source: server/major/bind.xml@ 4676c15d

10.1 11.0 ken/refactor-virt lazarus qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since 4676c15d was 4676c15d, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 10 months ago

Update to icu4c-68_2.
Update to sudo-1.9.4p1.
Update to LWP-Protocol-https-6.10 (Perl Module).
Update to node-14.15.3.
Update to bind-9.16.9 (including utils).

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@24003 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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File size: 34.4 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY bind-download-http " ">
8 <!ENTITY bind-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/&bind-version;/bind-&bind-version;.tar.xz">
9 <!ENTITY bind-md5sum "32463c0fe91abaf4894eee09a97f1ce6">
10 <!ENTITY bind-size "3.1 MB">
11 <!ENTITY bind-buildsize "124 MB (23 MB installed)">
12 <!ENTITY bind-time "0.8 SBU (with parallelism=4; add 29+ minutes, somewhat processor independent, to run the complete test suite)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="bind" xreflabel="BIND-&bind-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="bind.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>BIND-&bind-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="bind">
26 <primary sortas="a-BIND">BIND</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to BIND</title>
31
32 <para>
33 The <application>BIND</application> package provides a DNS server
34 and client utilities. If you are only interested in the utilities, refer
35 to the <xref linkend="bind-utils"/>.
36 </para>
37
38 &lfs10_checked;
39
40 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
41 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
42 <listitem>
43 <para>
44 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-http;"/>
45 </para>
46 </listitem>
47 <listitem>
48 <para>
49 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-ftp;"/>
50 </para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>
54 Download MD5 sum: &bind-md5sum;
55 </para>
56 </listitem>
57 <listitem>
58 <para>
59 Download size: &bind-size;
60 </para>
61 </listitem>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>
64 Estimated disk space required: &bind-buildsize;
65 </para>
66 </listitem>
67 <listitem>
68 <para>
69 Estimated build time: &bind-time;
70 </para>
71 </listitem>
72 </itemizedlist>
73
74 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">BIND Dependencies</bridgehead>
75
76 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
77 <para role="required">
78 <xref linkend="libuv"/>
79 </para>
80
81 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
82 <para role="recommended">
83 <xref linkend="json-c"/> and
84 <xref linkend="libcap-pam"/>
85 </para>
86
87 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
88 <para role="optional">
89 <xref linkend="curl"/>,
90 <xref linkend="libidn2"/>,
91 <xref linkend="libxml2"/>,
92 <xref linkend="lmdb"/>,
93 <xref linkend="mitkrb"/>,
94 <ulink url="https://cmocka.org/">cmocka</ulink>,
95 <ulink url="https://github.com/cjheath/geoip">geoip</ulink>,
96 <ulink url="https://docs.pytest.org/en/stable/">pytest</ulink>,
97 <ulink url="https://pypi.python.org/pypi/Sphinx">Sphinx</ulink>
98 </para>
99
100 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional database backends</bridgehead>
101 <para role="optional">
102 <xref linkend="db"/>,
103 <xref linkend="mariadb"/> or <ulink url="http://www.mysql.com/">MySQL</ulink>,
104 <xref linkend="openldap"/>,
105 <xref linkend="postgresql"/>, and
106 <xref linkend="unixodbc"/>
107 </para>
108
109 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to run the test suite)</bridgehead>
110 <para role="optional">
111 <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/>
112 </para>
113
114 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to rebuild the documentation)</bridgehead>
115 <para role="optional">
116 <xref linkend="doxygen"/>,
117 <xref linkend="libxslt"/>, and
118 <xref linkend="texlive"/> (or <xref linkend="tl-installer"/>)
119 </para>
120
121 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
122 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/bind"/></para>
123
124 </sect2>
125
126 <sect2 role="installation">
127 <title>Installation of BIND</title>
128
129 <para>
130 To ensure <application>BIND</application> will build dnssec-keymgr,
131 install a python module as the <systemitem
132 class="username">root</systemitem> user:
133 </para>
134
135<screen role="root"><userinput>pip3 install ply</userinput></screen>
136
137 <para>
138 Install <application>BIND</application> by running the
139 following commands:
140 </para>
141
142<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
143 --sysconfdir=/etc \
144 --localstatedir=/var \
145 --mandir=/usr/share/man \
146 --with-libtool \
147 --disable-static &amp;&amp;
