source: x/lib/qtbase.xml@ 6929000d

qt5new
Last change on this file since 6929000d was 6929000d, checked in by Pierre Labastie <pieere@…>, 2 years ago

First round of changes, do not use yet

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/branches/qt5new@23982 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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File size: 14.1 KB
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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY qtbase-download-http "&qt5-url;/qtbase-everywhere-src-&qt5-version;.tar.xz">
8 <!ENTITY qtbase-download-ftp " ">
9 <!ENTITY qtbase-md5sum "0eb522ff6c2194f9690cbdcd5b33e803">
10 <!ENTITY qtbase-size "48 MB">
11 <!ENTITY qtbase-buildsize "4.4 GB (145 MB installed)">
12 <!ENTITY qtbase-time "64 SBU (Using parallelism=4)">
13]>
14
15<sect1 id="qtbase" xreflabel="qtbase-&qt5-version;">
16 <?dbhtml filename="qtbase.html"?>
17
18 <sect1info>
19 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
20 <date>$Date$</date>
21 </sect1info>
22
23 <title>Qt-&qt5-version; Base</title>
24
25 <indexterm zone="qtbase">
26 <primary sortas="a-qtbase">qtbase</primary>
27 </indexterm>
28
29 <sect2 role="package">
30 <title>Introduction to Qt Library</title>
31
32 <para>
33 <application>Qt5</application> is a cross-platform application framework
34 that is widely used for developing application software with a graphical
35 user interface (GUI) (in which cases <application>Qt5</application> is
36 classified as a widget toolkit), and also used for developing non-GUI
37 programs such as command-line tools and consoles for servers. One of the
38 major users of <application>Qt</application> is <application>KDE
39 Frameworks 5 (KF5)</application>.
40 </para>
41
42 <para>
43 <application>Qt5</application> is made of several modules, which are not
44 all necessary for a given application. It has its own building tool
45 (<command>qmake</command>), and provides a complete development
46 environment. The instructions on this page allow to set up that
47 environment and to build basic modules.
48 </para>
49
50 &lfs10_checked;
51
52 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
53 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
54 <listitem>
55 <para>
56 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&qtbase-download-http;"/>
57 </para>
58 </listitem>
59 <listitem>
60 <para>
61 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&qtbase-download-ftp;"/>
62 </para>
63 </listitem>
64 <listitem>
65 <para>
66 Download MD5 sum: &qtbase-md5sum;
67 </para>
68 </listitem>
69 <listitem>
70 <para>
71 Download size: &qtbase-size;
72 </para>
73 </listitem>
74 <listitem>
75 <para>
76 Estimated disk space required: &qtbase-buildsize;
77 </para>
78 </listitem>
79 <listitem>
80 <para>
81 Estimated build time: &qtbase-time;
82 </para>
83 </listitem>
84 </itemizedlist>
85
86 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Qt5 Dependencies</bridgehead>
87
88 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
89 <para role="required">
90 <xref linkend='xorg7-lib'/>
91 </para>
92
93 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
94
95 <para role="recommended">
96 <xref linkend="cups"/>,
97 <xref linkend="glib2"/>,
98 <xref linkend="harfbuzz"/>,
99 <xref linkend="icu"/>,
100<!-- not sure <xref linkend="jasper"/>, -->
101 <xref linkend="libjpeg"/>,
102<!-- not sure <xref linkend="libmng"/>, -->
103 <xref linkend="libpng"/>,
104<!-- not sure <xref linkend="libtiff"/>, -->
105<!-- seems not tested here <xref linkend="libwebp"/>, -->
106 <xref linkend="libxkbcommon"/>,
107 <xref linkend="mesa"/>,
108 <xref linkend="mitkrb"/>,
109 <xref linkend="mtdev"/>,
110 <xref linkend="pcre2"/>,
111 <xref linkend="sqlite"/>,
112<!-- not sure <xref linkend="wayland"/> (<application>Mesa</application>
113 must be built with <application>Wayland</application> EGL
114 backend), -->
115<!-- not sure <xref linkend="xcb-util-image"/>,
116 <xref linkend="xcb-util-keysyms"/>,
117 <xref linkend="xcb-util-renderutil"/>, --> and
118 <xref linkend="xcb-util-wm"/>
119 </para>
120
121 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
122 <para role="optional">
123 <xref linkend="db"/>,
124 <xref linkend="gtk3"/>,
125 <xref linkend="ibus"/>,
126 <xref linkend="libinput"/>,
127 <xref linkend="mariadb"/>
128 or <ulink url="http://www.mysql.com/">MySQL</ulink>,
129 <xref linkend="postgresql"/>,
130 <xref linkend="unixodbc"/>,
131 <ulink url="http://www.firebirdsql.org/">Firebird</ulink>,
132 <ulink url="http://www.freetds.org/">FreeTDS</ulink>,
133 <ulink url="https://github.com/mity/md4c/">libmd4c</ulink>,
134 <ulink url="https://openal.org/">OpenAL</ulink>,
135 <ulink url="https://www.khronos.org/openvg/">openvg</ulink>,
136 <ulink url="http:///www.tslib.org/">tslib</ulink>, and
137 <ulink url="https://vulkan.lunarg.com/sdk/home/">Vulkan</ulink>
138 </para>
139
140 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">
141 User Notes: <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/qtbase"/>
142 </para>
143 </sect2>
144
145 <sect2 role="qt5-prefix">
146 <title>Setting the installation prefix</title>
147
148 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Installing in /opt/qt5</bridgehead>
149
150 <para>
151 The BLFS editors recommend installing <application>Qt5</application> in a
152 directory other than <filename class="directory">/usr</filename>, ie
153 <filename class="directory">/opt/qt5</filename>. To do this, set the
154 following environment variable:
