source: x/lib/gtk+3.xml@ 8ee3e19c

10.0 10.1 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 7.10 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind ken/inkscape-core-mods lazarus nosym perl-modules plabs/python-mods qt5new trunk upgradedb xry111/intltool xry111/soup3 xry111/test-20220226
Last change on this file since 8ee3e19c was 8ee3e19c, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 7 years ago

Update to gtk+-3.20.2.
Update to xapian-core-1.2.23.
Update to Archive-Zip-1.57.
Update to qemu-2.5.1.
Update to audacious-{,plugins)-3.7.1.

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@17208 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY gtk3-download-http "&gnome-download-http;/gtk+/&gnome-minor-20;/gtk+-&gtk3-version;.tar.xz">
8 <!ENTITY gtk3-download-ftp "&gnome-download-ftp;/gtk+/&gnome-minor-20;/gtk+-&gtk3-version;.tar.xz">
9 <!ENTITY gtk3-md5sum "5b0c32c60c9131f49d997d9e39f82037">
10 <!ENTITY gtk3-size "16.4 MB">
11 <!ENTITY gtk3-buildsize "404 MB (plus 8 MB for tests)">
12 <!ENTITY gtk3-time "6.2 SBU (plus 0.5 SBU for tests)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="gtk3" xreflabel="GTK+-&gtk3-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="gtk3.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>GTK+-&gtk3-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="gtk3">
26 <primary sortas="a-GTK+3">GTK+3</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to GTK+ 3</title>
31
32 <para>
33 The <application>GTK+ 3</application> package contains
34 libraries used for creating graphical user interfaces for
35 applications.
36 </para>
37
38 &lfs79_checked;
39
40 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
41 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
42 <listitem>
43 <para>
44 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&gtk3-download-http;"/>
45 </para>
46 </listitem>
47 <listitem>
48 <para>
49 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&gtk3-download-ftp;"/>
50 </para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>
54 Download MD5 sum: &gtk3-md5sum;
55 </para>
56 </listitem>
57 <listitem>
58 <para>
59 Download size: &gtk3-size;
60 </para>
61 </listitem>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>
64 Estimated disk space required: &gtk3-buildsize;
65 </para>
66 </listitem>
67 <listitem>
68 <para>
69 Estimated build time: &gtk3-time;
70 </para>
71 </listitem>
72 </itemizedlist>
73
74 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">GTK+ 3 Dependencies</bridgehead>
75
76 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
77 <para role="required">
78 <xref linkend="at-spi2-atk"/>,
79 <xref linkend="gdk-pixbuf"/>,
80 <xref linkend="libepoxy"/>, and
81 <xref linkend="pango"/>
82 </para>
83
84 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
85 <para role="recommended">
86 <xref linkend="hicolor-icon-theme"/> (also needed for tests) and
87 <xref linkend="adwaita-icon-theme"/> (default for some gtk+3 settings
88 keys, also needed for tests)
89 </para>
90
91 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended (Required if building GNOME)</bridgehead>
92 <para role="recommended">
93 <xref linkend="gobject-introspection"/>
94 </para>
95
96 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
97 <para role="optional">
98 <xref linkend="colord"/>,
99 <xref linkend="cups"/>,
100 <xref linkend="docbook-utils"/>,
101 <xref linkend="gtk-doc"/>,
102 <xref linkend="json-glib"/>,
103 <xref linkend="libxkbcommon"/>,
104 <ulink url="http://ftp.acc.umu.se/pub/gnome/sources/rest/">rest</ulink>, and
105 <xref linkend="wayland"/>
106 </para>
107
108 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">
109 User Notes: <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/gtk3"/>
110 </para>
111 </sect2>
112
113 <sect2 role="installation">
114 <title>Installation of GTK+ 3</title>
115
116 <note>
117 <para>
118 <application>GTK+ 3</application> will overwrite
119 <command>gtk-update-icon-cache</command> from <xref linkend="gtk2"/> if
120 it is installed. There is nothing wrong about that assuming that both
121 programs provide same functionality. If you wish to keep one from
122 <application>GTK+ 2</application> you can add
123 <option>--enable-gtk2-dependency</option> to the
124 <command>configure</command> command.
