source: pst/typesetting/tl-installer.xml@ eb38c8a

10.0 10.1 11.0 7.10 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind ken/refactor-virt krejzi/svn lazarus nosym perl-modules qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since eb38c8a was eb38c8a, checked in by Ken Moffat <ken@…>, 7 years ago

Correct the date in the changelog, add texmf to allow texlive to be installed without the binary installer.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@14700 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 8.7 KB
Line 
1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY tl-installer-download-http "http://mirror.ctan.org/systems/texlive/tlnet/install-tl-unx.tar.gz">
8
9 <!ENTITY tl-installer-download-ftp " ">
10 <!ENTITY tl-installer-md5sum "f5b1e909d5c2380cefd2cda83d288c00">
11 <!ENTITY tl-installer-date "20140628"> <!-- in the directory name -->
12 <!ENTITY tl-installer-size "3.2 MB">
13
14 <!ENTITY tl-installer-buildsize "3.8 GB">
15 <!ENTITY tl-installer-time "varies, depending on network speed and traffic">
16]>
17
18<sect1 id="tl-installer" xreflabel="install-tl-unx">
19 <?dbhtml filename="tl-installer.html"?>
20
21 <sect1info>
22 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
23 <date>$Date$</date>
24 </sect1info>
25
26 <title>install-tl-unx</title>
27
28 <indexterm zone="tl-installer">
29 <primary sortas="a-install-tl-unx">install-tl-unx</primary>
30 </indexterm>
31
32 <sect2 role="package">
33 <title>Introduction to TeX Live and its installer</title>
34
35 <para>The <application>TeX Live</application> package is a comprehensive
36 TeX document production system. It includes TeX, LaTeX2e, ConTeXt,
37 Metafont, MetaPost, BibTeX and many other programs; an extensive collection
38 of macros, fonts and documentation; and support for typesetting in many
39 different scripts from around the world.</para>
40
41 <para>It is necessary to use a binary installer for the first install.
42 This will provide the programs, the scripts, and a lot of supporting files
43 and documentation. After that, you can rebuild the programs from source
44 by following the instructions for <xref linkend="texlive"/> and
45 <xref linkend="biber"/>. The installer
46 is updated frequently, so its md5sum will change if it is newer than what
47 is shown below. Newer versions of the installer are expected to work with
48 these instructions, for so long as they install to a
49 <filename class="directory">&texlive-year;/</filename> directory.</para>
50
51 &lfs76_checked;
52
53 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
54 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
55 <listitem>
56 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&tl-installer-download-http;"/></para>
57 </listitem>
58 <listitem>
59 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&tl-installer-download-ftp;"/></para>
60 </listitem>
61 <listitem>
62 <para>Download MD5 sum: &tl-installer-md5sum; (at &tl-installer-date;)</para>
63 </listitem>
64 <listitem>
65 <para>Download size: &tl-installer-size;</para>
66 </listitem>
67 <listitem>
68 <para>Estimated disk space required: &tl-installer-buildsize;</para>
69 </listitem>
70 <listitem>
71 <para>Estimated build time: &tl-installer-time;</para>
72 </listitem>
73 </itemizedlist>
74
75 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended (at runtime)</bridgehead>
76 <para role="recommended">
77 The binaries are mostly linked to static libraries such as
78 <filename class="libraryfile">libc.a</filename>, but a few of the programs
79 and several scripts will fail if the following packages are not present.
80 </para>
81 <para>
82 <xref linkend="gs"/> is dynamically loaded by dvisvgm, which is used by
83 <application>asy</application>.
84 </para>
85 <para>
86 <xref linkend="xorg7-lib"/> and
87 <xref linkend="libxcb"/> are needed for inimf, mf, pdfclose, pdfopen and
88 xdvixaw. But if you are using asy, or using <application>TeX</application>
89 to create a PDF file, you will need an <xref linkend="x-window-system"/>
90 (for PDF files, this is to support a PDF viewer of your choice, for example
91 <xref linkend="epdfview"/>).
