source: x/installing/mesa.xml@ db480be

10.0 10.1 11.0 ken/refactor-virt lazarus qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since db480be was db480be, checked in by Douglas R. Reno <renodr@…>, 16 months ago

Restore the Intel Iris driver to Mesa now that it works with my skylake. Credit goes to Xi for putting the driver in initially.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@23493 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 17.1 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY mesa-download-http "https://mesa.freedesktop.org/archive/mesa-&mesa-version;.tar.xz">
8 <!ENTITY mesa-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.freedesktop.org/pub/mesa/mesa-&mesa-version;.tar.xz">
9 <!ENTITY mesa-md5sum "9618757d96d489f28fde8b5366847a08">
10 <!ENTITY mesa-size "12 MB">
11 <!ENTITY mesa-buildsize "566 MB (with demos and docs), add 1.5 MB for tests">
12 <!ENTITY mesa-time "2.6 SBU (with parallelism=4, demos, and docs), add 0.1 SBU for tests">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="mesa" xreflabel="Mesa-&mesa-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="mesa.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>Mesa-&mesa-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="mesa">
26 <primary sortas="a-Mesa">Mesa</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to Mesa</title>
31
32 <para>
33 <application>Mesa</application> is an OpenGL compatible 3D graphics
34 library.
35 </para>
36
37 <note>
38 <para>
39 <application>Mesa</application> is updated relatively often. You may
40 want to use the latest available &mesa-major-minor;.x mesa version.
41 </para>
42 </note>
43
44 &lfs91_checked;
45
46 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
47 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
48 <listitem>
49 <para>
50 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&mesa-download-http;"/>
51 </para>
52 </listitem>
53 <listitem>
54 <para>
55 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&mesa-download-ftp;"/>
56 </para>
57 </listitem>
58 <listitem>
59 <para>
60 Download MD5 sum: &mesa-md5sum;
61 </para>
62 </listitem>
63 <listitem>
64 <para>
65 Download size: &mesa-size;
66 </para>
67 </listitem>
68 <listitem>
69 <para>
70 Estimated disk space required: &mesa-buildsize;
71 </para>
72 </listitem>
73 <listitem>
74 <para>
75 Estimated build time: &mesa-time;
76 </para>
77 </listitem>
78 </itemizedlist>
79
80 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
81 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
82 <listitem>
83 <para>
84 Recommended patch:
85 <ulink
86 url="&patch-root;/mesa-&mesa-version;-add_xdemos-1.patch"/>
87 (installs 2 demo programs for testing Mesa - not needed if you
88 install the <ulink url="ftp://ftp.freedesktop.org/pub/mesa/demos/">
89 mesa-demos</ulink> package)
90 </para>
91 </listitem>
92 </itemizedlist>
93
94 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Mesa Dependencies</bridgehead>
95
96 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
97 <para role="required">
98 <xref linkend="xorg7-lib"/>,
99 <xref linkend="libdrm"/>, and
100 <xref linkend="Mako"/>
101 </para>
102
103 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
104 <para role="recommended">
105
106 <xref role="first" linkend="libva"/> (to provide VA-API support for some
107 gallium drivers, note that there is a circular dependency. You must
108 build <application>libva</application> first without EGL and GLX support,
109 install this package, and rebuild <application>libva</application>),
110 <xref linkend="libvdpau"/> (to build VDPAU drivers),
111 <xref linkend="llvm"/> (required for Gallium3D, nouveau, r300, and radeonsi
112 drivers and for swrast, the software rasterizer which is sometimes referred
113 to as llvmpipe. See <ulink role="nodep"
114 url="http://www.mesa3d.org/systems.html"/> for more information), and
115 <xref linkend="wayland-protocols"/> (required for
116 <xref role="nodep" linkend='plasma5-build'/>,
117 <!-- <xref role="nodep" linkend='lxqt'/>, -->
118 GNOME, and recommended for <xref role="nodep" linkend='gtk3'/>)
119 </para>
120
121 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
122 <para role="optional">
123 <xref linkend="libgcrypt"/>,
124 <xref linkend="lm_sensors"/> <!-- for libsensors according to Meson -->,
125 <xref linkend="nettle"/>,
126 <xref linkend="valgrind"/>,
127 <ulink url="ftp://ftp.freedesktop.org/pub/mesa/demos/">mesa-demos</ulink>
128 (provides more than 300 extra demos to test
129 <application>Mesa</application>; this includes the same programs added by
130 the patch above),
131 <ulink url="http://omxil.sourceforge.net/">Bellagio OpenMAX Integration
132 Layer</ulink> (for mobile platforms),
133 <ulink url="http://www.nongnu.org/libunwind/">libunwind</ulink>, and
134 <ulink url="https://github.com/tizonia/tizonia-openmax-il/wiki/Tizonia-OpenMAX-IL/">
135 libtizonia</ulink>
136 </para>
137
138 <note>
139 <para>
140 The instructions below assume that
141 <application>LLVM</application> with the r600/amdgpu and host backends
142 and run-time type information (RTTI - needed for nouveau) are installed.
