source: x/lib/gtk+2.xml@ 13832d9

7.6-blfs 7.6-systemd kde5-14269 kde5-14686 systemd-13485
Last change on this file since 13832d9 was 13832d9, checked in by Krejzi <krejzi@…>, 8 years ago

Switch examples to GNOME themes as they are in the book.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/branches/systemd@14028 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY gtk2-download-http "&gnome-download-http;/gtk+/2.24/gtk+-&gtk2-version;.tar.xz">
8 <!ENTITY gtk2-download-ftp "&gnome-download-ftp;/gtk+/2.24/gtk+-&gtk2-version;.tar.xz">
9 <!ENTITY gtk2-md5sum "f80ac8aa95ea8482ad89656d0370752e">
10 <!ENTITY gtk2-size "13 MB">
11 <!ENTITY gtk2-buildsize "318 MB (additional 1 MB for the tests)">
12 <!ENTITY gtk2-time "3.2 SBU (additional 0.1 SBU for the tests)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="gtk2" xreflabel="GTK+-&gtk2-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="gtk2.html" ?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>GTK+-&gtk2-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="gtk2">
26 <primary sortas="a-GTK+2">GTK+2</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to GTK+ 2</title>
31
32 <para>
33 The <application>GTK+ 2</application> package contains
34 libraries used for creating graphical user interfaces
35 for applications.
36 </para>
37
38 &lfs76_checked;
39
40 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
41 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
42 <listitem>
43 <para>
44 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&gtk2-download-http;"/>
45 </para>
46 </listitem>
47 <listitem>
48 <para>
49 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&gtk2-download-ftp;"/>
50 </para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>
54 Download MD5 sum: &gtk2-md5sum;
55 </para>
56 </listitem>
57 <listitem>
58 <para>
59 Download size: &gtk2-size;
60 </para>
61 </listitem>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>
64 Estimated disk space required: &gtk2-buildsize;
65 </para>
66 </listitem>
67 <listitem>
68 <para>
69 Estimated build time: &gtk2-time;
70 </para>
71 </listitem>
72 </itemizedlist>
73
74 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">GTK+ 2 Dependencies</bridgehead>
75
76 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
77 <para role="required">
78 <xref linkend="atk"/>,
79 <xref linkend="gdk-pixbuf"/> and
80 <xref linkend="pango"/>
81 </para>
82
83 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
84 <para role="recommended">
85 <xref linkend="hicolor-icon-theme"/>
86 </para>
87
88 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
89 <para role="optional">
90 <xref linkend="cups"/>,
91 <xref linkend="docbook-utils"/>,
92 <xref linkend="gobject-introspection"/> and
93 <xref linkend="gtk-doc"/>
94 </para>
95
96 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">
97 User Notes: <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/gtk+2"/>
98 </para>
99 </sect2>
100
101 <sect2 role="installation">
102 <title>Installation of GTK+ 2</title>
103
104 <para>
105 Install <application>GTK+ 2</application> by running the following
106 commands:
107 </para>
108
109<screen><userinput>sed -i 's#l \(gtk-.*\).sgml#&amp; -o \1#' docs/{faq,tutorial}/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;
110sed -i 's#.*@man_#man_#' docs/reference/gtk/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;
111sed -i -e 's#pltcheck.sh#$(NULL)#g' gtk/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;
112./configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc &amp;&amp;
113make</userinput></screen>
114
115 <para>
116 To test the results, issue: <command>make check</command>. Note that you
117 must run the tests from a session with X Window Display capability (i.e.,
118 not a text-based terminal/console) as the tests attempt to open an X
119 window, and the tests can take an excessively long time. Using an X
120 Window, the tests should take less than 0.3 SBU.
121 </para>
122
123 <para>
124 Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
125 </para>
126
127<screen role="root"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
128
129 <note>
130 <para>
131 If you installed the package on to your system using a
132 <quote>DESTDIR</quote> method, an important file was not installed and
133 must be copied and/or generated. Generate it using the following
134 command as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
135 </para>
136
137<screen role="root"><userinput>gtk-query-immodules-2.0 --update-cache</userinput></screen>
138 </note>
139
140 </sect2>
141
142 <sect2 role="commands">
143 <title>Command Explanations</title>
144
145 <para>
146 <command>sed -i 's#l \(gtk-.*\).sgml#&amp; -o \1#'
147 docs/{faq,tutorial}/Makefile.in</command>: If you have
148 <xref linkend="docbook-utils"/> installed (specifically, if configure
149 finds <command>db2html</command>) then it will try to use it to rebuild
150 some of its HTML documentation and fail due to bugs in some of the
151 <filename>Makefile</filename>s. This <command>sed</command> fixes the
152 <filename>Makefile</filename>s.