125 </para>
126 </note>
127
128 <para>
129 Install <application>GTK+ 3</application> by running the following
130 commands:
131 </para>
132
133<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
134 --sysconfdir=/etc \
135 --enable-broadway-backend \
136 --enable-x11-backend \
137 --disable-wayland-backend &amp;&amp;
138make</userinput></screen>
139
140 <para>
141 Some tests fail if
142 <filename>/usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/gschemas.compiled</filename> is not
143 found. If you wish to run the test suite, create (or update) the file
144 using the following command as the
145 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
146 <command>glib-compile-schemas /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas</command>.
147 </para>
148
149 <para>
150 The accessibility test (six subtests) is known to fail.
151 </para>
152
153 <para>
154 To test the results you need a graphical session, then issue
155 <command>make -k check</command>.
156 </para>
157
158 <para>
159 Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
160 </para>
161
162<screen role="root"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
163
164 <note>
165 <para>
166 If you installed the package on to your system using a
167 <quote>DESTDIR</quote> method, an important file was not installed and
168 must be copied and/or generated. Generate it using the following
169 command as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
170 </para>
171
172<screen role="root"><userinput>gtk-query-immodules-3.0 --update-cache</userinput></screen>
173 </note>
174
175 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
176 href="../../xincludes/gsettings-destdir.xml"/>
177 </sect2>
178
179 <sect2 role="commands">
180 <title>Command Explanations</title>
181
182 <para>
183 <parameter>--enable-broadway-backend</parameter>: switch enables the
184 HTML5 GTK backend.
185 </para>
186
187 <para>
188 <parameter>--enable-x11-backend</parameter>: switch enables the X11 GDK
189 backend.
190 </para>
191
192 <para>
193 <parameter>--disable-wayland-backend</parameter>: switch disables the
194 Wayland GDK backend because Wayland is not used by the gtk packages in
195 BLFS.
196 </para>
197
198 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
199 href="../../xincludes/gtk-doc-rebuild.xml"/>
200
201 </sect2>
202
203 <sect2 role="configuration">
204 <title>Configuring GTK+ 3</title>
205
206 <sect3 id="gtk3-config">
207 <title>Config Files</title>
208 <para>
209 <filename>~/.config/gtk-3.0/settings.ini</filename> and
210 <filename>/etc/gtk-3.0/settings.ini</filename>
211 </para>
212
213 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk3-config">
214 <primary sortas="e-AA.home-settings.ini">~/.config/gtk-3.0/settings.ini</primary>
215 </indexterm>
216
217 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk3-config">
218 <primary sortas="e-etc-path-settings.ini">/etc/gtk-3.0/settings.ini</primary>
219 </indexterm>
220 </sect3>
221
222 <sect3><title>Configuration Information</title>
223
224 <para>
225 <application>GTK+ 3</application> themes change the way a
226 <application>GTK+ 3</application> application looks. An icon theme can
227 be used to change the icons that appear on the application's toolbar.
228 If you have installed a <application>GTK+ 3</application> theme (eg
229 <xref linkend="gnome-themes-standard"/>), an icon theme (such as <xref
230 linkend="oxygen-icons"/>) and/or a font (such as <ulink
231 url="http://dejavu.sourceforge.net/">DejaVu fonts</ulink>), you can set
232 your prefences in <filename>~/.config/gtk-3.0/settings.ini</filename>
233 or the default system wide configuration file (as the <systemitem
234 class="username">root</systemitem> user), in
235 <filename>/etc/gtk-3.0/settings.ini</filename>. For the local user an
236 example is:
237 </para>
238
239<screen><userinput>mkdir -vp ~/.config/gtk-3.0
240cat &gt; ~/.config/gtk-3.0/settings.ini &lt;&lt; "EOF"
241<literal>[Settings]
242gtk-theme-name = <replaceable>Adwaita</replaceable>
243gtk-icon-theme-name = <replaceable>oxygen</replaceable>
244gtk-font-name = <replaceable>DejaVu Sans 12</replaceable>
245gtk-cursor-theme-size = <replaceable>18</replaceable>
246gtk-toolbar-style = <replaceable>GTK_TOOLBAR_BOTH_HORIZ</replaceable>
247gtk-xft-antialias = <replaceable>1</replaceable>
248gtk-xft-hinting = <replaceable>1</replaceable>
249gtk-xft-hintstyle = <replaceable>hintslight</replaceable>
250gtk-xft-rgba = <replaceable>rgb</replaceable>
251gtk-cursor-theme-name = <replaceable>Adwaita</replaceable></literal>
252EOF</userinput></screen>
253
254 <para>
255 There are many settings keys, some with default values. You can find
256 them at <ulink
257 url="https://developer.gnome.org/gtk3/stable/GtkSettings.html">Settings:
258 GTK+ 3 Reference Manual</ulink>. There are many more themes available at
259 <ulink url="http://gnome-look.org/"/> and other places.
