnupg.texi</userinput></screen>
112
113 <para>If you have <xref linkend="texlive"/>
114 installed and you wish to create documentation in alternate formats,
115 issue the following commands:</para>
116
117<screen><userinput>make -C doc pdf ps html</userinput></screen> -->
118
119 <para>To test the results, issue: <command>make check</command>.</para>
120
121 <para>Note that if you have already installed
122 <application>GnuPG</application>, the instructions below will overwrite
123 <filename>/usr/share/man/man1/gpg-zip.1</filename>. Now, as the
124 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
125
126<screen role="root"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen><!-- &amp;&amp;
127
128install -v -m755 -d /usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;/html &amp;&amp;
129install -v -m644 doc/gnupg_nochunks.html \
130 /usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;/gnupg.html &amp;&amp;
131install -v -m644 doc/*.texi doc/gnupg.txt \
132 /usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;</userinput></screen>
133
134 <para>If you created alternate formats of the documentation, install it
135 using the following command as the
136 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
137
138<screen role="root"><userinput>install -v -m644 doc/gnupg.html/* \
139 /usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;/html &amp;&amp;
140install -v -m644 doc/gnupg.{pdf,dvi,ps} \
141 /usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;</userinput></screen> -->
142
143 </sect2>
144
145 <sect2 role="commands">
146 <title>Command Explanations</title>
147
148 <para><parameter>--libexecdir=/usr/lib/gnupg2</parameter>: This switch
149 creates a <filename class="directory">gnupg</filename> directory in
150 <filename class="directory">/usr/lib</filename> instead of
151 <filename class="directory">/usr/libexec</filename>.</para>
152
153 <para><parameter>--docdir=/usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;</parameter>:
154 This switch changes the default docdir to <filename
155 class="directory">/usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;</filename>.</para>
156
157 <para><parameter>--enable-symcryptrun</parameter>: This switch enables
158 building the symcryptrun program.</para>
159
160 </sect2>
161
162 <sect2 role="content">
163 <title>Contents</title>
164
165 <segmentedlist>
166 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
167 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
168 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
169
170 <seglistitem>
171 <seg>addgnupghome, applygnupgdefaults, gpg-agent, gpg-connect-agent,
172 gpg2, gpgconf, gpgkey2ssh, gpgparsemail, gpgsm, gpgsm-gencert.sh,
173 gpgv2, kbxutil, scdaemon, symcryptrun, and watchgnupg</seg>
174 <seg>None</seg>
175 <seg>/usr/lib/gnupg2, /usr/share/gnupg and
176 /usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;</seg>
177 </seglistitem>
178 </segmentedlist>
179
180 <variablelist>
181 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
182 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
183 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
184
185 <varlistentry id="addgnupghome">
186 <term><command>addgnupghome</command></term>
187 <listitem>
188 <para>is used to create and populate user's
189 <filename class='directory'>~/.gnupg</filename> directories</para>
190 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 addgnupghome">
191 <primary sortas="b-addgnupghome">addgnupghome</primary>
192 </indexterm>
193 </listitem>
194 </varlistentry>
195
196 <varlistentry id="applygnupgdefaults">
197 <term><command>applygnupgdefaults</command></term>
198 <listitem>
199 <para>is a wrapper script used to run <command>gpgconf</command>
200 with the <parameter>--apply-defaults</parameter> parameter on all
201 user's GnuPG home directories.</para>
202 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 applygnupgdefaults">
203 <primary sortas="b-applygnupgdefaults">applygnupgdefaults</primary>
204 </indexterm>
205 </listitem>
206 </varlistentry>
207
208 <varlistentry id="gpg-agent">
209 <term><command>gpg-agent</command></term>
210 <listitem>
211 <para>is a daemon used to manage secret (private) keys independently
212 from any protocol. It is used as a backend for <command>gpg</command>
213 and <command>gpgsm</command> as well as for a couple of other
214 utilities.</para>
215 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpg-agent">
216 <primary sortas="b-gpg-agent">gpg-agent</primary>
217 </indexterm>
218 </listitem>
219 </varlistentry>
220
221 <varlistentry id="gpg-connect-agent">
