source: server/major/bind.xml@ 269f619

10.0 10.1 11.0 11.1 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind lazarus perl-modules qt5new trunk upgradedb xry111/intltool xry111/test-20220226
Last change on this file since 269f619 was 269f619, checked in by Thomas Trepl <thomas@…>, 4 years ago

Upgrade bind-9.13.1 & bind-utils-9.13.1

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@20223 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 31.9 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY bind-download-http " ">
8 <!ENTITY bind-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/&bind-version;/bind-&bind-version;.tar.gz">
9 <!ENTITY bind-md5sum "579b5a7e04470ef66f2901dc2a4beab6">
10 <!ENTITY bind-size "8.4 MB">
11 <!ENTITY bind-buildsize "103 MB (add 12 MB for tests)">
12 <!ENTITY bind-time "0.8 SBU (with parallelism=4; add 30+ minutes, processor independent, to run the complete test suite)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="bind" xreflabel="BIND-&bind-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="bind.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>BIND-&bind-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="bind">
26 <primary sortas="a-BIND">BIND</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to BIND</title>
31
32 <para>The <application>BIND</application> package provides a DNS server
33 and client utilities. If you are only interested in the utilities, refer
34 to the <xref linkend="bind-utils"/>.</para>
35
36 &lfs82_checked;
37
38 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
39 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
40 <listitem>
41 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-http;"/></para>
42 </listitem>
43 <listitem>
44 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-ftp;"/></para>
45 </listitem>
46 <listitem>
47 <para>Download MD5 sum: &bind-md5sum;</para>
48 </listitem>
49 <listitem>
50 <para>Download size: &bind-size;</para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>Estimated disk space required: &bind-buildsize;</para>
54 </listitem>
55 <listitem>
56 <para>Estimated build time: &bind-time;</para>
57 </listitem>
58 </itemizedlist>
59<!--
60 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
61 <itemizedlist spacing='compact'>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>Optional patch (if net-tools is not installed):
64 <ulink
65 url="&patch-root;/bind-&bind-version;-use_iproute2-1.patch"/></para>
66 </listitem>
67 </itemizedlist>
68-->
69 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">BIND Dependencies</bridgehead>
70
71 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
72 <para role="optional">
73 <xref linkend="libcap-pam"/>,
74 <xref linkend="libxml2"/>,
75 <xref linkend="mitkrb"/>, and
76 <ulink url='https://github.com/cjheath/geoip'>geoip</ulink>
77 </para>
78
79 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional database backends</bridgehead>
80 <para role="optional">
81 <xref linkend="db"/>,
82 <xref linkend="mariadb"/> or <ulink url="http://www.mysql.com/">MySQL</ulink>,
83 <xref linkend="openldap"/>,
84 <xref linkend="postgresql"/>, and
85 <xref linkend="unixodbc"/>
86 </para>
87
88 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to run the test suite)</bridgehead>
89 <para role="optional">
90 <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/>
91<!-- and
92 <xref linkend="net-tools"/> (you may omit net-tools by using the optional
93 patch to utilize iproute2, but the IPv6 tests will fail)
94-->
95 </para>
96
97 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to rebuild the documentation)</bridgehead>
98 <para role="optional">
99 <xref linkend="doxygen"/>,
100 <xref linkend="libxslt"/>, and
101 <xref linkend="texlive"/> (or <xref linkend="tl-installer"/>)
102 </para>
103
104 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
105 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/bind"/></para>
106
107 </sect2>
108
109 <sect2 role="installation">
110 <title>Installation of BIND</title>
111<!--
112 <para>If you have chosen not to install net-tools, apply the iproute2
113 patch with the following command:</para>
114
115<screen><userinput>patch -Np1 -i ../bind-&bind-version;-use_iproute2-1.patch</userinput></screen>
116-->
117 <para>Install <application>BIND</application> by running the
118 following commands:</para>
119
120<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
121 --sysconfdir=/etc \
122 --localstatedir=/var \
123 --mandir=/usr/share/man \
124 --enable-threads \
125 --with-libtool \
126 --disable-static \
127 --with-randomdev=/dev/urandom &amp;&amp;
128make</userinput></screen>
129
130 <para>Issue the following commands to run the complete suite of tests.
