source: xsoft/other/thunderbird.xml@ 1eb967d9

11.0 11.1 11.2 lazarus plabs/python-mods qt5new trunk upgradedb xry111/intltool xry111/soup3 xry111/test-20220226
Last change on this file since 1eb967d9 was 1eb967d9, checked in by Bruce Dubbs <bdubbs@…>, 15 months ago

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY thunderbird-download-http "&mozilla-http;/thunderbird/releases/&thunderbird-version;/source/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;.source.tar.xz">
8 <!ENTITY thunderbird-download-ftp " ">
9 <!ENTITY thunderbird-md5sum "f08dd55b8b1b0baf2c38a88aa3734cf8">
10 <!ENTITY thunderbird-size "390 MB">
11 <!ENTITY thunderbird-buildsize "6.9 GB (201 MB installed)">
12 <!ENTITY thunderbird-time "29 SBU (on a 4-core machine)">
13 <!-- Removed the -j1 time because python and rust do not obey it, although
14 the C/C++ code appears to obey it -->
15]>
16
17<sect1 id="thunderbird" xreflabel="Thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;">
18 <?dbhtml filename="thunderbird.html" ?>
19
20 <sect1info>
21 <date>$Date$</date>
22 </sect1info>
23
24 <title>Thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;</title>
25
26 <indexterm zone="thunderbird">
27 <primary sortas="a-Thunderbird">Thunderbird</primary>
28 </indexterm>
29
30 <sect2 role="package">
31 <title>Introduction to Thunderbird</title>
32
33 <para>
34 <application>Thunderbird</application> is a stand-alone mail/news client
35 based on the <application>Mozilla</application> codebase. It uses the
36 Gecko rendering engine to enable it to display and compose HTML emails.
37 </para>
38
39 &lfs110a_checked;
40
41 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
42 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
43 <listitem>
44 <para>
45 Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&thunderbird-download-http;"/>
46 </para>
47 </listitem>
48 <listitem>
49 <para>
50 Download (FTP): <ulink url="&thunderbird-download-ftp;"/>
51 </para>
52 </listitem>
53 <listitem>
54 <para>
55 Download MD5 sum: &thunderbird-md5sum;
56 </para>
57 </listitem>
58 <listitem>
59 <para>
60 Download size: &thunderbird-size;
61 </para>
62 </listitem>
63 <listitem>
64 <para>
65 Estimated disk space required: &thunderbird-buildsize;
66 </para>
67 </listitem>
68 <listitem>
69 <para>
70 Estimated build time: &thunderbird-time;
71 </para>
72 </listitem>
73 </itemizedlist>
74
75 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Additional Downloads</bridgehead>
76 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
77 <listitem>
78 <para>
79 Required patch:
80 <ulink url="&patch-root;/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;-glibc234-1.patch"/>
81 </para>
82 </listitem>
83 </itemizedlist>
84
85 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Thunderbird Dependencies</bridgehead>
86
87 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
88 <para role="required">
89<!-- <xref linkend="alsa-lib"/>, no mention in log -->
90 <xref linkend="autoconf213"/>,
91 <xref linkend="cbindgen"/>,
92 <xref linkend="dbus-glib"/>,
93 both <xref linkend="gtk3"/>
94 and <xref linkend="gtk2"/>,
95 <xref linkend="llvm"/> including clang, <!-- Searched for and used a few times -->
96 <xref linkend="nodejs"/>,
97 <xref linkend="pulseaudio"/> (or <xref linkend="alsa-lib"/> if you edit
98 the mozconfig; although it is now deprecated by mozilla),
99 <xref linkend="python3"/> (rebuilt with the sqlite module),
100 <xref linkend="startup-notification"/>,
101 <xref linkend="zip"/>,
102 <xref linkend="unzip"/>, and
103 <xref linkend="yasm"/>
104 </para>
105
106 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
107 <para role="recommended">
108 <xref linkend="icu"/>,
109 <xref linkend="libevent"/>,
110<!-- Fails to build with version 1.8.0
111 <xref linkend="libvpx"/>,-->
112 <xref linkend="nasm"/>,
113 <xref linkend="nspr"/>, and
114 <xref linkend="nss"/>
115 </para>
116
117 <note>
118 <para>
119 If you don't install recommended dependencies,
120 then internal copies of those packages will
121 be used. They might be tested to work, but
122 they can be out of date or contain security
123 holes.
