source: x/lib/gtk+3.xml@ c3a210a

10.0 10.1 11.0 ken/refactor-virt lazarus qt5new trunk xry111/git-date xry111/git-date-for-trunk xry111/git-date-test
Last change on this file since c3a210a was c3a210a, checked in by Douglas R. Reno <renodr@…>, 16 months ago

Update to gtk+-3.24.21

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/trunk/BOOK@23341 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 18.8 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY gtk3-download-http "&gnome-download-http;/gtk+/&gnome-minor-24;/gtk+-&gtk3-version;.tar.xz">
8 <!ENTITY gtk3-download-ftp "&gnome-download-ftp;/gtk+/&gnome-minor-24;/gtk+-&gtk3-version;.tar.xz">
9 <!ENTITY gtk3-md5sum "95afed6c860d27de827db66434d681da">
10 <!ENTITY gtk3-size "20 MB">
11 <!ENTITY gtk3-buildsize "592 MB (add 11 MB for tests)">
12 <!ENTITY gtk3-time "1.9 SBU (using parallelism=4, add 1.0 SBU for tests)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="gtk3" xreflabel="GTK+-&gtk3-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="gtk3.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>GTK+-&gtk3-version;</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="gtk3">
26 <primary sortas="a-GTK+3">GTK+3</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to GTK+ 3</title>
31
32 <para>
33 The <application>GTK+ 3</application> package contains
34 libraries used for creating graphical user interfaces for
35 applications.
36 </para>
37
38 &lfs91_checked;
39
40 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
41 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
42 <listitem>
43 <para>
44 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&gtk3-download-http;"/>
45 </para>
46 </listitem>
47 <listitem>
48 <para>
49 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&gtk3-download-ftp;"/>
50 </para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>
54 Download MD5 sum: &gtk3-md5sum;
55 </para>
56 </listitem>
57 <listitem>
58 <para>
59 Download size: &gtk3-size;
60 </para>
61 </listitem>
62 <listitem>
63 <para>
64 Estimated disk space required: &gtk3-buildsize;
65 </para>
66 </listitem>
67 <listitem>
68 <para>
69 Estimated build time: &gtk3-time;
70 </para>
71 </listitem>
72 </itemizedlist>
73
74 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">GTK+ 3 Dependencies</bridgehead>
75
76 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
77 <para role="required">
78 <xref linkend="at-spi2-atk"/>,
79 <xref linkend="fribidi"/>,
80 <xref linkend="gdk-pixbuf"/>,
81 <xref linkend="libepoxy"/>, and
82 <xref linkend="pango"/>
83<!-- does not seem to be needed anymore
84 <xref linkend="six"/>-->
85 </para>
86
87 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
88 <para role="recommended">
89 <xref linkend="adwaita-icon-theme"/> (default for some gtk+3 settings
90 keys, also needed for tests),
91 <xref linkend="hicolor-icon-theme"/> (needed for tests),
92 <xref linkend="iso-codes"/>,
93 <xref linkend="libxkbcommon"/>,
94 <xref linkend="sassc"/>,
95 <xref linkend="wayland"/>, and
96 <xref linkend="wayland-protocols"/>
97 </para>
98
99 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended (Required if building GNOME)</bridgehead>
100 <para role="recommended">
101 <xref linkend="gobject-introspection"/>
102 </para>
103
104 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
105 <para role="optional">
106 <xref linkend="colord"/>,
107 <xref linkend="cups"/>,
108 <xref linkend="docbook-utils"/>,
109 <xref linkend="gtk-doc"/>,
110 <xref linkend="json-glib"/>,
111 <xref linkend="pyatspi2"/> (for tests),
112 <xref linkend="rest"/>, and
113 <ulink url="http://icl.cs.utk.edu/papi/">PAPI</ulink>
114 </para>
115
116 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">
117 User Notes: <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/gtk3"/>
118 </para>
119 </sect2>
120
121 <sect2 role="installation">
122 <title>Installation of GTK+ 3</title>
123
124 <para>
125 Install <application>GTK+ 3</application> by running the following
126 commands:
127 </para>
128
129<!-- There is a meson port available, but upstream's official recommendation
130 is to use autotools, and is the only offically supported build system.
131 See ticket #13459 for more details.-->
132
133<screen><userinput>./configure --prefix=/usr \
134 --sysconfdir=/etc \
135 --enable-broadway-backend \
136 --enable-x11-backend \
137 --enable-wayland-backend &amp;&amp;
138make</userinput></screen>
139
140 <para>
141 Some tests fail if
142 <filename>/usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/gschemas.compiled</filename> is not
143 found. If you wish to run the test suite, create (or update) the file
144 using the following command as the
145 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
146 <command>glib-compile-schemas /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas</command>.
