source: x/installing/xorg7.xml@ 6732c094

10.0 10.1 11.0 11.1 6.3 6.3-rc1 6.3-rc2 6.3-rc3 7.10 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.6-blfs 7.6-systemd 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind gnome kde5-13430 kde5-14269 kde5-14686 krejzi/svn lazarus nosym perl-modules qt5new systemd-11177 systemd-13485 trunk upgradedb xry111/intltool xry111/test-20220226
Last change on this file since 6732c094 was 6732c094, checked in by Randy McMurchy <randy@…>, 15 years ago

Updated all the XML files (and the one stylesheet) to use the 4.5 version of DocBook XML DTD

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@6716 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 6.4 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="xorg7" xreflabel="Xorg-&xorg7-version;">
9 <?dbhtml filename="xorg7.html"?>
10
11 <sect1info>
12 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
13 <date>$Date$</date>
14 </sect1info>
15
16 <title>Introduction to Xorg-&xorg7-version;</title>
17
18 <indexterm zone="xorg7">
19 <primary sortas="a-xorg7">Xorg</primary>
20 </indexterm>
21
22
23 <para><application>Xorg</application> is a freely redistributable,
24 open-source implementation of the <application>X</application> Window
25 System. This system provides a client/server interface between display
26 hardware (the mouse, keyboard, and video displays) and the desktop
27 environment, while also providing both the windowing infrastructure and a
28 standardized application interface (API).</para>
29
30 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
31 <ulink url='&blfs-wiki;/Xorg7'/></para>
32
33 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Xorg Download and Installation
34 Instructions</bridgehead>
35
36 <para>Xorg-7.0.0 introduced a completely auto-tooled, modular build system.
37 With the new modular build system, it is no longer possible to download
38 the entire package in a single file. In fact, there may be as many as
39 293 files that need to be fetched from the download location. To assist
40 with such a large task, installing <xref linkend="wget"/> is strongly
41 recommended for downloading the needed files. A complete
42 <application>wget</application> file list is provided for each section
43 that includes multiple packages.</para>
44
45 <para>Given the number of packages available, deciding which packages you
46 need to install for your particular setup may seem a bit overwhelming at
47 first. Take a look at
48 <ulink url="http://lists.x.org/archives/xorg-modular/2005-November/000801.html">this thread</ulink>
49 to get an idea of what you will need. If you are
50 unsure, you should install all packages at the cost of extra
51 disk space.</para>
52
53 <note>
54 <para>Even if you intend to download only the necessary packages, you
55 should download the wget file lists. The list of files are ordered by
56 dependency, and the package versions listed in the files are known to
57 work well with each other. Newer packages are likely intended for the
58 next release of <application>Xorg</application> and have already proved
59 to be incompatible with current versions of software installed in BLFS.
60 The installed size of <application>Xorg</application> can be reduced
61 considerably by installing only the packages that you will need and use,
62 however, the BLFS book cannot account for all dependencies and build
63 options for the individual <application>Xorg</application> packages.
64 The instructions assume that all packages have been built. A
65 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/Xorg-&xorg7-version;">wiki</ulink>
66 page containing dependency information is under development. You are
67 encouraged to add to these pages if you discover additional information
68 that may be helpful to other users who selectively install individual
69 packages.</para>
70 </note>
71
72 <para>Additionally, because of the large number of repetitive commands,
73 you are encouraged to script the build. For most sections, you can use
74 a script with commands similar to the following, to compile and install
75 all packages in a wget file list:</para>
76
77<screen>bash -e #exit on all errors
78for package in $(cat ../wgetlist.wget)
79do
80 packagedir=$(echo $package | sed 's/.tar.bz2//')
81 tar -xf $package
82 cd $packagedir
83 ./configure $XORG_CONFIG
84 make
85 make install
86 cd ..
87 rm -rf $packagedir
88 rm -f $package
89done 2&gt;&amp;1 | tee -a ../xorg-compile.log #log the entire loop</screen>
90
91 <para>The above shell will exit immediately on error. If it runs to
92 completion, you should manually exit the shell before continuing on to
93 the next set of instructions.</para>
94
95 <sect2>
96 <title>Setting up the Xorg Build Environment</title>
97
98 <para>First, you'll need to create a working directory:</para>
99
100<screen><userinput>mkdir xc &amp;&amp;
101cd xc</userinput></screen>
102
103 <para>As with previous releases of the X Window System, it may be
104 desirable to install <application>Xorg</application> into an alternate
105 prefix. This is no longer common practice among Linux distributions.
106 The common installation prefix for <application>Xorg</application> on
107 Linux is <filename class="directory">/usr</filename>. There is no
108 standard alternate prefix, nor is there any exception in the current
109 revision of the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard for Release 7 of the X
110 Window System. Alan Coopersmith of Sun Microsystems, has recently
111 stated "At Sun, we were using
112 <filename class="directory">/usr/X11</filename> and plan to stick with
113 it." Only the <filename class="directory">/opt/*</filename> prefix or
114 the <filename class="directory">/usr</filename> prefix adhere to the
115 current FHS guidelines.</para>
116
117 <para>Choose your installation prefix, and set the
118 <envar>XORG_PREFIX</envar> variable with the following
119 command:</para>
120
121<screen><userinput>export XORG_PREFIX="<replaceable>&lt;PREFIX&gt;</replaceable>"</userinput></screen>
122
123 <para>Throughout these instructions, you will use the following
124 <command>configure</command> switches for all of the packages. Create the
125 <envar>XORG_CONFIG</envar> variable to use for this parameter
126 substitution:</para>
127
128<screen><userinput>export XORG_CONFIG="--prefix=$XORG_PREFIX --sysconfdir=/etc \
129 --mandir=$XORG_PREFIX/share/man --localstatedir=/var"</userinput></screen>
130
131 <para>If you've decided to use an alternate prefix, be sure to add
132 <filename class="directory">
133 <replaceable>&lt;PREFIX&gt;</replaceable>/bin</filename> to your
134 <envar>PATH</envar> environment variable and <filename class="directory">
135 <replaceable>&lt;PREFIX&gt;</replaceable>/lib/pkgconfig</filename>
136 to your <envar>PKG_CONFIG_PATH</envar> variable. For detailed instructions,
137 see <xref linkend="postlfs-config-profile"/>. You should also add
138 <filename class="directory">
139 <replaceable>&lt;PREFIX&gt;</replaceable>/lib</filename> to the
140 <filename>/etc/ld.so.conf</filename> file and <filename class="directory">
141 <replaceable>&lt;PREFIX&gt;</replaceable>/share/man</filename> as
142 a MANDATORY_MANPATH in <filename>/etc/man_db.conf</filename>.</para>
143
144 </sect2>
145
146</sect1>
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