source: x/installing/mesa.xml@ d34eadb

10.0 10.1 11.0 ken/refactor-virt lazarus qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since d34eadb was d34eadb, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 15 months ago

Update to libidn-1.36.
Update to mesa-20.1.4.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@23412 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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File size: 17.6 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY mesa-download-http "https://mesa.freedesktop.org/archive/mesa-&mesa-version;.tar.xz">
8 <!ENTITY mesa-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.freedesktop.org/pub/mesa/mesa-&mesa-version;.tar.xz">
9 <!ENTITY mesa-md5sum "0203cf3077bbdcf628c664372a0ae2fa">
10 <!ENTITY mesa-size "12 MB">
11 <!ENTITY mesa-buildsize "439 MB (with demos and docs), add 275 MB for tests">
12 <!ENTITY mesa-time "2.8 SBU (with parallelism=4, demos, and docs), add 0.5 SBU for tests">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="mesa" xreflabel="Mesa-&mesa-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="mesa.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>Mesa-&mesa-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="mesa">
26 <primary sortas="a-Mesa">Mesa</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to Mesa</title>
31
32 <para>
33 <application>Mesa</application> is an OpenGL compatible 3D graphics
34 library.
35 </para>
36
37 <note>
38 <para>
39 <application>Mesa</application> is updated relatively often. You may
40 want to use the latest available &mesa-major-minor;.x mesa version.
41 </para>
42 </note>
43
44 &lfs91_checked;
45
46 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
47 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
48 <listitem>
49 <para>
50 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&mesa-download-http;"/>
51 </para>
52 </listitem>
53 <listitem>
54 <para>
55 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&mesa-download-ftp;"/>
56 </para>
57 </listitem>
58 <listitem>
59 <para>
60 Download MD5 sum: &mesa-md5sum;
61 </para>
62 </listitem>
63 <listitem>
64 <para>
65 Download size: &mesa-size;
66 </para>
67 </listitem>
68 <listitem>
69 <para>
70 Estimated disk space required: &mesa-buildsize;
71 </para>
72 </listitem>
73 <listitem>
74 <para>
75 Estimated build time: &mesa-time;
76 </para>
77 </listitem>
78 </itemizedlist>
79
80 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
81 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
82 <listitem>
83 <para>
84 Recommended patch:
85 <ulink
86 url="&patch-root;/mesa-&mesa-version;-add_xdemos-1.patch"/>
87 (installs 2 demo programs for testing Mesa - not needed if you
88 install the <ulink url="ftp://ftp.freedesktop.org/pub/mesa/demos/">
89 mesa-demos</ulink> package)
90 </para>
91 </listitem>
92 </itemizedlist>
93
94 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Mesa Dependencies</bridgehead>
95
96 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
97 <para role="required">
98 <xref linkend="xorg7-lib"/>,
99 <xref linkend="libdrm"/>, and
100 <xref linkend="Mako"/>
101 </para>
102
103 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
104 <para role="recommended">
105
106 <xref role="first" linkend="libva"/> (to provide VA-API support for some
107 gallium drivers, note that there is a circular dependency. You must
108 build <application>libva</application> first without EGL and GLX support,
109 install this package, and rebuild <application>libva</application>),
110 <xref linkend="libvdpau"/> (to build VDPAU drivers),
111 <xref linkend="llvm"/> (required for Gallium3D, nouveau, r300, and radeonsi
112 drivers and for swrast, the software rasterizer which is sometimes referred
113 to as llvmpipe. See <ulink role="nodep"
114 url="http://www.mesa3d.org/systems.html"/> for more information), and
115 <xref linkend="wayland-protocols"/> (required for
116 <xref role="nodep" linkend='plasma5-build'/>,
117 <!-- <xref role="nodep" linkend='lxqt'/>, -->
118 GNOME, and recommended for <xref role="nodep" linkend='gtk3'/>)
119 </para>
120
121 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
122 <para role="optional">
123 <xref linkend="libgcrypt"/>,
124 <xref linkend="lm_sensors"/> <!-- for libsensors according to Meson -->,
125 <xref linkend="nettle"/>,
126 <xref linkend="valgrind"/>,
127 <ulink url="ftp://ftp.freedesktop.org/pub/mesa/demos/">mesa-demos</ulink>
128 (provides more than 300 extra demos to test
129 <application>Mesa</application>; this includes the same programs added by
130 the patch above),
131 <ulink url="http://omxil.sourceforge.net/">Bellagio OpenMAX Integration
132 Layer</ulink> (for mobile platforms),
133 <ulink url="http://www.nongnu.org/libunwind/">libunwind</ulink>, and
134 <ulink url="https://github.com/tizonia/tizonia-openmax-il/wiki/Tizonia-OpenMAX-IL/">
135 libtizonia</ulink>
136 </para>
137
138 <note>
139 <para>
140 The instructions below assume that
141 <application>LLVM</application> with the r600/amdgpu and host backends
142 and run-time type information (RTTI - needed for nouveau) are installed.
