source: x/installing/mesa.xml@ 8e39d51

10.0 10.1 11.0 11.1 9.1 lazarus qt5new trunk upgradedb xry111/intltool xry111/test-20220226
Last change on this file since 8e39d51 was 8e39d51, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 3 years ago

Update to bind-9.14.9.
Update to mesa-19.3.1.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@22501 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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File size: 16.6 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY mesa-download-http "https://mesa.freedesktop.org/archive/mesa-&mesa-version;.tar.xz">
8 <!ENTITY mesa-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.freedesktop.org/pub/mesa/mesa-&mesa-version;.tar.xz">
9 <!ENTITY mesa-md5sum "5c5965db31993af47fee82c9a7ccba5e">
10 <!ENTITY mesa-size "11 MB">
11 <!ENTITY mesa-buildsize "397 MB (with demos and docs), add 204 MB for tests">
12 <!ENTITY mesa-time "2.6 SBU (with parallelism=4, demos, and docs), add 0.4 SBU for tests">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="mesa" xreflabel="Mesa-&mesa-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="mesa.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>Mesa-&mesa-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="mesa">
26 <primary sortas="a-Mesa">Mesa</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to Mesa</title>
31
32 <para>
33 <application>Mesa</application> is an OpenGL compatible 3D graphics
34 library.
35 </para>
36
37 <note>
38 <para>
39 <application>Mesa</application> is updated relatively often. You may
40 want to use the latest available &mesa-major-minor;.x mesa version.
41 </para>
42 </note>
43
44 &lfs90_checked;
45
46 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
47 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
48 <listitem>
49 <para>
50 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&mesa-download-http;"/>
51 </para>
52 </listitem>
53 <listitem>
54 <para>
55 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&mesa-download-ftp;"/>
56 </para>
57 </listitem>
58 <listitem>
59 <para>
60 Download MD5 sum: &mesa-md5sum;
61 </para>
62 </listitem>
63 <listitem>
64 <para>
65 Download size: &mesa-size;
66 </para>
67 </listitem>
68 <listitem>
69 <para>
70 Estimated disk space required: &mesa-buildsize;
71 </para>
72 </listitem>
73 <listitem>
74 <para>
75 Estimated build time: &mesa-time;
76 </para>
77 </listitem>
78 </itemizedlist>
79
80 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
81 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
82 <listitem>
83 <para>
84 Recommended patch:
85 <ulink
86 url="&patch-root;/mesa-&mesa-version;-add_xdemos-1.patch"/>
87 (installs 2 demo programs for testing Mesa - not needed if you
88 install the <ulink url="ftp://ftp.freedesktop.org/pub/mesa/demos/">
89 mesa-demos</ulink> package)
90 </para>
91 </listitem>
92 </itemizedlist>
93
94 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Mesa Dependencies</bridgehead>
95
96 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
97 <para role="required">
98 <xref linkend="xorg7-lib"/>,
99 <xref linkend="libdrm"/>, and
100 <xref linkend="Mako"/>
101 </para>
102
103 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
104 <para role="recommended">
105
106 <xref role="first" linkend="libva"/> (to provide VA-API support for some
107 gallium drivers, note that there is a circular dependency. You must
108 build <application>libva</application> first without EGL and GLX support,
109 install this package, and rebuild <application>libva</application>),
110 <xref linkend="libvdpau"/> (to build VDPAU drivers),
111 <xref linkend="llvm"/> (required for Gallium3D, nouveau, r300, and radeonsi
112 drivers and for swrast, the software rasterizer which is sometimes referred
113 to as llvmpipe. See <ulink role="nodep"
114 url="http://www.mesa3d.org/systems.html"/> for more information), and
115 <xref linkend="wayland-protocols"/> (required for
116 <xref role="nodep" linkend='plasma5-build'/>,
117 <!-- <xref role="nodep" linkend='lxqt'/>, -->
118 GNOME, and recommended for <xref role="nodep" linkend='gtk3'/>)
119 </para>
120
121 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
122 <para role="optional">
123 <xref linkend="libgcrypt"/>,
124 <xref linkend="lm_sensors"/> <!-- for libsensors according to Meson -->,
125 <xref linkend="nettle"/>,
126 <xref linkend="valgrind"/>,
127 <ulink url="ftp://ftp.freedesktop.org/pub/mesa/demos/">mesa-demos</ulink>
128 (provides more than 300 extra demos to test
129 <application>Mesa</application>; this includes the same programs added by
130 the patch above),
131 <ulink url="http://omxil.sourceforge.net/">Bellagio OpenMAX Integration
132 Layer</ulink> (for mobile platforms), and
133 <ulink url="https://github.com/tizonia/tizonia-openmax-il/wiki/Tizonia-OpenMAX-IL/">
134 libtizonia</ulink>
135 </para>
136
137 <note>
138 <para>
139 The instructions below assume that
140 <application>LLVM</application> with the r600/amdgpu and host backends
141 and run-time type information (RTTI - needed for nouveau) are installed.
