source: xsoft/other/thunderbird.xml@ 622f1c7

10.0 10.1 11.0 11.1 6.3 6.3-rc1 6.3-rc2 6.3-rc3 7.10 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.6-blfs 7.6-systemd 7.7 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.1 basic bdubbs/svn elogind gnome kde5-13430 kde5-14269 kde5-14686 krejzi/svn lazarus nosym perl-modules qt5new systemd-11177 systemd-13485 trunk upgradedb xry111/intltool xry111/test-20220226
Last change on this file since 622f1c7 was 622f1c7, checked in by Dan Nichilson <dnicholson@…>, 15 years ago

Fixed Firefox and Thunderbird to ensure libXrender and libX11 are found

git-svn-id: svn:// af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

  • Property mode set to 100644
File size: 21.9 KB
1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
7 <!ENTITY thunderbird-download-http ";/source/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;-source.tar.bz2">
8 <!ENTITY thunderbird-download-ftp ";/source/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;-source.tar.bz2">
9 <!ENTITY thunderbird-md5sum "8e672d9f9206e0e1f03790dacb51e1bb">
10 <!ENTITY thunderbird-size "35.6 MB">
11 <!ENTITY thunderbird-buildsize "465 MB">
12 <!ENTITY thunderbird-time "12.3 SBU">
14 <!ENTITY thunderbird-enigmail-version "0.95.0">
15 <!ENTITY thunderbird-enigmail-download ";.tar.gz">
16 <!ENTITY thunderbird-enigmail-md5sum "820ab216b6ba21f81392d56bb9991c18">
17 <!ENTITY thunderbird-enigmail-size "556 KB">
20<sect1 id="thunderbird" xreflabel="Thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;">
21 <?dbhtml filename="thunderbird.html" ?>
23 <sect1info>
24 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
25 <date>$Date$</date>
26 </sect1info>
28 <title>Thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;</title>
30 <indexterm zone="thunderbird">
31 <primary sortas="a-Thunderbird">Thunderbird</primary>
32 </indexterm>
34 <sect2 role="package">
35 <title>Introduction to Thunderbird</title>
37 <para><application>Thunderbird</application> is a stand-alone
38 mail/news client based on the <application>Mozilla</application>
39 codebase.</para>
41 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
42 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
43 <listitem>
44 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&thunderbird-download-http;"/></para>
45 </listitem>
46 <listitem>
47 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&thunderbird-download-ftp;"/></para>
48 </listitem>
49 <listitem>
50 <para>Download MD5 sum: &thunderbird-md5sum;</para>
51 </listitem>
52 <listitem>
53 <para>Download size: &thunderbird-size;</para>
54 </listitem>
55 <listitem>
56 <para>Estimated disk space required: &thunderbird-buildsize;</para>
57 </listitem>
58 <listitem>
59 <para>Estimated build time: &thunderbird-time;</para>
60 </listitem>
61 </itemizedlist>
63 <para>To enable the <application>Enigmail</application> extension to the
64 <application>Thunderbird</application> mail client, you'll need to download
65 the tarball shown below. The <application>Enigmail</application> extension
66 allows users to access the authentication and encryption features provided
67 by the <application>GnuPG</application> package. The Enigmail extension
68 will not operate correctly unless you have <xref linkend="gnupg"/>
69 installed.</para>
71 <itemizedlist spacing='compact'>
72 <listitem>
73 <para><ulink url="&thunderbird-enigmail-download;"/></para>
74 </listitem>
75 <listitem>
76 <para>Download MD5 sum: &thunderbird-enigmail-md5sum;</para>
77 </listitem>
78 <listitem>
79 <para>Download size: &thunderbird-enigmail-size;</para>
80 </listitem>
81 </itemizedlist>
83 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Thunderbird Dependencies</bridgehead>
85 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
86 <para role="required"><xref linkend="gtk2"/>,
87 <xref linkend="libidl"/>, and
88 <xref linkend="zip"/></para>
90 <para>Note: <application>libjpeg</application> should have been installed
91 before <application>GTK+</application> and should exist on your system. If
92 for some reason you haven't installed <application>libjpeg</application>,
93 you should remove the <option>--with-system-jpeg</option> option from the
94 <filename>.mozconfig</filename> file created below.</para>
96 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended (if you will be installing any
97 other package that utilizes NSS/NSPR, such as
98 <application>Firefox</application>,
