source: server/major/bind.xml@ 73fb07ad

10.1 11.0 ken/refactor-virt lazarus qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since 73fb07ad was 73fb07ad, checked in by Douglas R. Reno <renodr@…>, 9 months ago

Update to scons-4.1.0
Update to bind (and bind-utils) 9.16.11
Update to pipewire-0.3.20
Update to mc-4.8.26
Update to pango-1.48.1
Update to libmbim-1.24.6
Update to pinentry-1.1.1
Update to icewm-2.1.1

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@24155 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY bind-download-http " ">
8 <!ENTITY bind-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/&bind-version;/bind-&bind-version;.tar.xz">
9 <!ENTITY bind-md5sum "58cbc23121e43ec934d644c4f412ceea">
10 <!ENTITY bind-size "4.8 MB">
11 <!ENTITY bind-buildsize "129 MB (23 MB installed)">
12 <!ENTITY bind-time "0.8 SBU (with parallelism=4; add 29+ minutes, somewhat processor independent, to run the complete test suite)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="bind" xreflabel="BIND-&bind-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="bind.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>BIND-&bind-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="bind">
26 <primary sortas="a-BIND">BIND</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to BIND</title>
31
32 <para>
33 The <application>BIND</application> package provides a DNS server
34 and client utilities. If you are only interested in the utilities, refer
35 to the <xref linkend="bind-utils"/>.
36 </para>
37
38 &lfs10_checked;
39
40 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
41 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
42 <listitem>
43 <para>
44 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-http;"/>
45 </para>
46 </listitem>
47 <listitem>
48 <para>
49 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-ftp;"/>
50 </para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>
54 Download MD5 sum: &bind-md5sum;
55 </para>
56 </listitem>
57 <listitem>
58 <para>
59 Download size: &bind-size;
60 </para>
61 </listitem>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>
64 Estimated disk space required: &bind-buildsize;
65 </para>
66 </listitem>
67 <listitem>
68 <para>
69 Estimated build time: &bind-time;
70 </para>
71 </listitem>
72 </itemizedlist>
73
74 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">BIND Dependencies</bridgehead>
75
76 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
77 <para role="required">
78 <xref linkend="libuv"/>
79 </para>
80
81 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
82 <para role="recommended">
83 <xref linkend="json-c"/> and
84 <xref linkend="libcap-pam"/>
85 </para>
86
87 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
88 <para role="optional">
89 <xref linkend="curl"/>,
90 <xref linkend="libidn2"/>,
91 <xref linkend="libxml2"/>,
92 <xref linkend="lmdb"/>,
93 <xref linkend="mitkrb"/>,
94 <ulink url="https://cmocka.org/">cmocka</ulink>,
95 <ulink url="https://github.com/cjheath/geoip">geoip</ulink>,
96 <ulink url="https://docs.pytest.org/en/stable/">pytest</ulink>,
97 <ulink url="https://pypi.python.org/pypi/Sphinx">Sphinx</ulink>
98 </para>
99
100 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional database backends</bridgehead>
101 <para role="optional">
102 <xref linkend="db"/>,
103 <xref linkend="mariadb"/> or <ulink url="http://www.mysql.com/">MySQL</ulink>,
104 <xref linkend="openldap"/>,
105 <xref linkend="postgresql"/>, and
106 <xref linkend="unixodbc"/>
107 </para>
108
109 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to run the test suite)</bridgehead>
110 <para role="optional">
111 <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/>
112 </para>
113
114 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to rebuild the documentation)</bridgehead>
115 <para role="optional">
116 <xref linkend="doxygen"/>,
117 <xref linkend="libxslt"/>, and
118 <xref linkend="texlive"/> (or <xref linkend="tl-installer"/>)
119 </para>
120
121 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
122 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/bind"/></para>
123
124 </sect2>
125
126 <sect2 role="installation">
127 <title>Installation of BIND</title>
128
129 <para>
130 To ensure <application>BIND</application> will build dnssec-keymgr,
131 install a python module as the <systemitem
132 class="username">root</systemitem> user:
133 </para>
134
135<screen role="root"><userinput>pip3 install ply</userinput></screen>
136
137 <para>
138 Install <application>BIND</application> by running the
139 following commands:
140 </para>
141
142<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
143 --sysconfdir=/etc \
144 --localstatedir=/var \
145 --mandir=/usr/share/man \
146 --with-libtool \
147 --disable-static &amp;&amp;
