source: x/lib/gtk+2.xml@ 20ff9ce

10.0 10.1 11.0 11.1 11.2 9.1 lazarus plabs/python-mods qt5new trunk upgradedb xry111/intltool xry111/soup3 xry111/test-20220226
Last change on this file since 20ff9ce was 20ff9ce, checked in by Xi Ruoyao <xry111@…>, 3 years ago

gnome-themes-extra is only for gtk+-2 now

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@22694 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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File size: 12.1 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY gtk2-download-http "&gnome-download-http;/gtk+/2.24/gtk+-&gtk2-version;.tar.xz">
8 <!ENTITY gtk2-download-ftp "&gnome-download-ftp;/gtk+/2.24/gtk+-&gtk2-version;.tar.xz">
9 <!ENTITY gtk2-md5sum "d5742aa42275203a499b59b4c382a784">
10 <!ENTITY gtk2-size "12 MB">
11 <!ENTITY gtk2-buildsize "275 MB">
12 <!ENTITY gtk2-time "1.0 SBU (using parallelism=4; add 0.1 SBU for tests)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="gtk2" xreflabel="GTK+-&gtk2-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="gtk2.html" ?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>GTK+-&gtk2-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="gtk2">
26 <primary sortas="a-GTK+2">GTK+2</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to GTK+ 2</title>
31
32 <para>
33 The <application>GTK+ 2</application> package contains
34 libraries used for creating graphical user interfaces
35 for applications.
36 </para>
37
38 &lfs90_checked;
39
40 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
41 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
42 <listitem>
43 <para>
44 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&gtk2-download-http;"/>
45 </para>
46 </listitem>
47 <listitem>
48 <para>
49 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&gtk2-download-ftp;"/>
50 </para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>
54 Download MD5 sum: &gtk2-md5sum;
55 </para>
56 </listitem>
57 <listitem>
58 <para>
59 Download size: &gtk2-size;
60 </para>
61 </listitem>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>
64 Estimated disk space required: &gtk2-buildsize;
65 </para>
66 </listitem>
67 <listitem>
68 <para>
69 Estimated build time: &gtk2-time;
70 </para>
71 </listitem>
72 </itemizedlist>
73
74 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">GTK+ 2 Dependencies</bridgehead>
75
76 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
77 <para role="required">
78 <xref linkend="atk"/>,
79 <xref linkend="gdk-pixbuf"/> and
80 <xref linkend="pango"/>
81 </para>
82
83 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
84 <para role="recommended">
85 <xref linkend="hicolor-icon-theme"/>
86 </para>
87
88 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
89 <para role="optional">
90 <xref linkend="cups"/>,
91 <xref linkend="docbook-utils"/>,
92 <xref role="runtime" linkend="gnome-themes-extra"/> (runtime, for
93 Adwaita and HighContrast themes),
94 <xref linkend="gobject-introspection"/> and
95 <xref linkend="gtk-doc"/>
96 </para>
97
98 <note><para>If <xref linkend="gobject-introspection"/> was installed after
99 <xref linkend="atk"/>, <xref linkend="gdk-pixbuf"/>, and/or <xref
100 linkend="pango"/>, those packages will have to be rebuilt before this
101 package can be built. </para></note>
102
103 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">
104 User Notes: <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/gtk+2"/>
105 </para>
106 </sect2>
107
108 <sect2 role="installation">
109 <title>Installation of GTK+ 2</title>
110
111 <para>
112 Install <application>GTK+ 2</application> by running the following
113 commands:
114 </para>
115
116<screen><userinput>sed -e 's#l \(gtk-.*\).sgml#&amp; -o \1#' \
117 -i docs/{faq,tutorial}/Makefile.in &amp;&amp;
118
119./configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc &amp;&amp;
