source: server/major/bind.xml@ 94cbe4f

trunk
Last change on this file since 94cbe4f was 94cbe4f, checked in by Thomas Trepl (Moody) <thomas@…>, 3 months ago

Upgrade bind-9.16.15, bind-utils-9.16.15

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 35.0 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY bind-download-http " ">
8 <!ENTITY bind-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/&bind-version;/bind-&bind-version;.tar.xz">
9 <!ENTITY bind-md5sum "6c6e5bb21763161bc68665b8729b3630">
10 <!ENTITY bind-size "4.7 MB">
11 <!ENTITY bind-buildsize "130 MB (23 MB installed)">
12 <!ENTITY bind-time "0.8 SBU (with parallelism=4; add 29+ minutes, somewhat processor independent, to run the complete test suite)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="bind" xreflabel="BIND-&bind-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="bind.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <date>$Date$</date>
20 </sect1info>
21
22 <title>BIND-&bind-version;</title>
23
24 <indexterm zone="bind">
25 <primary sortas="a-BIND">BIND</primary>
26 </indexterm>
27
28 <sect2 role="package">
29 <title>Introduction to BIND</title>
30
31 <para>
32 The <application>BIND</application> package provides a DNS server
33 and client utilities. If you are only interested in the utilities, refer
34 to the <xref linkend="bind-utils"/>.
35 </para>
36
37 &lfs101_checked;
38
39 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
40 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
41 <listitem>
42 <para>
43 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-http;"/>
44 </para>
45 </listitem>
46 <listitem>
47 <para>
48 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-ftp;"/>
49 </para>
50 </listitem>
51 <listitem>
52 <para>
53 Download MD5 sum: &bind-md5sum;
54 </para>
55 </listitem>
56 <listitem>
57 <para>
58 Download size: &bind-size;
59 </para>
60 </listitem>
61 <listitem>
62 <para>
63 Estimated disk space required: &bind-buildsize;
64 </para>
65 </listitem>
66 <listitem>
67 <para>
68 Estimated build time: &bind-time;
69 </para>
70 </listitem>
71 </itemizedlist>
72<!--
73 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
74 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
75 <listitem>
76 <para>
77 Required patch:
78 <ulink url="&patch-root;/bind-&bind-version;-upstream_fixes-1.patch"/>
79 </para>
80 </listitem>
81 </itemizedlist>
82-->
83 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">BIND Dependencies</bridgehead>
84
85 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
86 <para role="required">
87 <xref linkend="libuv"/>
88 </para>
89
90 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
91 <para role="recommended">
92 <xref linkend="json-c"/> and
93 <xref linkend="libcap-pam"/>
94 </para>
95
96 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
97 <para role="optional">
98 <xref linkend="curl"/>,
99 <xref linkend="libidn2"/>,
100 <xref linkend="libxml2"/>,
101 <xref linkend="lmdb"/>,
102 <xref linkend="mitkrb"/>,
103 <ulink url="https://cmocka.org/">cmocka</ulink>,
104 <ulink url="https://github.com/cjheath/geoip">geoip</ulink>,
105 <ulink url="https://docs.pytest.org/en/stable/">pytest</ulink>,
106 <ulink url="https://pypi.python.org/pypi/Sphinx">Sphinx</ulink>, and
107 <ulink url="&w3m-url;">w3m</ulink>
108 </para>
109
110 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional database backends</bridgehead>
111 <para role="optional">
112 <xref linkend="db"/>,
113 <xref linkend="mariadb"/> or <ulink url="http://www.mysql.com/">MySQL</ulink>,
114 <xref linkend="openldap"/>,
115 <xref linkend="postgresql"/>, and
116 <xref linkend="unixodbc"/>
117 </para>
118
119 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to run the test suite)</bridgehead>
120 <para role="optional">
121 <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/>
122 </para>
123
124 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to rebuild the documentation)</bridgehead>
125 <para role="optional">
126 <xref linkend="doxygen"/>,
127 <xref linkend="libxslt"/>, and
128 <xref linkend="texlive"/> (or <xref linkend="tl-installer"/>)
129 </para>
130
131 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
132 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/bind"/></para>
133
134 </sect2>
135
136 <sect2 role="installation">
137 <title>Installation of BIND</title>
138
139 <para>
140 To ensure <application>BIND</application> will build dnssec-keymgr,
141 install a python module as the <systemitem
142 class="username">root</systemitem> user:
143 </para>
144
145<screen role="root"><userinput>pip3 install ply</userinput></screen>
146<!--
147 <para>
148 First, fix a few regressions that were reported upstream:
149 </para>
150
151<screen><userinput remap="pre">patch -Np1 -i ../bind-&bind-version;-upstream_fixes-1.patch</userinput></screen>
152-->
153 <para>
154 Install <application>BIND</application> by running the
155 following commands:
156 </para>
157
158<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
159 --sysconfdir=/etc \
160 --localstatedir=/var \
161 --mandir=/usr/share/man \
162 --with-libtool \
163 --disable-static &amp;&amp;
