source: server/major/bind.xml@ ec9db95

10.0 10.1 11.0 11.1 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind lazarus perl-modules qt5new trunk upgradedb xry111/intltool xry111/test-20220226
Last change on this file since ec9db95 was ec9db95, checked in by Thomas Trepl <thomas@…>, 4 years ago

Update bind-9.13.2, bind-utils-9.13.2

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@20234 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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File size: 32.6 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY bind-download-http " ">
8 <!ENTITY bind-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/&bind-version;/bind-&bind-version;.tar.gz">
9 <!ENTITY bind-md5sum "01d0524016ac15ea3f4b6c77d99db0b2">
10 <!ENTITY bind-size "8.1 MB">
11 <!ENTITY bind-buildsize "103 MB (add 12 MB for tests)">
12 <!ENTITY bind-time "0.8 SBU (with parallelism=4; add 30+ minutes, processor independent, to run the complete test suite)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="bind" xreflabel="BIND-&bind-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="bind.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>BIND-&bind-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="bind">
26 <primary sortas="a-BIND">BIND</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to BIND</title>
31
32 <para>The <application>BIND</application> package provides a DNS server
33 and client utilities. If you are only interested in the utilities, refer
34 to the <xref linkend="bind-utils"/>.</para>
35
36 &lfs82_checked;
37
38 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
39 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
40 <listitem>
41 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-http;"/></para>
42 </listitem>
43 <listitem>
44 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&bind-download-ftp;"/></para>
45 </listitem>
46 <listitem>
47 <para>Download MD5 sum: &bind-md5sum;</para>
48 </listitem>
49 <listitem>
50 <para>Download size: &bind-size;</para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>Estimated disk space required: &bind-buildsize;</para>
54 </listitem>
55 <listitem>
56 <para>Estimated build time: &bind-time;</para>
57 </listitem>
58 </itemizedlist>
59<!--
60 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
61 <itemizedlist spacing='compact'>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>Optional patch (if net-tools is not installed):
64 <ulink
65 url="&patch-root;/bind-&bind-version;-use_iproute2-1.patch"/></para>
66 </listitem>
67 </itemizedlist>
68-->
69 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">BIND Dependencies</bridgehead>
70
71 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
72 <para role="optional">
73 <xref linkend="libcap-pam"/>
74 </para>
75
76 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
77 <para role="optional">
78 <xref linkend="libidn2"/>,
79 <xref linkend="libxml2"/>,
80 <xref linkend="mitkrb"/>, and
81 <ulink url='https://github.com/cjheath/geoip'>geoip</ulink>
82 </para>
83
84 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional database backends</bridgehead>
85 <para role="optional">
86 <xref linkend="db"/>,
87 <xref linkend="mariadb"/> or <ulink url="http://www.mysql.com/">MySQL</ulink>,
88 <xref linkend="openldap"/>,
89 <xref linkend="postgresql"/>, and
90 <xref linkend="unixodbc"/>
91 </para>
92
93 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to run the test suite)</bridgehead>
94 <para role="optional">
95 <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/>
96<!-- and
97 <xref linkend="net-tools"/> (you may omit net-tools by using the optional
98 patch to utilize iproute2, but the IPv6 tests will fail)
99-->
100 </para>
101
102 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional (to rebuild the documentation)</bridgehead>
103 <para role="optional">
104 <xref linkend="doxygen"/>,
105 <xref linkend="libxslt"/>, and
106 <xref linkend="texlive"/> (or <xref linkend="tl-installer"/>)
107 </para>
108
109 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
110 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/bind"/></para>
111
112 </sect2>
113
114 <sect2 role="installation">
115 <title>Installation of BIND</title>
116<!--
117 <para>If you have chosen not to install net-tools, apply the iproute2
118 patch with the following command:</para>
119
120<screen><userinput>patch -Np1 -i ../bind-&bind-version;-use_iproute2-1.patch</userinput></screen>
121-->
122 <para>Install <application>BIND</application> by running the
123 following commands:</para>
124
125<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
126 --sysconfdir=/etc \
127 --localstatedir=/var \
128 --mandir=/usr/share/man \
129 --enable-threads \
130 --with-libtool \
131 --disable-static &amp;&amp;
132make</userinput></screen>
133
134 <para>Issue the following commands to run the complete suite of tests.