148make</userinput></screen>
149
150 <para>
151 Issue the following commands to run the complete suite of tests.
152 First, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user, set up
153 some test interfaces:
154 </para>
155
156 <note>
157 <para>
158 If IPv6 is not enabled in the kernel, there will be several
159 error messages: "RTNETLINK answers: Operation not permitted". These
160 messages do not affect the tests.
161 </para>
162 </note>
163
164<screen role="root"
165 remap="test"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh up</userinput></screen>
166
167 <para>
168 The test suite may indicate some skipped tests depending on
169 what configuration options are used. Some tests are marked
170 <quote>UNTESTED</quote> if <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/> is not
171 installed. One test, <quote>CPU</quote>, is known to fail.
172 To run the tests, as an unprivileged user, execute:
173 </para>
174
175<screen remap="test"><userinput>make -k check</userinput></screen>
176
177 <para>
178 Again as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, clean up the
179 test interfaces:
180 </para>
181
182<screen role="root"
183 remap="test"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh down</userinput></screen>
184
185 <para>
186 Finally, install the package as the <systemitem
187 class="username">root</systemitem> user:
188 </para>
189
190<screen role="root"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
191 </sect2>
192
193<!-- Documentation is an issue - The docs are now all in .rst format and appear
194to be sphinx based.
195-->
196
197 <sect2 role="commands">
198 <title>Command Explanations</title>
199
200 <para>
201 <parameter>--sysconfdir=/etc</parameter>: This parameter forces
202 <application>BIND</application> to look for configuration
203 files in <filename class='directory'>/etc</filename> instead of
204 <filename class='directory'>/usr/etc</filename>.
205 </para>
206
207 <para>
208 <parameter>--with-libtool</parameter>: This parameter forces the
209 building of dynamic libraries and links the installed binaries to these
210 libraries.
211 </para>
212
213 <para>
214 <option>--with-libidn2</option>: This parameter enables
215 the IDNA2008 (Internationalized Domain Names in Applications)
216 support.
217 </para>
218
219 <para>
220 <option>--enable-fetchlimit</option>: Use this option if you want
221 to be able to limit the rate of recursive client queries. This may be
222 useful on servers which receive a large number of queries.
223 </para>
224
225 <para>
226 <option>--disable-linux-caps</option>: BIND can also be built without
227 capability support by using this option, at the cost of some loss of
228 security.
229 </para>
230
231 <para>
232 <option>--with-dlz-{mysql,bdb,filesystem,ldap,odbc,stub}</option>: Use
233 one (or more) of those options to add Dynamically Loadable Zones support.
234 For more information refer to <ulink
235 url="http://bind-dlz.sourceforge.net/">bind-dlz.sourceforge.net</ulink>.
236 </para>
237
238 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
239 href="../../xincludes/static-libraries.xml"/>
240
241 </sect2>
242
243 <sect2 role="configuration">
244 <title>Configuring BIND</title>
245
246 <sect3 id="bind-config">
247 <title>Config files</title>
248
249 <para>
250 <filename>named.conf</filename>,
251 <filename>root.hints</filename>,
252 <filename>127.0.0</filename>,
253 <filename>rndc.conf</filename>, and
254 <filename>resolv.conf</filename>
255 </para>
256
257 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
258 <primary sortas="e-etc-named.conf">/etc/named.conf</primary>
259 </indexterm>
260
261 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
262 <primary sortas="e-etc-rndc.conf">/etc/rndc.conf</primary>
263 </indexterm>
264
265 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
266 <primary sortas="e-etc-resolv.conf">/etc/resolv.conf</primary>
267 </indexterm>
268
269 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
270 <primary
271 sortas="e-etc-namedb-root.hints">/etc/namedb/root.hints</primary>
272 </indexterm>
273
274 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
275 <primary
276 sortas="e-etc-namedb-pz-127.0.0.0">/etc/namedb/pz/127.0.0.0</primary>
277 </indexterm>
278 </sect3>
279
280 <sect3>
281 <title>Configuration Information</title>
282
283 <para>
284 <application>BIND</application> will be configured to run in a
285 <command>chroot</command> jail as an unprivileged user (<systemitem
286 class="username">named</systemitem>). This configuration is more secure
287 in that a DNS compromise can only affect a few files in the <systemitem
288 class="username">named</systemitem> user's <envar>HOME</envar>
289 directory.
