source: x/installing/xorg-server.xml@ da39a659

10.0 10.1 11.0 9.0 9.1 ken/refactor-virt lazarus qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since da39a659 was da39a659, checked in by DJ Lucas <dj@…>, 2 years ago

Add Polkit as a runtime dependency for Xorg-Server and remove --enable-install-setuid switch.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@21804 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 13.3 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY xorg-server-download-http "&xorg-download-http;/xserver/xorg-server-&xorg-server-version;.tar.bz2">
8 <!ENTITY xorg-server-download-ftp "&xorg-download-ftp;/xserver/xorg-server-&xorg-server-version;.tar.bz2">
9 <!ENTITY xorg-server-md5sum "c9fc7e21e11286dbedd22c00df652130">
10 <!ENTITY xorg-server-size "5.8 MB">
11 <!ENTITY xorg-server-buildsize "256 MB (with tests)">
12 <!ENTITY xorg-server-time "0.8 SBU (using parallelism=4; with tests)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="xorg-server" xreflabel="Xorg-Server-&xorg-server-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="xorg-server.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>Xorg-Server-&xorg-server-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="xorg-server">
26 <primary sortas="a-xorg-server">xorg-server</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to Xorg Server</title>
31
32 <para>
33 The <application>Xorg</application> Server is the core
34 of the X Window system.
35 </para>
36
37 &lfs84_checked;
38
39 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
40 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
41 <listitem>
42 <para>
43 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&xorg-server-download-http;"/>
44 </para>
45 </listitem>
46 <listitem>
47 <para>
48 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&xorg-server-download-ftp;"/>
49 </para>
50 </listitem>
51 <listitem>
52 <para>
53 Download MD5 sum: &xorg-server-md5sum;
54 </para>
55 </listitem>
56 <listitem>
57 <para>
58 Download size: &xorg-server-size;
59 </para>
60 </listitem>
61 <listitem>
62 <para>
63 Estimated disk space required: &xorg-server-buildsize;
64 </para>
65 </listitem>
66 <listitem>
67 <para>
68 Estimated build time: &xorg-server-time;
69 </para>
70 </listitem>
71 </itemizedlist>
72
73<!-- Prime support is now automatically added in DRI3, and this patch
74 may break things on some setups.
75 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
76 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
77 <listitem>
78 <para>
79 Optional patch:
80 <ulink url="&patch-root;/xorg-server-&xorg-server-version;-add_prime_support-1.patch"/>
81 </para>
82 </listitem>
83 </itemizedlist>-->
84
85 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Xorg Server Dependencies</bridgehead>
86
87 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
88 <para role="required">
89 <xref linkend="pixman"/> and
90 <xref linkend="xorg7-font"/> (for the font-util package), and at runtime:
91 <xref role="runtime" linkend="xkeyboard-config"/>
92 </para>
93
94 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
95 <para role="recommended">
96 <phrase revision="sysv"><xref linkend="elogind"/></phrase>
97 <xref linkend="libepoxy"/> (needed for glamor and Xwayland),
98 <phrase revision="sysv"><xref role="runtime" linkend="polkit"/> (runtime),
99 </phrase><xref linkend="wayland"/> (needed for Xwayland),
100 <phrase revision="sysv">, and</phrase> <xref linkend="wayland-protocols"/>
101 <phrase revision="systemd">, and <xref linkend="systemd"/></phrase>
102 </para>
103
104 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
105 <para role="optional">
106 <xref role="runtime" linkend="acpid"/> (runtime),
107 <xref linkend="doxygen"/> (to build API documentation),
108 <xref linkend="fop"/> (to build documentation),
109 <xref linkend="nettle"/>,
110 <xref linkend="libgcrypt"/>,
111 <xref linkend="xcb-util-keysyms"/>,
112 <xref linkend="xcb-util-image"/>,
113 <xref linkend="xcb-util-renderutil"/>,
114 <xref linkend="xcb-util-wm"/> (all three to build Xephyr),
115 <xref linkend="xmlto"/> (to build documentation),
116 <ulink url="http://download.savannah.gnu.org/releases/libunwind">libunwind</ulink>, and
117 <ulink url="https://www.x.org/archive/individual/doc/">xorg-sgml-doctools</ulink> (to build documentation)
118 </para>
119
120 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
121 <ulink url='&blfs-wiki;/Xorg7Server'/>
122 </para>
123 </sect2>
124
125 <sect2 role="installation">
126 <title>Installation of Xorg Server</title>
127<!-- Patch removed
128 <para>
129 If you have downloaded the optional patch, apply it by running the
130 following command:
131 </para>
132
133<screen><userinput>patch -Np1 -i ../xorg-server-&xorg-server-version;-add_prime_support-1.patch</userinput></screen>-->
134
135 <para>
136 Install the server by running the following commands:
137 </para>
138
139<screen><userinput>./configure $XORG_CONFIG \
140 --enable-glamor \
141 --enable-suid-wrapper \
142 --with-xkb-output=/var/lib/xkb &amp;&amp;
143make</userinput></screen>
144
145 <para>
146 To test the results, issue: <command>make check</command>. You
147 will need to run <command>ldconfig</command> as the <systemitem
148 class="username">root</systemitem> user first or some tests may fail.