143 You will need to modify the instructions if you
144 choose not to install all of these. For an explanation of Gallium3D see
145 <ulink url="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gallium3D"/>.
146 </para>
147 </note>
148
149 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
150 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/mesa"/>
151 </para>
152 </sect2>
153
154 <sect2 role="installation">
155 <title>Installation of Mesa</title>
156
157 <para>
158 If you have downloaded the xdemos patch (needed if testing the Xorg
159 installation per BLFS instructions), apply it by running the following
160 command:
161 </para>
162
163<screen><userinput>patch -Np1 -i ../mesa-&mesa-version;-add_xdemos-1.patch</userinput></screen>
164
165 <!-- Note that freedreno, vc4, and virgl all need special support from
166 libdrm - renodr
167 For me, libdrm does not mention virgl, but mesa accepts it. AFAICS
168 freedreno is for qualcom hardware, libdrm will build for it on suitable
169 systems. VC4 is for the Broadcom VC4 used in the raspberry pi - ken -->
170
171 <para>
172 If <xref linkend="python2"/> is not installed, adjust a script file
173 in test suite to use Python 3:
174 </para>
175
176<screen><userinput>sed '1s/python/&amp;3/' -i bin/symbols-check.py</userinput></screen>
177
178 <note>
179 <para>
180 The measurements above, and the Contents below, are for a full build.
181 Many people will not wish to install drivers they cannot use, so the
182 following paragraphs explain how to limit the drivers, and give an
183 example which can be be reduced or amended as necessary.
184 </para>
185 </note>
186
187 <para>
188 Now, select the drivers you wish to install. For the X86 architecture, the
189 available gallium drivers are auto, <emphasis>or alternatively a choice
190 from</emphasis> i915, nouveau, r300, r600, radeonsi, svga, swrast, and
191 virgl. The latter is recommended if you intend to run the system under
192 <xref linkend="qemu"/>. If you wish to build all available gallium drivers,
193 use 'auto'.
194 </para>
195
196 <para>
197 The (non-gallium) DRI drivers available in X86 are auto, <emphasis>or
198 alternatively a choice from</emphasis> i915, i965, nouveau, r100, r200,
199 and swrast. Use 'auto' to build all available DRI drivers, or use an
200 empty string (DRI_DRIVERS="") if you wish to only build gallium drivers.
201 </para>
202
203 <para>
204 The platforms ("window systems") available for X86 linux are x11, wayland,
205 drm, and surfaceless. By not specifying anything, the meson build-system
206 will build for all these platforms if you have the dependencies, identical
207 to if you had specified '-Dplatforms=auto'.
208 </para>
209
210 <para>
211 Modify the commands below for your desired drivers. The drivers listed
212 below will cover most modern video cards and virtual machines. For help in
213 selecting drivers see <ulink url='http://www.mesa3d.org/systems.html'/>.
214 </para>
215
216 <note>
217 <para>
218 Although the nouveau drivers can be built for both gallium and dri, the
219 i915 driver can only be built for one or the other.
220 </para>
221 </note>
222
223<screen><userinput>GALLIUM_DRV="i915,iris,nouveau,r600,radeonsi,svga,swrast,virgl"
224DRI_DRIVERS="i965,nouveau"</userinput></screen>
225
226 <para>
227 Install <application>Mesa</application> by running the following
228 commands:
229 </para>
230
231<screen><userinput>mkdir build &amp;&amp;
232cd build &amp;&amp;
233
234meson --prefix=$XORG_PREFIX \
235 -Dbuildtype=release \
236 -Ddri-drivers=$DRI_DRIVERS \
237 -Dgallium-drivers=$GALLIUM_DRV \
238 -Dgallium-nine=false \
239 -Dglx=dri \
240 -Dosmesa=gallium \
241 -Dvalgrind=false \
242 -Dlibunwind=false \
243 .. &amp;&amp;
244
245unset GALLIUM_DRV DRI_DRIVERS &amp;&amp;
246
247ninja</userinput></screen>
248
249 <para>
250 If you built the tests (see 'Command Explanations'), to run them issue:
251 <command>ninja test</command>. Four tests in the glcpp test suite and
252 two tests in the llvmpipe suite are known to fail.
