source: server/major/bind.xml@ 443b085

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Last change on this file since 443b085 was 443b085, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 6 years ago

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY bind-download-http " ">
8 <!ENTITY bind-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/&bind-version;/bind-&bind-version;.tar.gz">
9 <!ENTITY bind-md5sum "311787a0a69345a1f1cf7869b0266bf0">
10 <!ENTITY bind-size "9.2 MB">
11 <!ENTITY bind-buildsize "141 MB (additional 9 MB for the test suite)">
12 <!ENTITY bind-time "0.9 SBU (additional 32+ minutes, processor independent, to run the complete test suite)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="bind" xreflabel="BIND-&bind-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="bind.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>BIND-&bind-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="bind">
26 <primary sortas="a-BIND">BIND</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to BIND</title>
31
32 <para>The <application>BIND</application> package provides a DNS server
33 and client utilities. If you are only interested in the utilities, refer
34 to the <xref linkend="bind-utils"/>.</para>
35
36 &lfs80_checked;
37
38 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
39 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
40 <listitem>
41 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-http;"/></para>
42 </listitem>
43 <listitem>
44 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-ftp;"/></para>
45 </listitem>
46 <listitem>
47 <para>Download MD5 sum: &bind-md5sum;</para>
48 </listitem>
49 <listitem>
50 <para>Download size: &bind-size;</para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>Estimated disk space required: &bind-buildsize;</para>
54 </listitem>
55 <listitem>
56 <para>Estimated build time: &bind-time;</para>
57 </listitem>
58 </itemizedlist>
59
60 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
61 <itemizedlist spacing='compact'>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>Optional patch (if net-tools is not installed):
64 <ulink
65 url="&patch-root;/bind-&bind-version;-use_iproute2-1.patch"/></para>
66 </listitem>
67 </itemizedlist>
68
69 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">BIND Dependencies</bridgehead>
70
71 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
72 <para role="optional">
73 <xref linkend="libcap-pam"/>,
74 <xref linkend="libxml2"/>,
75 <xref linkend="mitkrb"/>,
76 <xref linkend="openssl"/>, and
77 <ulink url='https://github.com/cjheath/geoip'>geoip</ulink>
78 </para>
79
80 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional database backends</bridgehead>
81 <para role="optional">
82 <xref linkend="db"/>,
83 <xref linkend="mariadb"/> or <ulink url="http://www.mysql.com/">MySQL</ulink>,
84 <xref linkend="openldap"/>,
85 <xref linkend="postgresql"/>, and
86 <xref linkend="unixodbc"/>
87 </para>
88
89 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to run the test suite)</bridgehead>
90 <para role="optional">
91 <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/> and
92 <xref linkend="net-tools"/> (you may omit net-tools by using the optional
93 patch to utilize iproute2, but the IPv6 tests will fail)
94 </para>
95
96 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to rebuild the documentation)</bridgehead>
97 <para role="optional">
98 <xref linkend="doxygen"/>,
99 <xref linkend="libxslt"/>, and
100 <xref linkend="texlive"/> (or <xref linkend="tl-installer"/>)
101 </para>
102
103 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
104 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/bind"/></para>
105
106 </sect2>
107
108 <sect2 role="installation">
109 <title>Installation of BIND</title>
110
111 <para>If you have chosen not to install net-tools, apply the iproute2
112 patch with the following command:</para>
113
114<screen><userinput>patch -Np1 -i ../bind-&bind-version;-use_iproute2-1.patch</userinput></screen>
115
116 <para>Install <application>BIND</application> by running the
117 following commands:</para>
118
119<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
120 --sysconfdir=/etc \
121 --localstatedir=/var \
122 --mandir=/usr/share/man \
123 --enable-threads \
124 --with-libtool \
125 --disable-static \
126 --with-randomdev=/dev/urandom &amp;&amp;
127make</userinput></screen>
128
129 <para>Issue the following commands to run the complete suite of tests.