99 <application>Mozilla</application>,
100 <application>Evolution</application>, or
101 <application>OpenOffice</application>)</bridgehead>
102 <para role="recommended"><xref linkend="nss"/></para>
104 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
105 <para role="optional"><xref linkend="unzip"/> and
106 <xref linkend="libgnomeui"/> (to build the gnomevfs extension)</para>
108 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
109 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/Thunderbird"/></para>
111 </sect2>
113 <sect2 role="installation">
114 <title>Installation of Thunderbird</title>
116 <para>The configuration of <application>Thunderbird</application> is
117 accomplished by creating a <filename>.mozconfig</filename> file containing
118 the desired configuration options. A default <filename>.mozconfig</filename>
119 is created below. To see the entire list of available configuration options
120 (and an abbreviated description of each one), issue
121 <command>./configure --help</command>. If you are going to use
122 system-installed versions of the <application>NSS</application> and
123 <application>NSPR</application> libraries, ensure you uncomment the two
124 lines near the bottom of the file. You may also wish to review the entire
125 file and uncomment any other desired options. If you would prefer to
126 download the file instead of creating it by typing or cut-and-pasting, you
127 can find it at <ulink
128 url="&files-anduin;/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;-mozconfig"/>
129 (the file must be installed in the root of the source tree
130 <filename class='directory'>mozilla</filename> directory, and named
131 <filename>.mozconfig</filename>). Create the file by issuing the following
132 command:</para>
134<screen><userinput>cat &gt; .mozconfig &lt;&lt; "EOF"
135<literal># This file contains the options used in the Thunderbird build. You may
136# need to specify additional options for your specific build needs.
137# Use the information provided by running './configure --help' to
138# help you determine if you need to add any additional options.
139# Some additional options can be added by uncommenting the examples
140# in this file or adding options by inserting a line containing
141# 'ac_add_options --some-option-you-need'.
144# Use the default settings specified in the source tree
145. $topsrcdir/mail/config/mozconfig
147# Create an object directory and specify to build the package in that
148# directory. If desired, modify the location of the object directory
149# to a directory inside the source tree by removing '../' from the
150# line below.
151mk_add_options MOZ_OBJDIR=@TOPSRCDIR@/../thunderbird-build
153# Specify the installation prefix. If you would prefer Thunderbird
154# installed in a different prefix, modify the line below to fit
155# your needs. You'll also need to modify some of the instructions in
156# the BLFS book to point to your desired prefix.
157ac_add_options --prefix=/usr
159# These options are used so that the Thunderbird binaries are linked to
160# the system-installed copies of the specified libraries instead of
161# the source tree code which may not be the most recent versions.
162ac_add_options --with-system-zlib
163ac_add_options --with-system-png
164ac_add_options --with-system-jpeg
165ac_add_options --enable-system-cairo
167# This option causes the installed binaries to have the official
168# Thunderbird name embedded in them. Due to license restrictions, you
169# may not distribute binaries created using this option.
170ac_add_options --enable-official-branding
172# This option specifies to include support for rendering the HTML
173# &lt;canvas&gt;&lt;/canvas&gt; tag in the Thunderbird mail client.
174#ac_add_options --enable-canvas
176# This option is used so that the debugging symbols are removed from
177# the installed binaries during the installation process. Comment out
178# this option if you may have a need to retain the debugging symbols
179# in the installed binaries. Note that this can substantially
180# increase the size of the installed binaries.
181ac_add_options --enable-strip
183# This option is added so that test libraries and programs are not
184# built. These would only be required for debugging purposes.
185ac_add_options --disable-tests
187# This option is added so that the Mozilla Installer program is not
188# built or installed. The program is not required for a BLFS
189# installation of Thunderbird.
