source: pst/typesetting/tl-installer.xml@ 666e811

10.0 10.1 11.0 11.1 11.2 7.10 7.6 7.6-blfs 7.6-systemd 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind gnome kde5-13430 kde5-14269 kde5-14686 krejzi/svn lazarus nosym perl-modules plabs/python-mods qt5new systemd-11177 systemd-13485 trunk upgradedb xry111/intltool xry111/soup3 xry111/test-20220226
Last change on this file since 666e811 was 666e811, checked in by Ken Moffat <ken@…>, 9 years ago

TeX Live 20140525 and current binary installer. Various changes to deps and text, moved the progs text to an xincludes.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@13336 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 8.5 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY tl-installer-download-http "http://mirror.ctan.org/systems/texlive/tlnet/install-tl-unx.tar.gz">
8
9 <!ENTITY tl-installer-download-ftp " ">
10 <!ENTITY tl-installer-md5sum "f5b1e909d5c2380cefd2cda83d288c00">
11 <!ENTITY tl-installer-date "20140628"> <!-- in the directory name -->
12 <!ENTITY tl-installer-size "3.2 MB">
13
14 <!ENTITY tl-installer-buildsize "3.8 GB">
15 <!ENTITY tl-installer-time "varies, depending on network speed and traffic">
16]>
17
18<sect1 id="tl-installer" xreflabel="install-tl-unx">
19 <?dbhtml filename="tl-installer.html"?>
20
21 <sect1info>
22 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
23 <date>$Date$</date>
24 </sect1info>
25
26 <title>install-tl-unx</title>
27
28 <indexterm zone="tl-installer">
29 <primary sortas="a-install-tl-unx">install-tl-unx</primary>
30 </indexterm>
31
32 <sect2 role="package">
33 <title>Introduction to TeX Live and its installer</title>
34
35 <para>The <application>TeX Live</application> package is a comprehensive
36 TeX document production system. It includes TeX, LaTeX2e, ConTeXt,
37 Metafont, MetaPost, BibTeX and many other programs; an extensive collection
38 of macros, fonts and documentation; and support for typesetting in many
39 different scripts from around the world.</para>
40
41 <para>It is necessary to use a binary installer for the first install.
42 This will provide the programs, the scripts, and a lot of supporting files
43 and documentation. After that, you can rebuild most of the programs from source
44 by following the instructions for <xref linkend="texlive"/>. The installer
45 is updated frequently, so its md5sum will change if it is newer than what
46 is shown below. Newer versions of the installer are expected to work with
47 these instructions, for so long as they install to a
48 <filename class="directory">&texlive-year;/</filename> directory.</para>
49
50 &lfs75_checked;
51
52 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
53 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
54 <listitem>
55 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&tl-installer-download-http;"/></para>
56 </listitem>
57 <listitem>
58 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&tl-installer-download-ftp;"/></para>
59 </listitem>
60 <listitem>
61 <para>Download MD5 sum: &tl-installer-md5sum; (at &tl-installer-date;)</para>
62 </listitem>
63 <listitem>
64 <para>Download size: &tl-installer-size;</para>
65 </listitem>
66 <listitem>
67 <para>Estimated disk space required: &tl-installer-buildsize;</para>
68 </listitem>
69 <listitem>
70 <para>Estimated build time: &tl-installer-time;</para>
71 </listitem>
72 </itemizedlist>
73
74 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended (at runtime)</bridgehead>
75 <para role="recommended">
76 The binaries are mostly linked to static libraries such as
77 <filename class="libraryfile">libc.a</filename>, but a few of the programs
78 and several scripts will fail if the following packages are not present.
79 </para>
80 <para>
81 <xref linkend="gs"/> is dynamically loaded by dvisvgm, which is used by
82 <application>asy</application>.
83 </para>
84 <para>
85 <xref linkend="xorg7-lib"/> and
86 <xref linkend="libxcb"/> are needed for asy, inimf, mf, pdfclose, pdfopen
87 and xdvixaw. But if you are using <application>TeX</application> to create
88 a PDF file, you will need an <xref linkend="x-window-system"/> to support a
89 PDF viewer of your choice, for example <xref linkend="epdfview"/>.
90 </para>
91 <para>
92 the optional non-wide-character ncurses library (for "some binary-only
93 application") from the bottom of the <application>Ncurses</application>
94 page in LFS is needed for xindy.run which is used by
95 <application>xindy</application>
96 </para>
97 <para>
98 <xref linkend="python2"/> is used by many scripts.