124 </para>
125 </note>
126
127 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
128 <para role="optional">
129 <!-- <xref linkend="curl"/>, not in build log-->
130 <xref linkend="cyrus-sasl"/>,
131 <xref linkend="doxygen"/>,
132 <xref linkend="GConf"/>,
133 <!--<xref linkend="gst10-plugins-base"/> (with
134 <xref linkend="gst10-plugins-good"/> and
135 <xref linkend="gst10-libav"/> at runtime),-->
136 <!-- <xref linkend="openjdk"/>, not in build log -->
137 <!--<xref linkend="pulseaudio"/>,-->
138 <xref linkend="wget"/>,
139 <xref linkend="wireless_tools"/>, and
140 <ulink url="https://facebook.github.io/watchman/">watchman</ulink>
141 </para>
142
143 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">
144 User Notes: <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/Thunderbird"/>
145 </para>
146 </sect2>
147
148 <sect2 role="installation">
149 <title>Installation of Thunderbird</title>
150
151 <note>
152 <para>
153 The build process for Thunderbird can use 8GB+ of RAM when linking.
154 Make sure that you have adequate swap or RAM before continuing.
155 </para>
156 </note>
157
158 <para>
159 The configuration of <application>Thunderbird</application> is
160 accomplished by creating a <filename>mozconfig</filename> file containing
161 the desired configuration options. A default
162 <filename>mozconfig</filename> is created below. To see the entire list
163 of available configuration options (and a brief description of each),
164 issue <command>mozilla/configure --help</command>. Create the file with
165 the following command:
166 </para>
167
168<screen><userinput>cat &gt; mozconfig &lt;&lt; "EOF"
169<literal># If you have a multicore machine, all cores will be used.
170
171# If you have installed wireless-tools comment out this line:
172ac_add_options --disable-necko-wifi
173
174# Uncomment the following option if you have not installed PulseAudio
175#ac_add_options --disable-pulseaudio
176# and uncomment this if you installed alsa-lib instead of PulseAudio
177#ac_add_options --enable-alsa
178<!-- always built in versions 78+. The option is a noop
179# If you want to compile the Mozilla Calendar, uncomment this line:
180#ac_add_options - -enable-calendar
181-->
182# Comment out following options if you have not installed
183# recommended dependencies:
184ac_add_options --with-system-libevent
185ac_add_options --with-system-nspr
186ac_add_options --with-system-nss
187ac_add_options --with-system-icu
188
189# The elf-hack causes failed installs on some machines.
190# It is supposed to improve startup time and it shrinks libxul.so
191# by a few MB - comment this if you know your machine is not affected.
192ac_add_options --disable-elf-hack
193
194# The BLFS editors recommend not changing anything below this line:
195ac_add_options --prefix=/usr
196ac_add_options --enable-application=comm/mail
197
198ac_add_options --disable-crashreporter
199ac_add_options --disable-updater
200ac_add_options --disable-debug
201ac_add_options --disable-debug-symbols
202ac_add_options --disable-tests
203
204ac_add_options --enable-optimize=-O2
205ac_add_options --enable-linker=gold
206ac_add_options --enable-strip
207ac_add_options --enable-install-strip
208
209ac_add_options --enable-official-branding
210
211ac_add_options --enable-system-ffi
212ac_add_options --enable-system-pixman
213
214ac_add_options --with-system-jpeg
215ac_add_options --with-system-png
216ac_add_options --with-system-zlib</literal>
217EOF</userinput></screen>
218
219 <para>
220 Apply a patch which allows compilation on systems running glibc-2.34:
221 </para>
222
223<screen><userinput remap="pre">patch -p1 -i ../thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;-glibc234-1.patch</userinput></screen>
224
225 <para>
226 Now invoke the Python <command>mach</command> script to compile
227 <application>Thunderbird</application>:
228 </para>
229
230 <note>
231 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
232 href="../../xincludes/mozshm.xml"/>
233
234 <xi:include xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"
235 href="../../xincludes/mozmach.xml"/>
236
237 </note>
238
239<screen><userinput>export CC=gcc CXX=g++ &amp;&amp;
240export MACH_USE_SYSTEM_PYTHON=1 &amp;&amp;
241./mach create-mach-environment &amp;&amp;
242./mach configure &amp;&amp;
243./mach build</userinput></screen>
244
245 <para>
246 This package does not come with a test suite.
247 </para>
248
249 <para>
250 Install <application>Thunderbird</application> by running the following
251 commands as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
252 </para>
253
254<screen role="root"><userinput>MACH_USE_SYSTEM_PYTHON=1 ./mach install</userinput></screen>
255
256 <para>
257 Empty the environment variables which were set above:
258 </para>
259
260<screen><userinput>unset CC CXX MACH_USE_SYSTEM_PYTHON</userinput></screen>
261
262 </sect2>
263
264 <sect2 role="commands">
265 <title>Command Explanations</title>
266<!-- might be necessary, we need to verify this.
267 <para>
268 <command>test $(uname -m) = "i686" &amp;&amp; sed ...</command>: On this
269 version of thunderbird, an old bug has reappeared in 32-bit builds. With
270 optimization, the install fails with a Python error. This command will
271 fix i686 builds and preserve the optimization on x86_64.
272 </para>-->
273
274 <para>
275 <command>CC=gcc CXX=g++ ./mach configure</command>:
276 <application>Thunderbird</application>
277 now uses this <application>python3</application> script to run the
278 configuration,
279 build and install. Forcing GCC causes the build to come out smaller
280 and run faster.
281 <!-- For more info, see Ticket #13969. ~12GB to ~5GB build size,
282 significantly smaller build time.-->
283 </para>
284
285 <para>
286 <command>MACH_USE_SYSTEM_PYTHON=1</command>: Use the system python
287 to create a virtual environment for <command>mach</command> without
288 downloading any python wheels.