290 </para>
291
292 <para>
293 Create the unprivileged user and group <systemitem
294 class="username">named</systemitem>:
295 </para>
296
297<screen role="root"><userinput>groupadd -g 20 named &amp;&amp;
298useradd -c "BIND Owner" -g named -s /bin/false -u 20 named &amp;&amp;
299install -d -m770 -o named -g named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
300
301 <para>
302 Set up some files, directories and devices needed by
303 <application>BIND</application>:
304 </para>
305
306<screen role="root"><userinput>mkdir -p /srv/named &amp;&amp;
307cd /srv/named &amp;&amp;
308mkdir -p dev etc/named/{slave,pz} usr/lib/engines var/run/named &amp;&amp;
309mknod /srv/named/dev/null c 1 3 &amp;&amp;
310mknod /srv/named/dev/urandom c 1 9 &amp;&amp;
311chmod 666 /srv/named/dev/{null,urandom} &amp;&amp;
312cp /etc/localtime etc</userinput></screen>
313
314 <para>
315 The <filename>rndc.conf</filename> file contains information for
316 controlling <command>named</command> operations with the
317 <command>rndc</command> utility. Generate a key for use in the
318 <filename>named.conf</filename> and <filename>rdnc.conf</filename>
319 with the <command>rndc-confgen</command> command:
320 </para>
321
322<screen role="root"><userinput>rndc-confgen -a -b 512 -t /srv/named</userinput></screen>
323
324 <para>
325 Complete the <filename>named.conf</filename> file from which
326 <command>named</command> will read the location of zone files, root
327 name servers and secure DNS keys:
328 </para>
329
330<screen role="root"><?dbfo keep-together="auto"?><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /srv/named/etc/named.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
331<literal>options {
332 directory "/etc/named";
333 pid-file "/var/run/named.pid";
334 statistics-file "/var/run/named.stats";
335
336};
337zone "." {
338 type hint;
339 file "root.hints";
340};
341zone "0.0.127.in-addr.arpa" {
342 type master;
343 file "pz/127.0.0";
344};
345
346// Bind 9 now logs by default through syslog (except debug).
347// These are the default logging rules.
348
349logging {
350 category default { default_syslog; default_debug; };
351 category unmatched { null; };
352
353 channel default_syslog {
354 syslog daemon; // send to syslog's daemon
355 // facility
356 severity info; // only send priority info
357 // and higher
358 };
359
360 channel default_debug {
361 file "named.run"; // write to named.run in
362 // the working directory
363 // Note: stderr is used instead
364 // of "named.run"
365 // if the server is started
366 // with the '-f' option.
367 severity dynamic; // log at the server's
368 // current debug level
369 };
370
371 channel default_stderr {
372 stderr; // writes to stderr
373 severity info; // only send priority info
374 // and higher
375 };
376
377 channel null {
378 null; // toss anything sent to
379 // this channel
380 };
381};</literal>
382EOF</userinput></screen>
383
384 <para>
385 Create a zone file with the following contents:
386 </para>
387
388<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/named/pz/127.0.0 &lt;&lt; "EOF"
389<literal>$TTL 3D
390@ IN SOA ns.local.domain. hostmaster.local.domain. (
391 1 ; Serial
392 8H ; Refresh
393 2H ; Retry
394 4W ; Expire
395 1D) ; Minimum TTL
396 NS ns.local.domain.
3971 PTR localhost.</literal>
398EOF</userinput></screen>
399
400 <para>
401 Create the <filename>root.hints</filename> file with the following
402 commands:
403 </para>
404
405 <note>
406 <para>
407 Caution must be used to ensure there are no leading spaces in
408 this file.