147 </para>
148
149 <para>
150 To test the results you need a graphical session, then issue
151 <command>make check</command>. <!--There are several tests that
152 have subtests that are known to fail: scrolledwindow, treeview,
153 accessibility-dump, test-css-nodes, and gtk-reftest.
154 Additionally many tests will fail if the current
155 gtk theme (such as current XFCE themes) has deprecated elements.-->
156 <!--The accessibility-dump portion of the test suite (6 tests) is known
157 to fail.-->
158 The colornames.ui test is known to fail.
159 </para>
160
161 <para>
162 Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
163 </para>
164
165<screen role="root"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
166
167 <note>
168 <para>
169 If you installed the package on to your system using a
170 <quote>DESTDIR</quote> method, an important file was not installed and
171 must be copied and/or generated. Generate it using the following
172 command as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
173 </para>
174
175<screen role="root"><userinput>gtk-query-immodules-3.0 --update-cache</userinput></screen>
176 </note>
177
178 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
179 href="../../xincludes/gsettings-destdir.xml"/>
180 </sect2>
181
182 <sect2 role="commands">
183 <title>Command Explanations</title>
184
185 <!-- MESON ONLY
186 <para>
187 <parameter>-Dbroadway_backend=true</parameter>: This switch enables the
188 HTML5 GTK backend.
189 </para>
190 -->
191
192 <para>
193 <parameter>--enable-broadway-backend</parameter>: This switch enables the
194 HTML5 GTK backend.
195 </para>
196
197 <para>
198 <parameter>--enable-x11-backend</parameter>: This switch enables the X11
199 GDK backend.
200 </para>
201
202 <para>
203 <parameter>--enable-wayland-backend</parameter>: This switch
204 enables the Wayland GDK backend. Replace with
205 <option>--disable-wayland-backend</option> if you do not have
206 <xref linkend="wayland"/> and <xref linkend="wayland-protocols"/>
207 or you do not wish to build <application>GNOME</application> with Wayland
208 support. Other changes may be needed to allow the build to complete
209 without the wayland backend enabled. Note that a previous installation
210 of gtk+3 built with wayland will interfere with installation without
211 wayland. If this is desired, remove /usr/lib/libgtk-3* before
212 installation.
213 </para>
214
215 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
216 href="../../xincludes/gtk-doc-rebuild.xml"/>
217
218 <!-- MESON ONLY
219 <para>
220 <parameter>-Dcolord=yes</parameter>: This switch allows color support
221 in the GTK+ printing backend.
222 </para>
223
224 <para>
225 <parameter>-Dman=true</parameter>: This switch allows generating
226 manual pages.
227 </para>
228
229 <para>
230 <parameter>-Dgtk_doc=false</parameter>: This switch disables building
231 documentation. Replace with -Dgtk_doc=true if you have
232 <xref linkend="gtk-doc"/> installed and wish to generate documentation.
233 </para>
234 -->
235
236 </sect2>
237
238 <sect2 role="configuration">
239 <title>Configuring GTK+ 3</title>
240
241 <sect3 id="gtk3-config">
242 <title>Config Files</title>
243 <para>
244 <filename>~/.config/gtk-3.0/settings.ini</filename> and
245 <filename>/etc/gtk-3.0/settings.ini</filename>
246 </para>
247
248 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk3-config">
249 <primary sortas="e-AA.home-settings.ini">~/.config/gtk-3.0/settings.ini</primary>
250 </indexterm>
251
252 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk3-config">
253 <primary sortas="e-etc-path-settings.ini">/etc/gtk-3.0/settings.ini</primary>
254 </indexterm>
255 </sect3>
256
257 <sect3><title>Configuration Information</title>
258
259 <para>
260 <application>GTK+ 3</application> themes change the way a
261 <application>GTK+ 3</application> application looks. An icon theme can
262 be used to change the icons that appear on the application's toolbar.