190ac_add_options --disable-installer
192# This option is used to disable the a11y support in the Thunderbird
193# binaries. Comment out this option if you require a11y support.
194ac_add_options --disable-accessibility
196# This option is used to enable source tree included LDAP support in
197# the Thunderbird binaries.
198ac_add_options --enable-ldap
200# This option is used to enable support for rendering SVG files in the
201# Thunderbird mail client. Uncomment the line below to enable the option.
202#ac_add_options --enable-svg
204# Uncomment this option if you desire support for dual-monitor
205# display of Thunderbird using the X-Window Xinerama libraries.
206#ac_add_options --enable-xinerama
208# Complex scripts such as Thai can only be rendered in Thunderbird with
209# the help of Pango. This option significantly slows rendering, so only
210# use it if necessary.
211#ac_add_options --enable-pango
213# These two options enable support for building Thunderbird with
214# system-installed versions of the Network Security Services (NSS)
215# and Netscape Portable Runtime (NSPR) libraries. Uncomment both
216# lines to enable support for system-installed NSS/NSPR.
217#ac_add_options --with-system-nss
218#ac_add_options --with-system-nspr
220# This option identifies the default binary directory of the Thunderbird
221# installation and is used to locate Thunderbird's installed files. This
222# option is not required for end-user use, and is only used for
223# development purposes.
224#ac_add_options --with-default-mozilla-five-home=/usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;</literal>
228 <para>Compile <application>Thunderbird</application> by
229 issuing the following commands:</para>
231<screen><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; layout/build/ &lt;&lt; "EOF" &amp;&amp;
233EXTRA_DSO_LDOPTS += $(XLDFLAGS) -lX11 -lXrender
236sed -i "s/^ enum$/&amp; xptinfo_enum_1/" \
237 xpcom/reflect/xptinfo/public/xptinfo.h &amp;&amp;
238make -f build</userinput></screen>
240 <para>This package does not come with a test suite.</para>
242 <para>If you're building the <application>Enigmail</application> extension,
243 issue the following commands:</para>
245<screen><userinput>tar -xf ../enigmail-&thunderbird-enigmail-version;.tar.gz -C mailnews/extensions &amp;&amp;
246( cd mailnews/extensions/enigmail &amp;&amp; ./makemake -r ) &amp;&amp;
248make -C ../thunderbird-build/mailnews/extensions/enigmail &amp;&amp;
249make -C ../thunderbird-build/mailnews/extensions/enigmail \
250 XPIFILE=enigmail-&thunderbird-enigmail-version;.xpi xpi</userinput></screen>
252 <para>Install <application>Thunderbird</application> by running the following
253 commands as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
255<screen role="root"><userinput>make -f install &amp;&amp;
257install -v -m644 ../thunderbird-build/dist/public/ldap-private/* \
258 /usr/include/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/ldap &amp;&amp;
260install -v -m644 ../thunderbird-build/dist/bin/isp/{movemail,rss}.rdf \
261 /usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/isp &amp;&amp;
262rm -rvf /usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/defaults/isp</userinput></screen>
264 <para>If you built <application>Thunderbird</application> utilizing
265 system-installed NSS and NSPR libraries, the
266 <filename>thunderbird-ns*.pc</filename> <application>pkgconfig</application>
267 files are broken as they point to the wrong directories where the actual
268 libraries and interface headers are located. Issue the following commands
269 as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user to replace the
270 broken files with symbolic links to known good files:</para>
272<screen role="root"><userinput>ln -v -sf nss.pc /usr/lib/pkgconfig/thunderbird-nss.pc &amp;&amp;
273ln -v -sf nspr.pc /usr/lib/pkgconfig/thunderbird-nspr.pc</userinput></screen>
275 <para>If you did <emphasis role="strong">NOT</emphasis> build
276 <application>Thunderbird</application> utilizing system-installed NSS and
277 NSPR libraries, issue the following commands as the
278 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user to install the NSS
279 interface headers:</para>
281<screen role="root"><userinput>install -v -m755 -d /usr/include/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/nss &amp;&amp;
282cp -v -Lf ../thunderbird-build/dist/{private,public}/nss/*.h \
283 /usr/include/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/nss</userinput></screen>
285 <para>If you built the <application>Enigmail</application> extension,
286 issue the following commands as the <systemitem
287 class="username">root</systemitem> user to install the
288 <filename>.xpi</filename> file:</para>
290<screen role="root"><userinput>install -v -m644 -D ../thunderbird-build/dist/bin/enigmail-&thunderbird-enigmail-version;.xpi \
291 /usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/xpi_store/enigmail-&thunderbird-enigmail-version;.xpi</userinput></screen>
293 <para>If you want to install <application>Enigmail</application> globally
