source: pst/printing/gs.xml@ 1319c86

10.0 10.1 11.0 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind ken/refactor-virt lazarus qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since 1319c86 was 1319c86, checked in by Ken Moffat <ken@…>, 3 years ago

Typo in URL.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@20491 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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File size: 12.4 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!-- When updating, ensure gs9xx is updated in url -->
8
9 <!ENTITY gs-download-http
10 "https://github.com/ArtifexSoftware/ghostpdl-downloads/releases/download/gs924/ghostscript-&gs-version;.tar.gz">
11 <!ENTITY gs-download-ftp " ">
12 <!ENTITY gs-md5sum "c5c3fa8eb737a6540814314a9d9e4995">
13 <!ENTITY gs-size "40 MB">
14 <!ENTITY gs-buildsize "176 MB (with fonts and libgs.so)">
15 <!ENTITY gs-time "1.7 SBU (with libgs.so)">
16
17 <!ENTITY gs-standard-fonts-download
18 "&sourceforge-dl;/gs-fonts/ghostscript-fonts-std-8.11.tar.gz">
19 <!ENTITY gs-standard-fonts-md5sum "6865682b095f8c4500c54b285ff05ef6">
20 <!ENTITY gs-standard-fonts-size "3.7 MB">
21
22 <!ENTITY gs-other-fonts-download
23 "&sourceforge-dl;/gs-fonts/gnu-gs-fonts-other-6.0.tar.gz">
24 <!ENTITY gs-other-fonts-md5sum "33457d3f37de7ef03d2eea05a9e6aa4f">
25 <!ENTITY gs-other-fonts-size "796 KB">
26]>
27
28<sect1 id="gs" xreflabel="ghostscript-&gs-version;">
29 <?dbhtml filename="gs.html"?>
30
31 <sect1info>
32 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
33 <date>$Date$</date>
34 </sect1info>
35
36 <title>ghostscript-&gs-version;</title>
37
38 <indexterm zone="gs">
39 <primary sortas="a-GPL-Ghostscript">GPL Ghostscript</primary>
40 </indexterm>
41
42 <sect2 role="package">
43 <title>Introduction to Ghostscript</title>
44
45 <para><application>Ghostscript</application> is a versatile processor
46 for PostScript data with the ability to render PostScript to different
47 targets. It is a mandatory part of the cups printing stack.</para>
48
49 &lfs83_checked;
50
51 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
52 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
53 <listitem>
54 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&gs-download-http;"/></para>
55 </listitem>
56 <listitem>
57 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&gs-download-ftp;"/></para>
58 </listitem>
59 <listitem>
60 <para>Download MD5 sum: &gs-md5sum;</para>
61 </listitem>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>Download size: &gs-size;</para>
64 </listitem>
65 <listitem>
66 <para>Estimated disk space required: &gs-buildsize;</para>
67 </listitem>
68 <listitem>
69 <para>Estimated build time: &gs-time;</para>
70 </listitem>
71 </itemizedlist>
72
73 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
74
75 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
76 <listitem>
77 <para>
78 Required Patch: <ulink
79 url="&patch-root;/ghostscript-&gs-version;-upstream_fixes-1.patch"/>
80 </para>
81 </listitem>
82 </itemizedlist>
83
84 <para>If you wish, you can download additional fonts.</para>
85
86 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
87 <title>Standard Fonts</title>
88 <listitem>
89 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&gs-standard-fonts-download;"/></para>
90 </listitem>
91 <listitem>
92 <para>Download MD5 sum: &gs-standard-fonts-md5sum;</para>
93 </listitem>
94 <listitem>
95 <para>Download size: &gs-standard-fonts-size;</para>
96 </listitem>
97 </itemizedlist>
98
99 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
100 <title>Other Fonts</title>
101 <listitem>
102 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&gs-other-fonts-download;"/></para>
103 </listitem>
104 <listitem>
105 <para>Download MD5 sum: &gs-other-fonts-md5sum;</para>
106 </listitem>
107 <listitem>
108 <para>Download size: &gs-other-fonts-size;</para>
109 </listitem>
110 </itemizedlist>
111
112 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Ghostscript Dependencies</bridgehead>
113
114 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
115 <para role="recommended">
116 <xref linkend="cups"/> (required for building the <quote>cups</quote>
117 device backend, which is needed by
118 <application>cups-filters</application>),
119 <xref linkend="fontconfig"/> (required, if you are installing any
120 suggested font),
121 <xref linkend="freetype2"/>,
122 <xref linkend="libjpeg"/>,
123 <xref linkend="libpng"/>,
124 <xref linkend="libtiff"/>, and
125 <xref linkend="lcms2"/>
126 </para>
127
128 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
129 <para role="optional">
130 <xref linkend="cairo"/>,
131 <xref linkend="gtk3"/>,
132 <xref linkend="libidn"/>,
133 <xref linkend="libpaper"/>,
134 <xref linkend="lcms"/> (not used by default, nor if lcms2 is present or found), and
135 <xref linkend="x-window-system"/>
136 </para>
137
138 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">
139 User Notes: <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/gs"/>
140 </para>
141 </sect2>
142
143 <sect2 role="installation">
144 <title>Installation of Ghostscript</title>
145
146 <note>
147 <para>
148 The <application>Ghostscript</application> build system is not
149 user-friendly. In order to use system copies of various graphics
150 libraries, you must do it using unconventional methods.