135 First, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user, set up
136 some test interfaces:</para>
137
138 <note><para>If IPv6 is not enabled in the kernel, there will be several
139 error messages: "RTNETLINK answers: Operation not permitted". These
140 messages do not afffect the tests.</para></note>
141
142<screen role="root"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh up</userinput></screen>
143
144 <para>The test suite may indicate some skipped tests depending on
145 what configuration options are used. Some tests are marked <quote>UNTESTED
146 </quote> if <xref linkend="perl-net-dns"/> is not installed.
147 To run the tests, as an unprivileged user, execute:</para>
148
149<screen><userinput>make -k check</userinput></screen>
150
151 <para>Again as <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, clean up the
152 test interfaces:</para>
153
154<screen role="root"><userinput>bin/tests/system/ifconfig.sh down</userinput></screen>
155
156 <para>Finally, install the package as the <systemitem
157 class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
158
159<screen role="root"><userinput>make install &amp;&amp;
160
161install -v -m755 -d /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/{arm,misc} &amp;&amp;
162install -v -m644 doc/arm/*.html \
163 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/arm &amp;&amp;
164install -v -m644 doc/misc/{dnssec,ipv6,migrat*,options,rfc-compliance,roadmap,sdb} \
165 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version;/misc</userinput></screen>
166 </sect2>
167
168 <sect2 role="commands">
169 <title>Command Explanations</title>
170
171 <para><parameter>--sysconfdir=/etc</parameter>: This parameter forces
172 <application>BIND</application> to look for configuration
173 files in <filename class='directory'>/etc</filename> instead of
174 <filename class='directory'>/usr/etc</filename>.</para>
175
176 <para><parameter>--enable-threads</parameter>: This parameter enables
177 multi-threading capability.</para>
178
179 <para><parameter>--with-libtool</parameter>: This parameter forces the
180 building of dynamic libraries and links the installed binaries to these
181 libraries.</para>
182
183 <para><parameter>--with-libidn2</parameter>: This parameter enables
184 the IDNA2008 (Internationalized Domain Names in Applications)
185 support.</para>
186
187<!-- no longer available
188 <para><parameter>- -with-randomdev=/dev/urandom</parameter>: This parameter
189 specifes a non-blocking random device for use with digital signatures.</para>
190-->
191 <para><option>--enable-fetchlimit</option>: Use this option if you want
192 to be able to limit the rate of recursive client queries. This may be
193 useful on servers which receive a large number of queries.</para>
194
195 <para><option>--disable-linux-caps</option>BIND can also be built without
196 capability support by using this option, at the cost of some loss of
197 security.</para>
198
199 <para><option>--with-dlz-{mysql,bdb,filesystem,ldap,odbc,stub}</option>: Use
200 one (or more) of those options to add Dynamically Loadable Zones support.
201 For more information refer to
202 <ulink url="http://bind-dlz.sourceforge.net/">bind-dlz.sourceforge.net</ulink>.
203 </para>
204
205 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
206 href="../../xincludes/static-libraries.xml"/>
207
208 <para><command>cd doc; install ...</command>: These commands install
209 additional package documentation. Omit any or all of these commands if
210 desired.</para>
211 </sect2>
212
213 <sect2 role="configuration">
214 <title>Configuring BIND</title>
215
216 <sect3 id="bind-config">
217 <title>Config files</title>
218
219 <para><filename>named.conf</filename>,
220 <filename>root.hints</filename>,
221 <filename>127.0.0</filename>,
222 <filename>rndc.conf</filename> and
223 <filename>resolv.conf</filename></para>
224
225 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
226 <primary sortas="e-etc-named.conf">/etc/named.conf</primary>
227 </indexterm>
228
229 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
230 <primary sortas="e-etc-rndc.conf">/etc/rndc.conf</primary>
231 </indexterm>
232
233 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
234 <primary sortas="e-etc-resolv.conf">/etc/resolv.conf</primary>
235 </indexterm>
236
237 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
238 <primary
239 sortas="e-etc-namedb-root.hints">/etc/namedb/root.hints</primary>
240 </indexterm>
241
242 <indexterm zone="bind bind-config">
243 <primary
244 sortas="e-etc-namedb-pz-127.0.0.0">/etc/namedb/pz/127.0.0.0</primary>
245 </indexterm>
246 </sect3>
247
248 <sect3>
249 <title>Configuration Information</title>
250
251 <para><application>BIND</application> will be configured to run in a
252 <command>chroot</command> jail as an unprivileged user (<systemitem
