source: server/major/bind.xml@ 8fa3fc3

10.0 10.1 11.0 9.1 ken/refactor-virt lazarus qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since 8fa3fc3 was 8fa3fc3, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 21 months ago

Update to bluefish-2.2.11.
Update to php-7.4.2.
Update to nss-3.49.2.
Update to dhcp-4.4.2.
Update to bind-9.14.10.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@22602 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 32.9 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY bind-download-http " ">
8 <!ENTITY bind-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/&bind-version;/bind-&bind-version;.tar.gz">
9 <!ENTITY bind-md5sum "c4b4e48ae6dc87da4cae333665c0b4e3">
10 <!ENTITY bind-size "6.0 MB">
11 <!ENTITY bind-buildsize "101 MB (24 MB installed)">
12 <!ENTITY bind-time "1.0 SBU (with parallelism=4; add 34+ minutes, processor independent, to run the complete test suite)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="bind" xreflabel="BIND-&bind-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="bind.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>BIND-&bind-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="bind">
26 <primary sortas="a-BIND">BIND</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to BIND</title>
31
32 <para>The <application>BIND</application> package provides a DNS server
33 and client utilities. If you are only interested in the utilities, refer
34 to the <xref linkend="bind-utils"/>.</para>
35
36 &lfs90_checked;
37
38 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
39 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
40 <listitem>
41 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-http;"/></para>
42 </listitem>
43 <listitem>
44 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-ftp;"/></para>
45 </listitem>
46 <listitem>
47 <para>Download MD5 sum: &bind-md5sum;</para>
48 </listitem>
49 <listitem>
50 <para>Download size: &bind-size;</para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>Estimated disk space required: &bind-buildsize;</para>
54 </listitem>
55 <listitem>
56 <para>Estimated build time: &bind-time;</para>
57 </listitem>
58 </itemizedlist>
59<!--
60 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
61 <itemizedlist spacing='compact'>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>Optional patch (if net-tools is not installed):
64 <ulink
65 url="&patch-root;/bind-&bind-version;-use_iproute2-1.patch"/></para>
66 </listitem>
67 </itemizedlist>
68-->
69 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">BIND Dependencies</bridgehead>
70
71 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
72 <para role="optional">
73 <xref linkend="libcap-pam"/>
74 </para>
75
76 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
77 <para role="optional">
78 <xref linkend="libidn2"/>,
79 <xref linkend="libxml2"/>,
80 <xref linkend="mitkrb"/>,
81 <ulink url="https://cmocka.org/">cmocka</ulink>, and
82 <ulink url='https://github.com/cjheath/geoip'>geoip</ulink>
83 </para>
84
85 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional database backends</bridgehead>
86 <para role="optional">
87 <xref linkend="db"/>,
88 <xref linkend="mariadb"/> or <ulink url="http://www.mysql.com/">MySQL</ulink>,
89 <xref linkend="openldap"/>,
90 <xref linkend="postgresql"/>, and
91 <xref linkend="unixodbc"/>
92 </para>
93
94 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to run the test suite)</bridgehead>
95 <para role="optional">
96 <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/>
97<!-- and
98 <xref linkend="net-tools"/> (you may omit net-tools by using the optional
99 patch to utilize iproute2, but the IPv6 tests will fail)
100-->
101 </para>
102
103 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to rebuild the documentation)</bridgehead>
104 <para role="optional">
105 <xref linkend="doxygen"/>,
106 <xref linkend="libxslt"/>, and
107 <xref linkend="texlive"/> (or <xref linkend="tl-installer"/>)
108 </para>
109
110 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
111 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/bind"/></para>
112
113 </sect2>
114
115 <sect2 role="installation">
116 <title>Installation of BIND</title>
117<!--
118 <para>If you have chosen not to install net-tools, apply the iproute2
119 patch with the following command:</para>
120
121<screen><userinput>patch -Np1 -i ../bind-&bind-version;-use_iproute2-1.patch</userinput></screen>
122-->
123
124 <para>To ensure <application>BIND</application> will build dnssec-keymgr,
125 install a python module as the <systemitem
126 class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
127
128<screen role="root"><userinput>pip3 install ply</userinput></screen>
129
130 <para>Install <application>BIND</application> by running the
131 following commands:</para>
132
133<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
134 --sysconfdir=/etc \
135 --localstatedir=/var \
136 --mandir=/usr/share/man \
137 --with-libtool \
138 --disable-static &amp;&amp;
139make</userinput></screen>
140
141 <para>Issue the following commands to run the complete suite of tests.