164make</userinput></screen>
165
166 <para>
167 Issue the following commands to run the complete suite of tests.
168 First, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user, set up
169 some test interfaces:
170 </para>
171
172 <note>
173 <para>
174 If IPv6 is not enabled in the kernel, there will be several
175 error messages: "RTNETLINK answers: Operation not permitted". These
176 messages do not affect the tests.
177 </para>
178 </note>
179
180<screen role="root"
181 remap="test"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh up</userinput></screen>
182
183 <para>
184 The test suite may indicate some skipped tests depending on
185 what configuration options are used. Some tests are marked
186 <quote>UNTESTED</quote> if <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/> is not
187 installed. One test, <quote>CPU</quote>, is known to fail.
188 To run the tests, as an unprivileged user, execute:
189 </para>
190
191<screen remap="test"><userinput>make -k check</userinput></screen>
192
193 <para>
194 Again as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, clean up the
195 test interfaces:
196 </para>
197
198<screen role="root"
199 remap="test"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh down</userinput></screen>
200
201 <para>
202 Finally, install the package as the <systemitem
203 class="username">root</systemitem> user:
204 </para>
205
206<screen role="root"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
207 </sect2>
208
209<!-- Documentation is an issue - The docs are now all in .rst format and appear
210to be sphinx based.
211-->
212
213 <sect2 role="commands">
214 <title>Command Explanations</title>
215
216 <para>
217 <parameter>--sysconfdir=/etc</parameter>: This parameter forces
218 <application>BIND</application> to look for configuration
219 files in <filename class='directory'>/etc</filename> instead of
220 <filename class='directory'>/usr/etc</filename>.
221 </para>
222
223 <para>
224 <parameter>--with-libtool</parameter>: This parameter forces the
225 building of dynamic libraries and links the installed binaries to these
226 libraries.
227 </para>
228
229 <para>
230 <option>--with-libidn2</option>: This parameter enables
231 the IDNA2008 (Internationalized Domain Names in Applications)
232 support.
233 </para>
234
235 <para>
236 <option>--enable-fetchlimit</option>: Use this option if you want
237 to be able to limit the rate of recursive client queries. This may be
238 useful on servers which receive a large number of queries.
239 </para>
240
241 <para>
242 <option>--disable-linux-caps</option>: BIND can also be built without
243 capability support by using this option, at the cost of some loss of
244 security.
245 </para>
246
247 <para>
248 <option>--with-dlz-{mysql,bdb,filesystem,ldap,odbc,stub}</option>: Use
249 one (or more) of those options to add Dynamically Loadable Zones support.
250 For more information refer to <ulink
251 url="http://bind-dlz.sourceforge.net/">bind-dlz.sourceforge.net</ulink>.