294 so that all users who run <application>Thunderbird</application> will have
295 access to the extension, issue the command shown below. Note that this
296 procedure starts an instance of <application>Thunderbird</application> and
297 you must have an X server running. Issue the following command as the
298 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
300<screen role="root"><userinput>/usr/bin/thunderbird -install-global-extension \
301 /usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/xpi_store/enigmail-&thunderbird-enigmail-version;.xpi</userinput></screen>
303 <para>Global installation of other extensions can be done using the same
304 basic method as the <application>Enigmail</application> extension. See the
305 <quote>Configuring Thunderbird</quote> section below for information about
306 configuring <application>Enigmail</application> for individual users if you
307 did not not install it globally.</para>
309 <!-- This appears to not be required any longer. The regchrome program
310 is not built any longer, and multi-user access to Thunderbird appears
311 to work fine without running regxpcom and touching the files. -Randy
313 <para>To enable multi-user operation, execute the following as the
314 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
316<screen role="root"><userinput>cd /usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version; &amp;&amp;
317export LD_LIBRARY_PATH="$PWD" &amp;&amp;
318export MOZILLA_FIVE_HOME="$PWD" &amp;&amp;
319./regxpcom &amp;&amp;
320./regchrome &amp;&amp;
321touch `find . -name *.rdf`</userinput></screen>
323 -->
325 <note>
326 <para>You should run <command>/usr/bin/thunderbird</command> once as the
327 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user (or any user with
328 write privileges) to create some necessary additional files in the
329 <filename class='directory'>/usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;</filename>
330 directory.</para>
331 </note>
333 </sect2>
335 <sect2 role="commands">
336 <title>Command Explanations</title>
338 <para><command>'EXTRA_DSO_LDOPTS' += -lX11 -lXrender ...</command>:
339 Building the layout backend will break when the canvas element is enabled
340 without adding these two required libraries.</para>
342 <para><command>sed -i "s/^ enum$/&amp; xptinfo_enum_1/" ...</command>:
343 This command is used to fix an anonymous enum in an external/public
344 interface header file.</para>
346 <para><command>make -f ...</command>: Mozilla products are
347 packaged to allow the use of a configuration file which can be used to
348 pass the configuration settings to the <command>configure</command>
349 command. <command>make</command> uses the <filename></filename>
350 file to get initial configuration and setup parameters, then depending on
351 the target parameter (<parameter>build</parameter> or
352 <parameter>install</parameter>), either runs the
353 <command>configure</command> script and compiles the package or installs
354 the package.</para>
356 <para><command>( cd mailnews/... &amp;&amp; ./makemake -r )</command>:
357 This command is used to recursively create <filename>Makefile</filename>s
358 in the <filename class='directory'>enigmail</filename> directory.</para>
360 <para><command>make -C ... xpi</command>: This command builds the
361 <application>Enigmail</application>
362 <filename class='extension'>.xpi</filename> file which is used to install
363 <application>Enigmail</application>.</para>
365 <para><command>install .../{movemail,rss}.rdf</command>: These commands
366 are used to install two mail extensions inadvertantly left out of the
367 installation script or installed to the wrong location.</para>
369 </sect2>
371 <sect2 role="configuration">
372 <title>Configuring Thunderbird</title>
374 <sect3><title>Configuration Information</title>
376 <para>No specific configuration is required as long as the
377 <command>thunderbird</command> script is in the user's path. If
378 <application>Thunderbird</application> is installed in a non-standard
379 location, then make a symlink to the <command>thunderbird</command>
380 script in the <filename class="directory">/usr/bin</filename>
381 directory.</para>
383 <para>If you don't have privileges to install extensions globally, or
384 you prefer to not install global extensions, you can configure
385 <application>Thunderbird</application> on an individual user basis for
386 access to extensions. For example, if you built the
387 <application>Enigmail</application> extension and did not install it
388 globally, it can be installed on an as-needed basis for each user of the
389 system who may use <application>Thunderbird</application>. It is
390 accomplished through the <application>Thunderbird</application>
391 <quote>Tools</quote> menu. Choose the <quote>Extensions</quote> &ndash;
392 <quote>Install</quote> option and fill in the <quote>Look in:</quote>
393 field with <filename
394 class='directory'>/usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/xpi_store</filename>.