253 class="username">named</systemitem>). This configuration is more secure
254 in that a DNS compromise can only affect a few files in the <systemitem
255 class="username">named</systemitem> user's <envar>HOME</envar>
256 directory.</para>
257
258 <para>Create the unprivileged user and group <systemitem
259 class="username">named</systemitem>:</para>
260
261<screen role="root"><userinput>groupadd -g 20 named &amp;&amp;
262useradd -c "BIND Owner" -g named -s /bin/false -u 20 named &amp;&amp;
263install -d -m770 -o named -g named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
264
265 <para>Set up some files, directories and devices needed by
266 <application>BIND</application>:</para>
267
268<screen role="root"><userinput>mkdir -p /srv/named &amp;&amp;
269cd /srv/named &amp;&amp;
270mkdir -p dev etc/namedb/{slave,pz} usr/lib/engines var/run/named &amp;&amp;
271mknod /srv/named/dev/null c 1 3 &amp;&amp;
272mknod /srv/named/dev/urandom c 1 9 &amp;&amp;
273chmod 666 /srv/named/dev/{null,urandom} &amp;&amp;
274cp /etc/localtime etc &amp;&amp;
275touch /srv/named/managed-keys.bind</userinput></screen>
276
277 <para>The <filename>rndc.conf</filename> file contains information for
278 controlling <command>named</command> operations with the
279 <command>rndc</command> utility. Generate a key for use in the <filename>named.conf</filename> and <filename>rdnc.conf</filename> with the
280 <command>rndc-confgen</command> command:</para>
281
282<screen role="root"><userinput>rndc-confgen -r /dev/urandom -b 512 > /etc/rndc.conf &amp;&amp;
283sed '/conf/d;/^#/!d;s:^# ::' /etc/rndc.conf > /srv/named/etc/named.conf</userinput></screen>
284
285 <para>Complete the <filename>named.conf</filename> file from which
286 <command>named</command> will read the location of zone files, root
287 name servers and secure DNS keys:</para>
288
289<screen role="root"><?dbfo keep-together="auto"?><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /srv/named/etc/named.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
290<literal>options {
291 directory "/etc/namedb";
292 pid-file "/var/run/named.pid";
293 statistics-file "/var/run/named.stats";
294
295};
296zone "." {
297 type hint;
298 file "root.hints";
299};
300zone "0.0.127.in-addr.arpa" {
301 type master;
302 file "pz/127.0.0";
303};
304
305// Bind 9 now logs by default through syslog (except debug).
306// These are the default logging rules.
307
308logging {
309 category default { default_syslog; default_debug; };
310 category unmatched { null; };
311
312 channel default_syslog {
313 syslog daemon; // send to syslog's daemon
314 // facility
315 severity info; // only send priority info
316 // and higher
317 };
318
319 channel default_debug {
320 file "named.run"; // write to named.run in
321 // the working directory
322 // Note: stderr is used instead
323 // of "named.run"
324 // if the server is started
325 // with the '-f' option.
326 severity dynamic; // log at the server's
327 // current debug level
328 };
329
330 channel default_stderr {
331 stderr; // writes to stderr
332 severity info; // only send priority info
333 // and higher
334 };
335
336 channel null {
337 null; // toss anything sent to
338 // this channel
339 };
340};</literal>
341EOF</userinput></screen>
342
343 <para>Create a zone file with the following contents:</para>
344
345<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/namedb/pz/127.0.0 &lt;&lt; "EOF"
346<literal>$TTL 3D
347@ IN SOA ns.local.domain. hostmaster.local.domain. (
348 1 ; Serial
349 8H ; Refresh
350 2H ; Retry
351 4W ; Expire
352 1D) ; Minimum TTL
353 NS ns.local.domain.
3541 PTR localhost.</literal>
355EOF</userinput></screen>
356
357 <para>Create the <filename>root.hints</filename> file with the following
358 commands:</para>
359
360 <note>
361 <para>Caution must be used to ensure there are no leading spaces in
362 this file.</para>
363 </note>
364
365<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /srv/named/etc/namedb/root.hints &lt;&lt; "EOF"
366<literal>. 6D IN NS A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
367. 6D IN NS B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
368. 6D IN NS C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
369. 6D IN NS D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
370. 6D IN NS E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
371. 6D IN NS F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
372. 6D IN NS G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
373. 6D IN NS H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
374. 6D IN NS I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
375. 6D IN NS J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
376. 6D IN NS K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
377. 6D IN NS L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
378. 6D IN NS M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET.