252 </para>
253
254 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
255 href="../../xincludes/static-libraries.xml"/>
256
257 </sect2>
258
259 <sect2 role="configuration">
260 <title>Configuring BIND</title>
261
262 <sect3 id="bind-config">
263 <title>Config files</title>
264
265 <para>
266 <filename>named.conf</filename>,
267 <filename>root.hints</filename>,
268 <filename>127.0.0</filename>,
269 <filename>rndc.conf</filename>, and
270 <filename>resolv.conf</filename>
271 </para>
272
273 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
274 <primary sortas="e-etc-named.conf">/etc/named.conf</primary>
275 </indexterm>
276
277 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
278 <primary sortas="e-etc-rndc.conf">/etc/rndc.conf</primary>
279 </indexterm>
280
281 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
282 <primary sortas="e-etc-resolv.conf">/etc/resolv.conf</primary>
283 </indexterm>
284
285 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
286 <primary
287 sortas="e-etc-namedb-root.hints">/etc/namedb/root.hints</primary>
288 </indexterm>
289
290 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
291 <primary
292 sortas="e-etc-namedb-pz-127.0.0.0">/etc/namedb/pz/127.0.0.0</primary>
293 </indexterm>
294 </sect3>
295
296 <sect3>
297 <title>Configuration Information</title>
298
299 <para>
300 <application>BIND</application> will be configured to run in a
301 <command>chroot</command> jail as an unprivileged user (<systemitem
302 class="username">named</systemitem>). This configuration is more secure
303 in that a DNS compromise can only affect a few files in the <systemitem
304 class="username">named</systemitem> user's <envar>HOME</envar>
305 directory.
306 </para>
307
308 <para>
309 Create the unprivileged user and group <systemitem
310 class="username">named</systemitem>:
311 </para>
312
313<screen role="root"><userinput>groupadd -g 20 named &amp;&amp;
314useradd -c "BIND Owner" -g named -s /bin/false -u 20 named &amp;&amp;
315install -d -m770 -o named -g named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
316
317 <para>
318 Set up some files, directories and devices needed by
319 <application>BIND</application>:
320 </para>
321
322<screen role="root"><userinput>mkdir -p /srv/named &amp;&amp;
323cd /srv/named &amp;&amp;
324mkdir -p dev etc/named/{slave,pz} usr/lib/engines var/run/named &amp;&amp;
325mknod /srv/named/dev/null c 1 3 &amp;&amp;
326mknod /srv/named/dev/urandom c 1 9 &amp;&amp;
327chmod 666 /srv/named/dev/{null,urandom} &amp;&amp;
328cp /etc/localtime etc</userinput></screen>
329
330 <para>
331 The <filename>rndc.conf</filename> file contains information for
332 controlling <command>named</command> operations with the
333 <command>rndc</command> utility. Generate a key for use in the
334 <filename>named.conf</filename> and <filename>rndc.conf</filename>
335 with the <command>rndc-confgen</command> command:
336 </para>
337
338<screen role="root"><userinput>rndc-confgen -a -b 512 -t /srv/named</userinput></screen>
339
340 <para>
341 Complete the <filename>named.conf</filename> file from which
342 <command>named</command> will read the location of zone files, root
343 name servers and secure DNS keys:
344 </para>
345
346<screen role="root"><?dbfo keep-together="auto"?><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /srv/named/etc/named.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
347<literal>options {
348 directory "/etc/named";
349 pid-file "/var/run/named.pid";
350 statistics-file "/var/run/named.stats";
351
352};
353zone "." {
354 type hint;
355 file "root.hints";
356};
357zone "0.0.127.in-addr.arpa" {
358 type master;
359 file "pz/127.0.0";
360};
361
362// Bind 9 now logs by default through syslog (except debug).
363// These are the default logging rules.
364
365logging {
366 category default { default_syslog; default_debug; };
367 category unmatched { null; };
368
369 channel default_syslog {
370 syslog daemon; // send to syslog's daemon
371 // facility
372 severity info; // only send priority info
373 // and higher
374 };
375
376 channel default_debug {
377 file "named.run"; // write to named.run in
378 // the working directory
379 // Note: stderr is used instead
380 // of "named.run"
381 // if the server is started
382 // with the '-f' option.