289 </para>
290
291 <para>
292 <option>./mach build --verbose</option>: Use this alternative if you
293 need details of which files are being compiled, together with any C or
294 C++ flags being used.
295 </para>
296
297 </sect2>
298
299 <sect2 role="configuration">
300 <title>Configuring Thunderbird</title>
301
302 <sect3><title>Configuration Information</title>
303
304 <para>
305 If your Window or Desktop Manager does not allow you to configure a
306 default browser, you can add a configuration parameter to
307 <application>Thunderbird</application> so that a browser will start when
308 you click on an Internet/intranet/local URL. The procedure to check
309 or modify any of the configuration parameters is quite simple and the
310 instructions here can be used to view or modify any of the parameters.
311 </para>
312
313 <para>
314 First, open the configuration dialog by opening the <quote>Edit</quote>
315 drop-down menu. Choose <quote>Preferences</quote> and then scroll down
316 to the bottom of the page. Then, click the <quote>Config Editor</quote>
317 button. Click on the <quote>I accept the risk!</quote> button.
318 This will display a list of the configuration preferences and
319 information related to each one. You can use the <quote>Filter:</quote>
320 bar to enter search criteria and narrow down the listed items. Changing
321 a preference can be done using two methods. One, if the preference has a
322 boolean value (True/False), simply double-click on the preference to
323 toggle the value and two, for other preferences simply right-click on
324 the desired line, choose <quote>Modify</quote> from the menu and change
325 the value. Creating new preference items is accomplished in the same
326 way, except choose <quote>New</quote> from the menu and provide the
327 desired data into the fields when prompted.
328 </para>
329
330 <para>
331 The configuration preference item you need to check so that
332 <application>Thunderbird</application> uses a specified browser is the
333 <parameter>network.protocol-handler.app.http</parameter> which should be
334 set to the path of the desired browser, e.g.
335 <option>/usr/bin/firefox</option>.
336 </para>
337
338 <tip>
339 <para>
340 There is a multitude of configuration parameters you can tweak to
341 customize <application>Thunderbird</application>. A very extensive,
342 but not so up-to-date list of these parameters can be found at
343 <ulink url="http://preferential.mozdev.org/preferences.html"/>.
344 </para>
345 </tip>
346
347 <para>
348
349 If you use a desktop environment such as <application>GNOME</application>
350 or <application>KDE</application>, a desktop file
351 <filename>thunderbird.desktop</filename> may be created, in order to
352 include a <quote><application>Thunderbird</application></quote> entry in
353 the menu. <!--If you didn't enable
354 <application>startup-notification</application> in your mozconfig, then
355 change the StartupNotify line to false.--> Run the following commands as the
356 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:
357
358 </para>
359
360<screen role="root"><userinput>mkdir -pv /usr/share/{applications,pixmaps} &amp;&amp;
361
362MIMETYPE="text/html;text/xml;application/xhtml+xml;application/xml"
363MIMETYPE="$MIMETYPE;application/rss+xml;x-scheme-handler/mailto;"
364
365cat &gt; /usr/share/applications/thunderbird.desktop &lt;&lt; EOF &amp;&amp;
366<literal>[Desktop Entry]
367Name=Thunderbird Mail
368Comment=Send and receive mail with Thunderbird
369GenericName=Mail Client
370Exec=thunderbird %u
371Terminal=false
372Type=Application
373Icon=thunderbird
374Categories=Network;Email;
375MimeType=$MIMETYPE
376StartupNotify=true</literal>
377EOF
378
379unset MIMETYPE
380
381ln -sfv /usr/lib/thunderbird/chrome/icons/default/default256.png \
382 /usr/share/pixmaps/thunderbird.png</userinput></screen>
383 </sect3>
384 </sect2>
385
386 <sect2 role="content">
387 <title>Contents</title>
388
389 <segmentedlist>
390 <segtitle>Installed Program</segtitle>
391 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
392 <segtitle>Installed Directory</segtitle>
393
394 <seglistitem>
395 <seg>
396 thunderbird
397 </seg>
398 <seg>
399 libldap60.so, libldif60.so, liblgpllibs.so, libmozgtk.so,
400 libmozsandbox.so, libmozsqlite3.so, libmozwayland.so,
401 libprldap60.so, librnp.so, and libxul.so, all in the
402 /usr/lib/thunderbird directory
403 </seg>
404 <seg>
405 /usr/lib/thunderbird
406 </seg>
407 </seglistitem>
408 </segmentedlist>
409
410 <variablelist>
411 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
412 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
413 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
414
415 <varlistentry id="thunderbird-prog">
416 <term><command>thunderbird</command></term>
417 <listitem>
418 <para>
419 is <application>Mozilla</application>'s email and newsgroup client
420 </para>
421 <indexterm zone="thunderbird thunderbird-prog">
422 <primary sortas="b-thunderbird">thunderbird</primary>
423 </indexterm>
424 </listitem>
425 </varlistentry>
426
427 </variablelist>
428
429 </sect2>
430
431</sect1>
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