151 </para>
152 </note>
153
154 <para>
155 <application>GPL Ghostscript</application> includes (old) copies of
156 several libraries. Some of these seem to have been patched to fix known
157 vulnerabilities, but others of these copies are less-well maintained.
158 To ensure that any future fixes are applied throughout the whole system,
159 it is recommended that you first install the released versions of these
160 libraries and then configure <application>GPL Ghostscript</application>
161 to link to them.
162 </para>
163
164 <para>
165 If you have installed the recommended dependencies on your system,
166 remove the copies of
167 <application>freetype</application>, <application>lcms2</application>,
168 <application>libjpeg</application>, and <application>libpng</application>:
169 </para>
170
171<screen><userinput>rm -rf freetype lcms2 jpeg libpng</userinput></screen>
172
173 <para>Compile <application>Ghostscript</application>:</para>
174
175<screen><userinput>rm -rf zlib &amp;&amp;
176
177patch -Np1 -i ../ghostscript-&gs-version;-upstream_fixes-1.patch &amp;&amp;
178
179./configure --prefix=/usr \
180 --disable-compile-inits \
181 --enable-dynamic \
182 --with-system-libtiff &amp;&amp;
183make</userinput></screen>
184
185 <note>
186 <para>
187 The shared library depends on <xref linkend="gtk3"/>. It is only used by
188 external programs like <xref linkend="asymptote"/>, <xref
189 linkend="imagemagick"/>, and <xref linkend="texlive"/>.
190 </para>
191 </note>
192
193 <para>
194 To compile the shared library
195 <filename class="libraryfile">libgs.so</filename>, run the following
196 additional command as an unprivileged user:
197 </para>
198
199<screen><userinput>make so</userinput></screen>
200
201 <para>
202 This package does not come with a test suite. A set of example files
203 may be used for testing, but it is only possible after installation
204 of the package.
205 </para>
206
207 <para>
208 Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
209 </para>
210
211<screen role="root"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
212
213 <para>If you want the shared library too:</para>
214
215<screen role="root"><userinput>make soinstall &amp;&amp;
216install -v -m644 base/*.h /usr/include/ghostscript &amp;&amp;
217ln -v -s ghostscript /usr/include/ps</userinput></screen>
218
219 <para>Now make the documentation accessible from the normal place:</para>
220<!-- Starting with 9.23, the install does not seem to copy the examples any more -->
221
222<screen role="root"><userinput>ln -sfvn ../ghostscript/&gs-version;/doc /usr/share/doc/ghostscript-&gs-version; &amp;&amp;
223sudo cp -a examples/ /usr/share/ghostscript/&gs-version;/</userinput></screen>
224
225 <para>
226 If you have downloaded the fonts, unpack them to
227 <filename class="directory">/usr/share/ghostscript</filename> and ensure
228 the ownerships of the files are
229 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>:
230 <systemitem class="groupname">root</systemitem>.