142 First, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user, set up
143 some test interfaces:</para>
144
145 <note><para>If IPv6 is not enabled in the kernel, there will be several
146 error messages: "RTNETLINK answers: Operation not permitted". These
147 messages do not affect the tests.</para></note>
148
149<screen role="root"
150 remap="test"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh up</userinput></screen>
151
152 <para>The test suite may indicate some skipped tests depending on
153 what configuration options are used. Some tests are marked <quote>UNTESTED
154 </quote> if <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/> is not installed.
155 To run the tests, as an unprivileged user, execute:</para>
156
157<screen remap="test"><userinput>make -k check</userinput></screen>
158
159 <para>Again as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, clean up the
160 test interfaces:</para>
161
162<screen role="root"
163 remap="test"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh down</userinput></screen>
164
165 <para>Finally, install the package as the <systemitem
166 class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
167
168<screen role="root"><userinput>make install &amp;&amp;
169
170install -v -m755 -d /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/arm &amp;&amp;
171install -v -m644 doc/arm/*.html \
172 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/arm</userinput></screen>
173 </sect2>
174
175<!-- Documentation is an issue - make doc fails - some docbook problem
176install -v -m644 doc/misc/{dnssec,ipv6,migrat*,options,rfc-compliance,roadmap,sdb} \
177 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/misc</userinput></screen>
178-->
179
180 <sect2 role="commands">
181 <title>Command Explanations</title>
182
183 <para><parameter>--sysconfdir=/etc</parameter>: This parameter forces
184 <application>BIND</application> to look for configuration
185 files in <filename class='directory'>/etc</filename> instead of
186 <filename class='directory'>/usr/etc</filename>.</para>
187
188 <!-- No longer available as of 9.14.2
189 <para><parameter>- -enable-threads</parameter>: This parameter enables
190 multi-threading capability.</para>
191 -->
192
193 <para><parameter>--with-libtool</parameter>: This parameter forces the
194 building of dynamic libraries and links the installed binaries to these
195 libraries.</para>
196
197 <para><option>--with-libidn2</option>: This parameter enables
198 the IDNA2008 (Internationalized Domain Names in Applications)
199 support.</para>
200
201<!-- no longer available
202 <para><parameter>- -with-randomdev=/dev/urandom</parameter>: This parameter
203 specifes a non-blocking random device for use with digital signatures.</para>
204-->
205 <para><option>--enable-fetchlimit</option>: Use this option if you want
206 to be able to limit the rate of recursive client queries. This may be
207 useful on servers which receive a large number of queries.</para>
208
209 <para><option>--disable-linux-caps</option>: BIND can also be built without
210 capability support by using this option, at the cost of some loss of
211 security.</para>
212
213 <para><option>--with-dlz-{mysql,bdb,filesystem,ldap,odbc,stub}</option>: Use
214 one (or more) of those options to add Dynamically Loadable Zones support.
215 For more information refer to
216 <ulink url="http://bind-dlz.sourceforge.net/">bind-dlz.sourceforge.net</ulink>.