409 </para>
410 </note>
411
412<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/named/root.hints &lt;&lt; "EOF"
413<literal>. 6D IN NS A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
414. 6D IN NS B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
415. 6D IN NS C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
416. 6D IN NS D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
417. 6D IN NS E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
418. 6D IN NS F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
419. 6D IN NS G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
420. 6D IN NS H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
421. 6D IN NS I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
422. 6D IN NS J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
423. 6D IN NS K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
424. 6D IN NS L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
425. 6D IN NS M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
426A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.41.0.4
427A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:ba3e::2:30
428B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.228.79.201
429B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:200::b
430C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.33.4.12
431C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2::c
432D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.91.13
433D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2d::d
434E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.203.230.10
435E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:a8::e
436F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.5.5.241
437F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2f::f
438G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.112.36.4
439G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:12::d0d
440H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.97.190.53
441H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:1::53
442I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.36.148.17
443I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fe::53
444J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.58.128.30
445J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:c27::2:30
446K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 193.0.14.129
447K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fd::1
448L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.83.42
449L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:9f::42
450M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 202.12.27.33
451M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:dc3::35</literal>
452EOF</userinput></screen>
453
454 <para>
455 The <filename>root.hints</filename> file is a list of root name
456 servers. This file must be updated periodically with the
457 <command>dig</command> utility. A current copy of root.hints can be
458 obtained from <ulink url="ftp://rs.internic.net/domain/named.root" />.
459 For details, consult the "BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual",
460 included in every source archive of BIND 9 distributed by ISC, in HTML
461 and PDF formats, also available at <ulink
462 url="ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/cur/&bind-minor-version;/doc/arm/Bv9ARM.html">
463 BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual</ulink>.
464 </para>
465
466 <para>
467 Create or modify <filename>resolv.conf</filename> to use the new
468 name server with the following commands:
469 </para>
470
471 <note>
472 <para>
473 Replace <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable> with
474 your own valid domain name.
475 </para>
476 </note>
477
478<screen role="root"><userinput>cp /etc/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf.bak &amp;&amp;
479cat &gt; /etc/resolv.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
480<literal>search <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable>
481nameserver 127.0.0.1</literal>
482EOF</userinput></screen>
483
484 <para>
485 Set permissions on the <command>chroot</command> jail with the
486 following command:
487 </para>
488
489<screen role="root"><userinput>chown -R named:named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
490
491 </sect3>
492
493 <sect3 id="bind-init">
494 <title><phrase revision="sysv">Boot Script</phrase>
495 <phrase revision="systemd">Systemd Unit</phrase></title>
496
497 <para>
498 To start the DNS server at boot, install the
499 <phrase revision="sysv"><filename>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind</filename> init
500 script</phrase>
501 <phrase revision="systemd"><filename>named.service</filename>
502 unit</phrase> included in the
503 <xref linkend="bootscripts" revision="sysv"/>
504 <xref linkend="systemd-units" revision="systemd"/> package:
505 </para>
506
507 <indexterm zone="bind bind-init">
508 <primary sortas="f-bind">bind</primary>
509 </indexterm>
510
511<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>make install-bind</userinput></screen>
512<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>make install-named</userinput></screen>
513
514 <para>
515 Now start <application>BIND</application> with the following command:
516 </para>
517
518<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind start</userinput></screen>
519<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>systemctl start named</userinput></screen>
