source: pst/typesetting/tl-installer.xml@ 3f31914

10.0 10.1 11.0 7.10 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind ken/refactor-virt lazarus nosym perl-modules qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since 3f31914 was 3f31914, checked in by Ken Moffat <ken@…>, 6 years ago

Move setting the path for texlive to the beginning of the chapter. This will mean that the fixups needed to get the 2015 source to work will not need to specify the PATH to fmtutil-sys and mtxrun, and is consistent with other packages where we use /opt.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@16159 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 8.9 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY tl-installer-download-http "http://mirror.ctan.org/systems/texlive/tlnet/install-tl-unx.tar.gz">
8
9 <!ENTITY tl-installer-download-ftp " ">
10 <!ENTITY tl-installer-md5sum "f5b1e909d5c2380cefd2cda83d288c00">
11 <!ENTITY tl-installer-date "20140628"> <!-- in the directory name -->
12 <!ENTITY tl-installer-size "3.2 MB">
13
14 <!ENTITY tl-installer-buildsize "3.8 GB">
15 <!ENTITY tl-installer-time "varies, depending on network speed and traffic">
16]>
17
18<sect1 id="tl-installer" xreflabel="install-tl-unx">
19 <?dbhtml filename="tl-installer.html"?>
20
21 <sect1info>
22 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
23 <date>$Date$</date>
24 </sect1info>
25
26 <title>install-tl-unx</title>
27
28 <indexterm zone="tl-installer">
29 <primary sortas="a-install-tl-unx">install-tl-unx</primary>
30 </indexterm>
31
32 <sect2 role="package">
33 <title>Introduction to TeX Live and its installer</title>
34
35 <para>The <application>TeX Live</application> package is a comprehensive
36 TeX document production system. It includes TeX, LaTeX2e, ConTeXt,
37 Metafont, MetaPost, BibTeX and many other programs; an extensive collection
38 of macros, fonts and documentation; and support for typesetting in many
39 different scripts from around the world.</para>
40
41 <para>This page is for people who wish to use the binary installer to
42 provide the programs, the scripts, and a lot of supporting files and
43 documentation. The installer is updated frequently, so its md5sum will
44 change if it is newer than what is shown below. Newer versions of the
45 installer are expected to work with these instructions, for so long as they
46 install to a
47 <filename class="directory">&texlive-year;/</filename> directory.</para>
48
49 &lfs77_checked;
50
51 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
52 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
53 <listitem>
54 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&tl-installer-download-http;"/></para>
55 </listitem>
56 <listitem>
57 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&tl-installer-download-ftp;"/></para>
58 </listitem>
59 <listitem>
60 <para>Download MD5 sum: &tl-installer-md5sum; (at &tl-installer-date;)</para>
61 </listitem>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>Download size: &tl-installer-size;</para>
64 </listitem>
65 <listitem>
66 <para>Estimated disk space required: &tl-installer-buildsize;</para>
67 </listitem>
68 <listitem>
69 <para>Estimated build time: &tl-installer-time;</para>
70 </listitem>
71 </itemizedlist>
72
73 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended (at runtime)</bridgehead>
74 <para role="recommended">
75 The binaries are mostly linked to static libraries such as
76 <filename class="libraryfile">libc.a</filename>, but a few of the programs
77 and several scripts will fail if the following packages are not present.
78 </para>
79 <para role="recommended">
80 <xref linkend="gs"/> is dynamically loaded by dvisvgm, which is used by
81 <application>asy</application>, and also by <application>asy</application>
82 itself.
83 </para>
84 <para role="recommended">
85 <xref linkend="xorg7-lib"/> and
86 <xref linkend="libxcb"/> are needed for inimf, mf, pdfclose, pdfopen and
87 xdvi-xaw. But if you are using asy, or using <application>TeX</application>
88 to create a PDF file, you will need an <xref linkend="x-window-system"/>
89 (for PDF files, this is to support a PDF viewer of your choice, for example
90 <xref linkend="epdfview"/>).
91 </para>
92 <para role="recommended">
93 the optional non-wide-character ncurses library (for "some binary-only
94 application") from the bottom of the <application>Ncurses</application>
95 page in LFS is needed by <application>asy</application> (only for i386)
96 and also for xindy.run which is used by <application>xindy</application>
97 </para>
98 <para>
99 The binary versions of <application>asy</application> need <xref
100 linkend="glu"/> and <xref linkend="freeglut"/>.