148make</userinput></screen>
149
150 <para>
151 Issue the following commands to run the complete suite of tests.
152 First, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user, set up
153 some test interfaces:
154 </para>
155
156 <note>
157 <para>
158 If IPv6 is not enabled in the kernel, there will be several
159 error messages: "RTNETLINK answers: Operation not permitted". These
160 messages do not affect the tests.
161 </para>
162 </note>
163
164<screen role="root"
165 remap="test"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh up</userinput></screen>
166
167 <para>
168 The test suite may indicate some skipped tests depending on
169 what configuration options are used. Some tests are marked
170 <quote>UNTESTED</quote> if <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/> is not
171 installed. To run the tests, as an unprivileged user, execute:
172 </para>
173
174<screen remap="test"><userinput>make -k check</userinput></screen>
175
176 <para>
177 Again as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, clean up the
178 test interfaces:
179 </para>
180
181<screen role="root"
182 remap="test"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh down</userinput></screen>
183
184 <para>
185 Finally, install the package as the <systemitem
186 class="username">root</systemitem> user:
187 </para>
188
189<screen role="root"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
190 </sect2>
191
192<!-- Documentation is an issue - The docs are now all in .rst format and appear
193to be sphinx based.
194-->
195
196 <sect2 role="commands">
197 <title>Command Explanations</title>
198
199 <para>
200 <parameter>--sysconfdir=/etc</parameter>: This parameter forces
201 <application>BIND</application> to look for configuration
202 files in <filename class='directory'>/etc</filename> instead of
203 <filename class='directory'>/usr/etc</filename>.
204 </para>
205
206 <para>
207 <parameter>--with-libtool</parameter>: This parameter forces the
208 building of dynamic libraries and links the installed binaries to these
209 libraries.
210 </para>
211
212 <para>
213 <option>--with-libidn2</option>: This parameter enables
214 the IDNA2008 (Internationalized Domain Names in Applications)
215 support.
216 </para>
217
218 <para>
219 <option>--enable-fetchlimit</option>: Use this option if you want
220 to be able to limit the rate of recursive client queries. This may be
221 useful on servers which receive a large number of queries.
222 </para>
223
224 <para>
225 <option>--disable-linux-caps</option>: BIND can also be built without
226 capability support by using this option, at the cost of some loss of
227 security.
228 </para>
229
230 <para>
231 <option>--with-dlz-{mysql,bdb,filesystem,ldap,odbc,stub}</option>: Use
232 one (or more) of those options to add Dynamically Loadable Zones support.
233 For more information refer to <ulink
234 url="http://bind-dlz.sourceforge.net/">bind-dlz.sourceforge.net</ulink>.
235 </para>
236
237 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
238 href="../../xincludes/static-libraries.xml"/>
239
240 </sect2>
241
242 <sect2 role="configuration">
243 <title>Configuring BIND</title>
244
245 <sect3 id="bind-config">
246 <title>Config files</title>
247
248 <para>
249 <filename>named.conf</filename>,
250 <filename>root.hints</filename>,
251 <filename>127.0.0</filename>,
252 <filename>rndc.conf</filename>, and
253 <filename>resolv.conf</filename>
254 </para>
255
256 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
257 <primary sortas="e-etc-named.conf">/etc/named.conf</primary>
258 </indexterm>
259
260 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
261 <primary sortas="e-etc-rndc.conf">/etc/rndc.conf</primary>
262 </indexterm>
263
264 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
265 <primary sortas="e-etc-resolv.conf">/etc/resolv.conf</primary>
266 </indexterm>
267
268 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
269 <primary
270 sortas="e-etc-namedb-root.hints">/etc/namedb/root.hints</primary>
271 </indexterm>
272
273 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
274 <primary
275 sortas="e-etc-namedb-pz-127.0.0.0">/etc/namedb/pz/127.0.0.0</primary>
276 </indexterm>
277 </sect3>
278
279 <sect3>
280 <title>Configuration Information</title>
281
282 <para>
283 <application>BIND</application> will be configured to run in a
284 <command>chroot</command> jail as an unprivileged user (<systemitem
285 class="username">named</systemitem>). This configuration is more secure
286 in that a DNS compromise can only affect a few files in the <systemitem
287 class="username">named</systemitem> user's <envar>HOME</envar>
288 directory.