130 First, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user, set up
131 some test interfaces:</para>
132
133 <note><para>If IPv6 is not enabled in the kernel, there will be several
134 error messages: "RTNETLINK answers: Operation not permitted". These
135 messages do not afffect the tests.</para></note>
136
137<screen role="root"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh up</userinput></screen>
138
139 <para>The test suite may indicate some skipped tests depending on
140 what configuration options are used. Some tests are marked <quote>UNTESTED
141 </quote> if <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/> is not installed.
142 To run the tests, as an unprivileged user, execute:</para>
143
144<screen><userinput>make -k check</userinput></screen>
145
146 <para>Again as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, clean up the
147 test interfaces:</para>
148
149<screen role="root"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh down</userinput></screen>
150
151 <para>Finally, install the package as the <systemitem
152 class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
153
154<screen role="root"><userinput>make install &amp;&amp;
155
156install -v -m755 -d /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/{arm,misc} &amp;&amp;
157install -v -m644 doc/arm/*.html \
158 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/arm &amp;&amp;
159install -v -m644 doc/misc/{dnssec,ipv6,migrat*,options,rfc-compliance,roadmap,sdb} \
160 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/misc</userinput></screen>
161 </sect2>
162
163 <sect2 role="commands">
164 <title>Command Explanations</title>
165
166 <para><parameter>--sysconfdir=/etc</parameter>: This parameter forces
167 <application>BIND</application> to look for configuration
168 files in <filename class='directory'>/etc</filename> instead of
169 <filename class='directory'>/usr/etc</filename>.</para>
170
171 <para><parameter>--enable-threads</parameter>: This parameter enables
172 multi-threading capability.</para>
173
174 <para><parameter>--with-libtool</parameter>: This parameter forces the
175 building of dynamic libraries and links the installed binaries to these
176 libraries.</para>
177
178 <para><parameter>--with-randomdev=/dev/urandom</parameter>: This parameter
179 specifes a non-blocking random device for use with digital signatures.</para>
180
181 <para><option>--enable-fetchlimit</option>: Use this option if you want
182 to be able to limit the rate of recursive client queries. This may be
183 useful on servers which receive a large number of queries.</para>
184
185 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
186 href="../../xincludes/static-libraries.xml"/>
187
188 <para><command>cd doc; install ...</command>: These commands install
189 additional package documentation. Omit any or all of these commands if
190 desired.</para>
191 </sect2>
192
193 <sect2 role="configuration">
194 <title>Configuring BIND</title>
195
196 <sect3 id="bind-config">
197 <title>Config files</title>
198
199 <para><filename>named.conf</filename>,
200 <filename>root.hints</filename>,
201 <filename>127.0.0</filename>,
202 <filename>rndc.conf</filename> and
203 <filename>resolv.conf</filename></para>
204
205 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
206 <primary sortas="e-etc-named.conf">/etc/named.conf</primary>
207 </indexterm>
208
209 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
210 <primary sortas="e-etc-rndc.conf">/etc/rndc.conf</primary>
211 </indexterm>
212
213 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
214 <primary sortas="e-etc-resolv.conf">/etc/resolv.conf</primary>
215 </indexterm>
216
217 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
218 <primary
219 sortas="e-etc-namedb-root.hints">/etc/namedb/root.hints</primary>
220 </indexterm>
221
222 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
223 <primary
224 sortas="e-etc-namedb-pz-127.0.0.0">/etc/namedb/pz/127.0.0.0</primary>
225 </indexterm>
226 </sect3>
227
228 <sect3>
229 <title>Configuration Information</title>
230
231 <para><application>BIND</application> will be configured to run in a
232 <command>chroot</command> jail as an unprivileged user (<systemitem
233 class="username">named</systemitem>). This configuration is more secure
234 in that a DNS compromise can only affect a few files in the <systemitem
235 class="username">named</systemitem> user's <envar>HOME</envar>
236 directory.</para>
237
238 <para>Create the unprivileged user and group <systemitem
239 class="username">named</systemitem>:</para>
240
241<screen role="root"><userinput>groupadd -g 20 named &amp;&amp;
242useradd -c "BIND Owner" -g named -s /bin/false -u 20 named &amp;&amp;
243install -d -m770 -o named -g named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
244
245 <para>Set up some files, directories and devices needed by
246 <application>BIND</application>:</para>
247
248<screen role="root"><userinput>mkdir -p /srv/named &amp;&amp;
249cd /srv/named &amp;&amp;
250mkdir -p dev etc/namedb/{slave,pz} usr/lib/engines var/run/named &amp;&amp;
251mknod /srv/named/dev/null c 1 3 &amp;&amp;
252mknod /srv/named/dev/urandom c 1 9 &amp;&amp;
253chmod 666 /srv/named/dev/{null,urandom} &amp;&amp;
254cp /etc/localtime etc &amp;&amp;
255touch /srv/named/managed-keys.bind &amp;&amp;
256cp /usr/lib/engines/libgost.so usr/lib/engines</userinput></screen>
257
258 <para>The <filename>rndc.conf</filename> file contains information for
259 controlling <command>named</command> operations with the