383 severity dynamic; // log at the server's
384 // current debug level
385 };
386
387 channel default_stderr {
388 stderr; // writes to stderr
389 severity info; // only send priority info
390 // and higher
391 };
392
393 channel null {
394 null; // toss anything sent to
395 // this channel
396 };
397};</literal>
398EOF</userinput></screen>
399
400 <para>
401 Create a zone file with the following contents:
402 </para>
403
404<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/named/pz/127.0.0 &lt;&lt; "EOF"
405<literal>$TTL 3D
406@ IN SOA ns.local.domain. hostmaster.local.domain. (
407 1 ; Serial
408 8H ; Refresh
409 2H ; Retry
410 4W ; Expire
411 1D) ; Minimum TTL
412 NS ns.local.domain.
4131 PTR localhost.</literal>
414EOF</userinput></screen>
415
416 <para>
417 Create the <filename>root.hints</filename> file with the following
418 commands:
419 </para>
420
421 <note>
422 <para>
423 Caution must be used to ensure there are no leading spaces in
424 this file.
425 </para>
426 </note>
427
428<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/named/root.hints &lt;&lt; "EOF"
429<literal>. 6D IN NS A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
430. 6D IN NS B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
431. 6D IN NS C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
432. 6D IN NS D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
433. 6D IN NS E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
434. 6D IN NS F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
435. 6D IN NS G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
436. 6D IN NS H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
437. 6D IN NS I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
438. 6D IN NS J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
439. 6D IN NS K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
440. 6D IN NS L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
441. 6D IN NS M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
442A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.41.0.4
443A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:ba3e::2:30
444B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.228.79.201
445B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:200::b
446C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.33.4.12
447C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2::c
448D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.91.13
449D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2d::d
450E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.203.230.10
451E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:a8::e
452F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.5.5.241
453F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2f::f
454G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.112.36.4
455G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:12::d0d
456H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.97.190.53
457H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:1::53
458I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.36.148.17
459I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fe::53
460J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.58.128.30
461J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:c27::2:30
462K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 193.0.14.129
463K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fd::1
464L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.83.42
465L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:9f::42
466M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 202.12.27.33
467M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:dc3::35</literal>
468EOF</userinput></screen>
469
470 <para>
471 The <filename>root.hints</filename> file is a list of root name
472 servers. This file must be updated periodically with the
473 <command>dig</command> utility. A current copy of root.hints can be
474 obtained from <ulink url="ftp://rs.internic.net/domain/named.root" />.
475 For details, consult the "BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual",
476 included in every source archive of BIND 9 distributed by ISC, in HTML
477 and PDF formats, also available at <ulink
478 url="ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/cur/&bind-minor-version;/doc/arm/Bv9ARM.html">
479 BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual</ulink>.
480 </para>
481
482 <para>
483 Create or modify <filename>resolv.conf</filename> to use the new
484 name server with the following commands:
485 </para>
486
487 <note>
488 <para>
489 Replace <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable> with
490 your own valid domain name.
491 </para>
492 </note>
493
494<screen role="root"><userinput>cp /etc/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf.bak &amp;&amp;
495cat &gt; /etc/resolv.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
496<literal>search <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable>
497nameserver 127.0.0.1</literal>
498EOF</userinput></screen>
499
500 <para>
501 Set permissions on the <command>chroot</command> jail with the
502 following command:
503 </para>
504
505<screen role="root"><userinput>chown -R named:named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
506
507 </sect3>
508
509 <sect3 id="bind-init">
510 <title><phrase revision="sysv">Boot Script</phrase>
511 <phrase revision="systemd">Systemd Unit</phrase></title>
512
513 <para>
514 To start the DNS server at boot, install the
515 <phrase revision="sysv"><filename>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind</filename> init
516 script</phrase>
517 <phrase revision="systemd"><filename>named.service</filename>
518 unit</phrase> included in the
519 <xref linkend="bootscripts" revision="sysv"/>
520 <xref linkend="systemd-units" revision="systemd"/> package:
521 </para>
522
523 <indexterm zone="bind bind-init">
524 <primary sortas="f-bind">bind</primary>
525 </indexterm>
526
527<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>make install-bind</userinput></screen>
528<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>make install-named</userinput></screen>
529
530 <para>
531 Now start <application>BIND</application> with the following command:
532 </para>
533
534<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind start</userinput></screen>
535<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>systemctl start named</userinput></screen>