520
521 </sect3>
522
523 <sect3>
524 <title>Testing BIND</title>
525
526 <para>
527 Test out the new <application>BIND</application> 9 installation.
528 First query the local host address with <command>dig</command>:
529 </para>
530
531<screen><userinput>dig -x 127.0.0.1</userinput></screen>
532
533 <para>
534 Now try an external name lookup, taking note of the speed
535 difference in repeated lookups due to the caching. Run the
536 <command>dig</command> command twice on the same address:
537 </para>
538
539<screen><userinput>dig www.&lfs-domainname; &amp;&amp;
540dig www.&lfs-domainname;</userinput></screen>
541
542 <para>
543 You can see almost instantaneous results with the named caching
544 lookups. Consult the <application>BIND</application> Administrator
545 Reference Manual located at
546 <ulink url="https://kb.isc.org/docs/bind-916-administrative-reference-manual"/>
547 for further configuration options.
548 </para>
549
550 </sect3>
551
552 </sect2>
553
554 <sect2 role="content">
555 <title>Contents</title>
556
557 <segmentedlist>
558 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
559 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
560 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
561
562 <seglistitem>
563
564 <seg>arpaname, <!--bind9-config hardlinked to isc-config.sh,-->
565 ddns-confgen, delv, dig, dnssec-cds, dnssec-checkds, dnssec-coverage,
566 dnssec-dsfromkey, dnssec-importkey, dnssec-keyfromlabel, dnssec-keygen,
567 dnssec-keymgr, dnssec-revoke, dnssec-settime, dnssec-signzone,
568 dnssec-verify, host, mdig, named, named-checkconf,
569 named-checkzone, named-compilezone (symlink), named-journalprint,
570 named-nzd2nzf, named-rrchecker, nsec3hash, nslookup, nsupdate, rndc,
571 rndc-confgen, and tsig-keygen (symlink)</seg>
572
573 <seg>libbind9.so, libdns.so, libirs.so, libisc.so, libisccc.so,
574 libisccfg.so, and libns.so</seg>
575
576 <seg>/usr/include/{bind9,dns,dst,irs,isc,isccc,isccfg,ns,pk11,pkcs11},
577 /usr/lib/named, and /srv/named</seg>
578 </seglistitem>
579 </segmentedlist>
580
581 <variablelist>
582 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
583 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
584 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
585
586 <varlistentry id="arpaname">
587 <term><command>arpaname</command></term>
588 <listitem>
589 <para>
590 translates IP addresses to the corresponding ARPA names.
591 </para>
592 <indexterm zone="bind arpaname">
593 <primary sortas="b-arpaname">arpaname</primary>
594 </indexterm>
595 </listitem>
596 </varlistentry>
597
598<!-- Not present as of 9.16.5
599 <varlistentry id="bind9-config">
600 <term><command>bind9-config</command></term>
601 <listitem>
602 <para>
603 is hardlinked to <command>isc-config.sh</command>.
604 </para>
605 <indexterm zone="bind bind9-config">
606 <primary sortas="b-bind9-config">bind9-config</primary>
607 </indexterm>
608 </listitem>
609 </varlistentry>
610-->
611
612 <varlistentry id="ddns-confgen">
613 <term><command>ddns-confgen</command></term>
614 <listitem>
615 <para>
616 generates a key for use by nsupdate and named.
617 </para>
618 <indexterm zone="bind ddns-confgen">
619 <primary sortas="b-ddns-confgen">ddns-confgen</primary>
620 </indexterm>
621 </listitem>
622 </varlistentry>
623
624 <varlistentry id="delv">
625 <term><command>delv</command></term>
626 <listitem>
627 <para>
628 is a new debugging tool that is a successor to
629 <command>dig</command>.
630 </para>
631 <indexterm zone="bind delv">
632 <primary sortas="b-delv">delv</primary>
633 </indexterm>
634 </listitem>
635 </varlistentry>
636
637 <varlistentry id="dig">
638 <term><command>dig</command></term>
639 <listitem>
640 <para>
641 interrogates DNS servers.
