source: x/installing/xfree86/xfree86-config.xml@ 6aac02e

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Last change on this file since 6aac02e was 6aac02e, checked in by Igor Živković <igor@…>, 18 years ago

fixed xfree86 symlinks

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@2005 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 4.8 KB
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1<sect2>
2<title>Configuring <application>XFree86</application></title>
3
4<para>Edit <filename>/etc/ld.so.conf</filename> and add
5<filename class="directory">/usr/X11R6/lib</filename>.
6Run</para> <screen><userinput><command>ldconfig</command></userinput></screen>
7
8<para>Add <filename class='directory'>/usr/X11R6/bin</filename> to your
9<envar>PATH</envar> environment
10variable in <filename>.bash_profile</filename>. The statement should
11look something like <parameter>PATH=$PATH:/usr/X11R6/bin</parameter>
12and be placed before the <command>export PATH</command>
13statement.</para>
14
15<para>Expand the <envar>PKG_CONFIG_PATH</envar> so that other packages
16can find <application>XFree86</application> libraries. Add the following line to
17<filename>.bash_profile</filename> for root user:</para>
18<screen><userinput><command>export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/usr/X11R6/lib/pkgconfig</command></userinput></screen>
19
20<para>Run</para>
21<screen><userinput><command>source ~/.bash_profile</command></userinput></screen>
22
23<para>Set up your mouse:
24<screen><userinput><command>ln -s psaux /dev/mouse</command></userinput></screen>
25
26Adjust the symbolic link as necessary for other types of mice. For instance,
27a serial mouse on the first serial port would be linked to ttyS1.</para>
28
29<para>Create the <filename>XF86Config</filename> file with
30<screen><userinput><command>cd ~
31XFree86 -configure</command></userinput></screen>
32The screen will go black and you may hear some clicking of the monitor. This
33command will create a file, <filename>XF86Config.new</filename> in your home
34directory.</para>
35
36<para>Edit <filename>XF86Config.new</filename> to suit your system. The
37details of the file are located in the man
38page <command>man XF86Config</command>. Some things you may want to
39do are:</para>
40
41<itemizedlist>
42
43<listitem><para>Section "Files". Change the order of the font paths searched.
44You may want to put 100dpi fonts ahead of 75dpi fonts if your system normally
45comes up closer to 100 dots per inch. You may want to remove some font
46directories completely.</para></listitem>
47
48<listitem><para>Section "Monitor". Specify the <parameter>VertRefresh</parameter>
49and <parameter>HorizSync</parameter> values if the system does not automatically
50detect the monitor and its values.</para></listitem>
51
52<listitem><para>Section "InputDevice". You may want to change the keyboard
53autorepeat rate by
54adding <parameter>Option "Autorepeat" "250 30"</parameter>.</para></listitem>
55
56<listitem><para>Section "Device". You may want to set some of the options
57available for your selected video driver. A description of the driver
58parameters is in the man page for your driver.</para></listitem>
59
60<listitem><para>Section "Screen". Add a DefaultDepth statement such
61as: <parameter>DefaultDepth 16</parameter>. In the SubSection for your
62default depth, add a modes line such
63as: <parameter> Modes "1280x1024" "1024x768"</parameter>.
64The first mode listed will normally be the starting
65resolution.</para></listitem>
66
67</itemizedlist>
68
69<para>Test the system with
70<screen><userinput><command>XFree86 -xf86config ~/XF86Config.new</command></userinput></screen>
71You will only get a gray background with an X-shaped mouse cursor, but it
72confirms the system is working. Exit with Control-Alt-Backspace. If the
73system does not work, take a look
74at <filename>/var/log/XFree86.0.log</filename> to see what went
75wrong.</para>
76
77<para>Move the configuration file to its final location</para>
78<screen><userinput><command>mv ~/XF86Config.new /etc/X11/XF86Config</command></userinput></screen>
79
80<para>Create <filename>.xinitrc</filename>
81<screen><userinput><command>cat &gt; ~/.xinitrc &lt;&lt; "EOF"</command>
82# Begin .xinitrc file
83xterm -g 80x40+0+0 &amp;
84xclock -g 100x100-0+0 &amp;
85twm
86<command>EOF</command></userinput></screen>
87This provides an initial screen with an xterm and a clock that is managed by a
88simple window manager, Tab Window Manager. For details of twm, see the
89man page.</para>
90
91<note>
92
93<para>When needed, <application>XFree86</application> creates the directory
94<filename>/tmp/.ICE-unix</filename> if it does not exist. If this directory is
95not owned by root, <application>XFree86</application> delays startup by a few seconds
96and also appends a warning to the logfile. This also affects startup of other
97applications. To improve performance, it is advisable to manually create the directory
98before XFree86 uses it. Add the file creation to <filename>/etc/sysconfig/createfiles</filename>
99that is sourced by the
100<filename>/etc/rc.d/init.d/cleanfs</filename> startup script.</para>
101
102<screen><userinput><command>cat &gt;&gt; /etc/sysconfig/createfiles &lt;&lt; "EOF"</command>
103/tmp/.ICE-unix dir 1777 root root
104<command>EOF</command></userinput></screen>
105
106</note>
107
108<para>Start <application>X</application> with
109<screen><userinput><command>startx</command></userinput></screen>
110to get basic functional <application>X</application> Window System.</para>
111
112</sect2>
113
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