379A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.41.0.4
380A.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:ba3e::2:30
381B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.228.79.201
382B.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:200::b
383C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.33.4.12
384C.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2::c
385D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.91.13
386D.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2d::d
387E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.203.230.10
388E.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:a8::e
389F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.5.5.241
390F.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:2f::f
391G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.112.36.4
392G.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:12::d0d
393H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 198.97.190.53
394H.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:1::53
395I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.36.148.17
396I.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fe::53
397J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 192.58.128.30
398J.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:503:c27::2:30
399K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 193.0.14.129
400K.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:7fd::1
401L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 199.7.83.42
402L.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:500:9f::42
403M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN A 202.12.27.33
404M.ROOT-SERVERS.NET. 6D IN AAAA 2001:dc3::35</literal>
405EOF</userinput></screen>
406
407 <para>The <filename>root.hints</filename> file is a list of root name
408 servers. This file must be updated periodically with the
409 <command>dig</command> utility. A current copy of root.hints can be
410 obtained from <ulink url="ftp://rs.internic.net/domain/named.root" />.
411 For details, consult the "BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual", included
412 in every source archive of BIND 9 distributed by ISC, in HTML and PDF
413 formats, also available at
414 <ulink url="ftp://ftp.isc.org/isc/bind9/cur/&bind-minor-version;/doc/arm/Bv9ARM.html">
415 BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual</ulink>.</para>
416
417 <para>Create or modify <filename>resolv.conf</filename> to use the new
418 name server with the following commands:</para>
419
420 <note>
421 <para>Replace <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable> with
422 your own valid domain name.</para>
423 </note>
424
425<screen role="root"><userinput>cp /etc/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf.bak &amp;&amp;
426cat &gt; /etc/resolv.conf &lt;&lt; "EOF"
427<literal>search <replaceable>&lt;yourdomain.com&gt;</replaceable>
428nameserver 127.0.0.1</literal>
429EOF</userinput></screen>
430
431 <para>Set permissions on the <command>chroot</command> jail with the
432 following command:</para>
433
434<screen role="root"><userinput>chown -R named:named /srv/named</userinput></screen>
435
436 </sect3>
437
438 <sect3 id="bind-init">
439 <title><phrase revision="sysv">Boot Script</phrase>
440 <phrase revision="systemd">Systemd Unit</phrase></title>
441
442 <para>To start the DNS server at boot, install the
443 <phrase revision="sysv"><filename>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind</filename> init
444 script</phrase>
445 <phrase revision="systemd"><filename>named.service</filename>
446 unit</phrase> included in the
447 <xref linkend="bootscripts" revision="sysv"/>
448 <xref linkend="systemd-units" revision="systemd"/> package.</para>
449
450 <indexterm zone="bind bind-init">
451 <primary sortas="f-bind">bind</primary>
452 </indexterm>
453
454<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>make install-bind</userinput></screen>
455<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>make install-named</userinput></screen>
456
457 <para>Now start <application>BIND</application> with
458 the following command:</para>
459
460<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>/etc/rc.d/init.d/bind start</userinput></screen>
461<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>systemctl start named</userinput></screen>
462
463 </sect3>
464
465 <sect3>
466 <title>Testing BIND</title>
467
468 <para>Test out the new <application>BIND</application> 9 installation.