253 </para>
254
255 <para>
256 Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
257 </para>
258
259<screen role="root"><userinput>ninja install</userinput></screen>
260
261 <para>
262 If desired, install the optional documentation by running
263 the following commands as the
264 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
265 </para>
266
267<screen role="root"><userinput>install -v -dm755 /usr/share/doc/mesa-&mesa-version; &amp;&amp;
268cp -rfv ../docs/* /usr/share/doc/mesa-&mesa-version;</userinput></screen>
269
270 </sect2>
271
272 <sect2 role="commands">
273 <title>Command Explanations</title>
274
275 <para>
276 <parameter>-Dbuildtype=release</parameter>: This switch ensures a
277 fully-optimized build, and disables debug assertions which will
278 severely slow down the libraries in certain use-cases. Without this
279 switch, build sizes can span into the 2GB range.
280 </para>
281
282 <para>
283 <parameter>-Ddri-drivers="..."</parameter>: This parameter
284 controls which (non-gallium) dri drivers should be built.
285 </para>
286
287 <para>
288 <parameter>-Dgallium-drivers="..."</parameter>: This parameter
289 controls which Gallium3D drivers should be built.
290 </para>
291
292 <para>
293 <option>-Dgallium-nine=true</option>: Setting this option to true will
294 provide support for (MS Windows) games designed for DX9.
295 </para>
296
297 <para>
298 <parameter>-Dosmesa=gallium</parameter>: This switch enables building
299 the <filename class="libraryfile">libOSMesa</filename> library and
300 provides Gallium3D support in it. It requires the swrast gallium driver.
301 </para>
302<!--
303 <para>
304 <parameter>-Dplatforms="..."</parameter>: This parameter
305 controls which platforms EGL will be built for. Available
306 linux X86 platforms are drm, x11, wayland, and surfaceless.
307 </para>
308-->
309 <para>
310 <parameter>-Dvalgrind=false</parameter>: This parameter disables
311 the usage of Valgrind during the build process. Remove this parameter
312 if you have Valgrind installed, and wish to check for memory leaks.
313 </para>
314
315<!--
316 <para>
317 <parameter>- -enable-xa</parameter>: This switch enables building the
318 XA X Acceleration API (Required for VMware 3D Driver).
319 </para>
320
321 <para>
322 <parameter>- -enable-gbm</parameter>: This switch enables building the
323 <application>Mesa</application> Graphics Buffer Manager library.
324 </para>
325 These two seem to be automatic in 19.0 - ken
326
327 <para>
328 <parameter>- -enable-glx-tls</parameter>: This switch enables TLS (Thread Local
329 Storage) support in GLX.
330 </para>
331-->
332 <para>
333 <option>-Dbuild-tests=true</option>: This option will cause the test code
334 to be enabled.