120
121make</userinput></screen>
122
123 <para>
124 To test the results, issue: <command>make check</command>. Note that you
125 must run the tests from a session with X Window Display capability (i.e.,
126 not a text-based terminal/console) as the tests attempt to open an X
127 window, and the tests can take an excessively long time. Using an X
128 Window, the tests should take less than 0.3 SBU. One test,
129 DefaultValues/GdkPixbuf, is known to fail.
130 </para>
131
132 <para>
133 Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
134 </para>
135
136<screen role="root"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
137
138 <note>
139 <para>
140 If you installed the package on to your system using a
141 <quote>DESTDIR</quote> method, an important file was not installed and
142 must be copied and/or generated. Generate it using the following
143 command as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
144 </para>
145
146<screen role="root"><userinput>gtk-query-immodules-2.0 --update-cache</userinput></screen>
147 </note>
148
149 </sect2>
150
151 <sect2 role="commands">
152 <title>Command Explanations</title>
153
154 <para>
155 <command>sed -i 's#l \(gtk-.*\).sgml#&amp; -o \1#'
156 docs/{faq,tutorial}/Makefile.in</command>: If you have
157 <xref linkend="docbook-utils"/> installed (specifically, if configure
158 finds <command>db2html</command>) then it will try to use it to rebuild
159 some of its HTML documentation and fail due to bugs in some of the
160 <filename>Makefile</filename>s. This <command>sed</command> fixes the
161 <filename>Makefile</filename>s.
162 </para>
163 <!-- This still seems to have problems with docbook-utils installed.
164 However, since it's already been tagged, I'll leave it alone. -->
165<!--
166 <para>
167 <command>sed -i -e 's#pltcheck.sh#$(NULL)#g' gtk/Makefile.in</command>:
168 This <command>sed</command> disables one test known to fail.
169 Not necessary, if not running the tests.
170 </para>-->
171
172 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
173 href="../../xincludes/gtk-doc-rebuild.xml"/>
174
175 </sect2>
176
177 <sect2 role="configuration">
178 <title>Configuring GTK+ 2</title>
179
180 <sect3 id="gtk2-config">
181 <title>Config Files</title>
182 <para>
183 <filename>~/.gtkrc-2.0</filename>,
184 <filename>/etc/gtk-2.0/gtkrc</filename>, and
185 <filename>/usr/share/gtk-2.0/gtkrc</filename>
186 </para>
187
188 <indexterm zone="gtk2 gtk2-config">
189 <primary sortas="e-AA.gtkrc-2.0">~/.gtkrc-2.0</primary>
190 </indexterm>
191
192 <indexterm zone="gtk2 gtk2-config">
193 <primary sortas="e-etc-gtk-2.0-gtkrc">/etc/gtk-2.0/gtkrc</primary>
194 </indexterm>
195
196 <indexterm zone="gtk2 gtk2-config">
197 <primary sortas="e-usr-share-gtk-2.0-gtkrc">/usr/share/gtk-2.0/gtkrc</primary>
198 </indexterm>
199 </sect3>
200
201 <sect3><title>Configuration Information</title>
202
203 <para>
204 <application>GTK+ 2</application> themes change the way a
205 <application>GTK+ 2</application> application looks. A
206 <application>GTK+ 2</application> icon theme can be used to change the
207 icons that appear on the application's toolbar. If you have installed a
208 <application>GTK+ 2</application> theme (such as
209 <xref linkend="gnome-themes-extra"/> or
210 <xref linkend="gtk-engines"/>), a
211 <application>GTK+</application> icon theme (such as <xref
212 linkend="adwaita-icon-theme"/>) you can set your preferences in
213 <filename>~/.gtkrc-2.0</filename>:
214 </para>
215
216<screen><userinput>cat &gt; ~/.gtkrc-2.0 &lt;&lt; "EOF"
217<literal>include "/usr/share/themes/<replaceable>Glider</replaceable>/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"
218gtk-icon-theme-name = "<replaceable>hicolor</replaceable>"</literal>
219EOF</userinput></screen>
220
221 <para>
222 There are many more themes available at
223 <ulink url="http://gnome-look.org/">Gnome-Look.org</ulink> and other
224 places.
225 </para>
226
227 <para>
228 Once you've settled on themes you like, you can (as the
229 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user) make them the
230 default system wide:
231 </para>
232
233<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/gtk-2.0/gtkrc &lt;&lt; "EOF"
234<literal>include "/usr/share/themes/<replaceable>Clearlooks</replaceable>/gtk-2.0/gtkrc"
235gtk-icon-theme-name = "<replaceable>elementary</replaceable>"</literal>
236EOF</userinput></screen>
237
238 <para>
239 <xref linkend="lxappearance"/> is a <application>GTK+ 2</application>
240 application that can help you choose the themes you like.