642 </para>
643 <indexterm zone="bind dig">
644 <primary sortas="b-dig">dig</primary>
645 </indexterm>
646 </listitem>
647 </varlistentry>
648
649 <varlistentry id="dnssec-cds">
650 <term><command>dnssec-cds</command></term>
651 <listitem>
652 <para>
653 changes DS records for a child zone based on
654 CDS/CDNSKEY.
655 </para>
656 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-cds">
657 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-cds">dnssec-cds</primary>
658 </indexterm>
659 </listitem>
660 </varlistentry>
661
662 <varlistentry id="dnssec-checkds">
663 <term><command>dnssec-checkds</command></term>
664 <listitem>
665 <para>
666 is a DNSSEC delegation consistency checking tool.
667 </para>
668 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-checkds">
669 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-checkds">dnssec-checkds</primary>
670 </indexterm>
671 </listitem>
672 </varlistentry>
673
674 <varlistentry id="dnssec-coverage">
675 <term><command>dnssec-coverage</command></term>
676 <listitem>
677 <para>
678 verifies that the DNSSEC keys for a given zone or a set of zones
679 have timing metadata set properly to ensure no future lapses
680 in DNSSEC coverage.
681 </para>
682 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-coverage">
683 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-coverage">dnssec-coverage</primary>
684 </indexterm>
685 </listitem>
686 </varlistentry>
687
688 <varlistentry id="dnssec-dsfromkey">
689 <term><command>dnssec-dsfromkey</command></term>
690 <listitem>
691 <para>
692 outputs the Delegation Signer (DS) resource record (RR).
693 </para>
694 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-dsfromkey">
695 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-dsfromkey">dnssec-dsfromkey</primary>
696 </indexterm>
697 </listitem>
698 </varlistentry>
699
700 <varlistentry id="dnssec-importkey">
701 <term><command>dnssec-importkey</command></term>
702 <listitem>
703 <para>
704 reads a public DNSKEY record and generates a pair of
705 .key/.private files.
706 </para>
707 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-importkey">
708 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-importkey">dnssec-importkey</primary>
709 </indexterm>
710 </listitem>
711 </varlistentry>
712
713 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keyfromlabel">
714 <term><command>dnssec-keyfromlabel</command></term>
715 <listitem>
716 <para>
717 gets keys with the given label from a crypto hardware and builds
718 key files for DNSSEC.
719 </para>
720 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keyfromlabel">
721 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keyfromlabel">dnssec-keyfromlabel</primary>
722 </indexterm>
723 </listitem>
724 </varlistentry>
725
726 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keygen">
727 <term><command>dnssec-keygen</command></term>
728 <listitem>
729 <para>
730 is a key generator for secure DNS.
731 </para>
732 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keygen">
733 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keygen">dnssec-keygen</primary>
734 </indexterm>
735 </listitem>
736 </varlistentry>
737
738 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keymgr">
739 <term><command>dnssec-keymgr</command></term>
740 <listitem>
741 <para>
742 ensures correct DNSKEY coverage based on a defined policy.
743 </para>
744 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keymgr">
745 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keymgr">dnssec-keymgr</primary>
746 </indexterm>
747 </listitem>
748 </varlistentry>
749
750 <varlistentry id="dnssec-revoke">
751 <term><command>dnssec-revoke</command></term>
752 <listitem>
753 <para>
754 sets the REVOKED bit on a DNSSEC key.
755 </para>
756 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-revoke">
757 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-revoke">dnssec-revoke</primary>
758 </indexterm>
759 </listitem>
760 </varlistentry>
761
762 <varlistentry id="dnssec-settime">
763 <term><command>dnssec-settime</command></term>
764 <listitem>
765 <para>
766 sets the key timing metadata for a DNSSEC key.
767 </para>
768 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-settime">
769 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-settime">dnssec-settime</primary>
770 </indexterm>
771 </listitem>
772 </varlistentry>
773
774 <varlistentry id="dnssec-signzone">
775 <term><command>dnssec-signzone</command></term>
776 <listitem>
777 <para>
778 generates signed versions of zone files.