217 </para>
218
219 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
220 href="../../xincludes/static-libraries.xml"/>
221
222 <para><command>cd doc; install ...</command>: These commands install
223 additional package documentation. Omit any or all of these commands if
224 desired.</para>
225 </sect2>
226
227 <sect2 role="configuration">
228 <title>Configuring BIND</title>
229
230 <sect3 id="bind-config">
231 <title>Config files</title>
232
233 <para><filename>named.conf</filename>,
234 <filename>root.hints</filename>,
235 <filename>127.0.0</filename>,
236 <filename>rndc.conf</filename> and
237 <filename>resolv.conf</filename></para>
238
239 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
240 <primary sortas="e-etc-named.conf">/etc/named.conf</primary>
241 </indexterm>
242
243 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
244 <primary sortas="e-etc-rndc.conf">/etc/rndc.conf</primary>
245 </indexterm>
246
247 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
248 <primary sortas="e-etc-resolv.conf">/etc/resolv.conf</primary>
249 </indexterm>
250
251 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
252 <primary
253 sortas="e-etc-namedb-root.hints">/etc/namedb/root.hints</primary>
254 </indexterm>
255
256 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
257 <primary
258 sortas="e-etc-namedb-pz-127.0.0.0">/etc/namedb/pz/127.0.0.0</primary>
259 </indexterm>
260 </sect3>
261
262 <sect3>
263 <title>Configuration Information</title>
264
265 <para><application>BIND</application> will be configured to run in a
266 <command>chroot</command> jail as an unprivileged user (<systemitem
267 class="username">named</systemitem>). This configuration is more secure
268 in that a DNS compromise can only affect a few files in the <systemitem
269 class="username">named</systemitem> user's <envar>HOME</envar>
270 directory.</para>
271
272 <para>Create the unprivileged user and group <systemitem
273 class="username">named</systemitem>:</para>
274
275<screen role="root"><userinput>groupadd -g 20 named &amp;&amp;
276useradd -c "BIND Owner" -g named -s /bin/false -u 20 named &amp;&amp;
277install -d -m770 -o named -g named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
278
279 <para>Set up some files, directories and devices needed by
280 <application>BIND</application>:</para>
281
282<screen role="root"><userinput>mkdir -p /srv/named &amp;&amp;
283cd /srv/named &amp;&amp;
284mkdir -p dev etc/named/{slave,pz} usr/lib/engines var/run/named &amp;&amp;
285mknod /srv/named/dev/null c 1 3 &amp;&amp;
286mknod /srv/named/dev/urandom c 1 9 &amp;&amp;
287chmod 666 /srv/named/dev/{null,urandom} &amp;&amp;
288cp /etc/localtime etc</userinput></screen>
289
290 <para>The <filename>rndc.conf</filename> file contains information for
291 controlling <command>named</command> operations with the
292 <command>rndc</command> utility. Generate a key for use in the <filename>named.conf</filename> and <filename>rdnc.conf</filename> with the
293 <command>rndc-confgen</command> command:</para>
294
295 <screen role="root"><userinput>rndc-confgen -a -b 512 -t /srv/named</userinput></screen>
296
297 <para>Complete the <filename>named.conf</filename> file from which
298 <command>named</command> will read the location of zone files, root
299 name servers and secure DNS keys:</para>
300
301<screen role="root"><?dbfo keep-together="auto"?><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /srv/named/etc/named.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
302<literal>options {
303 directory "/etc/named";
304 pid-file "/var/run/named.pid";
305 statistics-file "/var/run/named.stats";
306
307};
308zone "." {
309 type hint;
310 file "root.hints";
311};
312zone "0.0.127.in-addr.arpa" {
313 type master;
314 file "pz/127.0.0";
315};
316
317// Bind 9 now logs by default through syslog (except debug).
318// These are the default logging rules.
319
320logging {
321 category default { default_syslog; default_debug; };
322 category unmatched { null; };
323
324 channel default_syslog {
325 syslog daemon; // send to syslog's daemon
326 // facility
327 severity info; // only send priority info
328 // and higher
329 };
330
331 channel default_debug {
332 file "named.run"; // write to named.run in
333 // the working directory
334 // Note: stderr is used instead
335 // of "named.run"
336 // if the server is started
337 // with the '-f' option.
338 severity dynamic; // log at the server's
339 // current debug level
340 };
341
342 channel default_stderr {
343 stderr; // writes to stderr
344 severity info; // only send priority info
345 // and higher
346 };
347
348 channel null {
349 null; // toss anything sent to
350 // this channel
351 };
352};</literal>
353EOF</userinput></screen>
354
355 <para>Create a zone file with the following contents:</para>
356
357<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/named/pz/127.0.0 &lt;&lt; "EOF"