289 </para>
290
291 <para>
292 Create the unprivileged user and group <systemitem
293 class="username">named</systemitem>:
294 </para>
295
296<screen role="root"><userinput>groupadd -g 20 named &amp;&amp;
297useradd -c "BIND Owner" -g named -s /bin/false -u 20 named &amp;&amp;
298install -d -m770 -o named -g named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
299
300 <para>
301 Set up some files, directories and devices needed by
302 <application>BIND</application>:
303 </para>
304
305<screen role="root"><userinput>mkdir -p /srv/named &amp;&amp;
306cd /srv/named &amp;&amp;
307mkdir -p dev etc/named/{slave,pz} usr/lib/engines var/run/named &amp;&amp;
308mknod /srv/named/dev/null c 1 3 &amp;&amp;
309mknod /srv/named/dev/urandom c 1 9 &amp;&amp;
310chmod 666 /srv/named/dev/{null,urandom} &amp;&amp;
311cp /etc/localtime etc</userinput></screen>
312
313 <para>
314 The <filename>rndc.conf</filename> file contains information for
315 controlling <command>named</command> operations with the
316 <command>rndc</command> utility. Generate a key for use in the
317 <filename>named.conf</filename> and <filename>rdnc.conf</filename>
318 with the <command>rndc-confgen</command> command:
319 </para>
320
321<screen role="root"><userinput>rndc-confgen -a -b 512 -t /srv/named</userinput></screen>
322
323 <para>
324 Complete the <filename>named.conf</filename> file from which
325 <command>named</command> will read the location of zone files, root
326 name servers and secure DNS keys:
327 </para>
328
329<screen role="root"><?dbfo keep-together="auto"?><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /srv/named/etc/named.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
330<literal>options {
331 directory "/etc/named";
332 pid-file "/var/run/named.pid";
333 statistics-file "/var/run/named.stats";
334
335};
336zone "." {
337 type hint;
338 file "root.hints";
339};
340zone "0.0.127.in-addr.arpa" {
341 type master;
342 file "pz/127.0.0";
343};
344
345// Bind 9 now logs by default through syslog (except debug).
346// These are the default logging rules.
347
348logging {
349 category default { default_syslog; default_debug; };
350 category unmatched { null; };
351
352 channel default_syslog {
353 syslog daemon; // send to syslog's daemon
354 // facility
355 severity info; // only send priority info
356 // and higher
357 };
358
359 channel default_debug {
360 file "named.run"; // write to named.run in
361 // the working directory
362 // Note: stderr is used instead
363 // of "named.run"
364 // if the server is started
365 // with the '-f' option.
366 severity dynamic; // log at the server's
367 // current debug level
368 };
369
370 channel default_stderr {
371 stderr; // writes to stderr
372 severity info; // only send priority info
373 // and higher
374 };
375
376 channel null {
377 null; // toss anything sent to
378 // this channel
379 };
380};</literal>
381EOF</userinput></screen>
382
383 <para>
384 Create a zone file with the following contents:
385 </para>
386
387<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/named/pz/127.0.0 &lt;&lt; "EOF"
388<literal>$TTL 3D
389@ IN SOA ns.local.domain. hostmaster.local.domain. (
390 1 ; Serial
391 8H ; Refresh
392 2H ; Retry
393 4W ; Expire
394 1D) ; Minimum TTL
395 NS ns.local.domain.
3961 PTR localhost.</literal>
397EOF</userinput></screen>
398
399 <para>
400 Create the <filename>root.hints</filename> file with the following
401 commands:
402 </para>
403
404 <note>
405 <para>
406 Caution must be used to ensure there are no leading spaces in
407 this file.