131 First, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user, set up
132 some test interfaces:</para>
133
134 <note><para>If IPv6 is not enabled in the kernel, there will be several
135 error messages: "RTNETLINK answers: Operation not permitted". These
136 messages do not afffect the tests.</para></note>
137
138<screen role="root"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh up</userinput></screen>
139
140 <para>The test suite may indicate some skipped tests depending on
141 what configuration options are used. Some tests are marked <quote>UNTESTED
142 </quote> if <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/> is not installed.
143 To run the tests, as an unprivileged user, execute:</para>
144
145<screen><userinput>make -k check</userinput></screen>
146
147 <para>Again as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, clean up the
148 test interfaces:</para>
149
150<screen role="root"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh down</userinput></screen>
151
152 <para>Finally, install the package as the <systemitem
153 class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
154
155<screen role="root"><userinput>make install &amp;&amp;
156
157install -v -m755 -d /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/{arm,misc} &amp;&amp;
158install -v -m644 doc/arm/*.html \
159 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/arm &amp;&amp;
160install -v -m644 doc/misc/{dnssec,ipv6,migrat*,options,rfc-compliance,roadmap,sdb} \
161 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/misc</userinput></screen>
162 </sect2>
163
164 <sect2 role="commands">
165 <title>Command Explanations</title>
166
167 <para><parameter>--sysconfdir=/etc</parameter>: This parameter forces
168 <application>BIND</application> to look for configuration
169 files in <filename class='directory'>/etc</filename> instead of
170 <filename class='directory'>/usr/etc</filename>.</para>
171
172 <para><parameter>--enable-threads</parameter>: This parameter enables
173 multi-threading capability.</para>
174
175 <para><parameter>--with-libtool</parameter>: This parameter forces the
176 building of dynamic libraries and links the installed binaries to these
177 libraries.</para>
178
179 <para><parameter>--with-randomdev=/dev/urandom</parameter>: This parameter
180 specifes a non-blocking random device for use with digital signatures.</para>
181
182 <para><option>--enable-fetchlimit</option>: Use this option if you want
183 to be able to limit the rate of recursive client queries. This may be
184 useful on servers which receive a large number of queries.</para>
185
186 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
187 href="../../xincludes/static-libraries.xml"/>
188
189 <para><command>cd doc; install ...</command>: These commands install
190 additional package documentation. Omit any or all of these commands if
191 desired.</para>
192 </sect2>
193
194 <sect2 role="configuration">
195 <title>Configuring BIND</title>
196
197 <sect3 id="bind-config">
198 <title>Config files</title>
199
200 <para><filename>named.conf</filename>,
201 <filename>root.hints</filename>,
202 <filename>127.0.0</filename>,
203 <filename>rndc.conf</filename> and
204 <filename>resolv.conf</filename></para>
205
206 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
207 <primary sortas="e-etc-named.conf">/etc/named.conf</primary>
208 </indexterm>
209
210 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
211 <primary sortas="e-etc-rndc.conf">/etc/rndc.conf</primary>
212 </indexterm>
213
214 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
215 <primary sortas="e-etc-resolv.conf">/etc/resolv.conf</primary>
216 </indexterm>
217
218 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
219 <primary
220 sortas="e-etc-namedb-root.hints">/etc/namedb/root.hints</primary>
221 </indexterm>
222
223 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
224 <primary
225 sortas="e-etc-namedb-pz-127.0.0.0">/etc/namedb/pz/127.0.0.0</primary>
226 </indexterm>
227 </sect3>
228
229 <sect3>
230 <title>Configuration Information</title>
231
232 <para><application>BIND</application> will be configured to run in a
233 <command>chroot</command> jail as an unprivileged user (<systemitem
234 class="username">named</systemitem>). This configuration is more secure
235 in that a DNS compromise can only affect a few files in the <systemitem
236 class="username">named</systemitem> user's <envar>HOME</envar>
237 directory.</para>
238
239 <para>Create the unprivileged user and group <systemitem
240 class="username">named</systemitem>:</para>
241
242<screen role="root"><userinput>groupadd -g 20 named &amp;&amp;
243useradd -c "BIND Owner" -g named -s /bin/false -u 20 named &amp;&amp;
244install -d -m770 -o named -g named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
245
246 <para>Set up some files, directories and devices needed by
247 <application>BIND</application>:</para>
248
249<screen role="root"><userinput>mkdir -p /srv/named &amp;&amp;
250cd /srv/named &amp;&amp;
251mkdir -p dev etc/namedb/{slave,pz} usr/lib/engines var/run/named &amp;&amp;
252mknod /srv/named/dev/null c 1 3 &amp;&amp;
253mknod /srv/named/dev/urandom c 1 9 &amp;&amp;
254chmod 666 /srv/named/dev/{null,urandom} &amp;&amp;
255cp /etc/localtime etc &amp;&amp;
256touch /srv/named/managed-keys.bind</userinput></screen>
257
258 <para>The <filename>rndc.conf</filename> file contains information for
259 controlling <command>named</command> operations with the
260 <command>rndc</command> utility. Generate a key for use in the <filename>named.conf</filename> and <filename>rdnc.conf</filename> with the