142 You will need to modify the instructions if you
143 choose not to install all of these. For an explanation of Gallium3D see
144 <ulink url="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gallium3D"/>.
145 </para>
146 </note>
147
148 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
149 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/mesa"/>
150 </para>
151 </sect2>
152
153 <sect2 role="installation">
154 <title>Installation of Mesa</title>
155
156 <para>
157 If you have downloaded the xdemos patch (needed if testing the Xorg
158 installation per BLFS instructions), apply it by running the following
159 command:
160 </para>
161
162<screen><userinput>patch -Np1 -i ../mesa-&mesa-version;-add_xdemos-1.patch</userinput></screen>
163
164 <!-- Note that freedreno, vc4, and virgl all need special support from
165 libdrm - renodr
166 For me, libdrm does not mention virgl, but mesa accepts it. AFAICS
167 freedreno is for qualcom hardware, libdrm will build for it on suitable
168 systems. VC4 is for the Broadcom VC4 used in the raspberry pi - ken -->
169
170 <note>
171 <para>
172 The measurements above, and the Contents below, are for a full build.
173 Many people will not wish to install drivers they cannot use, so the
174 following paragraphs explain how to limit the drivers, and give an
175 example which can be be reduced or amended as necessary.
176 </para>
177 </note>
178
179 <para>
180 Now, select the drivers you wish to install. For the X86 architecture, the
181 available gallium drivers are auto, <emphasis>or alternatively a choice
182 from</emphasis> i915, nouveau, r300, r600, radeonsi, svga, swrast, and
183 virgl. The latter is recommended if you intend to run the system under
184 <xref linkend="qemu"/>. If you wish to build all available gallium drivers,
185 use 'auto'.
186 </para>
187
188 <para>
189 The (non-gallium) DRI drivers available in X86 are auto, <emphasis>or
190 alternatively a choice from</emphasis> i915, i965, nouveau, r100, r200,
191 and swrast. Use 'auto' to build all available DRI drivers, or use an
192 empty string (DRI_DRIVERS="") if you wish to only build gallium drivers.
193 </para>
194
195 <para>
196 The platforms ("window systems") available for X86 linux are x11, wayland,
197 drm, and surfaceless. By not specifying anything, the meson build-system
198 will build for all these platforms if you have the dependencies, identical
199 to if you had specified '-Dplatforms=auto'.
200 </para>
201
202 <para>
203 Modify the commands below for your desired drivers. The drivers listed
204 below will cover most modern video cards and virtual machines. For help in
205 selecting drivers see <ulink url='http://www.mesa3d.org/systems.html'/>.
206 </para>
207
208 <note>
209 <para>
210 Although the nouveau drivers can be built for both gallium and dri, the
211 i915 driver can only be built for one or the other.
212 </para>
213 </note>
214
215<screen><userinput>GALLIUM_DRV="i915,nouveau,r600,radeonsi,svga,swrast,virgl"
216DRI_DRIVERS="i965,nouveau"</userinput></screen>
217
218 <para>
219 Install <application>Mesa</application> by running the following
220 commands:
221 </para>
222
223<screen><userinput>mkdir build &amp;&amp;
224cd build &amp;&amp;
225
226meson --prefix=$XORG_PREFIX \
227 -Dbuildtype=release \
228 -Ddri-drivers=$DRI_DRIVERS \
229 -Dgallium-drivers=$GALLIUM_DRV \
230 -Dgallium-nine=false \
231 -Dglx=dri \
232 -Dosmesa=gallium \
233 -Dvalgrind=false \
234 .. &amp;&amp;
235
236unset GALLIUM_DRV DRI_DRIVERS &amp;&amp;
237
238ninja</userinput></screen>
239
240 <para>
241 If you built the tests (see 'Command Explanations'), to run them issue:
242 <command>ninja test</command>.