99 </para>
100 <para>
101 <xref linkend="ruby"/> is used by some scripts, mostly within mtx_context
102 which is part of <application>conTeXt</application>.
103 </para>
104
105 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
106 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/tl-installer"/></para>
107
108 </sect2>
109
110 <sect2 role="installation">
111 <title>Binary Installation of TeX Live</title>
112
113 <para>The <application>TeX Live</application> set of programs with its
114 supporting documents, fonts, and utilities is very large. The upstream
115 maintainers recommend placing all files in a single directory structure.
116 BLFS recommends <filename class='directory'>/opt/texlive</filename>.</para>
117
118 <para>First, unpack the installer and change into the installer's
119 directory, <filename class='directory'>install-tl-&lt;CCYYMMDD&gt;</filename>.
120 This directory name changes when the installer is updated, so replace
121 &lt;CCYYMMDD&gt; by the correct directory name.</para>
122
123<screen><userinput>tar -xf install-tl-unx.tar.gz &amp;&amp;
124cd install-tl-&lt;CCYYMMDD&gt; </userinput></screen>
125
126 <note><para>The distribution binaries installed below use static linking
127 for general linux system libraries. Additional libraries or interpreters
128 as specified in the dependencies section do not need to be present during
129 the install, but the programs that need them will not run until their
130 specific dependencies have been installed.</para></note>
131
132 <para>Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>
133 user:</para>
134
135<screen><userinput role="root">TEXLIVE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/opt/texlive ./install-tl</userinput></screen>
136
137 <para>This command is interactive and allows selection or modification of
138 platform, packages, directories, and other options. The full installation
139 scheme will require about 3.8 gigabytes of disk space. The time to complete
140 the download will depend on your internet connection speed and the
141 number of packages selected.</para>
142
143 <para>After the package download is complete, the next step is to make sure
144 that the system can properly find the files. If you set up your login
145 scripts as recommended in <xref linkend='postlfs-config-profile'/>, update
146 the needed paths by appending to the
147 <filename>extrapaths.sh</filename> script. The programs are always
148 installed in an &lt;ARCH&gt;-linux subdirectory.
149 <emphasis>Always</emphasis> replace &lt;ARCH&gt; by x86_64, for 64bit,
150 or by i386, for 32bit, respectively, depending on the architecture that
151 you are using in your actual installation location.</para>
152
153<screen><userinput role="root">cat &gt;&gt; /etc/profile.d/extrapaths.sh &lt;&lt; "EOF"
154pathappend /usr/share/man MANPATH
155pathappend /opt/texlive/&texlive-year;/texmf-dist/doc/man MANPATH
156pathappend /usr/share/info INFOPATH
157pathappend /opt/texlive/&texlive-year;/texmf-dist/doc/info INFOPATH
158pathappend /opt/texlive/&texlive-year;/bin/&lt;ARCH&gt;-linux
159EOF</userinput></screen>
160
161 <note><para>The standard MANPATH and INFOPATH path are specified above to
162 ensure they are included. If they are already set in the boot script
163 procedure, the pathappend function will ensure duplicates are
164 removed, so including them here will do no harm.</para></note>
165
166 <para>The new paths can be immediately activated by running <command>source
167 /etc/profile</command>.</para>
168
169 <para>At this point the binary installation is complete.</para>
170
171 </sect2>
172
173 <sect2 role="content">
174 <title>Contents</title>
175
176 <segmentedlist>
177 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
178 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
179 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
180
181 <seglistitem>
182 <seg>Over 300 binaries and symlinks to scripts</seg>
183 <seg>None</seg>
184 <seg>/opt/texlive</seg>
185 </seglistitem>
186 </segmentedlist>
187
188 <variablelist>
189 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
190 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
191 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
192
193 <varlistentry id="tl-installer-programs">
194 <term><command>TeX&nbsp;programs</command></term>
195 <listitem>
196 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
197 href="../../xincludes/texprogs.xml"/>
198 <indexterm zone="tl-installer tl-installer-programs">
199 <primary sortas="b-tl-installer-programs">TeX Live programs</primary>
200 </indexterm>
201 </listitem>
202 </varlistentry>
203 </variablelist>
204
205 </sect2>
206
207</sect1>
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