408 </para>
409 </note>
410
411<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/named/root.hints &lt;&lt; "EOF"
412<literal>. 6D IN NS A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
413. 6D IN NS B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
414. 6D IN NS C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
415. 6D IN NS D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
416. 6D IN NS E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
417. 6D IN NS F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
418. 6D IN NS G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
419. 6D IN NS H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
420. 6D IN NS I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
421. 6D IN NS J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
422. 6D IN NS K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
423. 6D IN NS L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
424. 6D IN NS M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
425A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.41.0.4
426A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:ba3e::2:30
427B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.228.79.201
428B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:200::b
429C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.33.4.12
430C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2::c
431D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.91.13
432D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2d::d
433E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.203.230.10
434E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:a8::e
435F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.5.5.241
436F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2f::f
437G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.112.36.4
438G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:12::d0d
439H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.97.190.53
440H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:1::53
441I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.36.148.17
442I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fe::53
443J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.58.128.30
444J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:c27::2:30
445K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 193.0.14.129
446K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fd::1
447L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.83.42
448L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:9f::42
449M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 202.12.27.33
450M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:dc3::35</literal>
451EOF</userinput></screen>
452
453 <para>
454 The <filename>root.hints</filename> file is a list of root name
455 servers. This file must be updated periodically with the
456 <command>dig</command> utility. A current copy of root.hints can be
457 obtained from <ulink url="ftp://rs.internic.net/domain/named.root" />.
458 For details, consult the "BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual",
459 included in every source archive of BIND 9 distributed by ISC, in HTML
460 and PDF formats, also available at <ulink
461 url="ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/cur/&bind-minor-version;/doc/arm/Bv9ARM.html">
462 BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual</ulink>.
463 </para>
464
465 <para>
466 Create or modify <filename>resolv.conf</filename> to use the new
467 name server with the following commands:
468 </para>
469
470 <note>
471 <para>
472 Replace <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable> with
473 your own valid domain name.
474 </para>
475 </note>
476
477<screen role="root"><userinput>cp /etc/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf.bak &amp;&amp;
478cat &gt; /etc/resolv.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
479<literal>search <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable>
480nameserver 127.0.0.1</literal>
481EOF</userinput></screen>
482
483 <para>
484 Set permissions on the <command>chroot</command> jail with the
485 following command:
486 </para>
487
488<screen role="root"><userinput>chown -R named:named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
489
490 </sect3>
491
492 <sect3 id="bind-init">
493 <title><phrase revision="sysv">Boot Script</phrase>
494 <phrase revision="systemd">Systemd Unit</phrase></title>
495
496 <para>
497 To start the DNS server at boot, install the
498 <phrase revision="sysv"><filename>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind</filename> init
499 script</phrase>
500 <phrase revision="systemd"><filename>named.service</filename>
501 unit</phrase> included in the
502 <xref linkend="bootscripts" revision="sysv"/>
503 <xref linkend="systemd-units" revision="systemd"/> package:
504 </para>
505
506 <indexterm zone="bind bind-init">
507 <primary sortas="f-bind">bind</primary>
508 </indexterm>
509
510<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>make install-bind</userinput></screen>
511<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>make install-named</userinput></screen>
512
513 <para>
514 Now start <application>BIND</application> with the following command:
515 </para>
516
517<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind start</userinput></screen>
518<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>systemctl start named</userinput></screen>