261 <command>rndc-confgen</command> command:</para>
262
263<screen role="root"><userinput>rndc-confgen -r /dev/urandom -b 512 > /etc/rndc.conf &amp;&amp;
264sed '/conf/d;/^#/!d;s:^# ::' /etc/rndc.conf > /srv/named/etc/named.conf</userinput></screen>
265
266 <para>Complete the <filename>named.conf</filename> file from which
267 <command>named</command> will read the location of zone files, root
268 name servers and secure DNS keys:</para>
269
270<screen role="root"><?dbfo keep-together="auto"?><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /srv/named/etc/named.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
271<literal>options {
272 directory "/etc/namedb";
273 pid-file "/var/run/named.pid";
274 statistics-file "/var/run/named.stats";
275
276};
277zone "." {
278 type hint;
279 file "root.hints";
280};
281zone "0.0.127.in-addr.arpa" {
282 type master;
283 file "pz/127.0.0";
284};
285
286// Bind 9 now logs by default through syslog (except debug).
287// These are the default logging rules.
288
289logging {
290 category default { default_syslog; default_debug; };
291 category unmatched { null; };
292
293 channel default_syslog {
294 syslog daemon; // send to syslog's daemon
295 // facility
296 severity info; // only send priority info
297 // and higher
298 };
299
300 channel default_debug {
301 file "named.run"; // write to named.run in
302 // the working directory
303 // Note: stderr is used instead
304 // of "named.run"
305 // if the server is started
306 // with the '-f' option.
307 severity dynamic; // log at the server's
308 // current debug level
309 };
310
311 channel default_stderr {
312 stderr; // writes to stderr
313 severity info; // only send priority info
314 // and higher
315 };
316
317 channel null {
318 null; // toss anything sent to
319 // this channel
320 };
321};</literal>
322EOF</userinput></screen>
323
324 <para>Create a zone file with the following contents:</para>
325
326<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/namedb/pz/127.0.0 &lt;&lt; "EOF"
327<literal>$TTL 3D
328@ IN SOA ns.local.domain. hostmaster.local.domain. (
329 1 ; Serial
330 8H ; Refresh
331 2H ; Retry
332 4W ; Expire
333 1D) ; Minimum TTL
334 NS ns.local.domain.
3351 PTR localhost.</literal>
336EOF</userinput></screen>
337
338 <para>Create the <filename>root.hints</filename> file with the following
339 commands:</para>
340
341 <note>
342 <para>Caution must be used to ensure there are no leading spaces in
343 this file.</para>
344 </note>
345
346<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/namedb/root.hints &lt;&lt; "EOF"
347<literal>. 6D IN NS A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
348. 6D IN NS B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
349. 6D IN NS C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
350. 6D IN NS D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
351. 6D IN NS E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
352. 6D IN NS F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
353. 6D IN NS G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
354. 6D IN NS H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
355. 6D IN NS I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
356. 6D IN NS J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
357. 6D IN NS K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
358. 6D IN NS L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
359. 6D IN NS M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
360A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.41.0.4
361A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:ba3e::2:30
362B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.228.79.201
363B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:200::b
364C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.33.4.12
365C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2::c
366D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.91.13
367D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2d::d
368E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.203.230.10
369E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:a8::e
370F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.5.5.241
371F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2f::f
372G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.112.36.4
373G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:12::d0d
374H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.97.190.53
375H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:1::53
376I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.36.148.17
377I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fe::53
378J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.58.128.30
379J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:c27::2:30
380K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 193.0.14.129
381K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fd::1
382L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.83.42
383L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:9f::42
384M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 202.12.27.33
385M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:dc3::35</literal>
386EOF</userinput></screen>
387
388 <para>The <filename>root.hints</filename> file is a list of root name
389 servers. This file must be updated periodically with the
390 <command>dig</command> utility. A current copy of root.hints can be
391 obtained from <ulink url="ftp://rs.internic.net/domain/named.root" />.
