source: xsoft/other/thunderbird.xml@ b8eb6bc

6.3 6.3-rc3
Last change on this file since b8eb6bc was b8eb6bc, checked in by Randy McMurchy <randy@…>, 14 years ago

Updates for the 6.3-rc3 release including mods to shorten some line lengths to fit the PDF output on a page

git-svn-id: svn://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/BLFS/branches/6.3/BOOK@7552 af4574ff-66df-0310-9fd7-8a98e5e911e0

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6
7 <!ENTITY thunderbird-download-http "&sources-anduin-http;/t/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;-source.tar.bz2">
8 <!ENTITY thunderbird-download-ftp " ">
9 <!-- <!ENTITY thunderbird-download-http "http://releases.mozilla.org/pub/mozilla.org/thunderbird/releases/&thunderbird-version;/source/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;-source.tar.bz2">
10 <!ENTITY thunderbird-download-ftp "ftp://ftp.mozilla.org/pub/mozilla.org/thunderbird/releases/&thunderbird-version;/source/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;-source.tar.bz2"> -->
11 <!ENTITY thunderbird-md5sum "c23f576a8fd0ceee5135829c8ae5168b">
12 <!ENTITY thunderbird-size "37 MB">
13 <!ENTITY thunderbird-buildsize "629 MB">
14 <!ENTITY thunderbird-time "18 SBU">
15
16 <!ENTITY thunderbird-enigmail-version "0.95.6">
17 <!ENTITY thunderbird-enigmail-download "http://www.mozilla-enigmail.org/download/source/enigmail-&thunderbird-enigmail-version;.tar.gz">
18 <!ENTITY thunderbird-enigmail-md5sum "cfbe6ff77f80a349b396829757ad952a">
19 <!ENTITY thunderbird-enigmail-size "1.1 MB">
20]>
21
22<sect1 id="thunderbird" xreflabel="Thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;">
23 <?dbhtml filename="thunderbird.html" ?>
24
25 <sect1info>
26 <othername>$LastChangedBy$</othername>
27 <date>$Date$</date>
28 </sect1info>
29
30 <title>Thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;</title>
31
32 <indexterm zone="thunderbird">
33 <primary sortas="a-Thunderbird">Thunderbird</primary>
34 </indexterm>
35
36 <sect2 role="package">
37 <title>Introduction to Thunderbird</title>
38
39 <para><application>Thunderbird</application> is a stand-alone
40 mail/news client based on the <application>Mozilla</application>
41 codebase.</para>
42
43 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Package Information</bridgehead>
44 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
45 <listitem>
46 <para>Download (HTTP): <ulink url="&thunderbird-download-http;"/></para>
47 </listitem>
48 <listitem>
49 <para>Download (FTP): <ulink url="&thunderbird-download-ftp;"/></para>
50 </listitem>
51 <listitem>
52 <para>Download MD5 sum: &thunderbird-md5sum;</para>
53 </listitem>
54 <listitem>
55 <para>Download size: &thunderbird-size;</para>
56 </listitem>
57 <listitem>
58 <para>Estimated disk space required: &thunderbird-buildsize;</para>
59 </listitem>
60 <listitem>
61 <para>Estimated build time: &thunderbird-time;</para>
62 </listitem>
63 </itemizedlist>
64
65 <para>To enable the <application>Enigmail</application> extension to the
66 <application>Thunderbird</application> mail client, you'll need to download
67 the tarball shown below. The <application>Enigmail</application> extension
68 allows users to access the authentication and encryption features provided
69 by the <application>GnuPG</application> package. The Enigmail extension
70 will not operate correctly unless you have <xref linkend="gnupg"/> or
71 <xref linkend="gnupg2"/> installed.</para>
72
73 <itemizedlist spacing='compact'>
74 <listitem>
75 <para><ulink url="&thunderbird-enigmail-download;"/></para>
76 </listitem>
77 <listitem>
78 <para>Download MD5 sum: &thunderbird-enigmail-md5sum;</para>
79 </listitem>
80 <listitem>
81 <para>Download size: &thunderbird-enigmail-size;</para>
82 </listitem>
83 </itemizedlist>
84
85 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Thunderbird Dependencies</bridgehead>
86
87 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Required</bridgehead>
88 <para role="required"><xref linkend="gtk2"/>,
89 <xref linkend="libidl"/>, and
90 <xref linkend="zip"/></para>
91
92 <para>Note: <application>libjpeg</application> should have been installed
93 before <application>GTK+</application> and should exist on your system. If
94 for some reason you haven't installed <application>libjpeg</application>,
95 you should remove the <option>--with-system-jpeg</option> option from the
96 <filename>.mozconfig</filename> file created below.</para>
97
98 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Recommended</bridgehead>
99 <para role="recommended"><xref linkend="nss"/> (if you will be installing
100 any other package that utilizes NSS/NSPR, such as
101 <application>Firefox</application>, <application>SeaMonkey</application>,
102 <application>Evolution</application>, or
103 <application>OpenOffice</application>)</para>
104
105 <bridgehead renderas="sect4">Optional</bridgehead>
106 <para role="optional"><xref linkend="unzip"/> and
107 <xref linkend="libgnomeui"/> (to build the gnomevfs extension)</para>
108
109 <para condition="html" role="usernotes">User Notes:
110 <ulink url="&blfs-wiki;/Thunderbird"/></para>
111
112 </sect2>
113
114 <sect2 role="installation">
115 <title>Installation of Thunderbird</title>
