source: pst/typesetting/tl-installer.xml@ d7f0b08

10.0 10.1 11.0 7.10 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind ken/refactor-virt krejzi/svn lazarus nosym perl-modules qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since d7f0b08 was d7f0b08, checked in by Ken Moffat <ken@…>, 7 years ago

Use copy members for some of the texlive dependency and command-explanation items.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@14720 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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File size: 8.7 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY tl-installer-download-http "http://mirror.ctan.org/systems/texlive/tlnet/install-tl-unx.tar.gz">
8
9 <!ENTITY tl-installer-download-ftp " ">
10 <!ENTITY tl-installer-md5sum "f5b1e909d5c2380cefd2cda83d288c00">
11 <!ENTITY tl-installer-date "20140628"> <!-- in the directory name -->
12 <!ENTITY tl-installer-size "3.2 MB">
13
14 <!ENTITY tl-installer-buildsize "3.8 GB">
15 <!ENTITY tl-installer-time "varies, depending on network speed and traffic">
16]>
17
18<sect1 id="tl-installer" xreflabel="install-tl-unx">
19 <?dbhtml filename="tl-installer.html"?>
20
21 <sect1info>
22 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
23 <date>$Date$</date>
24 </sect1info>
25
26 <title>install-tl-unx</title>
27
28 <indexterm zone="tl-installer">
29 <primary sortas="a-install-tl-unx">install-tl-unx</primary>
30 </indexterm>
31
32 <sect2 role="package">
33 <title>Introduction to TeX Live and its installer</title>
34
35 <para>The <application>TeX Live</application> package is a comprehensive
36 TeX document production system. It includes TeX, LaTeX2e, ConTeXt,
37 Metafont, MetaPost, BibTeX and many other programs; an extensive collection
38 of macros, fonts and documentation; and support for typesetting in many
39 different scripts from around the world.</para>
40
41 <para>It is necessary to use a binary installer for the first install.
42 This will provide the programs, the scripts, and a lot of supporting files
43 and documentation. After that, you can rebuild the programs from source
44 by following the instructions for <xref linkend="texlive"/> and
45 <xref linkend="biber"/>. The installer
46 is updated frequently, so its md5sum will change if it is newer than what
47 is shown below. Newer versions of the installer are expected to work with
48 these instructions, for so long as they install to a
49 <filename class="directory">&texlive-year;/</filename> directory.</para>
50
51 &lfs76_checked;
52
53 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
54 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
55 <listitem>
56 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&tl-installer-download-http;"/></para>
57 </listitem>
58 <listitem>
59 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&tl-installer-download-ftp;"/></para>
60 </listitem>
61 <listitem>
62 <para>Download MD5 sum: &tl-installer-md5sum; (at &tl-installer-date;)</para>
63 </listitem>
64 <listitem>
65 <para>Download size: &tl-installer-size;</para>
66 </listitem>
67 <listitem>
68 <para>Estimated disk space required: &tl-installer-buildsize;</para>
69 </listitem>
70 <listitem>
71 <para>Estimated build time: &tl-installer-time;</para>
72 </listitem>
73 </itemizedlist>
74
75 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended (at runtime)</bridgehead>
76 <para role="recommended">
77 The binaries are mostly linked to static libraries such as
78 <filename class="libraryfile">libc.a</filename>, but a few of the programs
79 and several scripts will fail if the following packages are not present.
80 </para>
81 <para role="recommended">
82 <xref linkend="gs"/> is dynamically loaded by dvisvgm, which is used by
83 <application>asy</application>.
84 </para>
85 <para role="recommended">
86 <xref linkend="xorg7-lib"/> and
87 <xref linkend="libxcb"/> are needed for inimf, mf, pdfclose, pdfopen and
88 xdvixaw. But if you are using asy, or using <application>TeX</application>
89 to create a PDF file, you will need an <xref linkend="x-window-system"/>
90 (for PDF files, this is to support a PDF viewer of your choice, for example
91 <xref linkend="epdfview"/>).