241 </para>
242 </sect3>
243 </sect2>
244
245 <sect2 role="content">
246 <title>Contents</title>
247
248 <segmentedlist>
249 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
250 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
251 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
252
253 <seglistitem>
254 <seg>
255 gtk-builder-convert, gtk-demo, gtk-query-immodules-2.0, and
256 gtk-update-icon-cache
257 </seg>
258 <seg>
259 libgailutil.so, libgdk-x11-2.0.so, and libgtk-x11-2.0.so
260 </seg>
261 <seg>
262 /etc/gtk-2.0,
263 /usr/include/{gail-1.0,gtk-2.0,gtk-unix-print-2.0},
264 /usr/lib/gtk-2.0,
265 /usr/share/doc/gtk+-&gtk2-version;,
266 /usr/share/gtk-2.0,
267 /usr/share/gtk-doc/html/{gail-libgail-util,gdk2,gtk2}, and
268 /usr/share/themes/{Default,Emacs,Raleigh}
269 </seg>
270 </seglistitem>
271 </segmentedlist>
272
273 <variablelist>
274 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
275 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
276 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
277
278 <varlistentry id="gtk-builder-convert">
279 <term><command>gtk-builder-convert</command></term>
280 <listitem>
281 <para>
282 converts glade files into XML files which can be loaded with
283 GtkBuilder.
284 </para>
285 <indexterm zone="gtk2 gtk-builder-convert">
286 <primary
287 sortas="b-gtk-builder-convert">gtk-builder-convert</primary>
288 </indexterm>
289 </listitem>
290 </varlistentry>
291
292 <varlistentry id="gtk-demo">
293 <term><command>gtk-demo</command></term>
294 <listitem>
295 <para>
296 demonstrates <application>GTK+ 2</application> functionality and
297 provides code for the examples.
298 </para>
299 <indexterm zone="gtk2 gtk-demo">
300 <primary
301 sortas="b-gtk-demo">gtk-demo</primary>
302 </indexterm>
303 </listitem>
304 </varlistentry>
305
306 <varlistentry id="gtk-query-immodules-2.0">
307 <term><command>gtk-query-immodules-2.0</command></term>
308 <listitem>
309 <para>
310 collects information about loadable input method modules for
311 <application>GTK+ 2</application> and writes it to standard output.
312 </para>
313 <indexterm zone="gtk2 gtk-query-immodules-2.0">
314 <primary
315 sortas="b-gtk-query-immodules-2.0">gtk-query-immodules-2.0</primary>
316 </indexterm>
317 </listitem>
318 </varlistentry>
319
320 <varlistentry id="gtk-update-icon-cache">
321 <term><command>gtk-update-icon-cache</command></term>
322 <listitem>
323 <para>
324 creates mmap()able cache files for icon themes. Starting with
325 <application>gtk+-2.24.24</application>, add the flag
326 <quote>--include-image-data</quote> to this command, if you wish
327 previous behavior, with image data in the cache.
328 </para>
329 <indexterm zone="gtk2 gtk-update-icon-cache">
330 <primary sortas="b-gtk-update-icon-cache">gtk-update-icon-cache</primary>
331 </indexterm>
332 </listitem>
333 </varlistentry>
334
335 <varlistentry id="libgdk-x11-2">
336 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgdk-x11-2.0.so</filename></term>
337 <listitem>
338 <para>
339 contains functions that act as a wrapper around the low-level
340 drawing and windowing functions provided by the underlying graphics
341 system.
342 </para>
343 <indexterm zone="gtk2 libgdk-x11-2">
344 <primary sortas="c-libgdk-x11-2">libgdk-x11-2.0.so</primary>
345 </indexterm>
346 </listitem>
347 </varlistentry>
348
349 <varlistentry id="libgtk-x11-2">
350 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgtk-x11-2.0.so</filename></term>
351 <listitem>
352 <para>
353 contains functions that provide an API to implement graphical user
354 interfaces.
355 </para>
356 <indexterm zone="gtk2 libgtk-x11-2">
357 <primary sortas="c-libgtk-x11-2">libgtk-x11-2.0.so</primary>
358 </indexterm>
359 </listitem>
360 </varlistentry>
361
362 </variablelist>
363
364 </sect2>
365
366</sect1>
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