source: server/major/bind.xml@ 2b1bdc03

10.0 10.1 11.0 11.1 11.2 9.0 9.1 lazarus plabs/python-mods qt5new trunk upgradedb xry111/intltool xry111/soup3 xry111/test-20220226
Last change on this file since 2b1bdc03 was 2b1bdc03, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 4 years ago

Update to bind-9.14.2.
Update to cups-filters-1.22.6.
Update to libuv-v1.29.0.
Update to cbindgen-0.8.7.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@21599 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 32.9 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY bind-download-http " ">
8 <!ENTITY bind-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/&bind-version;/bind-&bind-version;.tar.gz">
9 <!ENTITY bind-md5sum "5293355175c995210e6af6c1a5a41a66">
10 <!ENTITY bind-size "6.0 MB">
11 <!ENTITY bind-buildsize "123 MB (24 MB installed; add 7 MB for tests)">
12 <!ENTITY bind-time "1.0 SBU (with parallelism=4; add 30+ minutes, processor independent, to run the complete test suite)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="bind" xreflabel="BIND-&bind-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="bind.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>BIND-&bind-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="bind">
26 <primary sortas="a-BIND">BIND</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to BIND</title>
31
32 <para>The <application>BIND</application> package provides a DNS server
33 and client utilities. If you are only interested in the utilities, refer
34 to the <xref linkend="bind-utils"/>.</para>
35
36 &lfs84_checked;
37
38 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
39 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
40 <listitem>
41 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-http;"/></para>
42 </listitem>
43 <listitem>
44 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-ftp;"/></para>
45 </listitem>
46 <listitem>
47 <para>Download MD5 sum: &bind-md5sum;</para>
48 </listitem>
49 <listitem>
50 <para>Download size: &bind-size;</para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>Estimated disk space required: &bind-buildsize;</para>
54 </listitem>
55 <listitem>
56 <para>Estimated build time: &bind-time;</para>
57 </listitem>
58 </itemizedlist>
59<!--
60 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
61 <itemizedlist spacing='compact'>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>Optional patch (if net-tools is not installed):
64 <ulink
65 url="&patch-root;/bind-&bind-version;-use_iproute2-1.patch"/></para>
66 </listitem>
67 </itemizedlist>
68-->
69 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">BIND Dependencies</bridgehead>
70
71 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
72 <para role="optional">
73 <xref linkend="libcap-pam"/>
74 </para>
75
76 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
77 <para role="optional">
78 <xref linkend="libidn2"/>,
79 <xref linkend="libxml2"/>,
80 <xref linkend="mitkrb"/>, and
81 <ulink url='https://github.com/cjheath/geoip'>geoip</ulink>
82 </para>
83
84 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional database backends</bridgehead>
85 <para role="optional">
86 <xref linkend="db"/>,
87 <xref linkend="mariadb"/> or <ulink url="http://www.mysql.com/">MySQL</ulink>,
88 <xref linkend="openldap"/>,
89 <xref linkend="postgresql"/>, and
90 <xref linkend="unixodbc"/>
91 </para>
92
93 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to run the test suite)</bridgehead>
94 <para role="optional">
95 <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/>
96<!-- and
97 <xref linkend="net-tools"/> (you may omit net-tools by using the optional
98 patch to utilize iproute2, but the IPv6 tests will fail)
99-->
100 </para>
101
102 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to rebuild the documentation)</bridgehead>
103 <para role="optional">
104 <xref linkend="doxygen"/>,
105 <xref linkend="libxslt"/>, and
106 <xref linkend="texlive"/> (or <xref linkend="tl-installer"/>)
107 </para>
108
109 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
110 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/bind"/></para>
111
112 </sect2>
113
114 <sect2 role="installation">
115 <title>Installation of BIND</title>
116<!--
117 <para>If you have chosen not to install net-tools, apply the iproute2
118 patch with the following command:</para>
119
120<screen><userinput>patch -Np1 -i ../bind-&bind-version;-use_iproute2-1.patch</userinput></screen>
121-->
122
123 <para>To ensure <application>BIND</application> will build dnssec-keymgr,
124 install a python module as the <systemitem
125 class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
126
127<screen><userinput>pip3 install ply</userinput></screen>
128
129 <para>Install <application>BIND</application> by running the
130 following commands:</para>
131
132<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
133 --sysconfdir=/etc \
134 --localstatedir=/var \
135 --mandir=/usr/share/man \
136 --enable-threads \
137 --with-libtool \
138 --disable-static &amp;&amp;
139make</userinput></screen>
140
141 <para>Issue the following commands to run the complete suite of tests.