153 </para>
154
155 <para>
156 <command>sed -i 's#.*@man_#man_#' docs/reference/gtk/Makefile.in</command>:
157 This <command>sed</command> fixes one of the <filename>Makefile</filename>s
158 so it installs the man pages for <command>gtk-builder-convert</command>,
159 <command>gtk-query-immodules-2.0</command>, and
160 <command>gtk-update-icon-cache</command>.
161 </para>
162
163 <para>
164 <command>sed -i -e 's#pltcheck.sh#$(NULL)#g' gtk/Makefile.in</command>:
165 This <command>sed</command> disables one test known to fail.
166 It is not necessary if not running the tests.
167 </para>
168
169 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
170 href="../../xincludes/gtk-doc-rebuild.xml"/>
171
172 </sect2>
173
174 <sect2 role="configuration">
175 <title>Configuring GTK+ 2</title>
176
177 <sect3 id="gtk2-config">
178 <title>Config Files</title>
179 <para>
180 <filename>~/.gtkrc-2.0</filename>,
181 <filename>/etc/gtk-2.0/gtkrc</filename>, and
182 <filename>/usr/share/gtk-2.0/gtkrc</filename>
183 </para>
184
185 <indexterm zone="gtk2 gtk2-config">
186 <primary sortas="e-AA.gtkrc-2.0">~/.gtkrc-2.0</primary>
187 </indexterm>
188
189 <indexterm zone="gtk2 gtk2-config">
190 <primary sortas="e-etc-gtk-2.0-gtkrc">/etc/gtk-2.0/gtkrc</primary>
191 </indexterm>
192
193 <indexterm zone="gtk2 gtk2-config">
194 <primary sortas="e-usr-share-gtk-2.0-gtkrc">/usr/share/gtk-2.0/gtkrc</primary>
195 </indexterm>
196 </sect3>
197
198 <sect3><title>Configuration Information</title>
199
200 <para>
201 <application>GTK+ 2</application> themes change the way a
202 <application>GTK+ 2</application> application looks. A
203 <application>GTK+ 2</application> icon theme can be used to change the
204 icons that appear on the application's toolbar. If you have installed a
205 <application>GTK+ 2</application> theme (such as <xref
206 linkend="gnome-themes-standard"/>) or a
207 <application>GTK+ 2</application> icon theme (such as
208 <xref linkend="gnome-icon-theme"/>) you can set your preferences in
209 <filename>~/.gtkrc-2.0</filename>:
210 </para>
211
212<screen><userinput>cat &gt; ~/.gtkrc-2.0 &lt;&lt; "EOF"
213include "/usr/share/themes/<replaceable>Adwaita</replaceable>/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"
214gtk-icon-theme-name = "<replaceable>gnome</replaceable>"
215EOF</userinput></screen>
216
217 <para>
218 There are many more themes available at
219 <ulink url="http://gnome-look.org/">Gnome-Look.org</ulink> and other
220 places.
221 </para>
222
223 <para>
224 Once you've settled on themes you like, you can (as the
225 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user) make them the
226 default system wide:
227 </para>
228
229<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/gtk-2.0/gtkrc &lt;&lt; "EOF"
230include "/usr/share/themes/<replaceable>Clearlooks</replaceable>/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"
231gtk-icon-theme-name = "<replaceable>elementary</replaceable>"
232EOF</userinput></screen>
233
234 <para>
235 <xref linkend="lxappearance"/> is a <application>GTK+ 2</application>
236 application that can help you choose the themes you like.