260 <command>rndc</command> utility. Generate a key for use in the <filename>named.conf</filename> and <filename>rdnc.conf</filename> with the
261 <command>rndc-confgen</command> command:</para>
262
263<screen role="root"><userinput>rndc-confgen -r /dev/urandom -b 512 > /etc/rndc.conf &amp;&amp;
264sed '/conf/d;/^#/!d;s:^# ::' /etc/rndc.conf > /srv/named/etc/named.conf</userinput></screen>
265
266 <para>Complete the <filename>named.conf</filename> file from which
267 <command>named</command> will read the location of zone files, root
268 name servers and secure DNS keys:</para>
269
270<screen role="root"><?dbfo keep-together="auto"?><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /srv/named/etc/named.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
271<literal>options {
272 directory "/etc/namedb";
273 pid-file "/var/run/named.pid";
274 statistics-file "/var/run/named.stats";
275
276};
277zone "." {
278 type hint;
279 file "root.hints";
280};
281zone "0.0.127.in-addr.arpa" {
282 type master;
283 file "pz/127.0.0";
284};
285
286// Bind 9 now logs by default through syslog (except debug).
287// These are the default logging rules.
288
289logging {
290 category default { default_syslog; default_debug; };
291 category unmatched { null; };
292
293 channel default_syslog {
294 syslog daemon; // send to syslog's daemon
295 // facility
296 severity info; // only send priority info
297 // and higher
298 };
299
300 channel default_debug {
301 file "named.run"; // write to named.run in
302 // the working directory
303 // Note: stderr is used instead
304 // of "named.run"
305 // if the server is started
306 // with the '-f' option.
307 severity dynamic; // log at the server's
308 // current debug level
309 };
310
311 channel default_stderr {
312 stderr; // writes to stderr
313 severity info; // only send priority info
314 // and higher
315 };
316
317 channel null {
318 null; // toss anything sent to
319 // this channel
320 };
321};</literal>
322EOF</userinput></screen>
323
324 <para>Create a zone file with the following contents:</para>
325
326<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/namedb/pz/127.0.0 &lt;&lt; "EOF"
327<literal>$TTL 3D
328@ IN SOA ns.local.domain. hostmaster.local.domain. (
329 1 ; Serial
330 8H ; Refresh
331 2H ; Retry
332 4W ; Expire
333 1D) ; Minimum TTL
334 NS ns.local.domain.
3351 PTR localhost.</literal>
336EOF</userinput></screen>
337
338 <para>Create the <filename>root.hints</filename> file with the following
339 commands:</para>
340
341 <note>
342 <para>Caution must be used to ensure there are no leading spaces in
343 this file.</para>
344 </note>
345
346<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/namedb/root.hints &lt;&lt; "EOF"
347<literal>. 6D IN NS A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
348. 6D IN NS B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
349. 6D IN NS C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
350. 6D IN NS D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
351. 6D IN NS E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
352. 6D IN NS F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
353. 6D IN NS G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
354. 6D IN NS H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
355. 6D IN NS I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
356. 6D IN NS J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
357. 6D IN NS K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
358. 6D IN NS L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
359. 6D IN NS M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
360A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.41.0.4
361A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:ba3e::2:30
362B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.228.79.201
363B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:84::b
364C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.33.4.12
365C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2::c
366D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.91.13
367D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2d::d
368E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.203.230.10
369E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:a8::e
370F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.5.5.241
371F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2f::f
372G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.112.36.4
373H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.97.190.53
374H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:1::53
375I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.36.148.17
376I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fe::53
377J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.58.128.30
378J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:c27::2:30
379K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 193.0.14.129
380K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fd::1
381L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.83.42
382L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:9f::42
383M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 202.12.27.33
384M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:dc3::35</literal>
385EOF</userinput></screen>
386
387 <para>The <filename>root.hints</filename> file is a list of root name
388 servers. This file must be updated periodically with the
389 <command>dig</command> utility. A current copy of root.hints can be
390 obtained from <ulink url="ftp://rs.internic.net/domain/named.root" />.