263 If you have installed a <application>GTK+ 3</application> theme (e.g.
264 the Adwaita theme built in <application>GTK+ 3</application>),
265 an icon theme (such as <xref
266 linkend="oxygen-icons5"/>) and/or a font (<xref linkend="dejavu-fonts"/>),
267 you can set your preferences in <filename>~/.config/gtk-3.0/settings.ini</filename>,
268 or the default system wide configuration file (as the <systemitem
269 class="username">root</systemitem> user), in
270 <filename>/etc/gtk-3.0/settings.ini</filename>. For the local user an
271 example is:
272 </para>
273
274<screen><userinput>mkdir -vp ~/.config/gtk-3.0
275cat &gt; ~/.config/gtk-3.0/settings.ini &lt;&lt; "EOF"
276<literal>[Settings]
277gtk-theme-name = <replaceable>Adwaita</replaceable>
278gtk-icon-theme-name = <replaceable>oxygen</replaceable>
279gtk-font-name = <replaceable>DejaVu Sans 12</replaceable>
280gtk-cursor-theme-size = <replaceable>18</replaceable>
281gtk-toolbar-style = <replaceable>GTK_TOOLBAR_BOTH_HORIZ</replaceable>
282gtk-xft-antialias = <replaceable>1</replaceable>
283gtk-xft-hinting = <replaceable>1</replaceable>
284gtk-xft-hintstyle = <replaceable>hintslight</replaceable>
285gtk-xft-rgba = <replaceable>rgb</replaceable>
286gtk-cursor-theme-name = <replaceable>Adwaita</replaceable></literal>
287EOF</userinput></screen>
288
289 <para>
290 There are many settings keys, some with default values. You can find
291 them at <ulink
292 url="https://developer.gnome.org/gtk3/stable/GtkSettings.html">Settings:
293 GTK+ 3 Reference Manual</ulink>. There are many more themes available at
294 <ulink url="http://gnome-look.org/"/> and other places.
295 </para>
296
297 <para>
298 As part of GTK+-3.0's redesign, the scroll bar buttons are no longer
299 visible on the scrollbar in many applications. If this functionality
300 is desired, modify the <filename>gtk.css</filename> file and restore
301 them using the following command:
302 </para>
303
304<screen><userinput>cat &gt; ~/.config/gtk-3.0/gtk.css &lt;&lt; "EOF"
305<literal>* {
306 -GtkScrollbar-has-backward-stepper: 1;
307 -GtkScrollbar-has-forward-stepper: 1;
308}</literal>
309EOF</userinput></screen>
310
311 <!-- This trick was discovered in the Seamonkey-2.53.2 release notes:
312 http://www.seamonkey-project.org/releases/seamonkey2.53.2/ -->
313
314 </sect3>
315 </sect2>
316
317 <sect2 role="content">
318 <title>Contents</title>
319
320 <segmentedlist>
321 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
322 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
323 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
324
325 <seglistitem>
326 <seg>
327 broadwayd,
328 gtk3-demo,
329 gtk3-demo-application,
330 gtk3-icon-browser,
331 gtk3-widget-factory,
332 gtk-builder-tool,
333 gtk-encode-symbolic-svg,
334 gtk-launch,
335 gtk-query-immodules-3.0,
336 gtk-query-settings, and
337 gtk-update-icon-cache
338 </seg>
339 <seg>
340 libgailutil-3.so, libgdk-3.so, and libgtk-3.so
341 </seg>
342 <seg>
343 /etc/gtk-3.0,
344 /usr/include/{gail,gtk}-3.0,
345 /usr/{lib,share}/gtk-3.0,
346 /usr/share/gtk-doc/html/{gail-libgail-util,gdk,gtk}3, and
347 /usr/share/themes/{Default,Emacs}/gtk-3.0
348 </seg>
349 </seglistitem>
350 </segmentedlist>
351
352 <variablelist>
353 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
354 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
355 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
356
357 <varlistentry id="broadwayd">
358 <term><command>broadwayd</command></term>
359 <listitem>
360 <para>
361 provides support for displaying
362 <application>GTK+ 3</application> applications in a web browser,
363 using HTML5 and web sockets.
364 </para>
365 <indexterm zone="gtk3 broadwayd">
366 <primary sortas="b-broadwayd">broadwayd</primary>
367 </indexterm>
368 </listitem>
369 </varlistentry>
370
371 <varlistentry id="gtk3-demo">
372 <term><command>gtk3-demo</command></term>
373 <listitem>
374 <para>
375 is a simple program that demonstrates some of the tasks that can be
376 done with <application>GTK+ 3</application>
377 </para>
378 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk3-demo">
379 <primary sortas="b-gtk3-demo">gtk3-demo</primary>
380 </indexterm>
381 </listitem>
382 </varlistentry>
383
384 <varlistentry id="gtk3-demo-application">
385 <term><command>gtk3-demo-application</command></term>
386 <listitem>
387 <para>
388 is a simple <application>GTK+ 3</application> application.
389 </para>
390 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk3-demo-application">
391 <primary sortas="b-gtk3-demo-application">gtk3-demo-application</primary>
392 </indexterm>
393 </listitem>
394 </varlistentry>
395
396 <varlistentry id="gtk3-icon-browser">
397 <term><command>gtk3-icon-browser</command></term>
398 <listitem>
399 <para>
400 is a utility to explore the icons in the current icon theme. It
401 shows icons in various sizes, their symbolic variants where
402 available, as well as a description of the icon and its context.
403 </para>
404 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk3-icon-browser">
405 <primary sortas="b-gtk3-icon-browser">gtk3-icon-browser</primary>
406 </indexterm>
407 </listitem>
408 </varlistentry>
409
410 <varlistentry id="gtk3-widget-factory">
411 <term><command>gtk3-widget-factory</command></term>
412 <listitem>
413 <para>
414 is a program to view <application>GTK+ 3</application> themes and widgets.