392 For details, consult the "BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual", included
393 in every source archive of BIND 9 distributed by ISC, in HTML and PDF
394 formats, also available at
395 <ulink url="ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/cur/&bind-minor-version;/doc/arm/Bv9ARM.html">
396 BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual</ulink>.</para>
397
398 <para>Create or modify <filename>resolv.conf</filename> to use the new
399 name server with the following commands:</para>
400
401 <note>
402 <para>Replace <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable> with
403 your own valid domain name.</para>
404 </note>
405
406<screen role="root"><userinput>cp /etc/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf.bak &amp;&amp;
407cat &gt; /etc/resolv.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
408<literal>search <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable>
409nameserver 127.0.0.1</literal>
410EOF</userinput></screen>
411
412 <para>Set permissions on the <command>chroot</command> jail with the
413 following command:</para>
414
415<screen role="root"><userinput>chown -R named:named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
416
417 </sect3>
418
419 <sect3 id="bind-init">
420 <title><phrase revision="sysv">Boot Script</phrase>
421 <phrase revision="systemd">Systemd Unit</phrase></title>
422
423 <para>To start the DNS server at boot, install the
424 <phrase revision="sysv"><filename>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind</filename> init
425 script</phrase>
426 <phrase revision="systemd"><filename>named.service</filename>
427 unit</phrase> included in the
428 <xref linkend="bootscripts" revision="sysv"/>
429 <xref linkend="systemd-units" revision="systemd"/> package.</para>
430
431 <indexterm zone="bind bind-init">
432 <primary sortas="f-bind">bind</primary>
433 </indexterm>
434
435<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>make install-bind</userinput></screen>
436<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>make install-named</userinput></screen>
437
438 <para>Now start <application>BIND</application> with
439 the following command:</para>
440
441<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind start</userinput></screen>
442<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>systemctl start named</userinput></screen>
443
444 </sect3>
445
446 <sect3>
447 <title>Testing BIND</title>
448
449 <para>Test out the new <application>BIND</application> 9 installation.
450 First query the local host address with <command>dig</command>:</para>
451
452<screen><userinput>dig -x 127.0.0.1</userinput></screen>
453
454 <para>Now try an external name lookup, taking note of the speed
455 difference in repeated lookups due to the caching. Run the
456 <command>dig</command> command twice on the same address:</para>
457
458<screen><userinput>dig www.&lfs-domainname; &amp;&amp;
459dig www.&lfs-domainname;</userinput></screen>
460
461 <para>You can see almost instantaneous results with the named caching
462 lookups. Consult the <application>BIND</application> Administrator
463 Reference Manual located at <filename>doc/arm/Bv9ARM.html</filename>
464 in the package source tree, for further configuration options.</para>
465
466 </sect3>
467
468 </sect2>
469
470 <sect2 role="content">
471 <title>Contents</title>
472
473 <segmentedlist>
474 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
475 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
476 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
477
478 <seglistitem>
479
480 <seg>arpaname, bind9-config hardlinked to isc-config.sh, ddns-confgen,
481 delv, dig, dnssec-dsfromkey,
482 dnssec-importkey, dnssec-keyfromlabel, dnssec-keygen, dnssec-revoke,
483 dnssec-settime, dnssec-signzone, dnssec-verify, genrandom, host,
484 isc-hmac-fixup, lwresd hardlinked to named, named-checkconf,
485 named-checkzone, named-compilezone (symlink), named-journalprint,
486 named-rrchecker, nsec3hash, nslookup, nsupdate, rndc, rndc-confgen,
487 and tsig-keygen (symlink)</seg>
488
489 <seg>libbind9.so, libdns.so, libirs.so, libisc.so, libisccc.so,
490 libisccfg.so, and liblwres.so</seg>
491
492 <seg>/usr/include/{bind9,dns,dst,irs,isc,isccc,isccfg,lwres,pk11,pkcs11},
493 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version; and /srv/named</seg>
494 </seglistitem>
495 </segmentedlist>
496
497 <variablelist>
498 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
499 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
500 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
501
502 <varlistentry id="arpaname">
503 <term><command>arpaname</command></term>
504 <listitem>
505 <para>
506 translates IP addresses to the corresponding ARPA names.
