source: x/installing/mesa.xml@ cc405844

10.0 10.1 11.0 9.0 9.1 ken/refactor-virt lazarus qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since cc405844 was cc405844, checked in by Pierre Labastie <pieere@…>, 2 years ago

Two unrelated things:

  • add role="first" to libva dependency in mesa (circular dep)
  • remove the paragraph about permissions to access /dev/dri/card0 in xorg-config, since now elogind and systemd take care of that

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@21986 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 16.5 KB
Line 
1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY mesa-download-http "https://mesa.freedesktop.org/archive/mesa-&mesa-version;.tar.xz">
8 <!ENTITY mesa-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.freedesktop.org/pub/mesa/mesa-&mesa-version;.tar.xz">
9 <!ENTITY mesa-md5sum "90eed05e3239c96ad9e92eb11eb67ada">
10 <!ENTITY mesa-size "10 MB">
11 <!ENTITY mesa-buildsize "350 MB (with demos and docs), add 147 MB if tests are enabled ">
12 <!ENTITY mesa-time "2.3 SBU (with parallelism=4, demos, and docs), add 0.5 SBU if tests are enabled">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="mesa" xreflabel="Mesa-&mesa-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="mesa.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>Mesa-&mesa-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="mesa">
26 <primary sortas="a-Mesa">Mesa</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to Mesa</title>
31
32 <para>
33 <application>Mesa</application> is an OpenGL compatible 3D graphics
34 library.
35 </para>
36
37 <note>
38 <para>
39 <application>Mesa</application> is updated relatively often. You may
40 want to use the latest available &mesa-major-minor;.x mesa version.
41 </para>
42 </note>
43
44 &lfs90_checked;
45
46 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
47 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
48 <listitem>
49 <para>
50 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&mesa-download-http;"/>
51 </para>
52 </listitem>
53 <listitem>
54 <para>
55 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&mesa-download-ftp;"/>
56 </para>
57 </listitem>
58 <listitem>
59 <para>
60 Download MD5 sum: &mesa-md5sum;
61 </para>
62 </listitem>
63 <listitem>
64 <para>
65 Download size: &mesa-size;
66 </para>
67 </listitem>
68 <listitem>
69 <para>
70 Estimated disk space required: &mesa-buildsize;
71 </para>
72 </listitem>
73 <listitem>
74 <para>
75 Estimated build time: &mesa-time;
76 </para>
77 </listitem>
78 </itemizedlist>
79
80 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
81 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
82 <listitem>
83 <para>
84 Recommended patch:
85 <ulink
86 url="&patch-root;/mesa-&mesa-version;-add_xdemos-1.patch"/>
87 (installs 2 demo programs for testing Mesa - not needed if you
88 install the <ulink url="ftp://ftp.freedesktop.org/pub/mesa/demos/">
89 mesa-demos</ulink> package)
90 </para>
91 </listitem>
92 </itemizedlist>
93
94 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Mesa Dependencies</bridgehead>
95
96 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
97 <para role="required">
98 <xref linkend="xorg7-lib"/>,
99 <xref linkend="libdrm"/>, and
100 <xref linkend="Mako"/>
101 </para>
102
103 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
104 <para role="recommended">
105
106 <xref role="first" linkend="libva"/> (to provide VA-API support for some
107 gallium drivers, note that there is a circular dependency. You must
108 build <application>libva</application> first without EGL and GLX support,
109 install this package, and rebuild <application>libva</application>),
110 <xref linkend="libvdpau"/> (to build VDPAU drivers),
111 <xref linkend="llvm"/> (required for Gallium3D, nouveau, r300, and radeonsi
112 drivers and for swrast, the software rasterizer which is sometimes referred
113 to as llvmpipe. See <ulink role="nodep"
114 url="http://www.mesa3d.org/systems.html"/> for more information), and
115 <xref linkend="wayland-protocols"/> (required for
116 <xref role="nodep" linkend='plasma5-build'/>,
117 <!-- <xref role="nodep" linkend='lxqt'/>, -->
118 GNOME, and recommended for <xref role="nodep" linkend='gtk3'/>)
119 </para>
120
121 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
122 <para role="optional">
123 <xref linkend="libgcrypt"/>,
124 <xref linkend="lm_sensors"/> <!-- for libsensors according to Meson -->,
125 <xref linkend="nettle"/>,
126 <xref linkend="valgrind"/>,
127 <ulink url="ftp://ftp.freedesktop.org/pub/mesa/demos/">mesa-demos</ulink>
128 (provides more than 300 extra demos to test
129 <application>Mesa</application>; this includes the same programs added by
130 the patch above),
131 <ulink url="http://omxil.sourceforge.net/">Bellagio OpenMAX Integration
132 Layer</ulink> (for mobile platforms), and
133 <ulink url="https://github.com/tizonia/tizonia-openmax-il/wiki/Tizonia-OpenMAX-IL/">
134 libtizonia</ulink>
135 </para>
136
137 <note>
138 <para>
139 The instructions below assume that
140 <application>LLVM</application> with the r600/amdgpu and host backends
141 and run-time type information (RTTI - needed for nouveau) are installed.