222 <term><command>gpg-connect-agent</command></term>
223 <listitem>
224 <para>is a utility used to communicate with a running
225 <command>gpg-agent</command>.</para>
226 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpg-connect-agent">
227 <primary sortas="b-gpg-connect-agent">gpg-connect-agent</primary>
228 </indexterm>
229 </listitem>
230 </varlistentry>
231
232 <varlistentry id="gpg2">
233 <term><command>gpg2</command></term>
234 <listitem>
235 <para>is the OpenPGP part of the GNU Privacy Guard (GnuPG). It is a
236 tool used to provide digital encryption and signing services using
237 the OpenPGP standard.</para>
238 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpg2">
239 <primary sortas="b-gpg2">gpg2</primary>
240 </indexterm>
241 </listitem>
242 </varlistentry>
243
244 <varlistentry id="gpgconf">
245 <term><command>gpgconf</command></term>
246 <listitem>
247 <para>is a utility used to automatically and reasonable safely
248 query and modify configuration files in the
249 <filename class='directory'>~/.gnupg</filename> home directory. It is
250 designed not to be invoked manually by the user, but automatically by
251 graphical user interfaces.</para>
252 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpgconf">
253 <primary sortas="b-gpgconf">gpgconf</primary>
254 </indexterm>
255 </listitem>
256 </varlistentry>
257
258 <varlistentry id="gpgparsemail">
259 <term><command>gpgparsemail</command></term>
260 <listitem>
261 <para>is a utility currently only useful for debugging. Run it with
262 <parameter>--help</parameter> for usage information.</para>
263 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpgparsemail">
264 <primary sortas="b-gpgparsemail">gpgparsemail</primary>
265 </indexterm>
266 </listitem>
267 </varlistentry>
268
269 <varlistentry id="gpgsm">
270 <term><command>gpgsm</command></term>
271 <listitem>
272 <para>is a tool similar to <command>gpg</command> used to provide
273 digital encryption and signing services on X.509 certificates and the
274 CMS protocol. It is mainly used as a backend for S/MIME mail
275 processing.</para>
276 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpgsm">
277 <primary sortas="b-gpgsm">gpgsm</primary>
278 </indexterm>
279 </listitem>
280 </varlistentry>
281
282 <varlistentry id="gpgsm-gencert.sh">
283 <term><command>gpgsm-gencert.sh</command></term>
284 <listitem>
285 <para>is a simple tool used to interactively generate a certificate
286 request which will be printed to stdout.</para>
287 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpgsm-gencert.sh">
288 <primary sortas="b-gpgsm-gencert.sh">gpgsm-gencert.sh</primary>
289 </indexterm>
290 </listitem>
291 </varlistentry>
292
293 <varlistentry id="gpgv2">
294 <term><command>gpgv2</command></term>
295 <listitem>
296 <para>is a verify only version of <command>gpg2</command>.</para>
297 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpgv2">
298 <primary sortas="b-gpgv2">gpgv2</primary>
299 </indexterm>
300 </listitem>
301 </varlistentry>
302
303 <varlistentry id="kbxutil">
304 <term><command>kbxutil</command></term>
305 <listitem>
306 <para>is used to list, export and import Keybox data.</para>
307 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 kbxutil">
308 <primary sortas="b-kbxutil">kbxutil</primary>
309 </indexterm>
310 </listitem>
311 </varlistentry>
312
313 <varlistentry id="scdaemon">
314 <term><command>scdaemon</command></term>
315 <listitem>
316 <para>is a daemon used to manage smartcards. It is usually invoked by
317 <command>gpg-agent</command> and in general not used directly.</para>
318 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 scdaemon">
319 <primary sortas="b-scdaemon">scdaemon</primary>
320 </indexterm>
321 </listitem>
322 </varlistentry>
323
324 <varlistentry id="symcryptrun">
325 <term><command>symcryptrun</command></term>
326 <listitem>
327 <para>is a simple symmetric encryption tool.</para>
328 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 symcryptrun">
329 <primary sortas="b-symcryptrun">symcryptrun</primary>
330 </indexterm>
331 </listitem>
332 </varlistentry>
333
334 <varlistentry id="watchgnupg">
335 <term><command>watchgnupg</command></term>
336 <listitem>
337 <para>is used to listen to a Unix Domain socket created by any of
338 the GnuPG tools.</para>
339 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 watchgnupg">
340 <primary sortas="b-watchgnupg">watchgnupg</primary>
341 </indexterm>
342 </listitem>
343 </varlistentry>
344
345 </variablelist>
346
347 </sect2>
348
349</sect1>
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