source: x/installing/xfree86/xfree86-inst.xml@ b77b166f

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Last change on this file since b77b166f was b77b166f, checked in by Larry Lawrence <larry@…>, 19 years ago

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1<sect2>
2<title>Installation of XFree86</title>
3
4<sect3>
5<title>Kernel Compilation Settings</title>
6<para>If you have an Intel P6 (Pentium Pro, Pentium II and later) it is recommended
7that you compile MTRR (Memory Type Range Registers) support into the kernel.
8The kernel can map Cyrix and AMD CPUs to the MTRR interface so selecting this
9option is useful for those processors also.
10This option is found in the
11"Processor type and features" menu. It can increase performance of
12image write operations 2.5 times or more on PCI or AGP video cards.</para>
13
14<para>In the "Character Devices" section, enable AGP Support and select the chipset
15support on your motherboard. If you do not know the chipset, you may select
16all the chip types at the expense of extra kernel size. You can usually
17determine your motherboard's chipset by doing:
18<screen><userinput>cat /proc/pci</userinput></screen></para>
19
20<para>In the "Character Devices" section, <emphasis>disable</emphasis> Direct
21Rendering Manager unless you have a Direct Rendering Infrastructure (DRI)
22supported video card. A complete list of DRI supported video cards can
23be found at <ulink url="http://dri.sourceforge.net" /> in the Status section.
24Currently,
25supported cards include those from 3dfx (Voodoo, Banshee), 3Dlabs,
26ATI (Rage Pro, Rage 128,
27Radeon 7X00, Radeon 2), Intel (i810, i815), and Matrox (G200, G400, G450).
28Additionally NVidia provides their own closed source binary drivers.
29If you do enable DRI here, make sure you select the video card(s) you want
30to support as a <emphasis>module</emphasis>.</para>
31
32<para>If you made any changes to the kernel configuration, recompile with
33<screen><userinput>make dep &amp;&amp;
34make bzImage &amp;&amp;
35make modules &amp;&amp;
36make modules_install</userinput></screen>
37</para>
38
39<para>Copy <filename>/usr/src/linux/arch/i386/boot/bzImage</filename> and
40<filename>/usr/src/linux/System.map</filename> to
41<filename>/boot</filename>, edit <filename>/etc/lilo.conf</filename>
42appropriately and run <filename>lilo</filename>. If you use
43<filename>grub</filename>, edit <filename>/boot/grub/grub.conf</filename>
44and add the new kernel to the boot menu.
45</para>
46
47<note><para>If you build XFree86 in a chroot environment, make sure the kernel
48version of the base system and the target system are the same. This is
49especially important if you enabled DRI support as a module as
50instructed above.</para></note>
51
52</sect3>
53
54<sect3><title>Creating <filename>host.def</filename></title>
55
56<para>Although XFree86 will compile without a host.def file, the following file
57is recommended for customizing the installation. Start from
58the <filename>xc</filename> directory.</para>
59
60<para><screen><userinput>cat &gt; config/cf/host.def &lt;&lt; "EOF"
61/* Begin XFree86 host.def file */
62
63/* System Related Information. If you read and configure only one
64 * section then it should be this one. The Intel architecture defaults are
65 * set for a i686 and higher. Axp is for the Alpha architecture and Ppc is
66 * for the Power PC. Note that there have been reports that the Ppc
67 * optimization line causes segmentation faults during build. If that
68 * happens, try building without the DefaultGcc2PpcOpt line. **************/
69
70#define DefaultGcc2i386Opt -O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -march=i686
71#define DefaultGcc2AxpOpt -O2 -mcpu=ev6
72#define DefaultGcc2PpcOpt -O2 -mcpu=750
73
74/* The following definitions are normally set properly by XFree86's scripts.