519
520 </sect3>
521
522 <sect3>
523 <title>Testing BIND</title>
524
525 <para>
526 Test out the new <application>BIND</application> 9 installation.
527 First query the local host address with <command>dig</command>:
528 </para>
529
530<screen><userinput>dig -x 127.0.0.1</userinput></screen>
531
532 <para>
533 Now try an external name lookup, taking note of the speed
534 difference in repeated lookups due to the caching. Run the
535 <command>dig</command> command twice on the same address:
536 </para>
537
538<screen><userinput>dig www.&lfs-domainname; &amp;&amp;
539dig www.&lfs-domainname;</userinput></screen>
540
541 <para>
542 You can see almost instantaneous results with the named caching
543 lookups. Consult the <application>BIND</application> Administrator
544 Reference Manual located at
545 <ulink url="https://kb.isc.org/docs/bind-916-administrative-reference-manual"/>
546 for further configuration options.
547 </para>
548
549 </sect3>
550
551 </sect2>
552
553 <sect2 role="content">
554 <title>Contents</title>
555
556 <segmentedlist>
557 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
558 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
559 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
560
561 <seglistitem>
562
563 <seg>arpaname, <!--bind9-config hardlinked to isc-config.sh,-->
564 ddns-confgen, delv, dig, dnssec-cds, dnssec-checkds, dnssec-coverage,
565 dnssec-dsfromkey, dnssec-importkey, dnssec-keyfromlabel, dnssec-keygen,
566 dnssec-keymgr, dnssec-revoke, dnssec-settime, dnssec-signzone,
567 dnssec-verify, host, mdig, named, named-checkconf,
568 named-checkzone, named-compilezone (symlink), named-journalprint,
569 named-nzd2nzf, named-rrchecker, nsec3hash, nslookup, nsupdate, rndc,
570 rndc-confgen, and tsig-keygen (symlink)</seg>
571
572 <seg>libbind9.so, libdns.so, libirs.so, libisc.so, libisccc.so,
573 libisccfg.so, and libns.so</seg>
574
575 <seg>/usr/include/{bind9,dns,dst,irs,isc,isccc,isccfg,ns,pk11,pkcs11},
576 /usr/lib/named, and /srv/named</seg>
577 </seglistitem>
578 </segmentedlist>
579
580 <variablelist>
581 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
582 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
583 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
584
585 <varlistentry id="arpaname">
586 <term><command>arpaname</command></term>
587 <listitem>
588 <para>
589 translates IP addresses to the corresponding ARPA names.
590 </para>
591 <indexterm zone="bind arpaname">
592 <primary sortas="b-arpaname">arpaname</primary>
593 </indexterm>
594 </listitem>
595 </varlistentry>
596
597<!-- Not present as of 9.16.5
598 <varlistentry id="bind9-config">
599 <term><command>bind9-config</command></term>
600 <listitem>
601 <para>
602 is hardlinked to <command>isc-config.sh</command>.
603 </para>
604 <indexterm zone="bind bind9-config">
605 <primary sortas="b-bind9-config">bind9-config</primary>
606 </indexterm>
607 </listitem>
608 </varlistentry>
609-->
610
611 <varlistentry id="ddns-confgen">
612 <term><command>ddns-confgen</command></term>
613 <listitem>
614 <para>
615 generates a key for use by nsupdate and named.
616 </para>
617 <indexterm zone="bind ddns-confgen">
618 <primary sortas="b-ddns-confgen">ddns-confgen</primary>
619 </indexterm>
620 </listitem>
621 </varlistentry>
622
623 <varlistentry id="delv">
624 <term><command>delv</command></term>
625 <listitem>
626 <para>
627 is a new debugging tool that is a successor to
628 <command>dig</command>.
629 </para>
630 <indexterm zone="bind delv">
631 <primary sortas="b-delv">delv</primary>
632 </indexterm>
633 </listitem>
634 </varlistentry>
635
636 <varlistentry id="dig">
637 <term><command>dig</command></term>
638 <listitem>
639 <para>
640 interrogates DNS servers.