469 First query the local host address with <command>dig</command>:</para>
470
471<screen><userinput>dig -x 127.0.0.1</userinput></screen>
472
473 <para>Now try an external name lookup, taking note of the speed
474 difference in repeated lookups due to the caching. Run the
475 <command>dig</command> command twice on the same address:</para>
476
477<screen><userinput>dig www.&lfs-domainname; &amp;&amp;
478dig www.&lfs-domainname;</userinput></screen>
479
480 <para>You can see almost instantaneous results with the named caching
481 lookups. Consult the <application>BIND</application> Administrator
482 Reference Manual located at <filename>doc/arm/Bv9ARM.html</filename>
483 in the package source tree, for further configuration options.</para>
484
485 </sect3>
486
487 </sect2>
488
489 <sect2 role="content">
490 <title>Contents</title>
491
492 <segmentedlist>
493 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
494 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
495 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
496
497 <seglistitem>
498
499 <seg>arpaname, bind9-config hardlinked to isc-config.sh, ddns-confgen,
500 delv, dig, dnssec-dsfromkey,
501 dnssec-importkey, dnssec-keyfromlabel, dnssec-keygen, dnssec-revoke,
502 dnssec-settime, dnssec-signzone, dnssec-verify, genrandom, host,
503 isc-hmac-fixup, lwresd hardlinked to named, named-checkconf,
504 named-checkzone, named-compilezone (symlink), named-journalprint,
505 named-rrchecker, nsec3hash, nslookup, nsupdate, rndc, rndc-confgen,
506 and tsig-keygen (symlink)</seg>
507
508 <seg>libbind9.so, libdns.so, libirs.so, libisc.so, libisccc.so,
509 libisccfg.so, and liblwres.so</seg>
510
511 <seg>/usr/include/{bind9,dns,dst,irs,isc,isccc,isccfg,lwres,pk11,pkcs11},
512 /usr/share/doc/bind-&bind-version; and /srv/named</seg>
513 </seglistitem>
514 </segmentedlist>
515
516 <variablelist>
517 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
518 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
519 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
520
521 <varlistentry id="arpaname">
522 <term><command>arpaname</command></term>
523 <listitem>
524 <para>
525 translates IP addresses to the corresponding ARPA names.
526 </para>
527 <indexterm zone="bind arpaname">
528 <primary sortas="b-arpaname">arpaname</primary>
529 </indexterm>
530 </listitem>
531 </varlistentry>
532
533 <varlistentry id="bind9-config">
534 <term><command>bind9-config</command></term>
535 <listitem>
536 <para>
537 is hardlinked to <command>isc-config.sh</command>.
538 </para>
539 <indexterm zone="bind bind9-config">
540 <primary sortas="b-bind9-config">bind9-config</primary>
541 </indexterm>
542 </listitem>
543 </varlistentry>
544
545 <varlistentry id="ddns-confgen">
546 <term><command>ddns-confgen</command></term>
547 <listitem>
548 <para>
549 generates a key for use by nsupdate and named.
550 </para>
551 <indexterm zone="bind ddns-confgen">
552 <primary sortas="b-ddns-confgen">ddns-confgen</primary>
553 </indexterm>
554 </listitem>
555 </varlistentry>
556
557 <varlistentry id="delv">
558 <term><command>delv</command></term>
559 <listitem>
560 <para>
561 is a new debugging tool that is a successor to
562 <command>dig</command>.
563 </para>
564 <indexterm zone="bind delv">
565 <primary sortas="b-delv">delv</primary>
566 </indexterm>
567 </listitem>
568 </varlistentry>
569
570 <varlistentry id="dig">
571 <term><command>dig</command></term>
572 <listitem>
573 <para>interrogates DNS servers.</para>
574 <indexterm zone="bind dig">
575 <primary sortas="b-dig">dig</primary>
576 </indexterm>
577 </listitem>
578 </varlistentry>
579<!--
580 <varlistentry id="dnssec-checkds">
581 <term><command>dnssec-checkds</command></term>
582 <listitem>
583 <para>
584 is a DNSSEC delegation consistency checking tool.
585 </para>
586 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-checkds">
587 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-checkds">dnssec-checkds</primary>
588 </indexterm>
589 </listitem>
590 </varlistentry>
591
592 <varlistentry id="dnssec-coverage">
593 <term><command>dnssec-coverage</command></term>
594 <listitem>
595 <para>
596 verifies that the DNSSEC keys for a given zone or a set of zones
597 have timing metadata set properly to ensure no future lapses
598 in DNSSEC coverage.
599 </para>
600 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-coverage">
601 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-coverage">dnssec-coverage</primary>
602 </indexterm>
603 </listitem>
604 </varlistentry>-->
605
606 <varlistentry id="dnssec-dsfromkey">
607 <term><command>dnssec-dsfromkey</command></term>
608 <listitem>
609 <para>
610 outputs the Delegation Signer (DS) resource record (RR).
611 </para>
612 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-dsfromkey">
613 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-dsfromkey">dnssec-dsfromkey</primary>
614 </indexterm>
615 </listitem>
616 </varlistentry>
617
618 <varlistentry id="dnssec-importkey">
619 <term><command>dnssec-importkey</command></term>
620 <listitem>
621 <para>
622 reads a public DNSKEY record and generates a pair of
623 .key/.private files.