142 First, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user, set up
143 some test interfaces:</para>
144
145 <note><para>If IPv6 is not enabled in the kernel, there will be several
146 error messages: "RTNETLINK answers: Operation not permitted". These
147 messages do not affect the tests.</para></note>
148
149<screen role="root"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh up</userinput></screen>
150
151 <para>The test suite may indicate some skipped tests depending on
152 what configuration options are used. Some tests are marked <quote>UNTESTED
153 </quote> if <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/> is not installed.
154 To run the tests, as an unprivileged user, execute:</para>
155
156<screen><userinput>make -k check</userinput></screen>
157
158 <para>Again as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, clean up the
159 test interfaces:</para>
160
161<screen role="root"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh down</userinput></screen>
162
163 <para>Finally, install the package as the <systemitem
164 class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
165
166<screen role="root"><userinput>make install &amp;&amp;
167
168install -v -m755 -d /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/arm &amp;&amp;
169install -v -m644 doc/arm/*.html \
170 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/arm</userinput></screen>
171 </sect2>
172
173<!-- Documentation is an issue - make doc fails - some docbook problem
174install -v -m644 doc/misc/{dnssec,ipv6,migrat*,options,rfc-compliance,roadmap,sdb} \
175 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/misc</userinput></screen>
176-->
177
178 <sect2 role="commands">
179 <title>Command Explanations</title>
180
181 <para><parameter>--sysconfdir=/etc</parameter>: This parameter forces
182 <application>BIND</application> to look for configuration
183 files in <filename class='directory'>/etc</filename> instead of
184 <filename class='directory'>/usr/etc</filename>.</para>
185
186 <para><parameter>--enable-threads</parameter>: This parameter enables
187 multi-threading capability.</para>
188
189 <para><parameter>--with-libtool</parameter>: This parameter forces the
190 building of dynamic libraries and links the installed binaries to these
191 libraries.</para>
192
193 <para><parameter>--with-libidn2</parameter>: This parameter enables
194 the IDNA2008 (Internationalized Domain Names in Applications)
195 support.</para>
196
197<!-- no longer available
198 <para><parameter>- -with-randomdev=/dev/urandom</parameter>: This parameter
199 specifes a non-blocking random device for use with digital signatures.</para>
200-->
201 <para><option>--enable-fetchlimit</option>: Use this option if you want
202 to be able to limit the rate of recursive client queries. This may be
203 useful on servers which receive a large number of queries.</para>
204
205 <para><option>--disable-linux-caps</option>BIND can also be built without
206 capability support by using this option, at the cost of some loss of
207 security.</para>
208
209 <para><option>--with-dlz-{mysql,bdb,filesystem,ldap,odbc,stub}</option>: Use
210 one (or more) of those options to add Dynamically Loadable Zones support.
211 For more information refer to
212 <ulink url="http://bind-dlz.sourceforge.net/">bind-dlz.sourceforge.net</ulink>.