243 </para>
244
245 <para>
246 Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
247 </para>
248
249<screen role="root"><userinput>ninja install</userinput></screen>
250
251 <para>
252 If desired, install the optional documentation by running
253 the following commands as the
254 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
255 </para>
256
257<screen role="root"><userinput>install -v -dm755 /usr/share/doc/mesa-&mesa-version; &amp;&amp;
258cp -rfv ../docs/* /usr/share/doc/mesa-&mesa-version;</userinput></screen>
259
260 </sect2>
261
262 <sect2 role="commands">
263 <title>Command Explanations</title>
264
265 <para>
266 <parameter>-Dbuildtype=release</parameter>: This switch ensures a
267 fully-optimized build, and disables debug assertions which will
268 severely slow down the libraries in certain use-cases. Without this
269 switch, build sizes can span into the 2GB range.
270 </para>
271
272 <para>
273 <parameter>-Ddri-drivers="..."</parameter>: This parameter
274 controls which (non-gallium) dri drivers should be built.
275 </para>
276
277 <para>
278 <parameter>-Dgallium-drivers="..."</parameter>: This parameter
279 controls which Gallium3D drivers should be built.
280 </para>
281
282 <para>
283 <option>-Dgallium-nine=true</option>: Setting this option to true will
284 provide support for (MS Windows) games designed for DX9.
285 </para>
286
287 <para>
288 <parameter>-Dosmesa=gallium</parameter>: This switch enables building
289 the <filename class="libraryfile">libOSMesa</filename> library and
290 provides Gallium3D support in it. It requires the swrast gallium driver.
291 </para>
292<!--
293 <para>
294 <parameter>-Dplatforms="..."</parameter>: This parameter
295 controls which platforms EGL will be built for. Available
296 linux X86 platforms are drm, x11, wayland, and surfaceless.
297 </para>
298-->
299 <para>
300 <parameter>-Dvalgrind=false</parameter>: This parameter disables
301 the usage of Valgrind during the build process. Remove this parameter
302 if you have Valgrind installed, and wish to check for memory leaks.
303 </para>
304
305<!--
306 <para>
307 <parameter>- -enable-xa</parameter>: This switch enables building the
308 XA X Acceleration API (Required for VMware 3D Driver).
309 </para>
310
311 <para>
312 <parameter>- -enable-gbm</parameter>: This switch enables building the
313 <application>Mesa</application> Graphics Buffer Manager library.
314 </para>
315 These two seem to be automatic in 19.0 - ken
316
317 <para>
318 <parameter>- -enable-glx-tls</parameter>: This switch enables TLS (Thread Local
319 Storage) support in GLX.
320 </para>
321-->
322 <para>
323 <option>-Dbuild-tests=true</option>: This option will cause the test code
324 to be enabled.
325 </para>
326
327 </sect2>
328
329 <sect2 role="content">
330 <title>Contents</title>
331
332 <segmentedlist>
333 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
334 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
335 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
336
337 <seglistitem>
338 <seg>
339 glxgears and glxinfo
340 </seg>
341 <seg>
342 <!-- Begin DRI drivers : this is the full set from auto -->
343 d3dadapter9.so, <!-- For Windows games. This is DirectX's Direct3D -->
344 i915_dri.so,
345 i965_dri.so,
346 kms_swrast_dri.so,
347 nouveau_dri.so,
348 nouveau_drv_video.so,
349 nouveau_vieux_dri.so,
350 r200_dri.so,
351 r300_dri.so,
352 r600_dri.so,
353 r600_drv_video.so,
354 radeon_dri.so,
355 radeonsi_dri.so,
356 radeonsi_drv_video.so,
357 swrast_dri.so,
358 virtio_gpu_dri.so,
359 vmwgfx_dri.so
360 <!-- End DRI Drivers -->
361 libEGL.so,
362 libGL.so,
363 libGLESv1_CM.so,
364 libGLESv2.so,
365 libOSMesa.so,
366 libXvMCnouveau.so,
367 libXvMCr600.so,
368 libgbm.so,
369 libglapi.so,
370 <!-- Begin Vulkan drivers -->
371 libvulkan_intel.so,
372 libvulkan_radeon.so,
373 <!-- End Vulkan drivers -->
374 libxatracker.so,
375 <!-- Begin VDPAU drivers -->
376 libvdpau_nouveau.so,
377 libvdpau_r300.so,
378 libvdpau_r600.so, and
379 libvdpau_radeonsi.so
380 <!-- End VDPAU drivers -->
381 </seg>
382 <seg>
383 $XORG_PREFIX/{include/{d3dapater,EGL,GL,GLES,GLES2,GLES3,KHR,vulkan},lib/{d3d,dri,vdpau}}
384 $XORG_PREFIX/share/drirc.d (contains workarounds for various applications,
385 particularly browsers and games)
386 $XORG_PREFIX/share/vulkan/icd.d,
387 and
388 /usr/share/doc/mesa-&mesa-version; (optional)
389 </seg>
390 </seglistitem>
391 </segmentedlist>
392
393 <variablelist>
394 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
395 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
396 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
397
398 <varlistentry id="glxgears">
399 <term><command>glxgears</command></term>
400 <listitem>
401 <para>
402 is a GL demo useful for troubleshooting graphics
403 problems.