155 </para>
156
157<screen><userinput>export QT5PREFIX=/opt/qt5</userinput></screen>
158
159 <tip>
160 <para>
161 Sometimes, the installation paths are hardcoded into installed files.
162 This is the reason why <filename class="directory">/opt/qt5</filename>
163 is used as installation prefix instead of <filename
164 class="directory">/opt/qt-&qt5-version;</filename>. To create a
165 versioned <application>Qt5</application> directory after the
166 installation is complete, you may rename the directory and create a
167 symlink:
168 </para>
169
170<screen role="root"><userinput>mkdir /opt/qt-&qt5-version;
171ln -sfnv qt-&qt5-version; /opt/qt5</userinput></screen>
172
173 <para>
174 Later on, you may want to install other versions of
175 <application>Qt5</application>. To do that, just remove the symlink
176 and use <filename class="directory">/opt/qt5</filename> as the
177 prefix again. Which version of <application>Qt5</application> you
178 use depends only on where the symlink points.
179 </para>
180 </tip>
181
182 </sect2>
183
184 <sect2 role="installation">
185 <title>Installation of qtbase</title>
186
187 <warning>
188 <para>
189 If <application>Qt5</application> is being reinstalled into the
190 same directory as an existing instance, run the commands done by
191 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem>, such as
192 <command>make install</command>, from a console or non-Qt5 based
193 window manager. It overwrites <application>Qt5</application>
194 libraries that should not be in use during the install process.
195 </para>
196 </warning>
197
198 <caution>
199 <para>
200 If you did not install some of the recommended dependencies, examine
201 <command>./configure --help</command> output to check how to disable
202 them or use internal versions bundled in the source tarball.
203 </para>
204 </caution>
205
206 <note>
207 <para>
208 The BLFS editors do not recommend installing <application>Qt5</application>
209 into the /usr hierarchy because it becomes difficult to find
210 components and to update to a new version. If you do want to install
211 <application>Qt5</application> in /usr, the directories need to
212 be specified explicitly. In this case, set QT5PREFIX=/usr and add
213 the following to the configure arguments below:
214 </para>
215
216<screen role="nodump"><userinput> -archdatadir /usr/lib/qt5 \
217 -bindir /usr/bin \
218 -plugindir /usr/lib/qt5/plugins \
219 -importdir /usr/lib/qt5/imports \
220 -headerdir /usr/include/qt5 \
221 -datadir /usr/share/qt5 \
222 -docdir /usr/share/doc/qt5 \
223 -translationdir /usr/share/qt5/translations \
224 -examplesdir /usr/share/doc/qt5/examples</userinput></screen>
225 </note>
226
227 <para>
228 Install <application>qtbase</application> by running the following
229 commands:
230 </para>
231
232<screen><userinput>./configure -prefix $QT5PREFIX \
233 -sysconfdir /etc/xdg \
234 -confirm-license \
235 -opensource \
236 -dbus-linked \
237 -openssl-linked \
238 -system-sqlite \
239 -nomake examples \
240 -no-rpath &amp;&amp;
241make</userinput></screen>
242
243 <para>
244 This package does not come with a test suite.
245 </para>
246
247 <para>
248 Now, as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
249 </para>
250
251<screen role="root"><userinput>make install</userinput></screen>
252 <!-- EDITORS NOTE: If you are updating this package, use INSTALL_ROOT=
253 instead of DESTDIR= -->
254
255 <para>
256 Remove references to the build directory from installed library
257 dependency (prl) files by running the following
258 commands as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
259 </para>
260
261<screen role="root"><userinput>find $QT5DIR/ -name \*.prl \
262 -exec sed -i -e '/^QMAKE_PRL_BUILD_DIR/d' {} \;</userinput></screen>
263 </sect2>
264
265 <sect2 role="commands">
266 <title>Command Explanations</title>
267
268 <para>
269 <parameter>-confirm-license</parameter>: Accept license
270 without prompting user during configuration.