92 </para>
93 <para role="recommended">
94 the optional non-wide-character ncurses library (for "some binary-only
95 application") from the bottom of the <application>Ncurses</application>
96 page in LFS is needed for xindy.run which is used by
97 <application>xindy</application>
98 </para>
99 <para role="recommended">
100 If you are building on 32-bit x86, the binary version of asy needs <ulink
101 url="http://www.fftw.org/">FFTW</ulink>, <xref linkend="glu"/> and <ulink
102 url="ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/readline/readline-5.2.tar.gz">libreadline-5.2</ulink>
103 : this only requires <filename>libreadline.so.5.2</filename> which can be
104 manually copied from the <filename class="directory">shm/</filename>
105 directory after running <command>configure</command> and <command>make</command>
106 and then symlinked as <filename>libreadline.so.5</filename>.
107 </para>
108 <!-- text for runtime deps, shared with texlive and pass 1 -->
109 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
110 href="../../xincludes/texruntime.xml"/>
111
112 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
113 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/tl-installer"/></para>
114
115 </sect2>
116
117 <sect2 role="installation">
118 <title>Binary Installation of TeX Live</title>
119
120 <para>The <application>TeX Live</application> set of programs with its
121 supporting documents, fonts, and utilities is very large. The upstream
122 maintainers recommend placing all files in a single directory structure.
123 BLFS recommends <filename class='directory'>/opt/texlive</filename>.</para>
124
125 <para>As with any other package, unpack the installer and change into its
126 directory, <filename class='directory'>install-tl-&lt;CCYYMMDD&gt;</filename>.
127 This directory name changes when the installer is updated, so replace
128 &lt;CCYYMMDD&gt; by the correct directory name.</para>
129
130 <note>
131 <para>
132 The distribution binaries installed below use static linking
133 for general linux system libraries. Additional libraries or interpreters
134 as specified in the dependencies section do not need to be present during
135 the install, but the programs that need them will not run until their
136 specific dependencies have been installed.
137 </para>
138
139 <!-- please keep something like this in the future -->
140 <para>
141 With all contributed binary software, there may be a mismatch between the
142 builder's toolchain and your hardware. In most of TeX this will probably
143 not matter, but in uncommon corner cases you might hit problems.
144 e.g. if your x86_64 processor does not support 3dnowext or 3dnow, the
145 2014-06-28 binary failed in conTeXt when running LuaTeX, although lualatex
146 worked, as did the i686 binaries on the same machine. In such cases, the
147 easiest solution is to install texlive from source.
148 </para>
149 </note>
150
151 <para>Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>
152 user:</para>
153
154<screen role="root"><userinput>TEXLIVE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/opt/texlive ./install-tl</userinput></screen>
155
156 <para>This command is interactive and allows selection or modification of
157 platform, packages, directories, and other options. The full installation
158 scheme will require about 3.8 gigabytes of disk space. The time to complete
159 the download will depend on your internet connection speed and the
160 number of packages selected.</para>
161
162 <para>Now proceed to <xref linkend="tex-path"/>.</para>
163
164 </sect2>
165
166 <sect2 role="commands">
167 <title>Command Explanations</title>
168
169 <para>
170 <option>./install-tl --location
171 http://mirror.aut.ac.nz/CTAN/systems/texlive/tlnet/</option>: use a
172 variation of this if you wish to use a different mirror, e.g. because
173 you are in New Zealand but the installer chooses to use an Australian
174 mirror. The list of mirrors is at http://ctan.org/mirrors.
175 </para>
176
177 </sect2>
178
179 <sect2 role="content">
180 <title>Contents</title>
181
182 <segmentedlist>
183 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
184 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
185 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
186
187 <seglistitem>
188 <seg>Over 300 binaries and symlinks to scripts</seg>
189 <seg>None</seg>
190 <seg>/opt/texlive</seg>
191 </seglistitem>
192 </segmentedlist>
193
194 <variablelist>
195 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
196 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
197 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
198
199 <varlistentry id="tl-installer-programs">
200 <term><command>TeX&nbsp;programs</command></term>
201 <listitem>
202 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
203 href="../../xincludes/texprogs.xml"/>
204 <indexterm zone="tl-installer tl-installer-programs">
205 <primary sortas="b-tl-installer-programs">TeX Live programs</primary>
206 </indexterm>
207 </listitem>
208 </varlistentry>
209 </variablelist>
210
211 </sect2>
212
213</sect1>
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