142 You will need to modify the instructions if you
143 choose not to install all of these. For an explanation of Gallium3D see
144 <ulink url="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gallium3D"/>.
145 </para>
146 </note>
147
148 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
149 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/mesa"/>
150 </para>
151 </sect2>
152
153 <sect2 role="installation">
154 <title>Installation of Mesa</title>
155
156 <para>
157 If you have downloaded the xdemos patch (needed if testing the Xorg
158 installation per BLFS instructions), apply it by running the following
159 command:
160 </para>
161
162<screen><userinput>patch -Np1 -i ../mesa-&mesa-version;-add_xdemos-1.patch</userinput></screen>
163
164 <!-- Note that freedreno, vc4, and virgl all need special support from
165 libdrm - renodr
166 For me, libdrm does not mention virgl, but mesa accepts it. AFAICS
167 freedreno is for qualcom hardware, libdrm will build for it on suitable
168 systems. VC4 is for the Broadcom VC4 used in the raspberry pi - ken -->
169
170 <note>
171 <para>
172 The measurements above, and the Contents below, are for a full build.
173 Many people will not wish to install drivers they cannot use, so the
174 following paragraphs explain how to limit the drivers, and give an
175 example which can be be reduced or amended as necessary.
176 </para>
177 </note>
178
179 <para>
180 Now, select the drivers you wish to install. For the X86 architecture, the
181 available gallium drivers are auto, <emphasis>or alternatively a choice
182 from</emphasis> i915, nouveau, r300, r600, radeonsi, svga, swrast, and
183 virgl. The latter is recommended if you intend to run the system under
184 <xref linkend="qemu"/>. If you wish to build all available gallium drivers,
185 use 'auto'.
186 </para>
187
188 <para>
189 The (non-gallium) DRI drivers available in X86 are auto, <emphasis>or
190 alternatively a choice from</emphasis> i915, i965, nouveau, r100, r200,
191 and swrast. Use 'auto' to build all available DRI drivers, or use an
192 empty string (DRI_DRIVERS="") if you wish to only build gallium drivers.
193 </para>
194
195 <para>
196 The platforms ("window systems") available for X86 linux are x11, wayland,
197 drm, and surfaceless. By not specifying anything, the meson build-system
198 will build for all these platforms if you have the dependencies, identical
199 to if you had specified '-Dplatforms=auto'.
200 </para>
201
202 <para>
203 Modify the commands below for your desired drivers. The drivers listed
204 below will cover most modern video cards and virtual machines. For help in
205 selecting drivers see <ulink url='http://www.mesa3d.org/systems.html'/>.
206 </para>
207
208 <note>
209 <para>
210 Although the nouveau drivers can be built for both gallium and dri, the
211 i915 driver can only be built for one or the other.
212 </para>
213 </note>
214
215<screen><userinput>GALLIUM_DRV="i915,nouveau,r600,radeonsi,svga,swrast,virgl"
216DRI_DRIVERS="i965,nouveau"</userinput></screen>
217
218 <para>
219 Install <application>Mesa</application> by running the following
220 commands:
221 </para>
222
223<screen><userinput>mkdir build &amp;&amp;
224cd build &amp;&amp;
225
226meson --prefix=$XORG_PREFIX \
227 -Dbuildtype=release \
228 -Ddri-drivers=$DRI_DRIVERS \
229 -Dgallium-drivers=$GALLIUM_DRV \
230 -Dgallium-nine=false \
231 -Dglx=dri \
232 -Dosmesa=gallium \
233 -Dvalgrind=false \
234 .. &amp;&amp;
235
236unset GALLIUM_DRV DRI_DRIVERS &amp;&amp;
237
238ninja</userinput></screen>
239
240 <para>
241 If you built the tests (see 'Command Explanations'), to run them issue:
242 <command>ninja test</command>.