507 </para>
508 <indexterm zone="bind arpaname">
509 <primary sortas="b-arpaname">arpaname</primary>
510 </indexterm>
511 </listitem>
512 </varlistentry>
513
514 <varlistentry id="bind9-config">
515 <term><command>bind9-config</command></term>
516 <listitem>
517 <para>
518 is hardlinked to <command>isc-config.sh</command>.
519 </para>
520 <indexterm zone="bind bind9-config">
521 <primary sortas="b-bind9-config">bind9-config</primary>
522 </indexterm>
523 </listitem>
524 </varlistentry>
525
526 <varlistentry id="ddns-confgen">
527 <term><command>ddns-confgen</command></term>
528 <listitem>
529 <para>
530 generates a key for use by nsupdate and named.
531 </para>
532 <indexterm zone="bind ddns-confgen">
533 <primary sortas="b-ddns-confgen">ddns-confgen</primary>
534 </indexterm>
535 </listitem>
536 </varlistentry>
537
538 <varlistentry id="delv">
539 <term><command>delv</command></term>
540 <listitem>
541 <para>
542 is a new debugging tool that is a successor to
543 <command>dig</command>.
544 </para>
545 <indexterm zone="bind delv">
546 <primary sortas="b-delv">delv</primary>
547 </indexterm>
548 </listitem>
549 </varlistentry>
550
551 <varlistentry id="dig">
552 <term><command>dig</command></term>
553 <listitem>
554 <para>interrogates DNS servers.</para>
555 <indexterm zone="bind dig">
556 <primary sortas="b-dig">dig</primary>
557 </indexterm>
558 </listitem>
559 </varlistentry>
560<!--
561 <varlistentry id="dnssec-checkds">
562 <term><command>dnssec-checkds</command></term>
563 <listitem>
564 <para>
565 is a DNSSEC delegation consistency checking tool.
566 </para>
567 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-checkds">
568 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-checkds">dnssec-checkds</primary>
569 </indexterm>
570 </listitem>
571 </varlistentry>
572
573 <varlistentry id="dnssec-coverage">
574 <term><command>dnssec-coverage</command></term>
575 <listitem>
576 <para>
577 verifies that the DNSSEC keys for a given zone or a set of zones
578 have timing metadata set properly to ensure no future lapses
579 in DNSSEC coverage.
580 </para>
581 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-coverage">
582 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-coverage">dnssec-coverage</primary>
583 </indexterm>
584 </listitem>
585 </varlistentry>-->
586
587 <varlistentry id="dnssec-dsfromkey">
588 <term><command>dnssec-dsfromkey</command></term>
589 <listitem>
590 <para>
591 outputs the Delegation Signer (DS) resource record (RR).
592 </para>
593 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-dsfromkey">
594 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-dsfromkey">dnssec-dsfromkey</primary>
595 </indexterm>
596 </listitem>
597 </varlistentry>
598
599 <varlistentry id="dnssec-importkey">
600 <term><command>dnssec-importkey</command></term>
601 <listitem>
602 <para>
603 reads a public DNSKEY record and generates a pair of
604 .key/.private files.
605 </para>
606 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-importkey">
607 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-importkey">dnssec-importkey</primary>
608 </indexterm>
609 </listitem>
610 </varlistentry>
611
612 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keyfromlabel">
613 <term><command>dnssec-keyfromlabel</command></term>
614 <listitem>
615 <para>
616 gets keys with the given label from a crypto hardware and builds
617 key files for DNSSEC.
