source: postlfs/security/gnupg2.xml@ 6cbbb2d

10.1 11.0 ken/refactor-virt lazarus qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since 6cbbb2d was 6cbbb2d, checked in by Douglas R. Reno <renodr@…>, 10 months ago

Update to node.js-14.15.4
Update to nss-3.60.1
GnuPG: Remove unrecognized option from the configure line

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@24073 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 16.4 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY gnupg2-download-http "&gnupg-http;/gnupg/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;.tar.bz2">
8 <!ENTITY gnupg2-download-ftp "&gnupg-ftp;/gnupg/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;.tar.bz2">
9 <!ENTITY gnupg2-md5sum "9db554eabd13f83e941a9825e5af5fe6">
10 <!ENTITY gnupg2-size "6.9 MB">
11 <!ENTITY gnupg2-buildsize "120 MB (with all tests; add 24 MB for docs)">
12 <!ENTITY gnupg2-time "0.3 SBU (using parallelism=4; add 0.6 SBU for tests)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="gnupg2" xreflabel="GnuPG-&gnupg2-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="gnupg.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>GnuPG-&gnupg2-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="gnupg2">
26 <primary sortas="a-GnuPG">GnuPG</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to GnuPG</title>
31
32 <para>
33 The <application>GnuPG</application> package is GNU's tool for
34 secure communication and data storage. It can be used to encrypt data and
35 to create digital signatures. It includes an advanced key management
36 facility and is compliant with the proposed OpenPGP Internet standard as
37 described in RFC2440 and the S/MIME standard as described by several RFCs.
38 GnuPG 2 is the stable version of GnuPG integrating support for OpenPGP and
39 S/MIME.
40 </para>
41
42 &lfs10_checked;
43
44 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
45 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
46 <listitem>
47 <para>
48 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&gnupg2-download-http;"/>
49 </para>
50 </listitem>
51 <listitem>
52 <para>
53 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&gnupg2-download-ftp;"/>
54 </para>
55 </listitem>
56 <listitem>
57 <para>
58 Download MD5 sum: &gnupg2-md5sum;
59 </para>
60 </listitem>
61 <listitem>
62 <para>
63 Download size: &gnupg2-size;
64 </para>
65 </listitem>
66 <listitem>
67 <para>
68 Estimated disk space required: &gnupg2-buildsize;
69 </para>
70 </listitem>
71 <listitem>
72 <para>
73 Estimated build time: &gnupg2-time;
74 </para>
75 </listitem>
76 </itemizedlist>
77
78 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">GnuPG 2 Dependencies</bridgehead>
79
80 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
81 <para role="required">
82 <xref linkend="libassuan"/>,
83 <xref linkend="libgcrypt"/>,
84 <xref linkend="libksba"/>, and
85 <xref linkend="npth"/>
86 </para>
87
88 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
89 <para role="recommended">
90 <xref linkend="pinentry"/> (Run-time requirement for most of
91 the package's functionality)
92 </para>
93
94 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
95 <para role="optional">
96 <xref linkend="curl"/>,
97 <xref linkend="fuse3"/>,
98 <xref linkend="gnutls"/>,
99 <xref linkend="imagemagick"/> (for the <command>convert</command> utility,
100 used for generating the documentation),
101 <xref linkend="libusb"/>,
102 an <xref linkend="server-mail"/>,
103 <xref linkend="openldap"/>,
104 <xref linkend="sqlite"/>,
105 <xref linkend="texlive"/> (or <xref linkend="tl-installer"/>),
106 <ulink url="http://mcj.sourceforge.net/">fig2dev</ulink> (for
107 generating documentation),
108 and <ulink url="http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~ian/adns/">GNU
109 adns</ulink>
110 </para>
111
112 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
113 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/gnupg2"/></para>
114
115 </sect2>
116
117 <sect2 role="installation">
118 <title>Installation of GnuPG</title>
119
120 <para>
121 By default GnuPG doesn't install the deprecated gpg-zip script,
122 but it is still needed by some programs. Make GnuPG install it with:
123 </para>
124
125<screen><userinput>sed -e '/noinst_SCRIPTS = gpg-zip/c sbin_SCRIPTS += gpg-zip' \
126 -i tools/Makefile.in</userinput></screen>
127
128 <para>
129 Install <application>GnuPG</application> by running the following
130 commands:
131 </para>
132
133<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
134 --localstatedir=/var \
135 --docdir=/usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version; &amp;&amp;
136make &amp;&amp;
137
138makeinfo --html --no-split -o doc/gnupg_nochunks.html doc/gnupg.texi &amp;&amp;
139makeinfo --plaintext -o doc/gnupg.txt doc/gnupg.texi &amp;&amp;
140make -C doc html</userinput></screen>
141
142 <para>
143 If you have <xref linkend="texlive"/>
144 installed and you wish to create documentation in alternate formats,
145 issue the following commands
146 (<ulink url="http://mcj.sourceforge.net/">fig2dev</ulink> is needed for
147 the ps format):