149 </para>
150
151 <para>
152 Now as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>
153 user:
154 </para>
155
156<screen role="root" revision="sysv"><userinput>make install &amp;&amp;
157mkdir -pv /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d &amp;&amp;
158cat &gt;&gt; /etc/sysconfig/createfiles &lt;&lt; "EOF"
159<literal>/tmp/.ICE-unix dir 1777 root root
160/tmp/.X11-unix dir 1777 root root</literal>
161EOF</userinput></screen>
162
163<screen role="root" revision="systemd"><userinput>make install &amp;&amp;
164mkdir -pv /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d</userinput></screen>
165
166 </sect2>
167
168 <sect2 role="commands">
169 <title>Command Explanations</title>
170
171 <para>
172 <parameter>--enable-glamor</parameter>: Build the Glamor DIX (Device
173 Independent X) module which is currently used by: R600 or later radeon
174 video chipsets, the modesetting driver (which is part of this package)
175 for hardware using KMS which offers acceleration, and (optionally) the
176 intel driver.
177 </para>
178
179 <para>
180 <parameter>--enable-suid-wrapper</parameter>: Build suid-root wrapper for
181 legacy driver support on rootless xserver systems.
182 </para>
183
184 <para>
185 <option>--disable-systemd-logind --enable-install-setuid</option>:
186 These switches disable <phrase revision="systemd">systemd-logind</phrase>
187 <phrase revision="sysv">elogind</phrase> integration and restore the
188 setuid bit to the Xorg executable, allowing Xorg Server to work
189 without having the <phrase revision="systemd">systemd</phrase>
190 <phrase revision="elogind">elogind</phrase> PAM module configured.
191 </para>
192
193 <para revision="sysv">
194 <command>cat &gt;&gt; /etc/sysconfig/createfiles...</command>: This
195 command creates the <filename class="directory">/tmp/.ICE-unix</filename>
196 and <filename class="directory">/tmp/.X11-unix</filename> directories at
197 startup, and ensures that the permissions and ownership are correct as
198 required by the server.
199 </para>
200
201 <para>
202 <option>--enable-dmx</option>: Build DMX (Distributed Multihead X)
203 server.
204 </para>
205
206 <para>
207 <option>--enable-kdrive</option>: this option allows the
208 <command>configure</command> script to enable Xephyr if its dependencies
209 are met.
210 </para>
211
212 </sect2>
213
214 <sect2 role="content">
215 <title>Contents</title>
216
217 <segmentedlist>
218 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
219 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
220 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
221
222 <seglistitem>
223 <seg>
224 cvt, gtf, X, Xnest, Xorg, and Xvfb; optional: dmxaddinput,
225 dmxaddscreen, dmxinfo, dmxreconfig, dmxresize, dmxrminput,
226 dmxrmscreen, dmxtodmx, dmxwininfo, vdltodmx, Xdmx, xdmxconfig, Xephyr,
227 Xfbdev and Xwayland
228 </seg>
229 <seg>
230 several under $XORG_PREFIX/lib/xorg/modules/{,drivers,extensions}
231 including modesetting_drv.so
232 </seg>
233 <seg>
234 $XORG_PREFIX/{include/xorg,lib/xorg,share/X11/xorg.conf.d} and
235 /var/lib/xkb
236 </seg>
237 </seglistitem>
238 </segmentedlist>
239
240 <variablelist>
241 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
242 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
243 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
244
245 <varlistentry id="cvt-x7">
246 <term><command>cvt</command></term>
247 <listitem>
248 <para>
249 calculates VESA CVT mode lines.
250 </para>
251 <indexterm zone="xorg-server cvt-x7">
252 <primary sortas="b-cvt">cvt</primary>
253 </indexterm>
254 </listitem>
255 </varlistentry>
256
257 <varlistentry id="dmx-x7">
258 <term><command>dmx*</command></term>
259 <listitem>
260 <para>
261 are various tools used for manipulating the dmx server.