415 </para>
416 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk3-widget-factory">
417 <primary sortas="b-gtk3-widget-factory">gtk3-widget-factory</primary>
418 </indexterm>
419 </listitem>
420 </varlistentry>
421
422 <varlistentry id="gtk-builder-tool">
423 <term><command>gtk-builder-tool</command></term>
424 <listitem>
425 <para>
426 can perform various operations on GtkBuilder .ui files.
427 </para>
428 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk-builder-tool">
429 <primary sortas="b-gtk-builder-tool">gtk-builder-tool</primary>
430 </indexterm>
431 </listitem>
432 </varlistentry>
433
434 <varlistentry id="gtk-encode-symbolic-svg">
435 <term><command>gtk-encode-symbolic-svg</command></term>
436 <listitem>
437 <para>
438 converts symbolic svg icons into specially prepared png files.
439 <application>GTK+ 3</application> can load and recolor these pngs,
440 just like original svgs, but loading them is much faster.
441 </para>
442 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk-encode-symbolic-svg">
443 <primary sortas="b-gtk-encode-symbolic-svg">gtk-encode-symbolic-svg</primary>
444 </indexterm>
445 </listitem>
446 </varlistentry>
447
448 <varlistentry id="gtk-launch">
449 <term><command>gtk-launch</command></term>
450 <listitem>
451 <para>
452 launches an application using the given name. The name should match
453 the application desktop file name, as residing in
454 <filename class="directory">/usr/share/applications</filename>, with
455 or without the '.desktop' suffix.
456 </para>
457 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk-launch">
458 <primary sortas="b-gtk-launch">gtk-launch</primary>
459 </indexterm>
460 </listitem>
461 </varlistentry>
462
463 <varlistentry id="gtk-query-immodules-3.0">
464 <term><command>gtk-query-immodules-3.0</command></term>
465 <listitem>
466 <para>
467 collects information about loadable input method modules for
468 <application>GTK+ 3</application> and writes it to the default cache
469 file location, or to standard output.
470 </para>
471 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk-query-immodules-3.0">
472 <primary sortas="b-gtk-query-immodules-3.0">gtk-query-immodules-3.0</primary>
473 </indexterm>
474 </listitem>
475 </varlistentry>
476
477 <varlistentry id="gtk-query-settings">
478 <term><command>gtk-query-settings</command></term>
479 <listitem>
480 <para>
481 provides a complete listing of all settings related to
482 <application>GTK+ 3</application>
483 </para>
484 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk-query-settings">
485 <primary sortas="b-gtk-query-settings">gtk-query-settings</primary>
486 </indexterm>
487 </listitem>
488 </varlistentry>
489
490 <varlistentry id="gtk-update-icon-cache3">
491 <term><command>gtk-update-icon-cache</command></term>
492 <listitem>
493 <para>
494 is an icon theme caching utility that creates mmap()able cache files
495 for icon themes.
496 </para>
497 <indexterm zone="gtk3 gtk-update-icon-cache3">
498 <primary sortas="b-gtk-update-icon-cache3">gtk-update-icon-cache</primary>
499 </indexterm>
500 </listitem>
501 </varlistentry>
502
503 <varlistentry id="libgailutil-3">
504 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgailutil-3.so</filename></term>
505 <listitem>
506 <para>
507 contains functions that implement the accessibility interfaces
508 defined by the <application>GNOME</application> Accessibility
509 Toolkit.
510 </para>
511 <indexterm zone="gtk3 libgailutil-3">
512 <primary sortas="c-libgailutil-3">libgailutil-3.so</primary>
513 </indexterm>
514 </listitem>
515 </varlistentry>
516
517 <varlistentry id="libgdk-3">
518 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgdk-3.so</filename></term>
519 <listitem>
520 <para>
521 contains functions that act as a wrapper around the low-level
522 drawing and windowing functions provided by the underlying graphics
523 system.
524 </para>
525 <indexterm zone="gtk3 libgdk-3">
526 <primary sortas="c-libgdk-3">libgdk-3.so</primary>
527 </indexterm>
528 </listitem>
529 </varlistentry>
530
531 <varlistentry id="libgtk-3">
532 <term><filename class="libraryfile">libgtk-3.so</filename></term>
533 <listitem>
534 <para>
535 contains functions that provide an API to implement graphical user
536 interfaces.
537 </para>
538 <indexterm zone="gtk3 libgtk-3">
539 <primary sortas="c-libgtk-3">libgtk-3.so</primary>
540 </indexterm>
541 </listitem>
542 </varlistentry>
543
544 </variablelist>
545
546 </sect2>
547
548</sect1>
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