624 </para>
625 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-importkey">
626 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-importkey">dnssec-importkey</primary>
627 </indexterm>
628 </listitem>
629 </varlistentry>
630
631 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keyfromlabel">
632 <term><command>dnssec-keyfromlabel</command></term>
633 <listitem>
634 <para>
635 gets keys with the given label from a crypto hardware and builds
636 key files for DNSSEC.
637 </para>
638 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keyfromlabel">
639 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keyfromlabel">dnssec-keyfromlabel</primary>
640 </indexterm>
641 </listitem>
642 </varlistentry>
643
644 <varlistentry id="dnssec-keygen">
645 <term><command>dnssec-keygen</command></term>
646 <listitem>
647 <para>is a key generator for secure DNS.</para>
648 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-keygen">
649 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-keygen">dnssec-keygen</primary>
650 </indexterm>
651 </listitem>
652 </varlistentry>
653
654 <varlistentry id="dnssec-revoke">
655 <term><command>dnssec-revoke</command></term>
656 <listitem>
657 <para>
658 sets the REVOKED bit on a DNSSEC key.
659 </para>
660 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-revoke">
661 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-revoke">dnssec-revoke</primary>
662 </indexterm>
663 </listitem>
664 </varlistentry>
665
666 <varlistentry id="dnssec-settime">
667 <term><command>dnssec-settime</command></term>
668 <listitem>
669 <para>
670 sets the key timing metadata for a DNSSEC key.
671 </para>
672 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-settime">
673 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-settime">dnssec-settime</primary>
674 </indexterm>
675 </listitem>
676 </varlistentry>
677
678 <varlistentry id="dnssec-signzone">
679 <term><command>dnssec-signzone</command></term>
680 <listitem>
681 <para>generates signed versions of zone files.</para>
682 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-signzone">
683 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-signzone">dnssec-signzone</primary>
684 </indexterm>
685 </listitem>
686 </varlistentry>
687
688 <varlistentry id="dnssec-verify">
689 <term><command>dnssec-verify</command></term>
690 <listitem>
691 <para>
692 verifies that a zone is fully signed for each algorithm found
693 in the DNSKEY RRset for the zone, and that the NSEC / NSEC3
694 chains are complete.
695 </para>
696 <indexterm zone="bind dnssec-verify">
697 <primary sortas="b-dnssec-verify">dnssec-verify</primary>
698 </indexterm>
699 </listitem>
700 </varlistentry>
701
702 <varlistentry id="genrandom">
703 <term><command>genrandom</command></term>
704 <listitem>
705 <para>
706 generates a file containing random data.
707 </para>
708 <indexterm zone="bind genrandom">
709 <primary sortas="b-genrandom">genrandom</primary>
710 </indexterm>
711 </listitem>
712 </varlistentry>
713
714 <varlistentry id="host">
715 <term><command>host</command></term>
716 <listitem>
717 <para>is a utility for DNS lookups.</para>
718 <indexterm zone="bind host">
719 <primary sortas="b-host">host</primary>
720 </indexterm>
721 </listitem>
722 </varlistentry>
723
724 <varlistentry id="isc-config.sh">
725 <term><command>isc-config.sh</command></term>
726 <listitem>
727 <para>
728 prints information related to the installed version of ISC BIND.
729 </para>
730 <indexterm zone="bind isc-config.sh">
731 <primary sortas="b-isc-config.sh">isc-config.sh</primary>
732 </indexterm>
733 </listitem>
734 </varlistentry>
735
736 <varlistentry id="isc-hmac-fixup">
737 <term><command>isc-hmac-fixup</command></term>
738 <listitem>
739 <para>
740 fixes HMAC keys generated by older versions of BIND.