358<literal>$TTL 3D
359@ IN SOA ns.local.domain. hostmaster.local.domain. (
360 1 ; Serial
361 8H ; Refresh
362 2H ; Retry
363 4W ; Expire
364 1D) ; Minimum TTL
365 NS ns.local.domain.
3661 PTR localhost.</literal>
367EOF</userinput></screen>
368
369 <para>Create the <filename>root.hints</filename> file with the following
370 commands:</para>
371
372 <note>
373 <para>Caution must be used to ensure there are no leading spaces in
374 this file.</para>
375 </note>
376
377<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/named/root.hints &lt;&lt; "EOF"
378<literal>. 6D IN NS A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
379. 6D IN NS B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
380. 6D IN NS C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
381. 6D IN NS D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
382. 6D IN NS E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
383. 6D IN NS F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
384. 6D IN NS G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
385. 6D IN NS H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
386. 6D IN NS I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
387. 6D IN NS J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
388. 6D IN NS K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
389. 6D IN NS L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
390. 6D IN NS M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
391A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.41.0.4
392A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:ba3e::2:30
393B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.228.79.201
394B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:200::b
395C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.33.4.12
396C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2::c
397D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.91.13
398D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2d::d
399E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.203.230.10
400E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:a8::e
401F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.5.5.241
402F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2f::f
403G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.112.36.4
404G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:12::d0d
405H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.97.190.53
406H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:1::53
407I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.36.148.17
408I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fe::53
409J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.58.128.30
410J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:c27::2:30
411K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 193.0.14.129
412K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fd::1
413L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.83.42
414L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:9f::42
415M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 202.12.27.33
416M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:dc3::35</literal>
417EOF</userinput></screen>
418
419 <para>The <filename>root.hints</filename> file is a list of root name
420 servers. This file must be updated periodically with the
421 <command>dig</command> utility. A current copy of root.hints can be
422 obtained from <ulink url="ftp://rs.internic.net/domain/named.root" />.
423 For details, consult the "BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual", included
424 in every source archive of BIND 9 distributed by ISC, in HTML and PDF
425 formats, also available at
426 <ulink url="ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/cur/&bind-minor-version;/doc/arm/Bv9ARM.html">
427 BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual</ulink>.</para>
428
429 <para>Create or modify <filename>resolv.conf</filename> to use the new
430 name server with the following commands:</para>
431
432 <note>
433 <para>Replace <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable> with
434 your own valid domain name.</para>
435 </note>
436
437<screen role="root"><userinput>cp /etc/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf.bak &amp;&amp;
438cat &gt; /etc/resolv.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
439<literal>search <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable>
440nameserver 127.0.0.1</literal>
441EOF</userinput></screen>
442
443 <para>Set permissions on the <command>chroot</command> jail with the
444 following command:</para>
445
446<screen role="root"><userinput>chown -R named:named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
447
448 </sect3>
449
450 <sect3 id="bind-init">
451 <title><phrase revision="sysv">Boot Script</phrase>
452 <phrase revision="systemd">Systemd Unit</phrase></title>
453
454 <para>To start the DNS server at boot, install the
455 <phrase revision="sysv"><filename>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind</filename> init
456 script</phrase>
457 <phrase revision="systemd"><filename>named.service</filename>
458 unit</phrase> included in the
459 <xref linkend="bootscripts" revision="sysv"/>
460 <xref linkend="systemd-units" revision="systemd"/> package.</para>
461
462 <indexterm zone="bind bind-init">
463 <primary sortas="f-bind">bind</primary>
464 </indexterm>
465
466<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>make install-bind</userinput></screen>
467<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>make install-named</userinput></screen>
468
469 <para>Now start <application>BIND</application> with
470 the following command:</para>
471
472<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind start</userinput></screen>
473<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>systemctl start named</userinput></screen>
474
475 </sect3>
476
477 <sect3>
478 <title>Testing BIND</title>
479
480 <para>Test out the new <application>BIND</application> 9 installation.