148 </para>
149
150<screen remap="doc"><userinput>make -C doc pdf ps</userinput></screen>
151
152 <para>
153 To test the results, issue: <command>make check</command>.
154 </para>
155
156 <para>
157 Note that if you have already installed
158 <application>GnuPG</application>, the instructions below will overwrite
159 <filename>/usr/share/man/man1/gpg-zip.1</filename>. Now, as the
160 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
161 </para>
162
163<screen role="root"><userinput>make install &amp;&amp;
164
165install -v -m755 -d /usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;/html &amp;&amp;
166install -v -m644 doc/gnupg_nochunks.html \
167 /usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;/html/gnupg.html &amp;&amp;
168install -v -m644 doc/*.texi doc/gnupg.txt \
169 /usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version; &amp;&amp;
170install -v -m644 doc/gnupg.html/* \
171 /usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;/html</userinput></screen>
172 <para>
173 If you created alternate formats of the documentation, install them
174 using the following command as the
175 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
176 </para>
177
178<screen role="root"
179 remap="doc"><userinput>install -v -m644 doc/gnupg.{pdf,dvi,ps} \
180 /usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;</userinput></screen>
181
182 </sect2>
183
184 <sect2 role="commands">
185 <title>Command Explanations</title>
186
187 <para>
188 <command>sed ... tools/Makefile.in</command>:
189 This command is needed to build the gpg-zip program.
190 </para>
191
192 <para>
193 <parameter>--docdir=/usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;</parameter>:
194 This switch changes the default docdir to <filename
195 class="directory">/usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version;</filename>.
196 </para>
197
198<!-- Unrecognized in 2.2.26, seems to get built automatically now.
199 <para>
200 <parameter>- -enable-symcryptrun</parameter>: This switch enables
201 building the symcryptrun program.
202 </para>
203-->
204 <para>
205 <option>--enable-all-tests</option>: allows more tests to be run with
206 <command>make check</command>.
207 </para>
208
209 <para>
210 <option>--enable-g13</option>: This switch enables building the
211 g13 program.
212 </para>
213
214 </sect2>
215
216 <sect2 role="content">
217 <title>Contents</title>
218
219 <segmentedlist>
220 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
221 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
222 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
223
224 <seglistitem>
225 <seg>addgnupghome, applygnupgdefaults, dirmngr, dirmngr-client, g13
226 (optional), gpg-agent, gpg-connect-agent, gpg, gpgconf, gpgparsemail,
227 gpgscm, gpgsm, gpgsplit, gpgtar, gpgv, gpg-wks-server, gpg-zip, kbxutil,
228 symcryptrun, and watchgnupg</seg>
229 <seg>None</seg>
230 <seg>/usr/share/doc/gnupg-&gnupg2-version; and
231 /usr/share/gnupg</seg>
232 </seglistitem>
233 </segmentedlist>
234
235 <variablelist>
236 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
237 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
238 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
239
240 <varlistentry id="addgnupghome">
241 <term><command>addgnupghome</command></term>
242 <listitem>
243 <para>
244 is used to create and populate a user's
245 <filename class='directory'>~/.gnupg</filename> directories
246 </para>
247 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 addgnupghome">
248 <primary sortas="b-addgnupghome">addgnupghome</primary>
249 </indexterm>
250 </listitem>
251 </varlistentry>
252
253 <varlistentry id="applygnupgdefaults">
254 <term><command>applygnupgdefaults</command></term>
255 <listitem>
256 <para>
257 is a wrapper script used to run <command>gpgconf</command>
258 with the <parameter>--apply-defaults</parameter> parameter on all
259 user's GnuPG home directories.