213 </para>
214
215 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
216 href="../../xincludes/static-libraries.xml"/>
217
218 <para><command>cd doc; install ...</command>: These commands install
219 additional package documentation. Omit any or all of these commands if
220 desired.</para>
221 </sect2>
222
223 <sect2 role="configuration">
224 <title>Configuring BIND</title>
225
226 <sect3 id="bind-config">
227 <title>Config files</title>
228
229 <para><filename>named.conf</filename>,
230 <filename>root.hints</filename>,
231 <filename>127.0.0</filename>,
232 <filename>rndc.conf</filename> and
233 <filename>resolv.conf</filename></para>
234
235 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
236 <primary sortas="e-etc-named.conf">/etc/named.conf</primary>
237 </indexterm>
238
239 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
240 <primary sortas="e-etc-rndc.conf">/etc/rndc.conf</primary>
241 </indexterm>
242
243 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
244 <primary sortas="e-etc-resolv.conf">/etc/resolv.conf</primary>
245 </indexterm>
246
247 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
248 <primary
249 sortas="e-etc-namedb-root.hints">/etc/namedb/root.hints</primary>
250 </indexterm>
251
252 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
253 <primary
254 sortas="e-etc-namedb-pz-127.0.0.0">/etc/namedb/pz/127.0.0.0</primary>
255 </indexterm>
256 </sect3>
257
258 <sect3>
259 <title>Configuration Information</title>
260
261 <para><application>BIND</application> will be configured to run in a
262 <command>chroot</command> jail as an unprivileged user (<systemitem
263 class="username">named</systemitem>). This configuration is more secure
264 in that a DNS compromise can only affect a few files in the <systemitem
265 class="username">named</systemitem> user's <envar>HOME</envar>
266 directory.</para>
267
268 <para>Create the unprivileged user and group <systemitem
269 class="username">named</systemitem>:</para>
270
271<screen role="root"><userinput>groupadd -g 20 named &amp;&amp;
272useradd -c "BIND Owner" -g named -s /bin/false -u 20 named &amp;&amp;
273install -d -m770 -o named -g named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
274
275 <para>Set up some files, directories and devices needed by
276 <application>BIND</application>:</para>
277
278<screen role="root"><userinput>mkdir -p /srv/named &amp;&amp;
279cd /srv/named &amp;&amp;
280mkdir -p dev etc/namedb/{slave,pz} usr/lib/engines var/run/named &amp;&amp;
281mknod /srv/named/dev/null c 1 3 &amp;&amp;
282mknod /srv/named/dev/urandom c 1 9 &amp;&amp;
283chmod 666 /srv/named/dev/{null,urandom} &amp;&amp;
284cp /etc/localtime etc &amp;&amp;
285touch /srv/named/managed-keys.bind</userinput></screen>
286
287 <para>The <filename>rndc.conf</filename> file contains information for
288 controlling <command>named</command> operations with the
289 <command>rndc</command> utility. Generate a key for use in the <filename>named.conf</filename> and <filename>rdnc.conf</filename> with the
290 <command>rndc-confgen</command> command:</para>
291
292<screen role="root"><userinput>rndc-confgen -r /dev/urandom -b 512 > /etc/rndc.conf &amp;&amp;
293sed '/conf/d;/^#/!d;s:^# ::' /etc/rndc.conf > /srv/named/etc/named.conf</userinput></screen>
294
295 <para>Complete the <filename>named.conf</filename> file from which
296 <command>named</command> will read the location of zone files, root
297 name servers and secure DNS keys:</para>
298
299<screen role="root"><?dbfo keep-together="auto"?><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /srv/named/etc/named.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
300<literal>options {
301 directory "/etc/namedb";
302 pid-file "/var/run/named.pid";
303 statistics-file "/var/run/named.stats";
304
305};
306zone "." {
307 type hint;
308 file "root.hints";
309};
310zone "0.0.127.in-addr.arpa" {
311 type master;
312 file "pz/127.0.0";
313};
314
315// Bind 9 now logs by default through syslog (except debug).
316// These are the default logging rules.
317
318logging {
319 category default { default_syslog; default_debug; };
320 category unmatched { null; };
321
322 channel default_syslog {
323 syslog daemon; // send to syslog's daemon
324 // facility
325 severity info; // only send priority info
326 // and higher
327 };
328
329 channel default_debug {
330 file "named.run"; // write to named.run in
331 // the working directory
332 // Note: stderr is used instead
333 // of "named.run"
334 // if the server is started
335 // with the '-f' option.
336 severity dynamic; // log at the server's
337 // current debug level
338 };
339
340 channel default_stderr {
341 stderr; // writes to stderr
342 severity info; // only send priority info
343 // and higher
344 };
345
346 channel null {
347 null; // toss anything sent to
348 // this channel
349 };
350};</literal>
351EOF</userinput></screen>
352
353 <para>Create a zone file with the following contents:</para>
354
355<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/namedb/pz/127.0.0 &lt;&lt; "EOF"