92 </para>
93 <para>
94 the optional non-wide-character ncurses library (for "some binary-only
95 application") from the bottom of the <application>Ncurses</application>
96 page in LFS is needed for xindy.run which is used by
97 <application>xindy</application>
98 </para>
99 <para>
100 If you are building on 32-bit x86, the binary version of asy needs <ulink
101 url="http://www.fftw.org/">FFTW</ulink>, <xref linkend="glu"/> and <ulink
102 url="ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/readline/readline-5.2.tar.gz">libreadline-5.2</ulink>
103 : this only requires <filename>libreadline.so.5.2</filename> which can be
104 manually copied from the <filename class="directory">shm/</filename>
105 directory after running <command>configure</command> and <command>make</command>
106 and then symlinked as <filename>libreadline.so.5</filename>.
107 </para>
108 <para>
109 <xref linkend="python2"/> is used by many scripts.
110 </para>
111 <para>
112 <xref linkend="ruby"/> is used by some scripts, mostly within mtx_context
113 which is part of <application>conTeXt</application>, but also for one or
114 two others, such as match_parens, which are generally useful.
115 </para>
116
117 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
118 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/tl-installer"/></para>
119
120 </sect2>
121
122 <sect2 role="installation">
123 <title>Binary Installation of TeX Live</title>
124
125 <para>The <application>TeX Live</application> set of programs with its
126 supporting documents, fonts, and utilities is very large. The upstream
127 maintainers recommend placing all files in a single directory structure.
128 BLFS recommends <filename class='directory'>/opt/texlive</filename>.</para>
129
130 <para>As with any other package, unpack the installer and change into its
131 directory, <filename class='directory'>install-tl-&lt;CCYYMMDD&gt;</filename>.
132 This directory name changes when the installer is updated, so replace
133 &lt;CCYYMMDD&gt; by the correct directory name.</para>
134
135 <note>
136 <para>
137 The distribution binaries installed below use static linking
138 for general linux system libraries. Additional libraries or interpreters
139 as specified in the dependencies section do not need to be present during
140 the install, but the programs that need them will not run until their
141 specific dependencies have been installed.
142 </para>
143
144 <!-- please keep something like this in the future -->
145 <para>
146 With all contributed binary software, there may be a mismatch between the
147 builder's toolchain and your hardware. In most of TeX this will probably
148 not matter, but in uncommon corner cases you might hit problems.
149 e.g. if your x86_64 processor does not support 3dnowext or 3dnow, the
150 2014-06-28 binary failed in conTeXt when running LuaTeX, although lualatex
151 worked, as did the i686 binaries on the same machine. In such cases, the
152 easiest solution is to install texlive from source.
153 </para>
154 </note>
155
156 <para>Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>
157 user:</para>
158
159<screen role="root"><userinput>TEXLIVE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/opt/texlive ./install-tl</userinput></screen>
160
161 <para>This command is interactive and allows selection or modification of
162 platform, packages, directories, and other options. The full installation
163 scheme will require about 3.8 gigabytes of disk space. The time to complete
164 the download will depend on your internet connection speed and the
165 number of packages selected.</para>
166
167 <para>Now proceed to <xref linkend="tex-path"/>.</para>
168
169 </sect2>
170
171 <sect2 role="commands">
172 <title>Command Explanations</title>
173
174 <para>
175 <option>./install-tl --location
176 http://mirror.aut.ac.nz/CTAN/systems/texlive/tlnet/</option>: use a
177 variation of this if you wish to use a different mirror, e.g. because
178 you are in New Zealand but the installer chooses to use an Australian
179 mirror. The list of mirrors is at http://ctan.org/mirrors.
180 </para>
181
182 </sect2>
183
184 <sect2 role="content">
185 <title>Contents</title>
186
187 <segmentedlist>
188 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
189 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
190 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
191
192 <seglistitem>
193 <seg>Over 300 binaries and symlinks to scripts</seg>
194 <seg>None</seg>
195 <seg>/opt/texlive</seg>
196 </seglistitem>
197 </segmentedlist>
198
199 <variablelist>
200 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
201 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
202 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
203
204 <varlistentry id="tl-installer-programs">
205 <term><command>TeX&nbsp;programs</command></term>
206 <listitem>
207 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
208 href="../../xincludes/texprogs.xml"/>
209 <indexterm zone="tl-installer tl-installer-programs">
210 <primary sortas="b-tl-installer-programs">TeX Live programs</primary>
211 </indexterm>
212 </listitem>
213 </varlistentry>
214 </variablelist>
215
216 </sect2>
217
218</sect1>
Note: See TracBrowser for help on using the repository browser.