335 </para>
336
337 </sect2>
338
339 <sect2 role="content">
340 <title>Contents</title>
341
342 <segmentedlist>
343 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
344 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
345 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
346
347 <seglistitem>
348 <seg>
349 glxgears and glxinfo
350 </seg>
351 <seg>
352 <!-- Begin DRI drivers : this is the full set from auto -->
353 d3dadapter9.so, <!-- For Windows games. This is DirectX's Direct3D -->
354 i915_dri.so,
355 i965_dri.so,
356 iris_dri.so,
357 kms_swrast_dri.so,
358 nouveau_dri.so,
359 nouveau_drv_video.so,
360 nouveau_vieux_dri.so,
361 r200_dri.so,
362 r300_dri.so,
363 r600_dri.so,
364 r600_drv_video.so,
365 radeon_dri.so,
366 radeonsi_dri.so,
367 radeonsi_drv_video.so,
368 swrast_dri.so,
369 virtio_gpu_dri.so,
370 vmwgfx_dri.so,
371 <!-- End DRI Drivers -->
372 libEGL.so,
373 libGL.so,
374 libGLESv1_CM.so,
375 libGLESv2.so,
376 libOSMesa.so,
377 libXvMCnouveau.so,
378 libXvMCr600.so,
379 libgbm.so,
380 libglapi.so,
381 <!-- Begin Vulkan drivers -->
382 libvulkan_intel.so,
383 libvulkan_radeon.so,
384 <!-- End Vulkan drivers -->
385 libxatracker.so,
386 <!-- Begin VDPAU drivers -->
387 libvdpau_nouveau.so,
388 libvdpau_r300.so,
389 libvdpau_r600.so, and
390 libvdpau_radeonsi.so
391 <!-- End VDPAU drivers -->
392 </seg>
393 <seg>
394 $XORG_PREFIX/{include/{d3dapater,EGL,GL,GLES,GLES2,GLES3,KHR,vulkan},lib/{d3d,dri,vdpau}}
395 $XORG_PREFIX/share/drirc.d (contains workarounds for various applications,
396 particularly browsers and games)
397 $XORG_PREFIX/share/vulkan/icd.d,
398 and
399 /usr/share/doc/mesa-&mesa-version; (optional)
400 </seg>
401 </seglistitem>
402 </segmentedlist>
403
404 <variablelist>
405 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
406 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
407 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
408
409 <varlistentry id="glxgears">
410 <term><command>glxgears</command></term>
411 <listitem>
412 <para>
413 is a GL demo useful for troubleshooting graphics
414 problems.
415 </para>
416 <indexterm zone="mesa glxgears">
417 <primary sortas="b-glxgears">glxgears</primary>
418 </indexterm>
419 </listitem>
420 </varlistentry>
421
422 <varlistentry id="glxinfo">
423 <term><command>glxinfo</command></term>
424 <listitem>
425 <para>
426 is a diagnostic program that displays information about the
427 graphics hardware and installed GL libraries.
428 </para>
429 <indexterm zone="mesa glxinfo">
430 <primary sortas="b-glxinfo">glxinfo</primary>
431 </indexterm>
432 </listitem>
433 </varlistentry>
434
435 <varlistentry id="libEGL">
436 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libEGL.so</filename></term>
437 <listitem>
438 <para>
439 provides a native platform graphics interface as
440 defined by the EGL-1.4 specification.
441 </para>
442 <indexterm zone="mesa libEGL">
443 <primary sortas="c-libGL">libEGL.so</primary>
444 </indexterm>
445 </listitem>
446 </varlistentry>
447
448 <varlistentry id="libgbm">
449 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgbm.so</filename></term>
450 <listitem>
451 <para>
452 is the <application>Mesa</application> Graphics Buffer
453 Manager library.
454 </para>
455 <indexterm zone="mesa libgbm">
456 <primary sortas="c-libgbm">libgbm.so</primary>
457 </indexterm>
458 </listitem>
459 </varlistentry>
460
461 <varlistentry id="libGLESv1_CM">
462 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libGLESv1_CM.so</filename></term>
463 <listitem>
464 <para>
465 is the <application>Mesa</application> OpenGL ES 1.1 library.
466 </para>
467 <indexterm zone="mesa libGLESv1_CM">
468 <primary sortas="c-libGLESv1_CM">libGLESv1_CM.so</primary>
469 </indexterm>
470 </listitem>
471 </varlistentry>
472
473 <varlistentry id="libGLES2">
474 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libGLES2.so</filename></term>
475 <listitem>
476 <para>
477 is the <application>Mesa</application> OpenGL ES 2.0 library.
478 </para>
479 <indexterm zone="mesa libGLES2">
480 <primary sortas="c-libGLES2">libGLES2.so</primary>
481 </indexterm>
482 </listitem>
483 </varlistentry>
484
485 <varlistentry id="libGL">
486 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libGL.so</filename></term>
487 <listitem>
488 <para>
489 is the main <application>Mesa</application> OpenGL library.
490 </para>
491 <indexterm zone="mesa libGL">
492 <primary sortas="c-libGL">libGL.so</primary>
493 </indexterm>
494 </listitem>
495 </varlistentry>
496
497 <varlistentry id="libOSMesa">
498 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libOSMesa.so</filename></term>
499 <listitem>
500 <para>
501 is the <application>Mesa</application> Off-screen Rendering library.
502 </para>
503 <indexterm zone="mesa libOSMesa">
504 <primary sortas="c-libOSMesa">libOSMesa.so</primary>
505 </indexterm>
506 </listitem>
507 </varlistentry>
508
509 </variablelist>
510
511 </sect2>
512
513</sect1>
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