143 You will need to modify the instructions if you
144 choose not to install all of these. For an explanation of Gallium3D see
145 <ulink url="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gallium3D"/>.
146 </para>
147 </note>
148
149 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
150 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/mesa"/>
151 </para>
152 </sect2>
153
154 <sect2 role="installation">
155 <title>Installation of Mesa</title>
156
157 <para>
158 If you have downloaded the xdemos patch (needed if testing the Xorg
159 installation per BLFS instructions), apply it by running the following
160 command:
161 </para>
162
163<screen><userinput>patch -Np1 -i ../mesa-&mesa-version;-add_xdemos-1.patch</userinput></screen>
164
165 <!-- Note that freedreno, vc4, and virgl all need special support from
166 libdrm - renodr
167 For me, libdrm does not mention virgl, but mesa accepts it. AFAICS
168 freedreno is for qualcom hardware, libdrm will build for it on suitable
169 systems. VC4 is for the Broadcom VC4 used in the raspberry pi - ken -->
170
171 <para>
172 If <xref linkend="python2"/> is not installed, adjust a script file
173 in test suite to use Python 3:
174 </para>
175
176<screen><userinput>sed '1s/python/&amp;3/' -i bin/symbols-check.py</userinput></screen>
177
178 <note>
179 <para>
180 The measurements above, and the Contents below, are for a full build.
181 Many people will not wish to install drivers they cannot use, so the
182 following paragraphs explain how to limit the drivers, and give an
183 example which can be be reduced or amended as necessary.
184 </para>
185 </note>
186
187 <para>
188 Now, select the drivers you wish to install. For the X86 architecture, the
189 available gallium drivers are auto, <emphasis>or alternatively a choice
190 from</emphasis> i915, nouveau, r300, r600, radeonsi, svga, swrast, and
191 virgl. The latter is recommended if you intend to run the system under
192 <xref linkend="qemu"/>. If you wish to build all available gallium drivers,
193 use 'auto'.
194 </para>
195
196 <para>
197 The (non-gallium) DRI drivers available in X86 are auto, <emphasis>or
198 alternatively a choice from</emphasis> i915, i965, nouveau, r100, r200,
199 and swrast. Use 'auto' to build all available DRI drivers, or use an
200 empty string (DRI_DRIVERS="") if you wish to only build gallium drivers.
201 </para>
202
203 <para>
204 The platforms ("window systems") available for X86 linux are x11, wayland,
205 drm, and surfaceless. By not specifying anything, the meson build-system
206 will build for all these platforms if you have the dependencies, identical
207 to if you had specified '-Dplatforms=auto'.
208 </para>
209
210 <para>
211 Modify the commands below for your desired drivers. The drivers listed
212 below will cover most modern video cards and virtual machines. For help in
213 selecting drivers see <ulink url='http://www.mesa3d.org/systems.html'/>.
214 </para>
215
216 <note>
217 <para>
218 Although the nouveau drivers can be built for both gallium and dri, the
219 i915 driver can only be built for one or the other.
220 </para>
221 </note>
222
223 <!-- The iris driver has been temporarily removed from the below line.
224 With mesa-20.0.5, it caused crashes and occasional system lockups.
225 Exporting MESA_LOADER_DRIVER_OVERRIDE=i965 was able to fix it on
226 my Skylake (i5-6600k) system, but that overrides the iris driver.
227 Let's revisit this at a later time, maybe in a few releases or when
228 the hardware is more accessible. See
229 http://lists.linuxfromscratch.org/pipermail/blfs-dev/2020-April/037385.html
230 For more information/context.-->
231 <!-- Let's revisit Iris at 20.0.7, it's now known upstream -->
232
233<screen><userinput>GALLIUM_DRV="i915,nouveau,r600,radeonsi,svga,swrast,virgl"
234DRI_DRIVERS="i965,nouveau"</userinput></screen>
235
236 <para>
237 Install <application>Mesa</application> by running the following
238 commands:
239 </para>
240
241<screen><userinput>mkdir build &amp;&amp;
242cd build &amp;&amp;
243
244meson --prefix=$XORG_PREFIX \
245 -Dbuildtype=release \
246 -Ddri-drivers=$DRI_DRIVERS \
247 -Dgallium-drivers=$GALLIUM_DRV \
248 -Dgallium-nine=false \
249 -Dglx=dri \
250 -Dosmesa=gallium \
251 -Dvalgrind=false \
252 -Dlibunwind=false \
253 .. &amp;&amp;
254
255unset GALLIUM_DRV DRI_DRIVERS &amp;&amp;
256
257ninja</userinput></screen>
258
259 <para>
260 If you built the tests (see 'Command Explanations'), to run them issue:
261 <command>ninja test</command>. Four tests in the glcpp test suite and
262 two tests in the llvmpipe suite are known to fail.