404 </para>
405 <indexterm zone="mesa glxgears">
406 <primary sortas="b-glxgears">glxgears</primary>
407 </indexterm>
408 </listitem>
409 </varlistentry>
410
411 <varlistentry id="glxinfo">
412 <term><command>glxinfo</command></term>
413 <listitem>
414 <para>
415 is a diagnostic program that displays information about the
416 graphics hardware and installed GL libraries.
417 </para>
418 <indexterm zone="mesa glxinfo">
419 <primary sortas="b-glxinfo">glxinfo</primary>
420 </indexterm>
421 </listitem>
422 </varlistentry>
423
424 <varlistentry id="libEGL">
425 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libEGL.so</filename></term>
426 <listitem>
427 <para>
428 provides a native platform graphics interface as
429 defined by the EGL-1.4 specification.
430 </para>
431 <indexterm zone="mesa libEGL">
432 <primary sortas="c-libGL">libEGL.so</primary>
433 </indexterm>
434 </listitem>
435 </varlistentry>
436
437 <varlistentry id="libgbm">
438 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgbm.so</filename></term>
439 <listitem>
440 <para>
441 is the <application>Mesa</application> Graphics Buffer
442 Manager library.
443 </para>
444 <indexterm zone="mesa libgbm">
445 <primary sortas="c-libgbm">libgbm.so</primary>
446 </indexterm>
447 </listitem>
448 </varlistentry>
449
450 <varlistentry id="libGLESv1_CM">
451 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libGLESv1_CM.so</filename></term>
452 <listitem>
453 <para>
454 is the <application>Mesa</application> OpenGL ES 1.1 library.
455 </para>
456 <indexterm zone="mesa libGLESv1_CM">
457 <primary sortas="c-libGLESv1_CM">libGLESv1_CM.so</primary>
458 </indexterm>
459 </listitem>
460 </varlistentry>
461
462 <varlistentry id="libGLES2">
463 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libGLES2.so</filename></term>
464 <listitem>
465 <para>
466 is the <application>Mesa</application> OpenGL ES 2.0 library.
467 </para>
468 <indexterm zone="mesa libGLES2">
469 <primary sortas="c-libGLES2">libGLES2.so</primary>
470 </indexterm>
471 </listitem>
472 </varlistentry>
473
474 <varlistentry id="libGL">
475 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libGL.so</filename></term>
476 <listitem>
477 <para>
478 is the main <application>Mesa</application> OpenGL library.
479 </para>
480 <indexterm zone="mesa libGL">
481 <primary sortas="c-libGL">libGL.so</primary>
482 </indexterm>
483 </listitem>
484 </varlistentry>
485
486 <varlistentry id="libOSMesa">
487 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libOSMesa.so</filename></term>
488 <listitem>
489 <para>
490 is the <application>Mesa</application> Off-screen Rendering library.
491 </para>
492 <indexterm zone="mesa libOSMesa">
493 <primary sortas="c-libOSMesa">libOSMesa.so</primary>
494 </indexterm>
495 </listitem>
496 </varlistentry>
497
498 </variablelist>
499
500 </sect2>
501
502</sect1>
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