391 For details, consult the "BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual", included
392 in every source archive of BIND 9 distributed by ISC, in HTML and PDF
393 formats, also available at
394 <ulink url="ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/cur/&bind-minor-version;/doc/arm/Bv9ARM.html">
395 BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual</ulink>.</para>
396
397 <para>Create or modify <filename>resolv.conf</filename> to use the new
398 name server with the following commands:</para>
399
400 <note>
401 <para>Replace <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable> with
402 your own valid domain name.</para>
403 </note>
404
405<screen role="root"><userinput>cp /etc/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf.bak &amp;&amp;
406cat &gt; /etc/resolv.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
407<literal>search <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable>
408nameserver 127.0.0.1</literal>
409EOF</userinput></screen>
410
411 <para>Set permissions on the <command>chroot</command> jail with the
412 following command:</para>
413
414<screen role="root"><userinput>chown -R named:named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
415
416 </sect3>
417
418 <sect3 id="bind-init">
419 <title><phrase revision="sysv">Boot Script</phrase>
420 <phrase revision="systemd">Systemd Unit</phrase></title>
421
422 <para>To start the DNS server at boot, install the
423 <phrase revision="sysv"><filename>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind</filename> init
424 script</phrase>
425 <phrase revision="systemd"><filename>named.service</filename>
426 unit</phrase> included in the
427 <xref linkend="bootscripts" revision="sysv"/>
428 <xref linkend="systemd-units" revision="systemd"/> package.</para>
429
430 <indexterm zone="bind bind-init">
431 <primary sortas="f-bind">bind</primary>
432 </indexterm>
433
434<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>make install-bind</userinput></screen>
435<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>make install-named</userinput></screen>
436
437 <para>Now start <application>BIND</application> with
438 the following command:</para>
439
440<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind start</userinput></screen>
441<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>systemctl start named</userinput></screen>
442
443 </sect3>
444
445 <sect3>
446 <title>Testing BIND</title>
447
448 <para>Test out the new <application>BIND</application> 9 installation.
449 First query the local host address with <command>dig</command>:</para>
450
451<screen><userinput>dig -x 127.0.0.1</userinput></screen>
452
453 <para>Now try an external name lookup, taking note of the speed
454 difference in repeated lookups due to the caching. Run the
455 <command>dig</command> command twice on the same address:</para>
456
457<screen><userinput>dig www.&lfs-domainname; &amp;&amp;
458dig www.&lfs-domainname;</userinput></screen>
459
460 <para>You can see almost instantaneous results with the named caching
461 lookups. Consult the <application>BIND</application> Administrator
462 Reference Manual located at <filename>doc/arm/Bv9ARM.html</filename>
463 in the package source tree, for further configuration options.</para>
464
465 </sect3>
466
467 </sect2>
468
469 <sect2 role="content">
470 <title>Contents</title>
471
472 <segmentedlist>
473 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
474 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
475 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
476
477 <seglistitem>
478
479 <seg>arpaname, bind9-config hardlinked to isc-config.sh, ddns-confgen,
480 delv, dig, dnssec-dsfromkey,
481 dnssec-importkey, dnssec-keyfromlabel, dnssec-keygen, dnssec-revoke,
482 dnssec-settime, dnssec-signzone, dnssec-verify, genrandom, host,
483 isc-hmac-fixup, lwresd hardlinked to named, named-checkconf,
484 named-checkzone, named-compilezone (symlink), named-journalprint,
485 named-rrchecker, nsec3hash, nslookup, nsupdate, rndc, rndc-confgen,
486 and tsig-keygen (symlink)</seg>
487
488 <seg>libbind9.so, libdns.so, libirs.so, libisc.so, libisccc.so,
489 libisccfg.so, and liblwres.so</seg>
490
491 <seg>/usr/include/{bind9,dns,dst,irs,isc,isccc,isccfg,lwres,pk11,pkcs11},
492 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version; and /srv/named</seg>
493 </seglistitem>
494 </segmentedlist>
495
496 <variablelist>
497 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
498 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
499 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
500
501 <varlistentry id="arpaname">
502 <term><command>arpaname</command></term>
503 <listitem>
504 <para>
505 translates IP addresses to the corresponding ARPA names.