262 </para>
263 <indexterm zone="xorg-server dmx-x7">
264 <primary sortas="b-dmx">dmx*</primary>
265 </indexterm>
266 </listitem>
267 </varlistentry>
268
269 <varlistentry id="gtf-x7">
270 <term><command>gtf</command></term>
271 <listitem>
272 <para>
273 calculates VESA GTF mode lines.
274 </para>
275 <indexterm zone="xorg-server gtf-x7">
276 <primary sortas="b-gtf">gtf</primary>
277 </indexterm>
278 </listitem>
279 </varlistentry>
280
281 <varlistentry id="vdltodmx-x7">
282 <term><command>vdltodmx</command></term>
283 <listitem>
284 <para>
285 is a tool used to convert VDL config files to DMX config
286 files.
287 </para>
288 <indexterm zone="xorg-server vdltodmx-x7">
289 <primary sortas="b-vdltodmx">vdltodmx</primary>
290 </indexterm>
291 </listitem>
292 </varlistentry>
293
294 <varlistentry id="X-x7">
295 <term><command>X</command></term>
296 <listitem>
297 <para>
298 is a symbolic link to Xorg.
299 </para>
300 <indexterm zone="xorg-server X-x7">
301 <primary sortas="b-X">X</primary>
302 </indexterm>
303 </listitem>
304 </varlistentry>
305
306 <varlistentry id="Xdmx">
307 <term><command>Xdmx</command></term>
308 <listitem>
309 <para>
310 is a proxy X server that uses one or more other X servers as
311 its display devices.
312 </para>
313 <indexterm zone="xorg-server Xdmx">
314 <primary sortas="b-Xdmx">Xdmx</primary>
315 </indexterm>
316 </listitem>
317 </varlistentry>
318
319 <varlistentry id="Xephyr-x7">
320 <term><command>Xephyr</command></term>
321 <listitem>
322 <para>
323 is a nested X server which supports modern X extensions.
324 </para>
325 <indexterm zone="xorg-server Xephyr-x7">
326 <primary sortas="b-Xephyr">Xephyr</primary>
327 </indexterm>
328 </listitem>
329 </varlistentry>
330
331 <varlistentry id="Xnest-x7">
332 <term><command>Xnest</command></term>
333 <listitem>
334 <para>
335 is a nested X server.
336 </para>
337 <indexterm zone="xorg-server Xnest-x7">
338 <primary sortas="b-Xnest">Xnest</primary>
339 </indexterm>
340 </listitem>
341 </varlistentry>
342
343 <varlistentry id="Xorg-x7">
344 <term><command>Xorg</command></term>
345 <listitem>
346 <para>
347 is the X11R7 X Server.
348 </para>
349 <indexterm zone="xorg-server Xorg-x7">
350 <primary sortas="b-Xorg">Xorg</primary>
351 </indexterm>
352 </listitem>
353 </varlistentry>
354
355 <varlistentry id="Xvfb-x7">
356 <term><command>Xvfb</command></term>
357 <listitem>
358 <para>
359 is the virtual framebuffer X server for X Version 11.
360 </para>
361 <indexterm zone="xorg-server Xvfb-x7">
362 <primary sortas="b-Xvfb">Xvfb</primary>
363 </indexterm>
364 </listitem>
365 </varlistentry>
366
367 <varlistentry id="xdmxconfig-x7">
368 <term><command>xdmxconfig</command></term>
369 <listitem>
370 <para>
371 is a graphical configuration utility for the dmx server.
372 </para>
373 <indexterm zone="xorg-server xdmxconfig-x7">
374 <primary sortas="b-xdmxconfig">xdmxconfig</primary>
375 </indexterm>
376 </listitem>
377 </varlistentry>
378
379 <varlistentry id="Xwayland-x7">
380 <term><command>Xwayland</command></term>
381 <listitem>
382 <para>
383 allows the X server to run X clients under wayland (i.e. wayland
384 provides the input devices and handles the presentation of the
385 windows).
386 </para>
387 <indexterm zone="xorg-server Xwayland-x7">
388 <primary sortas="b-Xwayland">Xwayland</primary>
389 </indexterm>
390 </listitem>
391 </varlistentry>
392
393 <varlistentry id="modesetting_drv-x7">
394 <term><filename class="libraryfile">modesetting_drv.so</filename></term>
395 <listitem>
396 <para>
397 provides a video driver for machines using Kernel Mode Setting (KMS).
398 This will use glamor if that has been enabled and the hardware offers
399 acceleration.
400 </para>
401 <indexterm zone="xorg-server modesetting_drv-x7">
402 <primary sortas="c-modesetting_drv">modesetting_drv.so</primary>
403 </indexterm>
404 </listitem>
405 </varlistentry>
406
407 </variablelist>
408
409 </sect2>
410
411</sect1>
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