243 </para>
244
245 <para>
246 Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
247 </para>
248
249<screen role="root"><userinput>ninja install</userinput></screen>
250
251 <para>
252 If desired, install the optional documentation by running
253 the following commands as the
254 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
255 </para>
256
257<screen role="root"><userinput>install -v -dm755 /usr/share/doc/mesa-&mesa-version; &amp;&amp;
258cp -rfv ../docs/* /usr/share/doc/mesa-&mesa-version;</userinput></screen>
259
260 </sect2>
261
262 <sect2 role="commands">
263 <title>Command Explanations</title>
264
265 <para>
266 <parameter>-Dbuildtype=release</parameter>: This switch ensures a
267 fully-optimized build, and disables debug assertions which will
268 severely slow down the libraries in certain use-cases.
269 </para>
270
271 <para>
272 <parameter>-Ddri-drivers="..."</parameter>: This parameter
273 controls which (non-gallium) dri drivers should be built.
274 </para>
275
276 <para>
277 <parameter>-Dgallium-drivers="..."</parameter>: This parameter
278 controls which Gallium3D drivers should be built.
279 </para>
280
281 <para>
282 <parameter>-Dgallium-nine=true</parameter>: This switch provides
283 support for (MS Windows) games designed for DX9. It requires swrast.
284 </para>
285
286 <para>
287 <parameter>-Dosmesa=gallium</parameter>: This switch enables building
288 the <filename class="libraryfile">libOSMesa</filename> library and
289 provides Gallium3D support in it.
290 </para>
291<!--
292 <para>
293 <parameter>-Dplatforms="..."</parameter>: This parameter
294 controls which platforms EGL will be built for. Available
295 linux X86 platforms are drm, x11, wayland, and surfaceless.
296 </para>
297-->
298 <para>
299 <parameter>-Dvalgrind=false</parameter>: This parameter disables
300 the usage of Valgrind during the build process. Remove this parameter
301 if you have Valgrind installed, and wish to check for memory leaks.
302 </para>
303
304<!--
305 <para>
306 <parameter>- -enable-xa</parameter>: This switch enables building the
307 XA X Acceleration API (Required for VMware 3D Driver).
308 </para>
309
310 <para>
311 <parameter>- -enable-gbm</parameter>: This switch enables building the
312 <application>Mesa</application> Graphics Buffer Manager library.
313 </para>
314 These two seem to be automatic in 19.0 - ken
315
316 <para>
317 <parameter>- -enable-glx-tls</parameter>: This switch enables TLS (Thread Local
318 Storage) support in GLX.
319 </para>
320-->
321 <para>
322 <option>-Dbuild-tests=true</option>: This option will cause the test code
323 to be enabled.
324 </para>
325
326 </sect2>
327
328 <sect2 role="content">
329 <title>Contents</title>
330
331 <segmentedlist>
332 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
333 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
334 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
335
336 <seglistitem>
337 <seg>
338 glxgears and glxinfo
339 </seg>
340 <seg>
341 <!-- Begin DRI drivers : this is the full set from auto -->
342 d3dadapter9.so, <!-- For Windows games. This is DirectX's Direct3D -->
343 i915_dri.so,
344 i965_dri.so,
345 kms_swrast_dri.so,
346 nouveau_dri.so,
347 nouveau_drv_video.so,
348 nouveau_vieux_dri.so,
349 r200_dri.so,
350 r300_dri.so,
351 r600_dri.so,
352 r600_drv_video.so,
353 radeon_dri.so,
354 radeonsi_dri.so,
355 radeonsi_drv_video.so,
356 swrast_dri.so,
357 virtio_gpu_dri.so,
358 vmwgfx_dri.so
359 <!-- End DRI Drivers -->
360 libEGL.so,
361 libGL.so,
362 libGLESv1_CM.so,
363 libGLESv2.so,
364 libOSMesa.so,
365 libXvMCnouveau.so,
366 libXvMCr600.so,
367 libgbm.so,
368 libglapi.so,
369 <!-- Begin Vulkan drivers -->
370 libvulkan_intel.so,
371 libvulkan_radeon.so,
372 <!-- End Vulkan drivers -->
373 libxatracker.so,
374 <!-- Begin VDPAU drivers -->
375 libvdpau_nouveau.so,
376 libvdpau_r300.so,
377 libvdpau_r600.so, and
378 libvdpau_radeonsi.so
379 <!-- End VDPAU drivers -->
380 </seg>
381 <seg>
382 $XORG_PREFIX/{include/{EGL,GL,GLES,GLES2,GLES3,KHR,vulkan},lib/{d3d,dri,vdpau}}
383 $XORG_PREFIX/share/drirc.d (contains workarounds for various applications,
384 particularly browsers and games)
385 $XORG_PREFIX/share/vulkan/icd.d,
386 and
387 /usr/share/doc/mesa-&mesa-version; (optional)
388 </seg>
389 </seglistitem>
390 </segmentedlist>
391
392 <variablelist>
393 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
394 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
395 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
396
397 <varlistentry id="glxgears">
398 <term><command>glxgears</command></term>
399 <listitem>
400 <para>
401 is a GL demo useful for troubleshooting graphics
402 problems.