641 </para>
642 <indexterm zone="bind dig">
643 <primary sortas="b-dig">dig</primary>
644 </indexterm>
645 </listitem>
646 </varlistentry>
647
648 <varlistentry id="dnssec-cds">
649 <term><command>dnssec-cds</command></term>
650 <listitem>
651 <para>
652 changes DS records for a child zone based on
653 CDS/CDNSKEY.
654 </para>
655 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-cds">
656 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-cds">dnssec-cds</primary>
657 </indexterm>
658 </listitem>
659 </varlistentry>
660
661 <varlistentry id="dnssec-checkds">
662 <term><command>dnssec-checkds</command></term>
663 <listitem>
664 <para>
665 is a DNSSEC delegation consistency checking tool.
666 </para>
667 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-checkds">
668 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-checkds">dnssec-checkds</primary>
669 </indexterm>
670 </listitem>
671 </varlistentry>
672
673 <varlistentry id="dnssec-coverage">
674 <term><command>dnssec-coverage</command></term>
675 <listitem>
676 <para>
677 verifies that the DNSSEC keys for a given zone or a set of zones
678 have timing metadata set properly to ensure no future lapses
679 in DNSSEC coverage.
680 </para>
681 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-coverage">
682 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-coverage">dnssec-coverage</primary>
683 </indexterm>
684 </listitem>
685 </varlistentry>
686
687 <varlistentry id="dnssec-dsfromkey">
688 <term><command>dnssec-dsfromkey</command></term>
689 <listitem>
690 <para>
691 outputs the Delegation Signer (DS) resource record (RR).
692 </para>
693 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-dsfromkey">
694 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-dsfromkey">dnssec-dsfromkey</primary>
695 </indexterm>
696 </listitem>
697 </varlistentry>
698
699 <varlistentry id="dnssec-importkey">
700 <term><command>dnssec-importkey</command></term>
701 <listitem>
702 <para>
703 reads a public DNSKEY record and generates a pair of
704 .key/.private files.
705 </para>
706 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-importkey">
707 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-importkey">dnssec-importkey</primary>
708 </indexterm>
709 </listitem>
710 </varlistentry>
711
712 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keyfromlabel">
713 <term><command>dnssec-keyfromlabel</command></term>
714 <listitem>
715 <para>
716 gets keys with the given label from a crypto hardware and builds
717 key files for DNSSEC.
718 </para>
719 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keyfromlabel">
720 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keyfromlabel">dnssec-keyfromlabel</primary>
721 </indexterm>
722 </listitem>
723 </varlistentry>
724
725 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keygen">
726 <term><command>dnssec-keygen</command></term>
727 <listitem>
728 <para>
729 is a key generator for secure DNS.
730 </para>
731 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keygen">
732 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keygen">dnssec-keygen</primary>
733 </indexterm>
734 </listitem>
735 </varlistentry>
736
737 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keymgr">
738 <term><command>dnssec-keymgr</command></term>
739 <listitem>
740 <para>
741 ensures correct DNSKEY coverage based on a defined policy.
742 </para>
743 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keymgr">
744 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keymgr">dnssec-keymgr</primary>
745 </indexterm>
746 </listitem>
747 </varlistentry>
748
749 <varlistentry id="dnssec-revoke">
750 <term><command>dnssec-revoke</command></term>
751 <listitem>
752 <para>
753 sets the REVOKED bit on a DNSSEC key.
754 </para>
755 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-revoke">
756 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-revoke">dnssec-revoke</primary>
757 </indexterm>
758 </listitem>
759 </varlistentry>
760
761 <varlistentry id="dnssec-settime">
762 <term><command>dnssec-settime</command></term>
763 <listitem>
764 <para>
765 sets the key timing metadata for a DNSSEC key.
766 </para>
767 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-settime">
768 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-settime">dnssec-settime</primary>
769 </indexterm>
770 </listitem>
771 </varlistentry>
772
773 <varlistentry id="dnssec-signzone">
774 <term><command>dnssec-signzone</command></term>
775 <listitem>
776 <para>
777 generates signed versions of zone files.
