source: pst/printing/cups.xml@ 73ddd1a0

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Last change on this file since 73ddd1a0 was 73ddd1a0, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 17 years ago

XML update for Chapter 41

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@2318 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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1<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.3//EN"
2 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.3/docbookx.dtd" [
3 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
4 %general-entities;
5
6 <!ENTITY cups-download-http "http://multivac.cwru.edu/mirror/packages/cups-&cups-version;-source.tar.bz2">
7 <!ENTITY cups-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.easysw.com/pub/cups/&cups-version;/cups-&cups-version;-source.tar.bz2">
8 <!ENTITY cups-size "3.7 MB">
9 <!ENTITY cups-buildsize "24 MB">
10 <!ENTITY cups-time "0.67 SBU">
11]>
12
13<sect1 id="cups" xreflabel="CUPS-&cups-version;">
14<?dbhtml filename="cups.html"?>
15<title>CUPS-&cups-version;</title>
16
17<sect2>
18<title>Introduction to
19<application><acronym>CUPS</acronym></application></title>
20
21<para>The Common Unix Printing System (<acronym>CUPS</acronym>) is a print spooler and
22associated utilities. It is based on the "Internet Printing Protocol"
23and provides printing services to most PostScript and
24raster printers.</para>
25
26<sect3><title>Package information</title>
27<itemizedlist spacing='compact'>
28<listitem><para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&cups-download-http;"/></para></listitem>
29<listitem><para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&cups-download-ftp;"/></para></listitem>
30<listitem><para>Download size: &cups-size;</para></listitem>
31<listitem><para>Estimated Disk space required: &cups-buildsize;</para></listitem>
32<listitem><para>Estimated build time: &cups-time;</para></listitem></itemizedlist>
33</sect3>
34
35<sect3><title><application><acronym>CUPS</acronym></application> dependencies</title>
36<sect4><title>Optional</title>
37<para><xref linkend="libjpeg"/>, <xref linkend="libpng"/>,
38<xref linkend="libtiff"/>, <xref linkend="openssl"/> or
39<ulink url="http://www.gnu.org/software/gnutls/">GnuTLS</ulink> (which
40needs <ulink
41url="ftp://ftp.gnupg.org/gcrypt/alpha/libgpg-error/">libgpg-error</ulink>,
42<ulink url="ftp://ftp.gnupg.org/gcrypt/libgcrypt/">libgcrypt</ulink> and
43<ulink
44url="ftp://ftp.gnupg.org/gcrypt/alpha/gnutls/opencdk/">opencdk</ulink>,
45in that order.), <xref linkend="Linux_PAM"/>, <xref linkend="php"/> and <xref
46linkend="Python"/></para></sect4>
47</sect3>
48
49</sect2>
50
51<sect2>
52<title>Installation of
53<application><acronym>CUPS</acronym></application></title>
54
55<para>Install <application><acronym>CUPS</acronym></application> by
56running the following commands:</para>
57
58<screen><userinput><command>./configure &amp;&amp;
59make &amp;&amp;
60make install</command></userinput></screen>
61
62</sect2>
63
64<sect2>
65<title>Command explanations</title>
66
67<para>The basic default behavior of the installation is appropriate for
68<acronym>LFS</acronym> systems. <application><acronym>CUPS</acronym>
69</application> files are placed in <filename
70class="directory">/usr/bin</filename>, <filename class="directory">/usr/sbin</filename>, <filename
71class="directory">/var</filename> and <filename class="directory">/etc/cups</filename>.</para>
72
73</sect2>
74
75<sect2>
76<title>Configuring <application><acronym>CUPS</acronym></application></title>
77
78<para>Configuration of <application><acronym>CUPS</acronym></application> is
79dependent on the type of printer and can be complex. Generally, PostScript
80printers are easier. For detailed instructions on configuration and use of
81<application><acronym>CUPS</acronym></application>, see
82<ulink url="http://www.cups.org/documentation.php"/>. The Software
83Administrators Manual and Software Users Manual are particularly useful.</para>
84
85<para>For non-PostScript printers to print with CUPS, you need to install
86<xref linkend="espgs"/> to convert PostScript to raster images
87and a driver (e.g., from <xref linkend="gimp-print"/>) to convert
88the resulting raster images to a form that the printer understands.
89<ulink url="http://www.linuxprinting.org/foomatic.html">Foomatic</ulink>
90drivers use Ghostscript to convert PostScript to a printable form directly, but this
91is considered to be a hack by <application><acronym>CUPS</acronym></application>
92developers.</para>