260 </para>
261
262 </sect3>
263 </sect2>
264
265 <sect2 role="content">
266 <title>Contents</title>
267
268 <segmentedlist>
269 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
270 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
271 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
272
273 <seglistitem>
274 <seg>
275 broadwayd,
276 gtk3-demo,
277 gtk3-demo-application,
278 gtk3-icon-browser,
279 gtk3-widget-factory,
280 gtk-builder-tool,
281 gtk-encode-symbolic-svg,
282 gtk-launch,
283 gtk-query-immodules-3.0, and
284 gtk-update-icon-cache
285 </seg>
286 <seg>
287 libgailutil-3.so, libgdk-3.so, and libgtk-3.so
288
289 </seg>
290 <seg>
291 /etc/gtk-3.0,
292 /usr/include/{gail,gtk}-3.0,
293 /usr/{lib,share}/gtk-3.0,
294 /usr/share/gtk-doc/html/{gail-libgail-util,gdk,gtk}3, and
295 /usr/share/themes/{Default,Emacs}/gtk-3.0
296 </seg>
297 </seglistitem>
298 </segmentedlist>
299
300 <variablelist>
301 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
302 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
303 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
304
305 <varlistentry id="broadwayd">
306 <term><command>broadwayd</command></term>
307 <listitem>
308 <para>
309 provides support for displaying
310 <application>GTK+ 3</application> applications in a web browser,
311 using HTML5 and web sockets.
312 </para>
313 <indexterm zone="gtk3 broadwayd">
314 <primary sortas="b-broadwayd">broadwayd</primary>
315 </indexterm>
316 </listitem>
317 </varlistentry>
318
319 <varlistentry id="gtk3-demo">
320 <term><command>gtk3-demo</command></term>
321 <listitem>
322 <para>
323 is a simple program that demonstrates some of the things that can be
324 done with <application>GTK+ 3</application>
325 </para>
326 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk3-demo">
327 <primary sortas="b-gtk3-demo">gtk3-demo</primary>
328 </indexterm>
329 </listitem>
330 </varlistentry>
331
332 <varlistentry id="gtk3-demo-application">
333 <term><command>gtk3-demo-application</command></term>
334 <listitem>
335 <para>
336 is a simple <application>GTK+ 3</application> application.
337 </para>
338 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk3-demo-application">
339 <primary sortas="b-gtk3-demo-application">gtk3-demo-application</primary>
340 </indexterm>
341 </listitem>
342 </varlistentry>
343
344 <varlistentry id="gtk3-icon-browser">
345 <term><command>gtk3-icon-browser</command></term>
346 <listitem>
347 <para>
348 is a utility to explore the icons in the current icon theme. It
349 shows icons in various sizes, their symbolic variants where
350 available, as well as a description of the icon and its context.
351 </para>
352 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk3-icon-browser">
353 <primary sortas="b-gtk3-icon-browser">gtk3-icon-browser</primary>
354 </indexterm>
355 </listitem>
356 </varlistentry>
357
358 <varlistentry id="gtk3-widget-factory">
359 <term><command>gtk3-widget-factory</command></term>
360 <listitem>
361 <para>
362 is a program to view <application>GTK+ 3</application> themes and widgets.