506 </para>
507 <indexterm zone="bind arpaname">
508 <primary sortas="b-arpaname">arpaname</primary>
509 </indexterm>
510 </listitem>
511 </varlistentry>
512
513 <varlistentry id="bind9-config">
514 <term><command>bind9-config</command></term>
515 <listitem>
516 <para>
517 is hardlinked to <command>isc-config.sh</command>.
518 </para>
519 <indexterm zone="bind bind9-config">
520 <primary sortas="b-bind9-config">bind9-config</primary>
521 </indexterm>
522 </listitem>
523 </varlistentry>
524
525 <varlistentry id="ddns-confgen">
526 <term><command>ddns-confgen</command></term>
527 <listitem>
528 <para>
529 generates a key for use by nsupdate and named.
530 </para>
531 <indexterm zone="bind ddns-confgen">
532 <primary sortas="b-ddns-confgen">ddns-confgen</primary>
533 </indexterm>
534 </listitem>
535 </varlistentry>
536
537 <varlistentry id="delv">
538 <term><command>delv</command></term>
539 <listitem>
540 <para>
541 is a new debugging tool that is a successor to
542 <command>dig</command>.
543 </para>
544 <indexterm zone="bind delv">
545 <primary sortas="b-delv">delv</primary>
546 </indexterm>
547 </listitem>
548 </varlistentry>
549
550 <varlistentry id="dig">
551 <term><command>dig</command></term>
552 <listitem>
553 <para>interrogates DNS servers.</para>
554 <indexterm zone="bind dig">
555 <primary sortas="b-dig">dig</primary>
556 </indexterm>
557 </listitem>
558 </varlistentry>
559<!--
560 <varlistentry id="dnssec-checkds">
561 <term><command>dnssec-checkds</command></term>
562 <listitem>
563 <para>
564 is a DNSSEC delegation consistency checking tool.
565 </para>
566 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-checkds">
567 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-checkds">dnssec-checkds</primary>
568 </indexterm>
569 </listitem>
570 </varlistentry>
571
572 <varlistentry id="dnssec-coverage">
573 <term><command>dnssec-coverage</command></term>
574 <listitem>
575 <para>
576 verifies that the DNSSEC keys for a given zone or a set of zones
577 have timing metadata set properly to ensure no future lapses
578 in DNSSEC coverage.
579 </para>
580 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-coverage">
581 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-coverage">dnssec-coverage</primary>
582 </indexterm>
583 </listitem>
584 </varlistentry>-->
585
586 <varlistentry id="dnssec-dsfromkey">
587 <term><command>dnssec-dsfromkey</command></term>
588 <listitem>
589 <para>
590 outputs the Delegation Signer (DS) resource record (RR).
591 </para>
592 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-dsfromkey">
593 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-dsfromkey">dnssec-dsfromkey</primary>
594 </indexterm>
595 </listitem>
596 </varlistentry>
597
598 <varlistentry id="dnssec-importkey">
599 <term><command>dnssec-importkey</command></term>
600 <listitem>
601 <para>
602 reads a public DNSKEY record and generates a pair of
603 .key/.private files.
604 </para>
605 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-importkey">
606 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-importkey">dnssec-importkey</primary>
607 </indexterm>
608 </listitem>
609 </varlistentry>
610
611 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keyfromlabel">
612 <term><command>dnssec-keyfromlabel</command></term>
613 <listitem>
614 <para>
615 gets keys with the given label from a crypto hardware and builds
616 key files for DNSSEC.