741 </para>
742 <indexterm zone="bind isc-hmac-fixup">
743 <primary sortas="b-isc-hmac-fixup">isc-hmac-fixup</primary>
744 </indexterm>
745 </listitem>
746 </varlistentry>
747
748 <varlistentry id="lwresd">
749 <term><command>lwresd</command></term>
750 <listitem>
751 <para>is a caching-only name server for local process use.</para>
752 <indexterm zone="bind lwresd">
753 <primary sortas="b-lwresd">lwresd</primary>
754 </indexterm>
755 </listitem>
756 </varlistentry>
757
758 <varlistentry id="named">
759 <term><command>named</command></term>
760 <listitem>
761 <para>is the name server daemon.</para>
762 <indexterm zone="bind named">
763 <primary sortas="b-named">named</primary>
764 </indexterm>
765 </listitem>
766 </varlistentry>
767
768 <varlistentry id="named-checkconf">
769 <term><command>named-checkconf</command></term>
770 <listitem>
771 <para>checks the syntax of <filename>named.conf</filename>
772 files.</para>
773 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkconf">
774 <primary sortas="b-named-checkconf">named-checkconf</primary>
775 </indexterm>
776 </listitem>
777 </varlistentry>
778
779 <varlistentry id="named-checkzone">
780 <term><command>named-checkzone</command></term>
781 <listitem>
782 <para>checks zone file validity.</para>
783 <indexterm zone="bind named-checkzone">
784 <primary sortas="b-named-checkzone">named-checkzone</primary>
785 </indexterm>
786 </listitem>
787 </varlistentry>
788
789 <varlistentry id="named-compilezone">
790 <term><command>named-compilezone</command></term>
791 <listitem>
792 <para>
793 is similar to <command>named-checkzone</command>, but it always
794 dumps the zone contents to a specified file in a specified format.
795 </para>
796 <indexterm zone="bind named-compilezone">
797 <primary sortas="b-named-compilezone">named-compilezone</primary>
798 </indexterm>
799 </listitem>
800 </varlistentry>
801
802 <varlistentry id="named-journalprint">
803 <term><command>named-journalprint</command></term>
804 <listitem>
805 <para>
806 prints the zone journal in human-readable form.
807 </para>
808 <indexterm zone="bind named-journalprint">
809 <primary sortas="b-named-journalprint">named-journalprint</primary>
810 </indexterm>
811 </listitem>
812 </varlistentry>
813
814 <varlistentry id="named-rrchecker">
815 <term><command>named-rrchecker</command></term>
816 <listitem>
817 <para>
818 reads an individual DNS resource record from standard input and
819 checks if it is syntactically correct.
820 </para>
821 <indexterm zone="bind named-rrchecker">
822 <primary sortas="b-named-rrchecker">named-rrchecker</primary>
823 </indexterm>
824 </listitem>
825 </varlistentry>
826
827 <varlistentry id="nsec3hash">
828 <term><command>nsec3hash</command></term>
829 <listitem>
830 <para>
831 generates an NSEC3 hash based on a set of NSEC3 parameters.
832 </para>
833 <indexterm zone="bind nsec3hash">
834 <primary sortas="b-nsec3hash">nsec3hash</primary>
835 </indexterm>
836 </listitem>
837 </varlistentry>
838
839 <varlistentry id="nslookup">
840 <term><command>nslookup</command></term>
841 <listitem>
842 <para>is a program used to query Internet domain nameservers.</para>
843 <indexterm zone="bind nslookup">
844 <primary sortas="b-nslookup">nslookup</primary>
845 </indexterm>
846 </listitem>
847 </varlistentry>
848
849 <varlistentry id="nsupdate">
850 <term><command>nsupdate</command></term>
851 <listitem>
852 <para>is used to submit DNS update requests.</para>
853 <indexterm zone="bind nsupdate">
854 <primary sortas="b-nsupdate">nsupdate</primary>
855 </indexterm>
856 </listitem>
857 </varlistentry>
858
859 <varlistentry id="rndc">
860 <term><command>rndc</command></term>
861 <listitem>
862 <para>controls the operation of <application>BIND</application>.</para>
863 <indexterm zone="bind rndc">
864 <primary sortas="b-rndc">rndc</primary>
865 </indexterm>
866 </listitem>
867 </varlistentry>
868
869 <varlistentry id="rndc-confgen">
870 <term><command>rndc-confgen</command></term>
871 <listitem>
872 <para>generates <filename>rndc.conf</filename> files.</para>
873 <indexterm zone="bind rndc-confgen">
874 <primary sortas="b-rndc-confgen">rndc-confgen</primary>
875 </indexterm>
876 </listitem>
877 </varlistentry>
878
879 <varlistentry id="tsig-keygen">
880 <term><command>tsig-keygen</command></term>
881 <listitem>
882 <para>
883 is a symlink to <command>ddns-confgen</command>.
884 </para>
885 <indexterm zone="bind tsig-keygen">
886 <primary sortas="b-tsig-keygen">tsig-keygen</primary>
887 </indexterm>
888 </listitem>
889 </varlistentry>
890
891 </variablelist>
892
893 </sect2>
894
895</sect1>
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