536
537 </sect3>
538
539 <sect3>
540 <title>Testing BIND</title>
541
542 <para>
543 Test out the new <application>BIND</application> 9 installation.
544 First query the local host address with <command>dig</command>:
545 </para>
546
547<screen><userinput>dig -x 127.0.0.1</userinput></screen>
548
549 <para>
550 Now try an external name lookup, taking note of the speed
551 difference in repeated lookups due to the caching. Run the
552 <command>dig</command> command twice on the same address:
553 </para>
554
555<screen><userinput>dig www.&lfs-domainname; &amp;&amp;
556dig www.&lfs-domainname;</userinput></screen>
557
558 <para>
559 You can see almost instantaneous results with the named caching
560 lookups. Consult the <application>BIND</application> Administrator
561 Reference Manual located at
562 <ulink url="https://kb.isc.org/docs/bind-916-administrative-reference-manual"/>
563 for further configuration options.
564 </para>
565
566 </sect3>
567
568 </sect2>
569
570 <sect2 role="content">
571 <title>Contents</title>
572
573 <segmentedlist>
574 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
575 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
576 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
577
578 <seglistitem>
579
580 <seg>arpaname, <!--bind9-config hardlinked to isc-config.sh,-->
581 ddns-confgen, delv, dig, dnssec-cds, dnssec-checkds, dnssec-coverage,
582 dnssec-dsfromkey, dnssec-importkey, dnssec-keyfromlabel, dnssec-keygen,
583 dnssec-keymgr, dnssec-revoke, dnssec-settime, dnssec-signzone,
584 dnssec-verify, host, mdig, named, named-checkconf,
585 named-checkzone, named-compilezone (symlink), named-journalprint,
586 named-nzd2nzf, named-rrchecker, nsec3hash, nslookup, nsupdate, rndc,
587 rndc-confgen, and tsig-keygen (symlink)</seg>
588
589 <seg>libbind9.so, libdns.so, libirs.so, libisc.so, libisccc.so,
590 libisccfg.so, and libns.so</seg>
591
592 <seg>/usr/include/{bind9,dns,dst,irs,isc,isccc,isccfg,ns,pk11,pkcs11},
593 /usr/lib/named, /usr/lib/python&python3-majorver;/site-packages/isc,
594 and /srv/named</seg>
595 </seglistitem>
596 </segmentedlist>
597
598 <variablelist>
599 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
600 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
601 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
602
603 <varlistentry id="arpaname">
604 <term><command>arpaname</command></term>
605 <listitem>
606 <para>
607 translates IP addresses to the corresponding ARPA names
608 </para>
609 <indexterm zone="bind arpaname">
610 <primary sortas="b-arpaname">arpaname</primary>
611 </indexterm>
612 </listitem>
613 </varlistentry>
614
615<!-- Not present as of 9.16.5
616 <varlistentry id="bind9-config">
617 <term><command>bind9-config</command></term>
618 <listitem>
619 <para>
620 is hardlinked to <command>isc-config.sh</command>.