617 </para>
618 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keyfromlabel">
619 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keyfromlabel">dnssec-keyfromlabel</primary>
620 </indexterm>
621 </listitem>
622 </varlistentry>
623
624 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keygen">
625 <term><command>dnssec-keygen</command></term>
626 <listitem>
627 <para>is a key generator for secure DNS.</para>
628 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keygen">
629 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keygen">dnssec-keygen</primary>
630 </indexterm>
631 </listitem>
632 </varlistentry>
633
634 <varlistentry id="dnssec-revoke">
635 <term><command>dnssec-revoke</command></term>
636 <listitem>
637 <para>
638 sets the REVOKED bit on a DNSSEC key.
639 </para>
640 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-revoke">
641 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-revoke">dnssec-revoke</primary>
642 </indexterm>
643 </listitem>
644 </varlistentry>
645
646 <varlistentry id="dnssec-settime">
647 <term><command>dnssec-settime</command></term>
648 <listitem>
649 <para>
650 sets the key timing metadata for a DNSSEC key.
651 </para>
652 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-settime">
653 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-settime">dnssec-settime</primary>
654 </indexterm>
655 </listitem>
656 </varlistentry>
657
658 <varlistentry id="dnssec-signzone">
659 <term><command>dnssec-signzone</command></term>
660 <listitem>
661 <para>generates signed versions of zone files.</para>
662 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-signzone">
663 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-signzone">dnssec-signzone</primary>
664 </indexterm>
665 </listitem>
666 </varlistentry>
667
668 <varlistentry id="dnssec-verify">
669 <term><command>dnssec-verify</command></term>
670 <listitem>
671 <para>
672 verifies that a zone is fully signed for each algorithm found
673 in the DNSKEY RRset for the zone, and that the NSEC / NSEC3
674 chains are complete.
675 </para>
676 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-verify">
677 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-verify">dnssec-verify</primary>
678 </indexterm>
679 </listitem>
680 </varlistentry>
681
682 <varlistentry id="genrandom">
683 <term><command>genrandom</command></term>
684 <listitem>
685 <para>
686 generates a file containing random data.
687 </para>
688 <indexterm zone="bind genrandom">
689 <primary sortas="b-genrandom">genrandom</primary>
690 </indexterm>
691 </listitem>
692 </varlistentry>
693
694 <varlistentry id="host">
695 <term><command>host</command></term>
696 <listitem>
697 <para>is a utility for DNS lookups.</para>
698 <indexterm zone="bind host">
699 <primary sortas="b-host">host</primary>
700 </indexterm>
701 </listitem>
702 </varlistentry>
703
704 <varlistentry id="isc-config.sh">
705 <term><command>isc-config.sh</command></term>
706 <listitem>
707 <para>
708 prints information related to the installed version of ISC BIND.
709 </para>
710 <indexterm zone="bind isc-config.sh">
711 <primary sortas="b-isc-config.sh">isc-config.sh</primary>
712 </indexterm>
713 </listitem>
714 </varlistentry>
715
716 <varlistentry id="isc-hmac-fixup">
717 <term><command>isc-hmac-fixup</command></term>
718 <listitem>
719 <para>
720 fixes HMAC keys generated by older versions of BIND.
721 </para>
722 <indexterm zone="bind isc-hmac-fixup">
723 <primary sortas="b-isc-hmac-fixup">isc-hmac-fixup</primary>
724 </indexterm>
725 </listitem>
726 </varlistentry>
727
728 <varlistentry id="lwresd">
729 <term><command>lwresd</command></term>
730 <listitem>
731 <para>is a caching-only name server for local process use.</para>
732 <indexterm zone="bind lwresd">
733 <primary sortas="b-lwresd">lwresd</primary>
734 </indexterm>
735 </listitem>
736 </varlistentry>
737
738 <varlistentry id="named">
739 <term><command>named</command></term>
740 <listitem>
741 <para>is the name server daemon.</para>
742 <indexterm zone="bind named">
743 <primary sortas="b-named">named</primary>
744 </indexterm>
745 </listitem>
746 </varlistentry>
747
748 <varlistentry id="named-checkconf">
749 <term><command>named-checkconf</command></term>
750 <listitem>
751 <para>checks the syntax of <filename>named.conf</filename>
752 files.</para>
753 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkconf">
754 <primary sortas="b-named-checkconf">named-checkconf</primary>
755 </indexterm>
756 </listitem>
757 </varlistentry>
758
759 <varlistentry id="named-checkzone">
760 <term><command>named-checkzone</command></term>
761 <listitem>
762 <para>checks zone file validity.</para>
763 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkzone">
764 <primary sortas="b-named-checkzone">named-checkzone</primary>
765 </indexterm>
766 </listitem>
767 </varlistentry>
768
769 <varlistentry id="named-compilezone">
770 <term><command>named-compilezone</command></term>
771 <listitem>
772 <para>
773 is similar to <command>named-checkzone</command>, but it always
774 dumps the zone contents to a specified file in a specified format.