271 </para>
272
273 <para>
274 <parameter>-opensource</parameter>: Install the opensource
275 version of <application>Qt</application>.
276 </para>
277
278 <para>
279 <parameter>-nomake examples</parameter>: This switch
280 disables building of the example programs included
281 in the source tarball. Remove it if you want to build
282 them.
283 </para>
284
285 <para>
286 <parameter>-system-sqlite</parameter>: This switch enables use
287 of the system version of <application>SQLite</application>.
288 </para>
289
290 <para>
291 <parameter>-system-sqlite</parameter>: This switch enables use
292 of the system version of <application>SQLite</application>.
293 </para>
294
295 <para>
296 <parameter>-dbus-linked -openssl-linked</parameter>: These
297 switches enable explicit linking of the
298 <application>D-Bus</application> and
299 <application>OpenSSL</application> libraries into
300 <application>Qt5</application> libraries instead of
301 <command>dlopen()</command>-ing them.
302 </para>
303
304 </sect2>
305
306 <sect2 role="configuration">
307 <title>Configuring qtbase</title>
308
309 <sect3 id="qtbase-config">
310 <title>Configuration Information</title>
311
312 <para>
313 If you installed <application>qtbase</application> in
314 <filename class="directory">/usr</filename>, create an
315 environment variable needed by certain packages.
316 As the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
317 </para>
318
319<screen role="nodump"><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/profile.d/qtbase.sh &lt;&lt; "EOF"
320<literal># Begin /etc/profile.d/qtbase.sh
321
322QT5DIR=/usr
323export QT5DIR
324
325# End /etc/profile.d/qtbase.sh</literal>
326EOF</userinput></screen>
327
328 <para>
329 If <xref linkend="sudo"/> is installed, QT5DIR should be available to
330 the super user as well. Execute the following commands as the
331 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
332 </para>
333
334<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/sudoers.d/qt &lt;&lt; "EOF"
335<literal>Defaults env_keep += QT5DIR</literal>
336EOF</userinput></screen>
337
338 <para>
339 If you installed <application>qtbase</application> in a location other
340 than <filename class="directory">/usr</filename>, you need to update the
341 following configuration files so that <application>qtbase</application>
342 is correctly found by other packages and system processes.
343 </para>
344
345 <para>
346 As the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user, update
347 the <filename>/etc/ld.so.conf</filename> file and the dynamic linker's
348 run-time cache file:
349 </para>
350
351<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; /etc/ld.so.conf &lt;&lt; EOF
352<literal># Begin Qt addition
353
354/opt/qt5/lib
355
356# End Qt addition</literal>
357EOF
358
359ldconfig</userinput></screen>
360
361 <indexterm zone="qtbase qtbase-config">
362 <primary sortas="e-etc-ld.so.conf">/etc/ld.so.conf</primary>
363 </indexterm>
364
365 <para>
366 As the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user, create
367 the <filename>/etc/profile.d/qtbase.sh</filename> file:
368 </para>
369
370<screen role="root"><userinput>cat &gt; /etc/profile.d/qtbase.sh &lt;&lt; "EOF"
371<literal># Begin /etc/profile.d/qtbase.sh
372
373QT5DIR=/opt/qt5
374
375pathappend $QT5DIR/bin PATH
376pathappend $QT5DIR/lib/pkgconfig PKG_CONFIG_PATH
377
378export QT5DIR
379
380# End /etc/profile.d/qtbase.sh</literal>
381EOF</userinput></screen>
382
383 </sect3>
384
385 </sect2>
386
387
388 <sect2 role="content">
389 <title>Contents</title>
390
391 <segmentedlist>
392 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
393 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
394 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
395
396 <seglistitem>
397 <seg>
398 qtwebengine_convert_dict and
399 QtWebEngineProcess (in $QT5DIR/libexec)
400 </seg>
401 <seg>
402 libQt5Pdf.so,
403 libQt5PdfWidgets.so,
404 libQt5WebEngineCore.so,
405 libQt5WebEngine.so, and
406 libQt5WebEngineWidgets.so
407 </seg>
408 <seg>
409 $QT5DIR/include/QtPdf,
410 $QT5DIR/include/QtPdfWidgets,
411 $QT5DIR/include/QtWebEngine,
412 $QT5DIR/include/QtWebEngineCore,
413 $QT5DIR/include/QtWebEngineWidgets,
414 $QT5DIR/qml/QtWebEngine, and
415 $QT5DIR/translations/qtwebengine_locales
416 </seg>
417 </seglistitem>
418 </segmentedlist>
419
420<!-- <variablelist>
421 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
422 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
423 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
424
425 </variablelist>-->
426 </sect2>
427</sect1>
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