231 </para>
232
233<screen role="root"><userinput>tar -xvf ../ghostscript-fonts-std-8.11.tar.gz -C /usr/share/ghostscript --no-same-owner &amp;&amp;
234tar -xvf ../gnu-gs-fonts-other-6.0.tar.gz -C /usr/share/ghostscript --no-same-owner &amp;&amp;
235fc-cache -v /usr/share/ghostscript/fonts/</userinput></screen>
236
237 <para>
238 You can now test the rendering of various postscript and pdf files from the
239 <filename class="directory">/usr/share/ghostscript/&gs-version;/examples
240 </filename>, for example (you need an X window system display):
241 </para>
242
243<screen><userinput>gs -q -dBATCH /usr/share/ghostscript/&gs-version;/examples/tiger.eps</userinput></screen>
244
245 </sect2>
246
247 <sect2 role="commands">
248 <title>Command Explanations</title>
249
250 <para>
251 <command>rm -rf zlib </command>: <application>zlib</application>
252 was installed as part of LFS.
253 </para>
254
255 <para>
256 <parameter>--disable-compile-inits</parameter>: This option makes
257 <command>gs</command> and <filename>libgs.so</filename> slightly smaller.
258 </para>
259
260 <para>
261 <parameter>--with-system-libtiff</parameter>: Remove this option if
262 you've not installed <xref linkend="libtiff"/>.
263 </para>
264
265 <para>
266 <command>install -v -m644 base/*.h... </command>: Some packages
267 (<application>ImageMagick</application> is one) need the
268 <application>Ghostscript</application> interface headers in place to link
269 to the shared library. These commands install the headers.
270 </para>
271
272 <para>
273 <command>ln -v -s ghostscript /usr/include/ps</command>: Some packages
274 expect to find the interface headers in an alternate location.
275 </para>
276
277 <para>
278 <command>ln -sfv ../ghostscript-&gs-version;/doc ... </command>: This puts
279 a symbolic link to the documentation where it is expected to be found.
280 </para>
281
282 <para>
283 <option>--disable-cups</option>: this option will save a tiny amount of
284 space by not linking <command>gs</command> and <filename>libgs.so</filename>
285 to the <xref linkend="cups"/> libraries if you have installed those.
286 </para>
287 </sect2>
288
289 <sect2 role="content">
290 <title>Contents</title>
291 <segmentedlist>
292 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
293 <segtitle>Installed Library</segtitle>
294 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
295
296 <seglistitem>
297 <seg>
298 dvipdf, eps2eps, font2c, gs, gsbj, gsc (from soinstall), gsdj,
299 gsdj500, gslj, gslp, gsnd, gsx (from soinstall), lprsetup.sh,
300 pdf2dsc, pdf2ps, pf2afm, pfbtopfa, pphs, printafm, ps2ascii,
301 ps2epsi, ps2pdf, ps2pdf12, ps2pdf13, ps2pdf14, ps2pdfwr,
302 ps2ps, ps2ps2, unix-lpr.sh, and wftopfa
303 <!-- I don't see bdftops,fixmswrd.pl or pv.sh on my builds [ I don't
304 have any bdf tools from xorg ] but they are still referenced in
305 base/unixinst.mak -->
306 </seg>
307 <seg>libgs.so and
308 /usr/lib/ghostscript/&gs-version;/X11.so</seg>
309 <seg>
310 /usr/include/ghostscript,
311 /usr/lib/ghostscript,
312 /usr/share/ghostscript, and
313 /usr/share/doc/ghostscript-&gs-version;
314 </seg>
315 </seglistitem>
316 </segmentedlist>
317
318 <variablelist>
319 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
320 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
321 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
322
323 <varlistentry id="gplgs-prog">
324 <term><command>gs</command></term>
325 <listitem>
326 <para>
327 is an interpreter for Adobe Systems' PostScript(tm) and Portable
328 Document Format (PDF).
329 </para>
330 <indexterm zone="gs gplgs-prog">
331 <primary sortas="b-gs">gs</primary>
332 </indexterm>
333 </listitem>
334 </varlistentry>
335
336 <varlistentry id="libgs.so">
337 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgs.so</filename></term>
338 <listitem>
339 <para>
340 provides <application>Ghostscript</application> functionality to
341 other programs, such as <application>GSView</application>,
342 <application>ImageMagick</application>, and
343 <application>libspectre</application>.
344 </para>
345 <indexterm zone="gs libgs.so">
346 <primary sortas="c-libgs.so">libgs.so</primary>
347 </indexterm>
348 </listitem>
349 </varlistentry>
350 </variablelist>
351
352 <para>
353 <application>GPL Ghostscript</application> provides many different
354 scripts used to convert PostScript, PDF, and other formats. Please refer to
355 the HTML documentation or the man pages for information about the
356 capabilities provided.
357 </para>
358 </sect2>
359</sect1>
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