618 </para>
619 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keyfromlabel">
620 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keyfromlabel">dnssec-keyfromlabel</primary>
621 </indexterm>
622 </listitem>
623 </varlistentry>
624
625 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keygen">
626 <term><command>dnssec-keygen</command></term>
627 <listitem>
628 <para>is a key generator for secure DNS.</para>
629 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keygen">
630 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keygen">dnssec-keygen</primary>
631 </indexterm>
632 </listitem>
633 </varlistentry>
634
635 <varlistentry id="dnssec-revoke">
636 <term><command>dnssec-revoke</command></term>
637 <listitem>
638 <para>
639 sets the REVOKED bit on a DNSSEC key.
640 </para>
641 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-revoke">
642 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-revoke">dnssec-revoke</primary>
643 </indexterm>
644 </listitem>
645 </varlistentry>
646
647 <varlistentry id="dnssec-settime">
648 <term><command>dnssec-settime</command></term>
649 <listitem>
650 <para>
651 sets the key timing metadata for a DNSSEC key.
652 </para>
653 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-settime">
654 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-settime">dnssec-settime</primary>
655 </indexterm>
656 </listitem>
657 </varlistentry>
658
659 <varlistentry id="dnssec-signzone">
660 <term><command>dnssec-signzone</command></term>
661 <listitem>
662 <para>generates signed versions of zone files.</para>
663 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-signzone">
664 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-signzone">dnssec-signzone</primary>
665 </indexterm>
666 </listitem>
667 </varlistentry>
668
669 <varlistentry id="dnssec-verify">
670 <term><command>dnssec-verify</command></term>
671 <listitem>
672 <para>
673 verifies that a zone is fully signed for each algorithm found
674 in the DNSKEY RRset for the zone, and that the NSEC / NSEC3
675 chains are complete.
676 </para>
677 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-verify">
678 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-verify">dnssec-verify</primary>
679 </indexterm>
680 </listitem>
681 </varlistentry>
682
683 <varlistentry id="genrandom">
684 <term><command>genrandom</command></term>
685 <listitem>
686 <para>
687 generates a file containing random data.
688 </para>
689 <indexterm zone="bind genrandom">
690 <primary sortas="b-genrandom">genrandom</primary>
691 </indexterm>
692 </listitem>
693 </varlistentry>
694
695 <varlistentry id="host">
696 <term><command>host</command></term>
697 <listitem>
698 <para>is a utility for DNS lookups.</para>
699 <indexterm zone="bind host">
700 <primary sortas="b-host">host</primary>
701 </indexterm>
702 </listitem>
703 </varlistentry>
704
705 <varlistentry id="isc-config.sh">
706 <term><command>isc-config.sh</command></term>
707 <listitem>
708 <para>
709 prints information related to the installed version of ISC BIND.
710 </para>
711 <indexterm zone="bind isc-config.sh">
712 <primary sortas="b-isc-config.sh">isc-config.sh</primary>
713 </indexterm>
714 </listitem>
715 </varlistentry>
716
717 <varlistentry id="isc-hmac-fixup">
718 <term><command>isc-hmac-fixup</command></term>
719 <listitem>
720 <para>
721 fixes HMAC keys generated by older versions of BIND.
722 </para>
723 <indexterm zone="bind isc-hmac-fixup">
724 <primary sortas="b-isc-hmac-fixup">isc-hmac-fixup</primary>
725 </indexterm>
726 </listitem>
727 </varlistentry>
728
729 <varlistentry id="lwresd">
730 <term><command>lwresd</command></term>
731 <listitem>
732 <para>is a caching-only name server for local process use.</para>
733 <indexterm zone="bind lwresd">
734 <primary sortas="b-lwresd">lwresd</primary>
735 </indexterm>
736 </listitem>
737 </varlistentry>
738
739 <varlistentry id="named">
740 <term><command>named</command></term>
741 <listitem>
742 <para>is the name server daemon.</para>
743 <indexterm zone="bind named">
744 <primary sortas="b-named">named</primary>
745 </indexterm>
746 </listitem>
747 </varlistentry>
748
749 <varlistentry id="named-checkconf">
750 <term><command>named-checkconf</command></term>
751 <listitem>
752 <para>checks the syntax of <filename>named.conf</filename>
753 files.</para>
754 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkconf">
755 <primary sortas="b-named-checkconf">named-checkconf</primary>
756 </indexterm>
757 </listitem>
758 </varlistentry>
759
760 <varlistentry id="named-checkzone">
761 <term><command>named-checkzone</command></term>
762 <listitem>
763 <para>checks zone file validity.</para>
764 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkzone">
765 <primary sortas="b-named-checkzone">named-checkzone</primary>
766 </indexterm>
767 </listitem>
768 </varlistentry>
769
770 <varlistentry id="named-compilezone">
771 <term><command>named-compilezone</command></term>
772 <listitem>
773 <para>
774 is similar to <command>named-checkzone</command>, but it always
775 dumps the zone contents to a specified file in a specified format.