621 </para>
622 <indexterm zone="bind bind9-config">
623 <primary sortas="b-bind9-config">bind9-config</primary>
624 </indexterm>
625 </listitem>
626 </varlistentry>
627-->
628
629 <varlistentry id="ddns-confgen">
630 <term><command>ddns-confgen</command></term>
631 <listitem>
632 <para>
633 generates a key for use by nsupdate and named
634 </para>
635 <indexterm zone="bind ddns-confgen">
636 <primary sortas="b-ddns-confgen">ddns-confgen</primary>
637 </indexterm>
638 </listitem>
639 </varlistentry>
640
641 <varlistentry id="delv">
642 <term><command>delv</command></term>
643 <listitem>
644 <para>
645 is a new debugging tool that is a successor to
646 <command>dig</command>
647 </para>
648 <indexterm zone="bind delv">
649 <primary sortas="b-delv">delv</primary>
650 </indexterm>
651 </listitem>
652 </varlistentry>
653
654 <varlistentry id="dig">
655 <term><command>dig</command></term>
656 <listitem>
657 <para>
658 interrogates DNS servers
659 </para>
660 <indexterm zone="bind dig">
661 <primary sortas="b-dig">dig</primary>
662 </indexterm>
663 </listitem>
664 </varlistentry>
665
666 <varlistentry id="dnssec-cds">
667 <term><command>dnssec-cds</command></term>
668 <listitem>
669 <para>
670 changes DS records for a child zone based on
671 CDS/CDNSKEY
672 </para>
673 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-cds">
674 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-cds">dnssec-cds</primary>
675 </indexterm>
676 </listitem>
677 </varlistentry>
678
679 <varlistentry id="dnssec-checkds">
680 <term><command>dnssec-checkds</command></term>
681 <listitem>
682 <para>
683 is a DNSSEC delegation consistency checking tool
684 </para>
685 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-checkds">
686 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-checkds">dnssec-checkds</primary>
687 </indexterm>
688 </listitem>
689 </varlistentry>
690
691 <varlistentry id="dnssec-coverage">
692 <term><command>dnssec-coverage</command></term>
693 <listitem>
694 <para>
695 verifies that the DNSSEC keys for a given zone or a set of zones
696 have timing metadata set properly to ensure no future lapses
697 in DNSSEC coverage
698 </para>
699 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-coverage">
700 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-coverage">dnssec-coverage</primary>
701 </indexterm>
702 </listitem>
703 </varlistentry>
704
705 <varlistentry id="dnssec-dsfromkey">
706 <term><command>dnssec-dsfromkey</command></term>
707 <listitem>
708 <para>
709 outputs the Delegation Signer (DS) resource record (RR)
710 </para>
711 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-dsfromkey">
712 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-dsfromkey">dnssec-dsfromkey</primary>
713 </indexterm>
714 </listitem>
715 </varlistentry>
716
717 <varlistentry id="dnssec-importkey">
718 <term><command>dnssec-importkey</command></term>
719 <listitem>
720 <para>
721 reads a public DNSKEY record and generates a pair of
722 .key/.private files
723 </para>
724 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-importkey">
725 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-importkey">dnssec-importkey</primary>
726 </indexterm>
727 </listitem>
728 </varlistentry>
729
730 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keyfromlabel">
731 <term><command>dnssec-keyfromlabel</command></term>
732 <listitem>
733 <para>
734 gets keys with the given label from a cryptography hardware device
735 and builds key files for DNSSEC
736 </para>
737 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keyfromlabel">
738 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keyfromlabel">dnssec-keyfromlabel</primary>
739 </indexterm>
740 </listitem>
741 </varlistentry>
742
743 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keygen">
744 <term><command>dnssec-keygen</command></term>
745 <listitem>
746 <para>
747 is a key generator for secure DNS
748 </para>
749 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keygen">
750 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keygen">dnssec-keygen</primary>
751 </indexterm>
752 </listitem>
753 </varlistentry>
754
755 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keymgr">
756 <term><command>dnssec-keymgr</command></term>
757 <listitem>
758 <para>
759 ensures correct DNSKEY coverage based on a defined policy
760 </para>
761 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keymgr">
762 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keymgr">dnssec-keymgr</primary>
763 </indexterm>
764 </listitem>
765 </varlistentry>
766
767 <varlistentry id="dnssec-revoke">
768 <term><command>dnssec-revoke</command></term>
769 <listitem>
770 <para>
771 sets the REVOKED bit on a DNSSEC key
772 </para>
773 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-revoke">
774 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-revoke">dnssec-revoke</primary>
775 </indexterm>
776 </listitem>
777 </varlistentry>
778
779 <varlistentry id="dnssec-settime">
780 <term><command>dnssec-settime</command></term>
781 <listitem>
782 <para>
783 sets the key timing metadata for a DNSSEC key
784 </para>
785 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-settime">
786 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-settime">dnssec-settime</primary>
787 </indexterm>
788 </listitem>
789 </varlistentry>
790
791 <varlistentry id="dnssec-signzone">
792 <term><command>dnssec-signzone</command></term>
793 <listitem>
794 <para>
795 generates signed versions of zone files
796 </para>
797 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-signzone">
798 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-signzone">dnssec-signzone</primary>
799 </indexterm>
800 </listitem>
801 </varlistentry>
802
803 <varlistentry id="dnssec-verify">
804 <term><command>dnssec-verify</command></term>
805 <listitem>
806 <para>
807 verifies that a zone is fully signed for each algorithm found
808 in the DNSKEY RRset for the zone, and that the NSEC / NSEC3
809 chains are complete
810 </para>
811 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-verify">
812 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-verify">dnssec-verify</primary>
813 </indexterm>
814 </listitem>
815 </varlistentry>
816
817<!-- No longer present with 9.16.5
818 <varlistentry id="genrandom">
819 <term><command>genrandom</command></term>
820 <listitem>
821 <para>
822 generates a file containing random data.