75 * You can uncomment them if you want to make sure. ************************/
76
77/* #define HasMTRRSupport YES */ /* Enabled in kernel see kernel docs*/
78/* #define HasMMXSupport NO */ /* Any i586 or above */
79/* #define HasKatmaiSupport NO */ /* PIII SSE instuctions */
80/* #define Has3DNowSupport NO */ /* AMD instructions */
81
82
83/* This setting reduces compile time a little by omitting rarely used input
84 * devices. You can find the complete list in config/cf/xfree86.cf ********/
85
86#define XInputDrivers mouse void
87
88/* VIDEO DRIVERS ***********************************************************/
89
90/* If you are sure you only want the drivers for one or a few video cards,
91 * you can delete the drivers you do not want. *****************************/
92
93
94#define XF86CardDrivers mga glint nv tga s3 s3virge sis rendition \
95 neomagic i740 tdfx savage \
96 cirrus vmware tseng trident chips apm \
97 GlideDriver fbdev i128 nsc \
98 ati i810 AgpGartDrivers DevelDrivers ark \
99 cyrix siliconmotion \
100 vesa vga \
101 dummy XF86OSCardDrivers XF86ExtraCardDrivers
102
103
104/* FONT SERVER AND LIBRARY SETTINGS ****************************************/
105
106/* These settings are the defaults ***************************************/
107
108/* #define BuildFontServer YES */ /* For GhostScript Print Server*/
109/* #define SharedLibFont YES */
110/* #define CompressAllFonts YES */
111/* #define GzipFontCompression YES */
112
113/* These settings ensure we use our libraries ******************************/
114#define HasFreetype2 YES
115#define HasExpat YES
116#define HasLibpng YES
117#define HasZlib YES
118
119/* The font path can be redefined in the XF86Config file *******************/
120
121/*
122#define DefaultFontPath $(FONTDIR)/misc/,$(FONTDIR)/75dpi/,\
123$(FONTDIR)/100dpi/,$(FONTDIR)/Type1,$(FONTDIR)/local,\
124$(FONTDIR)/TrueType,$(FONTDIR)/CID,$(FONTDIR)/Speedo
125*/
126
127
128/* INTERNATIONAL FONTS. Change to YES if you need any of them. These are
129 * the defaults. ***********************************************************/
130
131/* #define BuildCyrillicFonts NO */
132/* #define BuildArabicFonts NO */
133/* #define BuildISO8859_6Fonts NO */
134/* #define BuildGreekFonts NO */
135/* #define BuildISO8859_7Fonts NO */
136/* #define BuildHebrewFonts NO */
137/* #define BuildISO8859_8Fonts NO */
138/* #define BuildKOI8_RFonts NO */
139/* #define BuildJapaneseFonts NO */
140/* #define BuildJISX0201Fonts NO */
141/* #define BuildKoreanFonts NO */
142/* #define BuildChineseFonts NO */
143
144/* DOCUMENTATION SETTINGS **************************************************/
145
146/* These setting are the defaults. *****************************************/
147
148/* #define BuildLinuxDocHtml NO */ /* X Docs in Html format */
149/* #define BuildLinuxDocPS NO */ /* PostScript format */
150/* #define BuildAllSpecsDocs NO */ /* Various docs */
151/* #define BuildHtmlManPages NO */
152
153/* GENERAL SETTINGS: You generally want to leave these alone when
154 * building X on an LFS system *********************************************/
155
156#define GccWarningOptions -pipe /* Speed up compiles */
157#define TermcapLibrary -lncurses
158#define XprtServer YES /* Needed by realplayer */
159#define XnestServer YES
160#define XAppLoadDir EtcX11Directory/app-defaults
161#define VarLibDir /var/lib
162#define XFree86Devel NO
163#define FSUseSyslog YES
164#define ThreadedX YES
165#define HasPam NO
166#define SystemManDirectory /usr/share/man /* Instead of /usr/man */
167#define HasLibCrypt YES
168#define InstallXinitConfig YES
169#define InstallXdmConfig YES
170#define ForceNormalLib YES
171#define BuildSpecsDocs NO
172
173/* End XFree86 host.def file */
174EOF</userinput></screen></para>
175
176<para>Edit the file for your hardware and desires.</para>
177
178</sect3>
179
180<sect3>
181<title>Build Commands</title>
182<para>Install XFree86 by running the following commands:</para>
183
184
185<para><screen><userinput>WORLDOPTS="" make World 2&gt;&amp;1 | tee xfree-compile.log &amp;&amp;
186make install &amp;&amp;
187make install.man &amp;&amp;
188ln -sf /usr/X11R6/bin /usr/bin/X11 &amp;&amp;
189ln -sf /usr/X11R6/lib/X11 /usr/lib/X11 &amp;&amp;
190ln -sf /usr/X11R6/include/X11 /usr/include/X11</userinput></screen></para>
191
192</sect3>
193
194<sect3>
195<title>Updating Direct Rendering Infrastructure (DRI)</title>
196<para>If you have one of the supported DRI cards and have enabled DRI kernel modules as explained
197above, you now need to update the kernel modules to ensure they are compatible with the
198current version of XFree86. To do this, perform the following:</para>
199
200<para><screen><userinput>cd programs/Xserver/hw/xfree86/os-support/linux/drm/kernel &amp;&amp;
201make -f Makefile.linux &amp;&amp;
202mkdir -p /lib/modules/`uname -r`/kernel/drivers/char/drm/ &amp;&amp;
203cp gamma.o radeon.o sis.o r128.o i810.o i830.o mga.o tdfx.o \
204 /lib/modules/`uname -r`/kernel/drivers/char/drm/ &amp;&amp;
205depmod -a</userinput></screen>
206</para>
207<warning><para>If you recompile or upgrade your kernel, you will need to re-copy the driver modules
208to the kernel module library and rerun depmod.</para></warning>
209</sect3>
210</sect2>
211
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