101 </para>
102 <para role="recommended">
103 If you are building for i386, the binary version of asy needs <ulink
104 url="http://www.fftw.org/">FFTW</ulink>, <xref linkend="glu"/> and <ulink
105 url="ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/readline/readline-5.2.tar.gz">libreadline-5.2</ulink>
106 : this only requires <filename>libreadline.so.5.2</filename> which can be
107 manually copied from the <filename class="directory">lib/</filename>
108 directory after running <command>configure</command> and <command>make</command>
109 and then symlinked as <filename>libreadline.so.5</filename>.
110 </para>
111 <para>
112 As always with contributed binary software, it is possible that the required
113 dependencies may change when the installer is updated.
114 </para>
115 <!-- text for runtime deps, shared with texlive and pass 1 -->
116 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
117 href="../../xincludes/texruntime.xml"/>
118
119 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
120 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/tl-installer"/></para>
121
122 </sect2>
123
124 <sect2 role="installation">
125 <title>Binary Installation of TeX Live</title>
126
127 <para>The <application>TeX Live</application> set of programs with its
128 supporting documents, fonts, and utilities is very large. The upstream
129 maintainers recommend placing all files in a single directory structure.
130 BLFS recommends <filename class='directory'>/opt/texlive</filename>.</para>
131
132 <para>As with any other package, unpack the installer and change into its
133 directory, <filename class='directory'>install-tl-&lt;CCYYMMDD&gt;</filename>.
134 This directory name changes when the installer is updated, so replace
135 &lt;CCYYMMDD&gt; by the correct directory name.</para>
136
137 <note>
138 <para>
139 The distribution binaries installed below use static linking
140 for general linux system libraries. Additional libraries or interpreters
141 as specified in the dependencies section do not need to be present during
142 the install, but the programs that need them will not run until their
143 specific dependencies have been installed.
144 </para>
145
146 <!-- please keep something like this in the future -->
147 <para>
148 With all contributed binary software, there may be a mismatch between the
149 builder's toolchain and your hardware. In most of TeX this will probably
150 not matter, but in uncommon corner cases you might hit problems.
151 e.g. if your x86_64 processor does not support 3dnowext or 3dnow, the
152 2014-06-28 binary failed in conTeXt when running LuaTeX, although lualatex
153 worked, as did the i686 binaries on the same machine. In such cases, the
154 easiest solution is to install texlive from source.
155 </para>
156 </note>
157
158 <para>Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>
159 user:</para>
160
161<screen role="root"><userinput>TEXLIVE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/opt/texlive ./install-tl</userinput></screen>
162
163 <para>This command is interactive and allows selection or modification of
164 platform, packages, directories, and other options. The full installation
165 scheme will require about 3.8 gigabytes of disk space. The time to complete
166 the download will depend on your internet connection speed and the
167 number of packages selected.</para>
168
169 </sect2>
170
171 <sect2 role="commands">
172 <title>Command Explanations</title>
173
174 <para>
175 <option>./install-tl --location
176 http://mirror.aut.ac.nz/CTAN/systems/texlive/tlnet/</option>: use a
177 variation of this if you wish to use a different mirror, e.g. because
178 you are in New Zealand but the installer chooses to use an Australian
179 mirror. The list of mirrors is at http://ctan.org/mirrors.
180 </para>
181
182 </sect2>
183
184 <sect2 role="content">
185 <title>Contents</title>
186
187 <segmentedlist>
188 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
189 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
190 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
191
192 <seglistitem>
193 <seg>Over 300 binaries and symlinks to scripts</seg>
194 <seg>None</seg>
195 <seg>/opt/texlive</seg>
196 </seglistitem>
197 </segmentedlist>
198
199 <variablelist>
200 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
201 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
202 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
203
204 <varlistentry id="tl-installer-programs">
205 <term><command>TeX&nbsp;programs</command></term>
206 <listitem>
207 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
208 href="../../xincludes/texprogs.xml"/>
209 <indexterm zone="tl-installer tl-installer-programs">
210 <primary sortas="b-tl-installer-programs">TeX Live programs</primary>
211 </indexterm>
212 </listitem>
213 </varlistentry>
214 </variablelist>
215
216 </sect2>
217
218</sect1>
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