776 </para>
777 <indexterm zone="bind named-compilezone">
778 <primary sortas="b-named-compilezone">named-compilezone</primary>
779 </indexterm>
780 </listitem>
781 </varlistentry>
782
783 <varlistentry id="named-journalprint">
784 <term><command>named-journalprint</command></term>
785 <listitem>
786 <para>
787 prints the zone journal in human-readable form.
788 </para>
789 <indexterm zone="bind named-journalprint">
790 <primary sortas="b-named-journalprint">named-journalprint</primary>
791 </indexterm>
792 </listitem>
793 </varlistentry>
794
795 <varlistentry id="named-rrchecker">
796 <term><command>named-rrchecker</command></term>
797 <listitem>
798 <para>
799 reads an individual DNS resource record from standard input and
800 checks if it is syntactically correct.
801 </para>
802 <indexterm zone="bind named-rrchecker">
803 <primary sortas="b-named-rrchecker">named-rrchecker</primary>
804 </indexterm>
805 </listitem>
806 </varlistentry>
807
808 <varlistentry id="nsec3hash">
809 <term><command>nsec3hash</command></term>
810 <listitem>
811 <para>
812 generates an NSEC3 hash based on a set of NSEC3 parameters.
813 </para>
814 <indexterm zone="bind nsec3hash">
815 <primary sortas="b-nsec3hash">nsec3hash</primary>
816 </indexterm>
817 </listitem>
818 </varlistentry>
819
820 <varlistentry id="nslookup">
821 <term><command>nslookup</command></term>
822 <listitem>
823 <para>is a program used to query Internet domain nameservers.</para>
824 <indexterm zone="bind nslookup">
825 <primary sortas="b-nslookup">nslookup</primary>
826 </indexterm>
827 </listitem>
828 </varlistentry>
829
830 <varlistentry id="nsupdate">
831 <term><command>nsupdate</command></term>
832 <listitem>
833 <para>is used to submit DNS update requests.</para>
834 <indexterm zone="bind nsupdate">
835 <primary sortas="b-nsupdate">nsupdate</primary>
836 </indexterm>
837 </listitem>
838 </varlistentry>
839
840 <varlistentry id="rndc">
841 <term><command>rndc</command></term>
842 <listitem>
843 <para>controls the operation of <application>BIND</application>.</para>
844 <indexterm zone="bind rndc">
845 <primary sortas="b-rndc">rndc</primary>
846 </indexterm>
847 </listitem>
848 </varlistentry>
849
850 <varlistentry id="rndc-confgen">
851 <term><command>rndc-confgen</command></term>
852 <listitem>
853 <para>generates <filename>rndc.conf</filename> files.</para>
854 <indexterm zone="bind rndc-confgen">
855 <primary sortas="b-rndc-confgen">rndc-confgen</primary>
856 </indexterm>
857 </listitem>
858 </varlistentry>
859
860 <varlistentry id="tsig-keygen">
861 <term><command>tsig-keygen</command></term>
862 <listitem>
863 <para>
864 is a symlink to <command>ddns-confgen</command>.
865 </para>
866 <indexterm zone="bind tsig-keygen">
867 <primary sortas="b-tsig-keygen">tsig-keygen</primary>
868 </indexterm>
869 </listitem>
870 </varlistentry>
871
872 </variablelist>
873
874 </sect2>
875
876</sect1>
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