481 First query the local host address with <command>dig</command>:</para>
482
483<screen><userinput>dig -x 127.0.0.1</userinput></screen>
484
485 <para>Now try an external name lookup, taking note of the speed
486 difference in repeated lookups due to the caching. Run the
487 <command>dig</command> command twice on the same address:</para>
488
489<screen><userinput>dig www.&lfs-domainname; &amp;&amp;
490dig www.&lfs-domainname;</userinput></screen>
491
492 <para>You can see almost instantaneous results with the named caching
493 lookups. Consult the <application>BIND</application> Administrator
494 Reference Manual located at <filename>doc/arm/Bv9ARM.html</filename>
495 in the package source tree, for further configuration options.</para>
496
497 </sect3>
498
499 </sect2>
500
501 <sect2 role="content">
502 <title>Contents</title>
503
504 <segmentedlist>
505 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
506 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
507 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
508
509 <seglistitem>
510
511 <seg>arpaname, bind9-config hardlinked to isc-config.sh, ddns-confgen,
512 delv, dig, dnssec-dsfromkey,
513 dnssec-importkey, dnssec-keyfromlabel, dnssec-keygen, dnssec-revoke,
514 dnssec-settime, dnssec-signzone, dnssec-verify, genrandom, host,
515 isc-hmac-fixup, lwresd hardlinked to named, named-checkconf,
516 named-checkzone, named-compilezone (symlink), named-journalprint,
517 named-rrchecker, nsec3hash, nslookup, nsupdate, rndc, rndc-confgen,
518 and tsig-keygen (symlink)</seg>
519
520 <seg>libbind9.so, libdns.so, libirs.so, libisc.so, libisccc.so,
521 libisccfg.so, and liblwres.so</seg>
522
523 <seg>/usr/include/{bind9,dns,dst,irs,isc,isccc,isccfg,lwres,pk11,pkcs11},
524 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version; and /srv/named</seg>
525 </seglistitem>
526 </segmentedlist>
527
528 <variablelist>
529 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
530 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
531 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
532
533 <varlistentry id="arpaname">
534 <term><command>arpaname</command></term>
535 <listitem>
536 <para>
537 translates IP addresses to the corresponding ARPA names.
538 </para>
539 <indexterm zone="bind arpaname">
540 <primary sortas="b-arpaname">arpaname</primary>
541 </indexterm>
542 </listitem>
543 </varlistentry>
544
545 <varlistentry id="bind9-config">
546 <term><command>bind9-config</command></term>
547 <listitem>
548 <para>
549 is hardlinked to <command>isc-config.sh</command>.
550 </para>
551 <indexterm zone="bind bind9-config">
552 <primary sortas="b-bind9-config">bind9-config</primary>
553 </indexterm>
554 </listitem>
555 </varlistentry>
556
557 <varlistentry id="ddns-confgen">
558 <term><command>ddns-confgen</command></term>
559 <listitem>
560 <para>
561 generates a key for use by nsupdate and named.
562 </para>
563 <indexterm zone="bind ddns-confgen">
564 <primary sortas="b-ddns-confgen">ddns-confgen</primary>
565 </indexterm>
566 </listitem>
567 </varlistentry>
568
569 <varlistentry id="delv">
570 <term><command>delv</command></term>
571 <listitem>
572 <para>
573 is a new debugging tool that is a successor to
574 <command>dig</command>.
575 </para>
576 <indexterm zone="bind delv">
577 <primary sortas="b-delv">delv</primary>
578 </indexterm>
579 </listitem>
580 </varlistentry>
581
582 <varlistentry id="dig">
583 <term><command>dig</command></term>
584 <listitem>
585 <para>interrogates DNS servers.</para>
586 <indexterm zone="bind dig">
587 <primary sortas="b-dig">dig</primary>
588 </indexterm>
589 </listitem>
590 </varlistentry>
591<!--
592 <varlistentry id="dnssec-checkds">
593 <term><command>dnssec-checkds</command></term>
594 <listitem>
595 <para>
596 is a DNSSEC delegation consistency checking tool.
597 </para>
598 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-checkds">
599 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-checkds">dnssec-checkds</primary>
600 </indexterm>
601 </listitem>
602 </varlistentry>
603
604 <varlistentry id="dnssec-coverage">
605 <term><command>dnssec-coverage</command></term>
606 <listitem>
607 <para>
608 verifies that the DNSSEC keys for a given zone or a set of zones
609 have timing metadata set properly to ensure no future lapses
610 in DNSSEC coverage.
611 </para>
612 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-coverage">
613 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-coverage">dnssec-coverage</primary>
614 </indexterm>
615 </listitem>
616 </varlistentry>-->
617
618 <varlistentry id="dnssec-dsfromkey">
619 <term><command>dnssec-dsfromkey</command></term>
620 <listitem>
621 <para>
622 outputs the Delegation Signer (DS) resource record (RR).
623 </para>
624 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-dsfromkey">
625 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-dsfromkey">dnssec-dsfromkey</primary>
626 </indexterm>
627 </listitem>
628 </varlistentry>
629
630 <varlistentry id="dnssec-importkey">
631 <term><command>dnssec-importkey</command></term>
632 <listitem>
633 <para>
634 reads a public DNSKEY record and generates a pair of
635 .key/.private files.