363 </para>
364 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk3-widget-factory">
365 <primary sortas="b-gtk3-widget-factory">gtk3-widget-factory</primary>
366 </indexterm>
367 </listitem>
368 </varlistentry>
369
370 <varlistentry id="gtk-builder-tool">
371 <term><command>gtk-builder-tool</command></term>
372 <listitem>
373 <para>
374 can perform various operations on GtkBuilder .ui files.
375 </para>
376 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk-builder-tool">
377 <primary sortas="b-gtk-builder-tool">gtk-builder-tool</primary>
378 </indexterm>
379 </listitem>
380 </varlistentry>
381
382 <varlistentry id="gtk-encode-symbolic-svg">
383 <term><command>gtk-encode-symbolic-svg</command></term>
384 <listitem>
385 <para>
386 converts symbolic svg icons into specially prepared png files.
387 <application>GTK+ 3</application> can load and recolor these pngs,
388 just like original svgs, but loading them is much faster.
389 </para>
390 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk-encode-symbolic-svg">
391 <primary sortas="b-gtk-encode-symbolic-svg">gtk-encode-symbolic-svg</primary>
392 </indexterm>
393 </listitem>
394 </varlistentry>
395
396 <varlistentry id="gtk-launch">
397 <term><command>gtk-launch</command></term>
398 <listitem>
399 <para>
400 launches an application using the given name. The name should match
401 application desktop file name, as residing in
402 <filename class="directory">/usr/share/application</filename>, with
403 or without the '.desktop' suffix.
404 </para>
405 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk-launch">
406 <primary sortas="b-gtk-launch">gtk-launch</primary>
407 </indexterm>
408 </listitem>
409 </varlistentry>
410
411 <varlistentry id="gtk-query-immodules-3.0">
412 <term><command>gtk-query-immodules-3.0</command></term>
413 <listitem>
414 <para>
415 collects information about loadable input method modules for
416 <application>GTK+ 3</application> and writes it to the default cache
417 file location, or to standard output.
418 </para>
419 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk-query-immodules-3.0">
420 <primary sortas="b-gtk-query-immodules-3.0">gtk-query-immodules-3.0</primary>
421 </indexterm>
422 </listitem>
423 </varlistentry>
424
425 <varlistentry id="gtk-update-icon-cache3">
426 <term><command>gtk-update-icon-cache</command></term>
427 <listitem>
428 <para>
429 is an icon theme caching utility that creates mmap()able cache files
430 for icon themes.
431 </para>
432 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk-update-icon-cache3">
433 <primary sortas="b-gtk-update-icon-cache3">gtk-update-icon-cache</primary>
434 </indexterm>
435 </listitem>
436 </varlistentry>
437
438 <varlistentry id="libgailutil-3">
439 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgailutil-3.so</filename></term>
440 <listitem>
441 <para>
442 contains functions that implements the accessibility interfaces
443 defined by the <application>GNOME</application> Accessibility
444 Toolkit.
445 </para>
446 <indexterm zone="gtk3 libgailutil-3">
447 <primary sortas="c-libgailutil-3">libgailutil-3.so</primary>
448 </indexterm>
449 </listitem>
450 </varlistentry>
451
452 <varlistentry id="libgdk-3">
453 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgdk-3.so</filename></term>
454 <listitem>
455 <para>
456 contains functions that act as a wrapper around the low-level
457 drawing and windowing functions provided by the underlying graphics
458 system.
459 </para>
460 <indexterm zone="gtk3 libgdk-3">
461 <primary sortas="c-libgdk-3">libgdk-3.so</primary>
462 </indexterm>
463 </listitem>
464 </varlistentry>
465
466 <varlistentry id="libgtk-3">
467 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgtk-3.so</filename></term>
468 <listitem>
469 <para>
470 contains functions that provide an API to implement graphical user
471 interfaces.
472 </para>
473 <indexterm zone="gtk3 libgtk-3">
474 <primary sortas="c-libgtk-3">libgtk-3.so</primary>
475 </indexterm>
476 </listitem>
477 </varlistentry>
478
479 </variablelist>
480
481 </sect2>
482
483</sect1>
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