823 </para>
824 <indexterm zone="bind genrandom">
825 <primary sortas="b-genrandom">genrandom</primary>
826 </indexterm>
827 </listitem>
828 </varlistentry>
829-->
830
831 <varlistentry id="host">
832 <term><command>host</command></term>
833 <listitem>
834 <para>
835 is a utility for DNS lookups
836 </para>
837 <indexterm zone="bind host">
838 <primary sortas="b-host">host</primary>
839 </indexterm>
840 </listitem>
841 </varlistentry>
842
843 <!-- No longer present with 9.16.5
844 <varlistentry id="isc-config.sh">
845 <term><command>isc-config.sh</command></term>
846 <listitem>
847 <para>
848 prints information related to the installed version of ISC BIND.
849 </para>
850 <indexterm zone="bind isc-config.sh">
851 <primary sortas="b-isc-config.sh">isc-config.sh</primary>
852 </indexterm>
853 </listitem>
854 </varlistentry>
855
856 <varlistentry id="isc-hmac-fixup">
857 <term><command>isc-hmac-fixup</command></term>
858 <listitem>
859 <para>
860 fixes HMAC keys generated by older versions of BIND.
861 </para>
862 <indexterm zone="bind isc-hmac-fixup">
863 <primary sortas="b-isc-hmac-fixup">isc-hmac-fixup</primary>
864 </indexterm>
865 </listitem>
866 </varlistentry>
867
868 <varlistentry id="lwresd">
869 <term><command>lwresd</command></term>
870 <listitem>
871 <para>
872 is a caching-only name server for local process use.
873 </para>
874 <indexterm zone="bind lwresd">
875 <primary sortas="b-lwresd">lwresd</primary>
876 </indexterm>
877 </listitem>
878 </varlistentry>
879-->
880
881 <varlistentry id="mdig">
882 <term><command>mdig</command></term>
883 <listitem>
884 <para>
885 is a version of dig that allows multiple queries at once
886 </para>
887 <indexterm zone="bind mdig">
888 <primary sortas="b-mdig">mdig</primary>
889 </indexterm>
890 </listitem>
891 </varlistentry>
892
893 <varlistentry id="named">
894 <term><command>named</command></term>
895 <listitem>
896 <para>
897 is the name server daemon
898 </para>
899 <indexterm zone="bind named">
900 <primary sortas="b-named">named</primary>
901 </indexterm>
902 </listitem>
903 </varlistentry>
904
905 <varlistentry id="named-checkconf">
906 <term><command>named-checkconf</command></term>
907 <listitem>
908 <para>
909 checks the syntax of <filename>named.conf</filename>
910 files
911 </para>
912 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkconf">
913 <primary sortas="b-named-checkconf">named-checkconf</primary>
914 </indexterm>
915 </listitem>
916 </varlistentry>
917
918 <varlistentry id="named-checkzone">
919 <term><command>named-checkzone</command></term>
920 <listitem>
921 <para>
922 checks zone file validity
923 </para>
924 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkzone">
925 <primary sortas="b-named-checkzone">named-checkzone</primary>
926 </indexterm>
927 </listitem>
928 </varlistentry>
929
930 <varlistentry id="named-compilezone">
931 <term><command>named-compilezone</command></term>
932 <listitem>
933 <para>
934 is similar to <command>named-checkzone</command>, but it always
935 dumps the zone contents to a specified file in a specified format
936 </para>
937 <indexterm zone="bind named-compilezone">
938 <primary sortas="b-named-compilezone">named-compilezone</primary>
939 </indexterm>