636 </para>
637 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-importkey">
638 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-importkey">dnssec-importkey</primary>
639 </indexterm>
640 </listitem>
641 </varlistentry>
642
643 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keyfromlabel">
644 <term><command>dnssec-keyfromlabel</command></term>
645 <listitem>
646 <para>
647 gets keys with the given label from a crypto hardware and builds
648 key files for DNSSEC.
649 </para>
650 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keyfromlabel">
651 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keyfromlabel">dnssec-keyfromlabel</primary>
652 </indexterm>
653 </listitem>
654 </varlistentry>
655
656 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keygen">
657 <term><command>dnssec-keygen</command></term>
658 <listitem>
659 <para>is a key generator for secure DNS.</para>
660 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keygen">
661 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keygen">dnssec-keygen</primary>
662 </indexterm>
663 </listitem>
664 </varlistentry>
665
666 <varlistentry id="dnssec-revoke">
667 <term><command>dnssec-revoke</command></term>
668 <listitem>
669 <para>
670 sets the REVOKED bit on a DNSSEC key.
671 </para>
672 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-revoke">
673 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-revoke">dnssec-revoke</primary>
674 </indexterm>
675 </listitem>
676 </varlistentry>
677
678 <varlistentry id="dnssec-settime">
679 <term><command>dnssec-settime</command></term>
680 <listitem>
681 <para>
682 sets the key timing metadata for a DNSSEC key.
683 </para>
684 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-settime">
685 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-settime">dnssec-settime</primary>
686 </indexterm>
687 </listitem>
688 </varlistentry>
689
690 <varlistentry id="dnssec-signzone">
691 <term><command>dnssec-signzone</command></term>
692 <listitem>
693 <para>generates signed versions of zone files.</para>
694 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-signzone">
695 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-signzone">dnssec-signzone</primary>
696 </indexterm>
697 </listitem>
698 </varlistentry>
699
700 <varlistentry id="dnssec-verify">
701 <term><command>dnssec-verify</command></term>
702 <listitem>
703 <para>
704 verifies that a zone is fully signed for each algorithm found
705 in the DNSKEY RRset for the zone, and that the NSEC / NSEC3
706 chains are complete.
707 </para>
708 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-verify">
709 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-verify">dnssec-verify</primary>
710 </indexterm>
711 </listitem>
712 </varlistentry>
713
714 <varlistentry id="genrandom">
715 <term><command>genrandom</command></term>
716 <listitem>
717 <para>
718 generates a file containing random data.
719 </para>
720 <indexterm zone="bind genrandom">
721 <primary sortas="b-genrandom">genrandom</primary>
722 </indexterm>
723 </listitem>
724 </varlistentry>
725
726 <varlistentry id="host">
727 <term><command>host</command></term>
728 <listitem>
729 <para>is a utility for DNS lookups.</para>
730 <indexterm zone="bind host">
731 <primary sortas="b-host">host</primary>
732 </indexterm>
733 </listitem>
734 </varlistentry>
735
736 <varlistentry id="isc-config.sh">
737 <term><command>isc-config.sh</command></term>
738 <listitem>
739 <para>
740 prints information related to the installed version of ISC BIND.
741 </para>
742 <indexterm zone="bind isc-config.sh">
743 <primary sortas="b-isc-config.sh">isc-config.sh</primary>
744 </indexterm>
745 </listitem>
746 </varlistentry>
747
748 <varlistentry id="isc-hmac-fixup">
749 <term><command>isc-hmac-fixup</command></term>
750 <listitem>
751 <para>
752 fixes HMAC keys generated by older versions of BIND.