263 </para>
264
265 <para>
266 Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
267 </para>
268
269<screen role="root"><userinput>ninja install</userinput></screen>
270
271 <para>
272 If desired, install the optional documentation by running
273 the following commands as the
274 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
275 </para>
276
277<screen role="root"><userinput>install -v -dm755 /usr/share/doc/mesa-&mesa-version; &amp;&amp;
278cp -rfv ../docs/* /usr/share/doc/mesa-&mesa-version;</userinput></screen>
279
280 </sect2>
281
282 <sect2 role="commands">
283 <title>Command Explanations</title>
284
285 <para>
286 <parameter>-Dbuildtype=release</parameter>: This switch ensures a
287 fully-optimized build, and disables debug assertions which will
288 severely slow down the libraries in certain use-cases. Without this
289 switch, build sizes can span into the 2GB range.
290 </para>
291
292 <para>
293 <parameter>-Ddri-drivers="..."</parameter>: This parameter
294 controls which (non-gallium) dri drivers should be built.
295 </para>
296
297 <para>
298 <parameter>-Dgallium-drivers="..."</parameter>: This parameter
299 controls which Gallium3D drivers should be built.
300 </para>
301
302 <para>
303 <option>-Dgallium-nine=true</option>: Setting this option to true will
304 provide support for (MS Windows) games designed for DX9.
305 </para>
306
307 <para>
308 <parameter>-Dosmesa=gallium</parameter>: This switch enables building
309 the <filename class="libraryfile">libOSMesa</filename> library and
310 provides Gallium3D support in it. It requires the swrast gallium driver.
311 </para>
312<!--
313 <para>
314 <parameter>-Dplatforms="..."</parameter>: This parameter
315 controls which platforms EGL will be built for. Available
316 linux X86 platforms are drm, x11, wayland, and surfaceless.
317 </para>
318-->
319 <para>
320 <parameter>-Dvalgrind=false</parameter>: This parameter disables
321 the usage of Valgrind during the build process. Remove this parameter
322 if you have Valgrind installed, and wish to check for memory leaks.
323 </para>
324
325<!--
326 <para>
327 <parameter>- -enable-xa</parameter>: This switch enables building the
328 XA X Acceleration API (Required for VMware 3D Driver).
329 </para>
330
331 <para>
332 <parameter>- -enable-gbm</parameter>: This switch enables building the
333 <application>Mesa</application> Graphics Buffer Manager library.
334 </para>
335 These two seem to be automatic in 19.0 - ken
336
337 <para>
338 <parameter>- -enable-glx-tls</parameter>: This switch enables TLS (Thread Local
339 Storage) support in GLX.
340 </para>
341-->
342 <para>
343 <option>-Dbuild-tests=true</option>: This option will cause the test code
344 to be enabled.