779 </para>
780 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-signzone">
781 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-signzone">dnssec-signzone</primary>
782 </indexterm>
783 </listitem>
784 </varlistentry>
785
786 <varlistentry id="dnssec-verify">
787 <term><command>dnssec-verify</command></term>
788 <listitem>
789 <para>
790 verifies that a zone is fully signed for each algorithm found
791 in the DNSKEY RRset for the zone, and that the NSEC / NSEC3
792 chains are complete.
793 </para>
794 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-verify">
795 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-verify">dnssec-verify</primary>
796 </indexterm>
797 </listitem>
798 </varlistentry>
799
800<!-- No longer present with 9.16.5
801 <varlistentry id="genrandom">
802 <term><command>genrandom</command></term>
803 <listitem>
804 <para>
805 generates a file containing random data.
806 </para>
807 <indexterm zone="bind genrandom">
808 <primary sortas="b-genrandom">genrandom</primary>
809 </indexterm>
810 </listitem>
811 </varlistentry>
812-->
813
814 <varlistentry id="host">
815 <term><command>host</command></term>
816 <listitem>
817 <para>
818 is a utility for DNS lookups.
819 </para>
820 <indexterm zone="bind host">
821 <primary sortas="b-host">host</primary>
822 </indexterm>
823 </listitem>
824 </varlistentry>
825
826 <!-- No longer present with 9.16.5
827 <varlistentry id="isc-config.sh">
828 <term><command>isc-config.sh</command></term>
829 <listitem>
830 <para>
831 prints information related to the installed version of ISC BIND.
832 </para>
833 <indexterm zone="bind isc-config.sh">
834 <primary sortas="b-isc-config.sh">isc-config.sh</primary>
835 </indexterm>
836 </listitem>
837 </varlistentry>
838
839 <varlistentry id="isc-hmac-fixup">
840 <term><command>isc-hmac-fixup</command></term>
841 <listitem>
842 <para>
843 fixes HMAC keys generated by older versions of BIND.
844 </para>
845 <indexterm zone="bind isc-hmac-fixup">
846 <primary sortas="b-isc-hmac-fixup">isc-hmac-fixup</primary>
847 </indexterm>
848 </listitem>
849 </varlistentry>
850
851 <varlistentry id="lwresd">
852 <term><command>lwresd</command></term>
853 <listitem>
854 <para>
855 is a caching-only name server for local process use.
856 </para>
857 <indexterm zone="bind lwresd">
858 <primary sortas="b-lwresd">lwresd</primary>
859 </indexterm>
860 </listitem>
861 </varlistentry>
862-->
863
864 <varlistentry id="mdig">
865 <term><command>mdig</command></term>
866 <listitem>
867 <para>
868 is a version of dig that allows multiple queries at once.
869 </para>
870 <indexterm zone="bind mdig">
871 <primary sortas="b-mdig">mdig</primary>
872 </indexterm>
873 </listitem>
874 </varlistentry>
875
876 <varlistentry id="named">
877 <term><command>named</command></term>
878 <listitem>
879 <para>
880 is the name server daemon.
881 </para>
882 <indexterm zone="bind named">
883 <primary sortas="b-named">named</primary>
884 </indexterm>
885 </listitem>
886 </varlistentry>
887
888 <varlistentry id="named-checkconf">
889 <term><command>named-checkconf</command></term>
890 <listitem>
891 <para>
892 checks the syntax of <filename>named.conf</filename>
893 files.
894 </para>
895 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkconf">
896 <primary sortas="b-named-checkconf">named-checkconf</primary>
897 </indexterm>
898 </listitem>
899 </varlistentry>
900
901 <varlistentry id="named-checkzone">
902 <term><command>named-checkzone</command></term>
903 <listitem>
904 <para>
905 checks zone file validity.
906 </para>
907 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkzone">
908 <primary sortas="b-named-checkzone">named-checkzone</primary>
909 </indexterm>
910 </listitem>
911 </varlistentry>
912
913 <varlistentry id="named-compilezone">
914 <term><command>named-compilezone</command></term>
915 <listitem>
916 <para>
917 is similar to <command>named-checkzone</command>, but it always
918 dumps the zone contents to a specified file in a specified format.