778 </para>
779 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-signzone">
780 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-signzone">dnssec-signzone</primary>
781 </indexterm>
782 </listitem>
783 </varlistentry>
784
785 <varlistentry id="dnssec-verify">
786 <term><command>dnssec-verify</command></term>
787 <listitem>
788 <para>
789 verifies that a zone is fully signed for each algorithm found
790 in the DNSKEY RRset for the zone, and that the NSEC / NSEC3
791 chains are complete.
792 </para>
793 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-verify">
794 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-verify">dnssec-verify</primary>
795 </indexterm>
796 </listitem>
797 </varlistentry>
798
799<!-- No longer present with 9.16.5
800 <varlistentry id="genrandom">
801 <term><command>genrandom</command></term>
802 <listitem>
803 <para>
804 generates a file containing random data.
805 </para>
806 <indexterm zone="bind genrandom">
807 <primary sortas="b-genrandom">genrandom</primary>
808 </indexterm>
809 </listitem>
810 </varlistentry>
811-->
812
813 <varlistentry id="host">
814 <term><command>host</command></term>
815 <listitem>
816 <para>
817 is a utility for DNS lookups.
818 </para>
819 <indexterm zone="bind host">
820 <primary sortas="b-host">host</primary>
821 </indexterm>
822 </listitem>
823 </varlistentry>
824
825 <!-- No longer present with 9.16.5
826 <varlistentry id="isc-config.sh">
827 <term><command>isc-config.sh</command></term>
828 <listitem>
829 <para>
830 prints information related to the installed version of ISC BIND.
831 </para>
832 <indexterm zone="bind isc-config.sh">
833 <primary sortas="b-isc-config.sh">isc-config.sh</primary>
834 </indexterm>
835 </listitem>
836 </varlistentry>
837
838 <varlistentry id="isc-hmac-fixup">
839 <term><command>isc-hmac-fixup</command></term>
840 <listitem>
841 <para>
842 fixes HMAC keys generated by older versions of BIND.
843 </para>
844 <indexterm zone="bind isc-hmac-fixup">
845 <primary sortas="b-isc-hmac-fixup">isc-hmac-fixup</primary>
846 </indexterm>
847 </listitem>
848 </varlistentry>
849
850 <varlistentry id="lwresd">
851 <term><command>lwresd</command></term>
852 <listitem>
853 <para>
854 is a caching-only name server for local process use.
855 </para>
856 <indexterm zone="bind lwresd">
857 <primary sortas="b-lwresd">lwresd</primary>
858 </indexterm>
859 </listitem>
860 </varlistentry>
861-->
862
863 <varlistentry id="mdig">
864 <term><command>mdig</command></term>
865 <listitem>
866 <para>
867 is a version of dig that allows multiple queries at once.
868 </para>
869 <indexterm zone="bind mdig">
870 <primary sortas="b-mdig">mdig</primary>
871 </indexterm>
872 </listitem>
873 </varlistentry>
874
875 <varlistentry id="named">
876 <term><command>named</command></term>
877 <listitem>
878 <para>
879 is the name server daemon.
880 </para>
881 <indexterm zone="bind named">
882 <primary sortas="b-named">named</primary>
883 </indexterm>
884 </listitem>
885 </varlistentry>
886
887 <varlistentry id="named-checkconf">
888 <term><command>named-checkconf</command></term>
889 <listitem>
890 <para>
891 checks the syntax of <filename>named.conf</filename>
892 files.
893 </para>
894 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkconf">
895 <primary sortas="b-named-checkconf">named-checkconf</primary>
896 </indexterm>
897 </listitem>
898 </varlistentry>
899
900 <varlistentry id="named-checkzone">
901 <term><command>named-checkzone</command></term>
902 <listitem>
903 <para>
904 checks zone file validity.
905 </para>
906 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkzone">
907 <primary sortas="b-named-checkzone">named-checkzone</primary>
908 </indexterm>
909 </listitem>
910 </varlistentry>
911
912 <varlistentry id="named-compilezone">
913 <term><command>named-compilezone</command></term>
914 <listitem>
915 <para>
916 is similar to <command>named-checkzone</command>, but it always
917 dumps the zone contents to a specified file in a specified format.