356<literal>$TTL 3D
357@ IN SOA ns.local.domain. hostmaster.local.domain. (
358 1 ; Serial
359 8H ; Refresh
360 2H ; Retry
361 4W ; Expire
362 1D) ; Minimum TTL
363 NS ns.local.domain.
3641 PTR localhost.</literal>
365EOF</userinput></screen>
366
367 <para>Create the <filename>root.hints</filename> file with the following
368 commands:</para>
369
370 <note>
371 <para>Caution must be used to ensure there are no leading spaces in
372 this file.</para>
373 </note>
374
375<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/namedb/root.hints &lt;&lt; "EOF"
376<literal>. 6D IN NS A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
377. 6D IN NS B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
378. 6D IN NS C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
379. 6D IN NS D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
380. 6D IN NS E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
381. 6D IN NS F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
382. 6D IN NS G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
383. 6D IN NS H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
384. 6D IN NS I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
385. 6D IN NS J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
386. 6D IN NS K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
387. 6D IN NS L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
388. 6D IN NS M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
389A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.41.0.4
390A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:ba3e::2:30
391B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.228.79.201
392B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:200::b
393C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.33.4.12
394C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2::c
395D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.91.13
396D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2d::d
397E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.203.230.10
398E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:a8::e
399F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.5.5.241
400F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2f::f
401G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.112.36.4
402G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:12::d0d
403H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.97.190.53
404H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:1::53
405I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.36.148.17
406I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fe::53
407J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.58.128.30
408J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:c27::2:30
409K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 193.0.14.129
410K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fd::1
411L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.83.42
412L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:9f::42
413M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 202.12.27.33
414M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:dc3::35</literal>
415EOF</userinput></screen>
416
417 <para>The <filename>root.hints</filename> file is a list of root name
418 servers. This file must be updated periodically with the
419 <command>dig</command> utility. A current copy of root.hints can be
420 obtained from <ulink url="ftp://rs.internic.net/domain/named.root" />.
421 For details, consult the "BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual", included
422 in every source archive of BIND 9 distributed by ISC, in HTML and PDF
423 formats, also available at
424 <ulink url="ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/cur/&bind-minor-version;/doc/arm/Bv9ARM.html">
425 BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual</ulink>.</para>
426
427 <para>Create or modify <filename>resolv.conf</filename> to use the new
428 name server with the following commands:</para>
429
430 <note>
431 <para>Replace <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable> with
432 your own valid domain name.</para>
433 </note>
434
435<screen role="root"><userinput>cp /etc/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf.bak &amp;&amp;
436cat &gt; /etc/resolv.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
437<literal>search <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable>
438nameserver 127.0.0.1</literal>
439EOF</userinput></screen>
440
441 <para>Set permissions on the <command>chroot</command> jail with the
442 following command:</para>
443
444<screen role="root"><userinput>chown -R named:named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
445
446 </sect3>
447
448 <sect3 id="bind-init">
449 <title><phrase revision="sysv">Boot Script</phrase>
450 <phrase revision="systemd">Systemd Unit</phrase></title>
451
452 <para>To start the DNS server at boot, install the
453 <phrase revision="sysv"><filename>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind</filename> init
454 script</phrase>
455 <phrase revision="systemd"><filename>named.service</filename>
456 unit</phrase> included in the
457 <xref linkend="bootscripts" revision="sysv"/>
458 <xref linkend="systemd-units" revision="systemd"/> package.</para>
459
460 <indexterm zone="bind bind-init">
461 <primary sortas="f-bind">bind</primary>
462 </indexterm>
463
464<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>make install-bind</userinput></screen>
465<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>make install-named</userinput></screen>
466
467 <para>Now start <application>BIND</application> with
468 the following command:</para>
469
470<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind start</userinput></screen>
471<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>systemctl start named</userinput></screen>
472
473 </sect3>
474
475 <sect3>
476 <title>Testing BIND</title>
477
478 <para>Test out the new <application>BIND</application> 9 installation.