919 </para>
920 <indexterm zone="bind named-compilezone">
921 <primary sortas="b-named-compilezone">named-compilezone</primary>
922 </indexterm>
923 </listitem>
924 </varlistentry>
925
926 <varlistentry id="named-journalprint">
927 <term><command>named-journalprint</command></term>
928 <listitem>
929 <para>
930 prints the zone journal in human-readable form.
931 </para>
932 <indexterm zone="bind named-journalprint">
933 <primary sortas="b-named-journalprint">named-journalprint</primary>
934 </indexterm>
935 </listitem>
936 </varlistentry>
937
938 <varlistentry id="named-rrchecker">
939 <term><command>named-rrchecker</command></term>
940 <listitem>
941 <para>
942 reads an individual DNS resource record from standard input and
943 checks if it is syntactically correct.
944 </para>
945 <indexterm zone="bind named-rrchecker">
946 <primary sortas="b-named-rrchecker">named-rrchecker</primary>
947 </indexterm>
948 </listitem>
949 </varlistentry>
950
951 <varlistentry id="named-nzd2nzf">
952 <term><command>named-nzd2nzf</command></term>
953 <listitem>
954 <para>
955 converts an NZD database to NZF text format.
956 </para>
957 <indexterm zone="bind named-nzd2nzf">
958 <primary sortas="b-named-nzd2nzf">named-nzd2nzf</primary>
959 </indexterm>
960 </listitem>
961 </varlistentry>
962
963 <varlistentry id="nsec3hash">
964 <term><command>nsec3hash</command></term>
965 <listitem>
966 <para>
967 generates an NSEC3 hash based on a set of NSEC3 parameters.
968 </para>
969 <indexterm zone="bind nsec3hash">
970 <primary sortas="b-nsec3hash">nsec3hash</primary>
971 </indexterm>
972 </listitem>
973 </varlistentry>
974
975 <varlistentry id="nslookup">
976 <term><command>nslookup</command></term>
977 <listitem>
978 <para>
979 is a program used to query Internet domain nameservers.
980 </para>
981 <indexterm zone="bind nslookup">
982 <primary sortas="b-nslookup">nslookup</primary>
983 </indexterm>
984 </listitem>
985 </varlistentry>
986
987 <varlistentry id="nsupdate">
988 <term><command>nsupdate</command></term>
989 <listitem>
990 <para>
991 is used to submit DNS update requests.
992 </para>
993 <indexterm zone="bind nsupdate">
994 <primary sortas="b-nsupdate">nsupdate</primary>
995 </indexterm>
996 </listitem>
997 </varlistentry>
998
999 <varlistentry id="rndc">
1000 <term><command>rndc</command></term>
1001 <listitem>
1002 <para>
1003 controls the operation of <application>BIND</application>.
1004 </para>
1005 <indexterm zone="bind rndc">
1006 <primary sortas="b-rndc">rndc</primary>
1007 </indexterm>
1008 </listitem>
1009 </varlistentry>
1010
1011 <varlistentry id="rndc-confgen">
1012 <term><command>rndc-confgen</command></term>
1013 <listitem>
1014 <para>
1015 generates <filename>rndc.conf</filename> files.
1016 </para>
1017 <indexterm zone="bind rndc-confgen">
1018 <primary sortas="b-rndc-confgen">rndc-confgen</primary>
1019 </indexterm>
1020 </listitem>
1021 </varlistentry>
1022
1023 <varlistentry id="tsig-keygen">
1024 <term><command>tsig-keygen</command></term>
1025 <listitem>
1026 <para>
1027 is a symlink to <command>ddns-confgen</command>.
1028 </para>
1029 <indexterm zone="bind tsig-keygen">
1030 <primary sortas="b-tsig-keygen">tsig-keygen</primary>
1031 </indexterm>
1032 </listitem>
1033 </varlistentry>
1034
1035 </variablelist>
1036
1037 </sect2>
1038
1039</sect1>
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