403 </para>
404 <indexterm zone="mesa glxgears">
405 <primary sortas="b-glxgears">glxgears</primary>
406 </indexterm>
407 </listitem>
408 </varlistentry>
409
410 <varlistentry id="glxinfo">
411 <term><command>glxinfo</command></term>
412 <listitem>
413 <para>
414 is a diagnostic program that displays information about the
415 graphics hardware and installed GL libraries.
416 </para>
417 <indexterm zone="mesa glxinfo">
418 <primary sortas="b-glxinfo">glxinfo</primary>
419 </indexterm>
420 </listitem>
421 </varlistentry>
422
423 <varlistentry id="libEGL">
424 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libEGL.so</filename></term>
425 <listitem>
426 <para>
427 provides a native platform graphics interface as
428 defined by the EGL-1.4 specification.
429 </para>
430 <indexterm zone="mesa libEGL">
431 <primary sortas="c-libGL">libEGL.so</primary>
432 </indexterm>
433 </listitem>
434 </varlistentry>
435
436 <varlistentry id="libgbm">
437 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgbm.so</filename></term>
438 <listitem>
439 <para>
440 is the <application>Mesa</application> Graphics Buffer
441 Manager library.
442 </para>
443 <indexterm zone="mesa libgbm">
444 <primary sortas="c-libgbm">libgbm.so</primary>
445 </indexterm>
446 </listitem>
447 </varlistentry>
448
449 <varlistentry id="libGLESv1_CM">
450 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libGLESv1_CM.so</filename></term>
451 <listitem>
452 <para>
453 is the <application>Mesa</application> OpenGL ES 1.1 library.
454 </para>
455 <indexterm zone="mesa libGLESv1_CM">
456 <primary sortas="c-libGLESv1_CM">libGLESv1_CM.so</primary>
457 </indexterm>
458 </listitem>
459 </varlistentry>
460
461 <varlistentry id="libGLES2">
462 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libGLES2.so</filename></term>
463 <listitem>
464 <para>
465 is the <application>Mesa</application> OpenGL ES 2.0 library.
466 </para>
467 <indexterm zone="mesa libGLES2">
468 <primary sortas="c-libGLES2">libGLES2.so</primary>
469 </indexterm>
470 </listitem>
471 </varlistentry>
472
473 <varlistentry id="libGL">
474 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libGL.so</filename></term>
475 <listitem>
476 <para>
477 is the main <application>Mesa</application> OpenGL library.
478 </para>
479 <indexterm zone="mesa libGL">
480 <primary sortas="c-libGL">libGL.so</primary>
481 </indexterm>
482 </listitem>
483 </varlistentry>
484
485 <varlistentry id="libOSMesa">
486 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libOSMesa.so</filename></term>
487 <listitem>
488 <para>
489 is the <application>Mesa</application> Off-screen Rendering library.
490 </para>
491 <indexterm zone="mesa libOSMesa">
492 <primary sortas="c-libOSMesa">libOSMesa.so</primary>
493 </indexterm>
494 </listitem>
495 </varlistentry>
496
497 </variablelist>
498
499 </sect2>
500
501</sect1>
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