479 First query the local host address with <command>dig</command>:</para>
480
481<screen><userinput>dig -x 127.0.0.1</userinput></screen>
482
483 <para>Now try an external name lookup, taking note of the speed
484 difference in repeated lookups due to the caching. Run the
485 <command>dig</command> command twice on the same address:</para>
486
487<screen><userinput>dig www.&lfs-domainname; &amp;&amp;
488dig www.&lfs-domainname;</userinput></screen>
489
490 <para>You can see almost instantaneous results with the named caching
491 lookups. Consult the <application>BIND</application> Administrator
492 Reference Manual located at <filename>doc/arm/Bv9ARM.html</filename>
493 in the package source tree, for further configuration options.</para>
494
495 </sect3>
496
497 </sect2>
498
499 <sect2 role="content">
500 <title>Contents</title>
501
502 <segmentedlist>
503 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
504 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
505 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
506
507 <seglistitem>
508
509 <seg>arpaname, bind9-config hardlinked to isc-config.sh, ddns-confgen,
510 delv, dig, dnssec-dsfromkey,
511 dnssec-importkey, dnssec-keyfromlabel, dnssec-keygen, dnssec-revoke,
512 dnssec-settime, dnssec-signzone, dnssec-verify, genrandom, host,
513 isc-hmac-fixup, lwresd hardlinked to named, named-checkconf,
514 named-checkzone, named-compilezone (symlink), named-journalprint,
515 named-rrchecker, nsec3hash, nslookup, nsupdate, rndc, rndc-confgen,
516 and tsig-keygen (symlink)</seg>
517
518 <seg>libbind9.so, libdns.so, libirs.so, libisc.so, libisccc.so,
519 libisccfg.so, and liblwres.so</seg>
520
521 <seg>/usr/include/{bind9,dns,dst,irs,isc,isccc,isccfg,lwres,pk11,pkcs11},
522 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version; and /srv/named</seg>
523 </seglistitem>
524 </segmentedlist>
525
526 <variablelist>
527 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
528 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
529 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
530
531 <varlistentry id="arpaname">
532 <term><command>arpaname</command></term>
533 <listitem>
534 <para>
535 translates IP addresses to the corresponding ARPA names.
536 </para>
537 <indexterm zone="bind arpaname">
538 <primary sortas="b-arpaname">arpaname</primary>
539 </indexterm>
540 </listitem>
541 </varlistentry>
542
543 <varlistentry id="bind9-config">
544 <term><command>bind9-config</command></term>
545 <listitem>
546 <para>
547 is hardlinked to <command>isc-config.sh</command>.
548 </para>
549 <indexterm zone="bind bind9-config">
550 <primary sortas="b-bind9-config">bind9-config</primary>
551 </indexterm>
552 </listitem>
553 </varlistentry>
554
555 <varlistentry id="ddns-confgen">
556 <term><command>ddns-confgen</command></term>
557 <listitem>
558 <para>
559 generates a key for use by nsupdate and named.
560 </para>
561 <indexterm zone="bind ddns-confgen">
562 <primary sortas="b-ddns-confgen">ddns-confgen</primary>
563 </indexterm>
564 </listitem>
565 </varlistentry>
566
567 <varlistentry id="delv">
568 <term><command>delv</command></term>
569 <listitem>
570 <para>
571 is a new debugging tool that is a successor to
572 <command>dig</command>.
573 </para>
574 <indexterm zone="bind delv">
575 <primary sortas="b-delv">delv</primary>
576 </indexterm>
577 </listitem>
578 </varlistentry>
579
580 <varlistentry id="dig">
581 <term><command>dig</command></term>
582 <listitem>
583 <para>interrogates DNS servers.</para>
584 <indexterm zone="bind dig">
585 <primary sortas="b-dig">dig</primary>
586 </indexterm>
587 </listitem>
588 </varlistentry>
589<!--
590 <varlistentry id="dnssec-checkds">
591 <term><command>dnssec-checkds</command></term>
592 <listitem>
593 <para>
594 is a DNSSEC delegation consistency checking tool.
595 </para>
596 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-checkds">
597 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-checkds">dnssec-checkds</primary>
598 </indexterm>
599 </listitem>
600 </varlistentry>
601
602 <varlistentry id="dnssec-coverage">
603 <term><command>dnssec-coverage</command></term>
604 <listitem>
605 <para>
606 verifies that the DNSSEC keys for a given zone or a set of zones
607 have timing metadata set properly to ensure no future lapses
608 in DNSSEC coverage.
609 </para>
610 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-coverage">
611 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-coverage">dnssec-coverage</primary>
612 </indexterm>
613 </listitem>
614 </varlistentry>-->
615
616 <varlistentry id="dnssec-dsfromkey">
617 <term><command>dnssec-dsfromkey</command></term>
618 <listitem>
619 <para>
620 outputs the Delegation Signer (DS) resource record (RR).
621 </para>
622 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-dsfromkey">
623 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-dsfromkey">dnssec-dsfromkey</primary>
624 </indexterm>
625 </listitem>
626 </varlistentry>
627
628 <varlistentry id="dnssec-importkey">
629 <term><command>dnssec-importkey</command></term>
630 <listitem>
631 <para>
632 reads a public DNSKEY record and generates a pair of
633 .key/.private files.