775 </para>
776 <indexterm zone="bind named-compilezone">
777 <primary sortas="b-named-compilezone">named-compilezone</primary>
778 </indexterm>
779 </listitem>
780 </varlistentry>
781
782 <varlistentry id="named-journalprint">
783 <term><command>named-journalprint</command></term>
784 <listitem>
785 <para>
786 prints the zone journal in human-readable form.
787 </para>
788 <indexterm zone="bind named-journalprint">
789 <primary sortas="b-named-journalprint">named-journalprint</primary>
790 </indexterm>
791 </listitem>
792 </varlistentry>
793
794 <varlistentry id="named-rrchecker">
795 <term><command>named-rrchecker</command></term>
796 <listitem>
797 <para>
798 reads an individual DNS resource record from standard input and
799 checks if it is syntactically correct.
800 </para>
801 <indexterm zone="bind named-rrchecker">
802 <primary sortas="b-named-rrchecker">named-rrchecker</primary>
803 </indexterm>
804 </listitem>
805 </varlistentry>
806
807 <varlistentry id="nsec3hash">
808 <term><command>nsec3hash</command></term>
809 <listitem>
810 <para>
811 generates an NSEC3 hash based on a set of NSEC3 parameters.
812 </para>
813 <indexterm zone="bind nsec3hash">
814 <primary sortas="b-nsec3hash">nsec3hash</primary>
815 </indexterm>
816 </listitem>
817 </varlistentry>
818
819 <varlistentry id="nslookup">
820 <term><command>nslookup</command></term>
821 <listitem>
822 <para>is a program used to query Internet domain nameservers.</para>
823 <indexterm zone="bind nslookup">
824 <primary sortas="b-nslookup">nslookup</primary>
825 </indexterm>
826 </listitem>
827 </varlistentry>
828
829 <varlistentry id="nsupdate">
830 <term><command>nsupdate</command></term>
831 <listitem>
832 <para>is used to submit DNS update requests.</para>
833 <indexterm zone="bind nsupdate">
834 <primary sortas="b-nsupdate">nsupdate</primary>
835 </indexterm>
836 </listitem>
837 </varlistentry>
838
839 <varlistentry id="rndc">
840 <term><command>rndc</command></term>
841 <listitem>
842 <para>controls the operation of <application>BIND</application>.</para>
843 <indexterm zone="bind rndc">
844 <primary sortas="b-rndc">rndc</primary>
845 </indexterm>
846 </listitem>
847 </varlistentry>
848
849 <varlistentry id="rndc-confgen">
850 <term><command>rndc-confgen</command></term>
851 <listitem>
852 <para>generates <filename>rndc.conf</filename> files.</para>
853 <indexterm zone="bind rndc-confgen">
854 <primary sortas="b-rndc-confgen">rndc-confgen</primary>
855 </indexterm>
856 </listitem>
857 </varlistentry>
858
859 <varlistentry id="tsig-keygen">
860 <term><command>tsig-keygen</command></term>
861 <listitem>
862 <para>
863 is a symlink to <command>ddns-confgen</command>.
864 </para>
865 <indexterm zone="bind tsig-keygen">
866 <primary sortas="b-tsig-keygen">tsig-keygen</primary>
867 </indexterm>
868 </listitem>
869 </varlistentry>
870
871 </variablelist>
872
873 </sect2>
874
875</sect1>
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