753 </para>
754 <indexterm zone="bind isc-hmac-fixup">
755 <primary sortas="b-isc-hmac-fixup">isc-hmac-fixup</primary>
756 </indexterm>
757 </listitem>
758 </varlistentry>
759
760 <varlistentry id="lwresd">
761 <term><command>lwresd</command></term>
762 <listitem>
763 <para>is a caching-only name server for local process use.</para>
764 <indexterm zone="bind lwresd">
765 <primary sortas="b-lwresd">lwresd</primary>
766 </indexterm>
767 </listitem>
768 </varlistentry>
769
770 <varlistentry id="named">
771 <term><command>named</command></term>
772 <listitem>
773 <para>is the name server daemon.</para>
774 <indexterm zone="bind named">
775 <primary sortas="b-named">named</primary>
776 </indexterm>
777 </listitem>
778 </varlistentry>
779
780 <varlistentry id="named-checkconf">
781 <term><command>named-checkconf</command></term>
782 <listitem>
783 <para>checks the syntax of <filename>named.conf</filename>
784 files.</para>
785 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkconf">
786 <primary sortas="b-named-checkconf">named-checkconf</primary>
787 </indexterm>
788 </listitem>
789 </varlistentry>
790
791 <varlistentry id="named-checkzone">
792 <term><command>named-checkzone</command></term>
793 <listitem>
794 <para>checks zone file validity.</para>
795 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkzone">
796 <primary sortas="b-named-checkzone">named-checkzone</primary>
797 </indexterm>
798 </listitem>
799 </varlistentry>
800
801 <varlistentry id="named-compilezone">
802 <term><command>named-compilezone</command></term>
803 <listitem>
804 <para>
805 is similar to <command>named-checkzone</command>, but it always
806 dumps the zone contents to a specified file in a specified format.
807 </para>
808 <indexterm zone="bind named-compilezone">
809 <primary sortas="b-named-compilezone">named-compilezone</primary>
810 </indexterm>
811 </listitem>
812 </varlistentry>
813
814 <varlistentry id="named-journalprint">
815 <term><command>named-journalprint</command></term>
816 <listitem>
817 <para>
818 prints the zone journal in human-readable form.
819 </para>
820 <indexterm zone="bind named-journalprint">
821 <primary sortas="b-named-journalprint">named-journalprint</primary>
822 </indexterm>
823 </listitem>
824 </varlistentry>
825
826 <varlistentry id="named-rrchecker">
827 <term><command>named-rrchecker</command></term>
828 <listitem>
829 <para>
830 reads an individual DNS resource record from standard input and
831 checks if it is syntactically correct.
832 </para>
833 <indexterm zone="bind named-rrchecker">
834 <primary sortas="b-named-rrchecker">named-rrchecker</primary>
835 </indexterm>
836 </listitem>
837 </varlistentry>
838
839 <varlistentry id="nsec3hash">
840 <term><command>nsec3hash</command></term>
841 <listitem>
842 <para>
843 generates an NSEC3 hash based on a set of NSEC3 parameters.
844 </para>
845 <indexterm zone="bind nsec3hash">
846 <primary sortas="b-nsec3hash">nsec3hash</primary>
847 </indexterm>
848 </listitem>
849 </varlistentry>
850
851 <varlistentry id="nslookup">
852 <term><command>nslookup</command></term>
853 <listitem>
854 <para>is a program used to query Internet domain nameservers.</para>
855 <indexterm zone="bind nslookup">
856 <primary sortas="b-nslookup">nslookup</primary>
857 </indexterm>
858 </listitem>
859 </varlistentry>
860
861 <varlistentry id="nsupdate">
862 <term><command>nsupdate</command></term>
863 <listitem>
864 <para>is used to submit DNS update requests.</para>
865 <indexterm zone="bind nsupdate">
866 <primary sortas="b-nsupdate">nsupdate</primary>
867 </indexterm>
868 </listitem>
869 </varlistentry>
870
871 <varlistentry id="rndc">
872 <term><command>rndc</command></term>
873 <listitem>
874 <para>controls the operation of <application>BIND</application>.</para>
875 <indexterm zone="bind rndc">
876 <primary sortas="b-rndc">rndc</primary>
877 </indexterm>
878 </listitem>
879 </varlistentry>
880
881 <varlistentry id="rndc-confgen">
882 <term><command>rndc-confgen</command></term>
883 <listitem>
884 <para>generates <filename>rndc.conf</filename> files.</para>
885 <indexterm zone="bind rndc-confgen">
886 <primary sortas="b-rndc-confgen">rndc-confgen</primary>
887 </indexterm>
888 </listitem>
889 </varlistentry>
890
891 <varlistentry id="tsig-keygen">
892 <term><command>tsig-keygen</command></term>
893 <listitem>
894 <para>
895 is a symlink to <command>ddns-confgen</command>.
896 </para>
897 <indexterm zone="bind tsig-keygen">
898 <primary sortas="b-tsig-keygen">tsig-keygen</primary>
899 </indexterm>
900 </listitem>
901 </varlistentry>
902
903 </variablelist>
904
905 </sect2>
906
907</sect1>
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