345 </para>
346
347 </sect2>
348
349 <sect2 role="content">
350 <title>Contents</title>
351
352 <segmentedlist>
353 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
354 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
355 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
356
357 <seglistitem>
358 <seg>
359 glxgears and glxinfo
360 </seg>
361 <seg>
362 <!-- Begin DRI drivers : this is the full set from auto -->
363 d3dadapter9.so, <!-- For Windows games. This is DirectX's Direct3D -->
364 i915_dri.so,
365 i965_dri.so,
366 kms_swrast_dri.so,
367 nouveau_dri.so,
368 nouveau_drv_video.so,
369 nouveau_vieux_dri.so,
370 r200_dri.so,
371 r300_dri.so,
372 r600_dri.so,
373 r600_drv_video.so,
374 radeon_dri.so,
375 radeonsi_dri.so,
376 radeonsi_drv_video.so,
377 swrast_dri.so,
378 virtio_gpu_dri.so,
379 vmwgfx_dri.so,
380 <!-- End DRI Drivers -->
381 libEGL.so,
382 libGL.so,
383 libGLESv1_CM.so,
384 libGLESv2.so,
385 libOSMesa.so,
386 libXvMCnouveau.so,
387 libXvMCr600.so,
388 libgbm.so,
389 libglapi.so,
390 <!-- Begin Vulkan drivers -->
391 libvulkan_intel.so,
392 libvulkan_radeon.so,
393 <!-- End Vulkan drivers -->
394 libxatracker.so,
395 <!-- Begin VDPAU drivers -->
396 libvdpau_nouveau.so,
397 libvdpau_r300.so,
398 libvdpau_r600.so, and
399 libvdpau_radeonsi.so
400 <!-- End VDPAU drivers -->
401 </seg>
402 <seg>
403 $XORG_PREFIX/{include/{d3dapater,EGL,GL,GLES,GLES2,GLES3,KHR,vulkan},lib/{d3d,dri,vdpau}}
404 $XORG_PREFIX/share/drirc.d (contains workarounds for various applications,
405 particularly browsers and games)
406 $XORG_PREFIX/share/vulkan/icd.d,
407 and
408 /usr/share/doc/mesa-&mesa-version; (optional)
409 </seg>
410 </seglistitem>
411 </segmentedlist>
412
413 <variablelist>
414 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
415 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
416 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
417
418 <varlistentry id="glxgears">
419 <term><command>glxgears</command></term>
420 <listitem>
421 <para>
422 is a GL demo useful for troubleshooting graphics
423 problems.
424 </para>
425 <indexterm zone="mesa glxgears">
426 <primary sortas="b-glxgears">glxgears</primary>
427 </indexterm>
428 </listitem>
429 </varlistentry>
430
431 <varlistentry id="glxinfo">
432 <term><command>glxinfo</command></term>
433 <listitem>
434 <para>
435 is a diagnostic program that displays information about the
436 graphics hardware and installed GL libraries.
437 </para>
438 <indexterm zone="mesa glxinfo">
439 <primary sortas="b-glxinfo">glxinfo</primary>
440 </indexterm>
441 </listitem>
442 </varlistentry>
443
444 <varlistentry id="libEGL">
445 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libEGL.so</filename></term>
446 <listitem>
447 <para>
448 provides a native platform graphics interface as
449 defined by the EGL-1.4 specification.
450 </para>
451 <indexterm zone="mesa libEGL">
452 <primary sortas="c-libGL">libEGL.so</primary>
453 </indexterm>
454 </listitem>
455 </varlistentry>
456
457 <varlistentry id="libgbm">
458 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgbm.so</filename></term>
459 <listitem>
460 <para>
461 is the <application>Mesa</application> Graphics Buffer
462 Manager library.
463 </para>
464 <indexterm zone="mesa libgbm">
465 <primary sortas="c-libgbm">libgbm.so</primary>
466 </indexterm>
467 </listitem>
468 </varlistentry>
469
470 <varlistentry id="libGLESv1_CM">
471 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libGLESv1_CM.so</filename></term>
472 <listitem>
473 <para>
474 is the <application>Mesa</application> OpenGL ES 1.1 library.
475 </para>
476 <indexterm zone="mesa libGLESv1_CM">
477 <primary sortas="c-libGLESv1_CM">libGLESv1_CM.so</primary>
478 </indexterm>
479 </listitem>
480 </varlistentry>
481
482 <varlistentry id="libGLES2">
483 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libGLES2.so</filename></term>
484 <listitem>
485 <para>
486 is the <application>Mesa</application> OpenGL ES 2.0 library.
487 </para>
488 <indexterm zone="mesa libGLES2">
489 <primary sortas="c-libGLES2">libGLES2.so</primary>
490 </indexterm>
491 </listitem>
492 </varlistentry>
493
494 <varlistentry id="libGL">
495 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libGL.so</filename></term>
496 <listitem>
497 <para>
498 is the main <application>Mesa</application> OpenGL library.
499 </para>
500 <indexterm zone="mesa libGL">
501 <primary sortas="c-libGL">libGL.so</primary>
502 </indexterm>
503 </listitem>
504 </varlistentry>
505
506 <varlistentry id="libOSMesa">
507 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libOSMesa.so</filename></term>
508 <listitem>
509 <para>
510 is the <application>Mesa</application> Off-screen Rendering library.
511 </para>
512 <indexterm zone="mesa libOSMesa">
513 <primary sortas="c-libOSMesa">libOSMesa.so</primary>
514 </indexterm>
515 </listitem>
516 </varlistentry>
517
518 </variablelist>
519
520 </sect2>
521
522</sect1>
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