634 </para>
635 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-importkey">
636 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-importkey">dnssec-importkey</primary>
637 </indexterm>
638 </listitem>
639 </varlistentry>
640
641 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keyfromlabel">
642 <term><command>dnssec-keyfromlabel</command></term>
643 <listitem>
644 <para>
645 gets keys with the given label from a crypto hardware and builds
646 key files for DNSSEC.
647 </para>
648 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keyfromlabel">
649 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keyfromlabel">dnssec-keyfromlabel</primary>
650 </indexterm>
651 </listitem>
652 </varlistentry>
653
654 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keygen">
655 <term><command>dnssec-keygen</command></term>
656 <listitem>
657 <para>is a key generator for secure DNS.</para>
658 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keygen">
659 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keygen">dnssec-keygen</primary>
660 </indexterm>
661 </listitem>
662 </varlistentry>
663
664 <varlistentry id="dnssec-revoke">
665 <term><command>dnssec-revoke</command></term>
666 <listitem>
667 <para>
668 sets the REVOKED bit on a DNSSEC key.
669 </para>
670 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-revoke">
671 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-revoke">dnssec-revoke</primary>
672 </indexterm>
673 </listitem>
674 </varlistentry>
675
676 <varlistentry id="dnssec-settime">
677 <term><command>dnssec-settime</command></term>
678 <listitem>
679 <para>
680 sets the key timing metadata for a DNSSEC key.
681 </para>
682 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-settime">
683 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-settime">dnssec-settime</primary>
684 </indexterm>
685 </listitem>
686 </varlistentry>
687
688 <varlistentry id="dnssec-signzone">
689 <term><command>dnssec-signzone</command></term>
690 <listitem>
691 <para>generates signed versions of zone files.</para>
692 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-signzone">
693 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-signzone">dnssec-signzone</primary>
694 </indexterm>
695 </listitem>
696 </varlistentry>
697
698 <varlistentry id="dnssec-verify">
699 <term><command>dnssec-verify</command></term>
700 <listitem>
701 <para>
702 verifies that a zone is fully signed for each algorithm found
703 in the DNSKEY RRset for the zone, and that the NSEC / NSEC3
704 chains are complete.
705 </para>
706 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-verify">
707 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-verify">dnssec-verify</primary>
708 </indexterm>
709 </listitem>
710 </varlistentry>
711
712 <varlistentry id="genrandom">
713 <term><command>genrandom</command></term>
714 <listitem>
715 <para>
716 generates a file containing random data.
717 </para>
718 <indexterm zone="bind genrandom">
719 <primary sortas="b-genrandom">genrandom</primary>
720 </indexterm>
721 </listitem>
722 </varlistentry>
723
724 <varlistentry id="host">
725 <term><command>host</command></term>
726 <listitem>
727 <para>is a utility for DNS lookups.</para>
728 <indexterm zone="bind host">
729 <primary sortas="b-host">host</primary>
730 </indexterm>
731 </listitem>
732 </varlistentry>
733
734 <varlistentry id="isc-config.sh">
735 <term><command>isc-config.sh</command></term>
736 <listitem>
737 <para>
738 prints information related to the installed version of ISC BIND.
739 </para>
740 <indexterm zone="bind isc-config.sh">
741 <primary sortas="b-isc-config.sh">isc-config.sh</primary>
742 </indexterm>
743 </listitem>
744 </varlistentry>
745
746 <varlistentry id="isc-hmac-fixup">
747 <term><command>isc-hmac-fixup</command></term>
748 <listitem>
749 <para>
750 fixes HMAC keys generated by older versions of BIND.