260 </para>
261 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 applygnupgdefaults">
262 <primary sortas="b-applygnupgdefaults">applygnupgdefaults</primary>
263 </indexterm>
264 </listitem>
265 </varlistentry>
266
267 <varlistentry id="dirmngr">
268 <term><command>dirmngr</command></term>
269 <listitem>
270 <para>
271 is a tool that takes care of accessing the OpenPGP keyservers.
272 </para>
273 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 dirmngr">
274 <primary sortas="b-dirmngr">dirmngr</primary>
275 </indexterm>
276 </listitem>
277 </varlistentry>
278
279 <varlistentry id="dirmngr-client">
280 <term><command>dirmngr-client</command></term>
281 <listitem>
282 <para>
283 is a tool to contact a running dirmngr and test whether a
284 certificate has been revoked.
285 </para>
286 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 dirmngr-client">
287 <primary sortas="b-dirmngr-client">dirmngr-client</primary>
288 </indexterm>
289 </listitem>
290 </varlistentry>
291
292 <varlistentry id="g13">
293 <term><command>g13</command></term>
294 <listitem>
295 <para>
296 is a tool to create, mount or unmount an encrypted file system
297 container (optional).
298 </para>
299 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 g13">
300 <primary sortas="b-g13">g13</primary>
301 </indexterm>
302 </listitem>
303 </varlistentry>
304
305 <varlistentry id="gpg-agent">
306 <term><command>gpg-agent</command></term>
307 <listitem>
308 <para>
309 is a daemon used to manage secret (private) keys independently
310 from any protocol. It is used as a backend for
311 <command>gpg2</command> and <command>gpgsm</command> as well as
312 for a couple of other utilities.
313 </para>
314 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpg-agent">
315 <primary sortas="b-gpg-agent">gpg-agent</primary>
316 </indexterm>
317 </listitem>
318 </varlistentry>
319
320 <varlistentry id="gpg-connect-agent">
321 <term><command>gpg-connect-agent</command></term>
322 <listitem>
323 <para>
324 is a utility used to communicate with a running
325 <command>gpg-agent</command>.
326 </para>
327 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpg-connect-agent">
328 <primary sortas="b-gpg-connect-agent">gpg-connect-agent</primary>
329 </indexterm>
330 </listitem>
331 </varlistentry>
332
333 <varlistentry id="gpg">
334 <term><command>gpg</command></term>
335 <listitem>
336 <para>
337 is the OpenPGP part of the GNU Privacy Guard (GnuPG). It is a
338 tool used to provide digital encryption and signing services using
339 the OpenPGP standard.
340 </para>
341 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpg">
342 <primary sortas="b-gpg">gpg</primary>
343 </indexterm>
344 </listitem>
345 </varlistentry>
346
347 <varlistentry id="gpgconf">
348 <term><command>gpgconf</command></term>
349 <listitem>
350 <para>
351 is a utility used to automatically and reasonably safely
352 query and modify configuration files in the
353 <filename class='directory'>~/.gnupg</filename> home directory. It
354 is designed not to be invoked manually by the user, but
355 automatically by graphical user interfaces.
356 </para>
357 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpgconf">
358 <primary sortas="b-gpgconf">gpgconf</primary>
359 </indexterm>
360 </listitem>
361 </varlistentry>
362
363 <varlistentry id="gpgparsemail">
364 <term><command>gpgparsemail</command></term>
365 <listitem>
366 <para>
367 is a utility currently only useful for debugging. Run it with
368 <parameter>--help</parameter> for usage information.