237 </para>
238 </sect3>
239 </sect2>
240
241 <sect2 role="content">
242 <title>Contents</title>
243
244 <segmentedlist>
245 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
246 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
247 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
248
249 <seglistitem>
250 <seg>
251 gtk-builder-convert, gtk-demo, gtk-query-immodules-2.0, and
252 gtk-update-icon-cache
253 </seg>
254 <seg>
255 libgailutil.so, libgdk-x11-2.0.so, libgtk-x11-2.0.so,
256 and several under /usr/lib/gtk-2.0 subdirectories
257 </seg>
258 <seg>
259 /etc/gtk-2.0,
260 /usr/include/{gail-1.0,gtk-2.0,gtk-unix-print-2.0},
261 /usr/lib/gtk-2.0,
262 /usr/share/gtk-2.0,
263 /usr/share/doc/gtk+-&gtk2-version;,
264 /usr/share/gtk-doc/html/{gail-libgail-util,gdk2,gtk2}, and
265 /usr/share/themes/{Default,Emacs,Raleigh}
266 </seg>
267 </seglistitem>
268 </segmentedlist>
269
270 <variablelist>
271 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
272 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
273 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
274
275 <varlistentry id="gtk-builder-convert">
276 <term><command>gtk-builder-convert</command></term>
277 <listitem>
278 <para>
279 converts glade files into XML files which can be loaded with
280 GtkBuilder.
281 </para>
282 <indexterm zone="gtk2 gtk-builder-convert">
283 <primary
284 sortas="b-gtk-builder-convert">gtk-builder-convert</primary>
285 </indexterm>
286 </listitem>
287 </varlistentry>
288
289 <varlistentry id="gtk-demo">
290 <term><command>gtk-demo</command></term>
291 <listitem>
292 <para>
293 demonstrates <application>GTK+ 2</application> functionality and
294 provides code for the examples.
295 </para>
296 <indexterm zone="gtk2 gtk-demo">
297 <primary
298 sortas="b-gtk-demo">gtk-demo</primary>
299 </indexterm>
300 </listitem>
301 </varlistentry>
302
303 <varlistentry id="gtk-query-immodules-2.0">
304 <term><command>gtk-query-immodules-2.0</command></term>
305 <listitem>
306 <para>
307 collects information about loadable input method modules for
308 <application>GTK+ 2</application> and writes it to standard output.
309 </para>
310 <indexterm zone="gtk2 gtk-query-immodules-2.0">
311 <primary
312 sortas="b-gtk-query-immodules-2.0">gtk-query-immodules-2.0</primary>
313 </indexterm>
314 </listitem>
315 </varlistentry>
316
317 <varlistentry id="gtk-update-icon-cache">
318 <term><command>gtk-update-icon-cache</command></term>
319 <listitem>
320 <para>
321 creates mmap()able cache files for icon themes. Starting with
322 <application>gtk+-2.24.24</application>, add the flag
323 <quote>--include-image-data</quote> to this command, if you wish
324 previous behavior, with image data in the cache.
325 </para>
326 <indexterm zone="gtk2 gtk-update-icon-cache">
327 <primary sortas="b-gtk-update-icon-cache">gtk-update-icon-cache</primary>
328 </indexterm>
329 </listitem>
330 </varlistentry>
331
332 <varlistentry id="libgdk-x11-2">
333 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgdk-x11-2.0.so</filename></term>
334 <listitem>
335 <para>
336 contains functions that act as a wrapper around the low-level
337 drawing and windowing functions provided by the underlying graphics
338 system.
339 </para>
340 <indexterm zone="gtk2 libgdk-x11-2">
341 <primary sortas="c-libgdk-x11-2">libgdk-x11-2.0.so</primary>
342 </indexterm>
343 </listitem>
344 </varlistentry>
345
346 <varlistentry id="libgtk-x11-2">
347 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgtk-x11-2.0.so</filename></term>
348 <listitem>
349 <para>
350 contains functions that provide an API to implement graphical user
351 interfaces.
352 </para>
353 <indexterm zone="gtk2 libgtk-x11-2">
354 <primary sortas="c-libgtk-x11-2">libgtk-x11-2.0.so</primary>
355 </indexterm>
356 </listitem>
357 </varlistentry>
358
359 </variablelist>
360
361 </sect2>
362
363</sect1>
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