395 You'll then see the
396 <filename>enigmail-&thunderbird-enigmail-version;-linux-????.xpi</filename>
397 file listed. Choose this file and click on <quote>Open</quote>, then
398 click on <quote>Install now</quote>. The
399 <application>Enigmail</application> extension will install and you will
400 be prompted to restart <application>Thunderbird</application>.</para>
402 <para>If your Window or Desktop Manager does not allow you to configure
403 a default browser, you can add a configuration parameter to
404 <application>Thunderbird</application> so that a browser will start when
405 when you click on an Internet/intranet/local URL. The procedure to check
406 or modify any of the configuration parameters is quite simple and the
407 instructions here can be used to view or modify any of the
408 parameters.</para>
410 <para>First, open the configuration dialog by opening the
411 <quote>Edit</quote> drop-down menu. Choose <quote>Preferences</quote>
412 and then click on the <quote>Advanced</quote> icon on the top menu
413 bar. Choose the <quote>General</quote> tab and click on the
414 <quote>Config Editor</quote> button. This will display a list of the
415 configuration preferences and information related to each one. You can
416 use the <quote>Filter:</quote> bar to enter search criteria and narrow
417 down the listed items. Changing a preference can be done using two
418 methods. One, if the preference has a boolean value (True/False), simply
419 double-click on the preference to toggle the value and two, for other
420 preferences simply right-click on the desired line, choose
421 <quote>Modify</quote> from the menu and change the value. Creating new
422 preference items is accomplished in the same way, except choose
423 <quote>New</quote> from the menu and provide the desired data into the
424 fields when prompted.</para>
426 <para>The configuration preference item you need to check so that
427 <application>Thunderbird</application> uses a specified browser is the
428 <parameter></parameter> which should
429 be set to the path of the desired browser, e.g.,
430 <option>/usr/bin/firefox</option>.</para>
432 <tip>
433 <para>There is a multitude of configuration parameters you can tweak to
434 customize <application>Thunderbird</application>. A very extensive and
435 up-to-date list of these parameters can be found at <ulink
436 url=""/>.</para>
437 </tip>
439 </sect3>
441 </sect2>
443 <sect2 role="content">
444 <title>Contents</title>
446 <segmentedlist>
447 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
448 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
449 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
451 <seglistitem>
452 <seg>thunderbird and thunderbird-config</seg>
453 <seg>Numerous libraries, email/newsgroups components, plugins,
454 extensions, and helper modules installed in <filename
455 class='directory'>/usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;</filename>
456 </seg>
457 <seg>/usr/include/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;,
458 /usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;, and
459 /usr/share/idl/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;</seg>
460 </seglistitem>
461 </segmentedlist>
463 <variablelist>
464 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
465 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
466 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
468 <varlistentry id="thunderbird-prog">
469 <term><command>thunderbird</command></term>
470 <listitem>
471 <para>is <application>Mozilla</application>'s next-generation
472 email and newsgroup client.</para>
473 <indexterm zone="thunderbird thunderbird-prog">
474 <primary sortas="b-thunderbird">thunderbird</primary>
475 </indexterm>
476 </listitem>
477 </varlistentry>
479 </variablelist>
481 </sect2>
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