369 </para>
370 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpgparsemail">
371 <primary sortas="b-gpgparsemail">gpgparsemail</primary>
372 </indexterm>
373 </listitem>
374 </varlistentry>
375
376 <varlistentry id="gpgscm">
377 <term><command>gpgscm</command></term>
378 <listitem>
379 <para>
380 executes the given scheme program or spawns an interactive shell.
381 </para>
382 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpgscm">
383 <primary sortas="b-gpgscm">gpgscm</primary>
384 </indexterm>
385 </listitem>
386 </varlistentry>
387
388 <varlistentry id="gpgsm">
389 <term><command>gpgsm</command></term>
390 <listitem>
391 <para>
392 is a tool similar to <command>gpg2</command> used to provide
393 digital encryption and signing services on X.509 certificates and
394 the CMS protocol. It is mainly used as a backend for S/MIME mail
395 processing.
396 </para>
397 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpgsm">
398 <primary sortas="b-gpgsm">gpgsm</primary>
399 </indexterm>
400 </listitem>
401 </varlistentry>
402
403 <varlistentry id="gpgsplit">
404 <term><command>gpgsplit</command></term>
405 <listitem>
406 <para>
407 splits an OpenPGP message into packets.
408 </para>
409 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpgsplit">
410 <primary sortas="b-gpgsplit">gpgsplit</primary>
411 </indexterm>
412 </listitem>
413 </varlistentry>
414
415 <varlistentry id="gpgtar">
416 <term><command>gpgtar</command></term>
417 <listitem>
418 <para>
419 is a tool to encrypt or sign files into an archive.
420 </para>
421 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpgtar">
422 <primary sortas="b-gpgtar">gpgtar</primary>
423 </indexterm>
424 </listitem>
425 </varlistentry>
426
427 <varlistentry id="gpgv">
428 <term><command>gpgv</command></term>
429 <listitem>
430 <para>
431 is a verify only version of <command>gpg2</command>.
432 </para>
433 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpgv">
434 <primary sortas="b-gpgv">gpgv</primary>
435 </indexterm>
436 </listitem>
437 </varlistentry>
438
439 <varlistentry id="gpg-wks-server">
440 <term><command>gpg-wks-server</command></term>
441 <listitem>
442 <para>
443 provides a server for the
444 <application>Web Key Service</application> protocol.
445 </para>
446 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpg-wks-server">
447 <primary sortas="b-gpg-wks-server">gpg-wks-server</primary>
448 </indexterm>
449 </listitem>
450 </varlistentry>
451
452 <varlistentry id="gpg-zip">
453 <term><command>gpg-zip</command></term>
454 <listitem>
455 <para>
456 encrypts or signs files into an archive.
457 </para>
458 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 gpg-zip">
459 <primary sortas="b-gpg-zip">gpg-zip</primary>
460 </indexterm>
461 </listitem>
462 </varlistentry>
463
464 <varlistentry id="kbxutil">
465 <term><command>kbxutil</command></term>
466 <listitem>
467 <para>
468 is used to list, export and import Keybox data.
469 </para>
470 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 kbxutil">
471 <primary sortas="b-kbxutil">kbxutil</primary>
472 </indexterm>
473 </listitem>
474 </varlistentry>
475
476 <varlistentry id="symcryptrun">
477 <term><command>symcryptrun</command></term>
478 <listitem>
479 <para>
480 is a simple symmetric encryption tool.
481 </para>
482 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 symcryptrun">
483 <primary sortas="b-symcryptrun">symcryptrun</primary>
484 </indexterm>
485 </listitem>
486 </varlistentry>
487
488 <varlistentry id="watchgnupg">
489 <term><command>watchgnupg</command></term>
490 <listitem>
491 <para>
492 is used to listen to a Unix Domain socket created by any of
493 the GnuPG tools.
494 </para>
495 <indexterm zone="gnupg2 watchgnupg">
496 <primary sortas="b-watchgnupg">watchgnupg</primary>
497 </indexterm>
498 </listitem>
499 </varlistentry>
500
501 </variablelist>
502
503 </sect2>
504
505</sect1>
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