93
94<para>During the install, <application><acronym>CUPS</acronym></application>
95created the startup file <filename>/etc/rc.d/init.d/cups</filename>. The file
96works, but you may want to change it to a more conventional <acronym>LFS
97</acronym> startup file by installing the script included in the
98<xref linkend="intro-important-bootscripts"/> package:</para>
99
100<screen><userinput><command>make install-cups</command></userinput></screen>
101
102</sect2>
103
104<sect2>
105<title>Contents</title>
106
107<para><application><acronym>CUPS</acronym></application> provides
108<command>accept</command>,
109<command>cupsaddsmb</command>,
110<command>cupsd</command>,
111<command>cupstestppd</command>,
112<command>lpadmin</command>,
113<command>lpc</command>,
114<command>lpinfo</command>,
115<command>lpmove</command>,
116<command>reject</command>,
117<command>cancel</command>,
118<command>cups-config</command>,
119<command>disable</command>,
120<command>enable</command>,
121<command>lp</command>,
122<command>lpoptions</command>,
123<command>lppasswd</command>,
124<command>lpq</command>,
125<command>lpr</command>,
126<command>lprm</command>,
127<command>lpstat</command>,
128<filename class="libraryfile">libcups</filename>,
129<filename class="libraryfile">libcupsimage</filename> and various
130scripts and filters.</para>
131
132<sect3><title>lpc</title>
133<para><command>lpc</command> provides limited control over printer
134and class queues provided by <application><acronym>CUPS</acronym>
135</application>.</para></sect3>
136
137<sect3><title>cupsd</title>
138<para><command>cupsd</command> is the scheduler for the Common Unix Printing System.
139</para></sect3>
140
141<sect3><title>accept</title>
142<para><command>accept</command> instructs the printing system to accept print jobs to the specified destinations.
143</para></sect3>
144
145<sect3><title>reject</title>
146<para><command>reject</command> instructs the printing system to
147reject print jobs to the specified destinations.
148</para></sect3>
149
150<sect3><title>cupsaddsmb</title>
151<para><command>cupsaddsmb</command> exports printers to the SAMBA software for
152use with Windows clients.
153</para></sect3>
154
155<sect3><title>lpadmin</title>
156<para><command>lpadmin</command> configures printer and class queues provided by
157<acronym>CUPS</acronym>.
158</para></sect3>
159
160<sect3><title>lpinfo</title>
161<para><command>lpinfo</command> lists the available devices or drivers known to
162the <acronym>CUPS</acronym> server.
163</para></sect3>
164
165<sect3><title>lpmove</title>
166<para><command>lpmove</command> moves the specified job to a new destination.
167</para></sect3>
168
169<sect3><title>cupstestppd</title>
170<para><command>cupstestppd</command> tests the conformance of
171<filename>PPD</filename> files.
172</para></sect3>
173
174<sect3><title>lpq</title>
175<para><command>lpq</command> shows the current print queue status on the named printer.
176</para></sect3>
177
178<sect3><title>lpr</title>
179<para><command>lpr</command> submits files for printing.
180</para></sect3>
181
182<sect3><title>lprm</title>
183<para><command>lprm</command> cancels print jobs that have been queued for printing.
184</para></sect3>
185
186<sect3><title>cancel</title>
187<para><command>cancel</command> cancels existing print jobs.
188</para></sect3>
189
190<sect3><title>disable</title>
191<para><command>disable</command> stops the named printers or classes.
192</para></sect3>
193
194<sect3><title>enable</title>
195<para><command>enable</command> starts the named printers or classes.
196</para></sect3>
197
198<sect3><title>lp</title>
199<para><command>lp</command> submits files for printing or alters a pending job.
200</para></sect3>
201
202<sect3><title>lpoptions</title>
203<para><command>lpoptions</command> displays or sets printer options and defaults.
204</para></sect3>
205
206<sect3><title>lpstat</title>
207<para><command>lpstat</command> displays status information about the
208current classes, jobs, and printers.</para></sect3>
209
210<sect3><title>lppasswd</title>
211<para><command>lppasswd</command> adds, changes or deletes passwords in
212the <application><acronym>CUPS</acronym></application> digest password file
213<filename>passwd.md5</filename>.
214</para></sect3>
215
216<sect3><title>cups-config</title>
217<para><command>cups-config</command> is the <application><acronym>CUPS
218</acronym></application> program configuration utility.
219</para></sect3>
220
221</sect2>
222
223</sect1>
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