918 </para>
919 <indexterm zone="bind named-compilezone">
920 <primary sortas="b-named-compilezone">named-compilezone</primary>
921 </indexterm>
922 </listitem>
923 </varlistentry>
924
925 <varlistentry id="named-journalprint">
926 <term><command>named-journalprint</command></term>
927 <listitem>
928 <para>
929 prints the zone journal in human-readable form.
930 </para>
931 <indexterm zone="bind named-journalprint">
932 <primary sortas="b-named-journalprint">named-journalprint</primary>
933 </indexterm>
934 </listitem>
935 </varlistentry>
936
937 <varlistentry id="named-rrchecker">
938 <term><command>named-rrchecker</command></term>
939 <listitem>
940 <para>
941 reads an individual DNS resource record from standard input and
942 checks if it is syntactically correct.
943 </para>
944 <indexterm zone="bind named-rrchecker">
945 <primary sortas="b-named-rrchecker">named-rrchecker</primary>
946 </indexterm>
947 </listitem>
948 </varlistentry>
949
950 <varlistentry id="named-nzd2nzf">
951 <term><command>named-nzd2nzf</command></term>
952 <listitem>
953 <para>
954 converts an NZD database to NZF text format.
955 </para>
956 <indexterm zone="bind named-nzd2nzf">
957 <primary sortas="b-named-nzd2nzf">named-nzd2nzf</primary>
958 </indexterm>
959 </listitem>
960 </varlistentry>
961
962 <varlistentry id="nsec3hash">
963 <term><command>nsec3hash</command></term>
964 <listitem>
965 <para>
966 generates an NSEC3 hash based on a set of NSEC3 parameters.
967 </para>
968 <indexterm zone="bind nsec3hash">
969 <primary sortas="b-nsec3hash">nsec3hash</primary>
970 </indexterm>
971 </listitem>
972 </varlistentry>
973
974 <varlistentry id="nslookup">
975 <term><command>nslookup</command></term>
976 <listitem>
977 <para>
978 is a program used to query Internet domain nameservers.
979 </para>
980 <indexterm zone="bind nslookup">
981 <primary sortas="b-nslookup">nslookup</primary>
982 </indexterm>
983 </listitem>
984 </varlistentry>
985
986 <varlistentry id="nsupdate">
987 <term><command>nsupdate</command></term>
988 <listitem>
989 <para>
990 is used to submit DNS update requests.
991 </para>
992 <indexterm zone="bind nsupdate">
993 <primary sortas="b-nsupdate">nsupdate</primary>
994 </indexterm>
995 </listitem>
996 </varlistentry>
997
998 <varlistentry id="rndc">
999 <term><command>rndc</command></term>
1000 <listitem>
1001 <para>
1002 controls the operation of <application>BIND</application>.
1003 </para>
1004 <indexterm zone="bind rndc">
1005 <primary sortas="b-rndc">rndc</primary>
1006 </indexterm>
1007 </listitem>
1008 </varlistentry>
1009
1010 <varlistentry id="rndc-confgen">
1011 <term><command>rndc-confgen</command></term>
1012 <listitem>
1013 <para>
1014 generates <filename>rndc.conf</filename> files.
1015 </para>
1016 <indexterm zone="bind rndc-confgen">
1017 <primary sortas="b-rndc-confgen">rndc-confgen</primary>
1018 </indexterm>
1019 </listitem>
1020 </varlistentry>
1021
1022 <varlistentry id="tsig-keygen">
1023 <term><command>tsig-keygen</command></term>
1024 <listitem>
1025 <para>
1026 is a symlink to <command>ddns-confgen</command>.
1027 </para>
1028 <indexterm zone="bind tsig-keygen">
1029 <primary sortas="b-tsig-keygen">tsig-keygen</primary>
1030 </indexterm>
1031 </listitem>
1032 </varlistentry>
1033
1034 </variablelist>
1035
1036 </sect2>
1037
1038</sect1>
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