940 </listitem>
941 </varlistentry>
942
943 <varlistentry id="named-journalprint">
944 <term><command>named-journalprint</command></term>
945 <listitem>
946 <para>
947 prints the zone journal in human-readable form
948 </para>
949 <indexterm zone="bind named-journalprint">
950 <primary sortas="b-named-journalprint">named-journalprint</primary>
951 </indexterm>
952 </listitem>
953 </varlistentry>
954
955 <varlistentry id="named-rrchecker">
956 <term><command>named-rrchecker</command></term>
957 <listitem>
958 <para>
959 reads an individual DNS resource record from standard input and
960 checks if it is syntactically correct
961 </para>
962 <indexterm zone="bind named-rrchecker">
963 <primary sortas="b-named-rrchecker">named-rrchecker</primary>
964 </indexterm>
965 </listitem>
966 </varlistentry>
967
968 <varlistentry id="named-nzd2nzf">
969 <term><command>named-nzd2nzf</command></term>
970 <listitem>
971 <para>
972 converts an NZD database to NZF text format
973 </para>
974 <indexterm zone="bind named-nzd2nzf">
975 <primary sortas="b-named-nzd2nzf">named-nzd2nzf</primary>
976 </indexterm>
977 </listitem>
978 </varlistentry>
979
980 <varlistentry id="nsec3hash">
981 <term><command>nsec3hash</command></term>
982 <listitem>
983 <para>
984 generates an NSEC3 hash based on a set of NSEC3 parameters
985 </para>
986 <indexterm zone="bind nsec3hash">
987 <primary sortas="b-nsec3hash">nsec3hash</primary>
988 </indexterm>
989 </listitem>
990 </varlistentry>
991
992 <varlistentry id="nslookup">
993 <term><command>nslookup</command></term>
994 <listitem>
995 <para>
996 is a program used to query Internet domain nameservers
997 </para>
998 <indexterm zone="bind nslookup">
999 <primary sortas="b-nslookup">nslookup</primary>
1000 </indexterm>
1001 </listitem>
1002 </varlistentry>
1003
1004 <varlistentry id="nsupdate">
1005 <term><command>nsupdate</command></term>
1006 <listitem>
1007 <para>
1008 is used to submit DNS update requests
1009 </para>
1010 <indexterm zone="bind nsupdate">
1011 <primary sortas="b-nsupdate">nsupdate</primary>
1012 </indexterm>
1013 </listitem>
1014 </varlistentry>
1015
1016 <varlistentry id="rndc">
1017 <term><command>rndc</command></term>
1018 <listitem>
1019 <para>
1020 controls the operation of <application>BIND</application>
1021 </para>
1022 <indexterm zone="bind rndc">
1023 <primary sortas="b-rndc">rndc</primary>
1024 </indexterm>
1025 </listitem>
1026 </varlistentry>
1027
1028 <varlistentry id="rndc-confgen">
1029 <term><command>rndc-confgen</command></term>
1030 <listitem>
1031 <para>
1032 generates <filename>rndc.conf</filename> files
1033 </para>
1034 <indexterm zone="bind rndc-confgen">
1035 <primary sortas="b-rndc-confgen">rndc-confgen</primary>
1036 </indexterm>
1037 </listitem>
1038 </varlistentry>
1039
1040 <varlistentry id="tsig-keygen">
1041 <term><command>tsig-keygen</command></term>
1042 <listitem>
1043 <para>
1044 is a symlink to <command>ddns-confgen</command>
1045 </para>
1046 <indexterm zone="bind tsig-keygen">
1047 <primary sortas="b-tsig-keygen">tsig-keygen</primary>
1048 </indexterm>
1049 </listitem>
1050 </varlistentry>
1051
1052 </variablelist>
1053
1054 </sect2>
1055
1056</sect1>
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