Installation command explanations mkdir -p /etc/samba/private mkdir -p /var/cache/samba Directories needed for proper operation of the smbd and nmbd daemons. --prefix=/usr: Sets the prefix for almost all the file paths to /usr. --sysconfdir=/etc: Sets the configuration file directory to avoid the default of /usr/etc. --localstatedir=/var: Sets the variable data directory to avoid the default of /usr/var. : Assigns all other file paths in a manner compliant with the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS). : Orders the creation of an extra binary for use by the mount command so that mounting remote SMB (windows) shares becomes no more complex than mounting remote NFS shares. rm -rf /usr/private: Removes a directory erroneously created by source/scripts/ during the make install.