751 </para>
752 <indexterm zone="bind isc-hmac-fixup">
753 <primary sortas="b-isc-hmac-fixup">isc-hmac-fixup</primary>
754 </indexterm>
755 </listitem>
756 </varlistentry>
757
758 <varlistentry id="lwresd">
759 <term><command>lwresd</command></term>
760 <listitem>
761 <para>is a caching-only name server for local process use.</para>
762 <indexterm zone="bind lwresd">
763 <primary sortas="b-lwresd">lwresd</primary>
764 </indexterm>
765 </listitem>
766 </varlistentry>
767
768 <varlistentry id="named">
769 <term><command>named</command></term>
770 <listitem>
771 <para>is the name server daemon.</para>
772 <indexterm zone="bind named">
773 <primary sortas="b-named">named</primary>
774 </indexterm>
775 </listitem>
776 </varlistentry>
777
778 <varlistentry id="named-checkconf">
779 <term><command>named-checkconf</command></term>
780 <listitem>
781 <para>checks the syntax of <filename>named.conf</filename>
782 files.</para>
783 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkconf">
784 <primary sortas="b-named-checkconf">named-checkconf</primary>
785 </indexterm>
786 </listitem>
787 </varlistentry>
788
789 <varlistentry id="named-checkzone">
790 <term><command>named-checkzone</command></term>
791 <listitem>
792 <para>checks zone file validity.</para>
793 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkzone">
794 <primary sortas="b-named-checkzone">named-checkzone</primary>
795 </indexterm>
796 </listitem>
797 </varlistentry>
798
799 <varlistentry id="named-compilezone">
800 <term><command>named-compilezone</command></term>
801 <listitem>
802 <para>
803 is similar to <command>named-checkzone</command>, but it always
804 dumps the zone contents to a specified file in a specified format.
805 </para>
806 <indexterm zone="bind named-compilezone">
807 <primary sortas="b-named-compilezone">named-compilezone</primary>
808 </indexterm>
809 </listitem>
810 </varlistentry>
811
812 <varlistentry id="named-journalprint">
813 <term><command>named-journalprint</command></term>
814 <listitem>
815 <para>
816 prints the zone journal in human-readable form.
817 </para>
818 <indexterm zone="bind named-journalprint">
819 <primary sortas="b-named-journalprint">named-journalprint</primary>
820 </indexterm>
821 </listitem>
822 </varlistentry>
823
824 <varlistentry id="named-rrchecker">
825 <term><command>named-rrchecker</command></term>
826 <listitem>
827 <para>
828 reads an individual DNS resource record from standard input and
829 checks if it is syntactically correct.
830 </para>
831 <indexterm zone="bind named-rrchecker">
832 <primary sortas="b-named-rrchecker">named-rrchecker</primary>
833 </indexterm>
834 </listitem>
835 </varlistentry>
836
837 <varlistentry id="nsec3hash">
838 <term><command>nsec3hash</command></term>
839 <listitem>
840 <para>
841 generates an NSEC3 hash based on a set of NSEC3 parameters.
842 </para>
843 <indexterm zone="bind nsec3hash">
844 <primary sortas="b-nsec3hash">nsec3hash</primary>
845 </indexterm>
846 </listitem>
847 </varlistentry>
848
849 <varlistentry id="nslookup">
850 <term><command>nslookup</command></term>
851 <listitem>
852 <para>is a program used to query Internet domain nameservers.</para>
853 <indexterm zone="bind nslookup">
854 <primary sortas="b-nslookup">nslookup</primary>
855 </indexterm>
856 </listitem>
857 </varlistentry>
858
859 <varlistentry id="nsupdate">
860 <term><command>nsupdate</command></term>
861 <listitem>
862 <para>is used to submit DNS update requests.</para>
863 <indexterm zone="bind nsupdate">
864 <primary sortas="b-nsupdate">nsupdate</primary>
865 </indexterm>
866 </listitem>
867 </varlistentry>
868
869 <varlistentry id="rndc">
870 <term><command>rndc</command></term>
871 <listitem>
872 <para>controls the operation of <application>BIND</application>.</para>
873 <indexterm zone="bind rndc">
874 <primary sortas="b-rndc">rndc</primary>
875 </indexterm>
876 </listitem>
877 </varlistentry>
878
879 <varlistentry id="rndc-confgen">
880 <term><command>rndc-confgen</command></term>
881 <listitem>
882 <para>generates <filename>rndc.conf</filename> files.</para>
883 <indexterm zone="bind rndc-confgen">
884 <primary sortas="b-rndc-confgen">rndc-confgen</primary>
885 </indexterm>
886 </listitem>
887 </varlistentry>
888
889 <varlistentry id="tsig-keygen">
890 <term><command>tsig-keygen</command></term>
891 <listitem>
892 <para>
893 is a symlink to <command>ddns-confgen</command>.
894 </para>
895 <indexterm zone="bind tsig-keygen">
896 <primary sortas="b-tsig-keygen">tsig-keygen</primary>
897 </indexterm>
898 </listitem>
899 </varlistentry>
900
901 </variablelist>
902
903 </sect2>
904
905</sect1>
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