116
117 <para>The configuration of <application>Thunderbird</application> is
118 accomplished by creating a <filename>.mozconfig</filename> file containing
119 the desired configuration options. A default <filename>.mozconfig</filename>
120 is created below. To see the entire list of available configuration options
121 (and an abbreviated description of each one), issue
122 <command>./configure --help</command>. If you are going to use
123 system-installed versions of the <application>NSS</application> and
124 <application>NSPR</application> libraries, ensure you uncomment the two
125 lines near the bottom of the file. You may also wish to review the entire
126 file and uncomment any other desired options. If you would prefer to
127 download the file instead of creating it by typing or cut-and-pasting, you
128 can find it at <ulink
129 url="&files-anduin;/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;-mozconfig"/>
130 (the file must be installed in the root of the source tree
131 <filename class='directory'>mozilla</filename> directory, and named
132 <filename>.mozconfig</filename>). Create the file by issuing the following
133 command:</para>
134
135<screen><?dbfo keep-together="auto"?><userinput>cat &gt; .mozconfig &lt;&lt; "EOF"
136<literal># This file contains the options used in the Thunderbird build. You may
137# need to specify additional options for your specific build needs.
138# Use the information provided by running './configure --help' to
139# help you determine if you need to add any additional options.
140# Some additional options can be added by uncommenting the examples
141# in this file or adding options by inserting a line containing
142# 'ac_add_options --some-option-you-need'.
143
144
145# Use the default settings specified in the source tree
146. $topsrcdir/mail/config/mozconfig
147
148# Create an object directory and specify to build the package in that
149# directory. If desired, modify the location of the object directory
150# to a directory inside the source tree by removing '../' from the
151# line below.
152mk_add_options MOZ_OBJDIR=@TOPSRCDIR@/../thunderbird-build
153
154# Specify the installation prefix. If you would prefer Thunderbird
155# installed in a different prefix, modify the line below to fit
156# your needs. You'll also need to modify some of the instructions in
157# the BLFS book to point to your desired prefix.
158ac_add_options --prefix=/usr
159
160# These options are used so that the Thunderbird binaries are linked to
161# the system-installed copies of the specified libraries instead of
162# the source tree code which may not be the most recent versions.
163ac_add_options --with-system-zlib
164ac_add_options --with-system-png
165ac_add_options --with-system-jpeg
166ac_add_options --enable-system-cairo
167
168# This option causes the installed binaries to have the official
169# Thunderbird name embedded in them. Due to license restrictions, you
170# may not distribute binaries created using this option.
171ac_add_options --enable-official-branding
172
173# This option specifies to include support for rendering the HTML
174# &lt;canvas&gt;&lt;/canvas&gt; tag in the Thunderbird mail client.
175#ac_add_options --enable-canvas
176
177# This option is used so that the debugging symbols are removed from
178# the installed binaries during the installation process. Comment out
179# this option if you may have a need to retain the debugging symbols
180# in the installed binaries. Note that this can substantially
181# increase the size of the installed binaries.
182ac_add_options --enable-strip
183
184# This option is added so that test libraries and programs are not
185# built. These would only be required for debugging purposes.
186ac_add_options --disable-tests
187
188# This option is added so that the Mozilla Installer program is not
189# built or installed. The program is not required for a BLFS
190# installation of Thunderbird.
191ac_add_options --disable-installer
192
193# This option is used to disable the a11y support in the Thunderbird
194# binaries. Comment out this option if you require a11y support.
195ac_add_options --disable-accessibility
196
197# This option is used to enable source tree included LDAP support in
198# the Thunderbird binaries.
199ac_add_options --enable-ldap
200
201# This option is used to enable support for rendering SVG files in the
202# Thunderbird mail client. Uncomment the line below to enable the option.
203#ac_add_options --enable-svg
204
205# Uncomment this option if you desire support for dual-monitor
206# display of Thunderbird using the X-Window Xinerama libraries.
207#ac_add_options --enable-xinerama
208
209# Complex scripts such as Thai can only be rendered in Thunderbird with
210# the help of Pango. This option significantly slows rendering, so only
211# use it if necessary.
212#ac_add_options --enable-pango
213
214# These two options enable support for building Thunderbird with
215# system-installed versions of the Network Security Services (NSS)
216# and Netscape Portable Runtime (NSPR) libraries. Uncomment both
217# lines to enable support for system-installed NSS/NSPR.
218#ac_add_options --with-system-nss
219#ac_add_options --with-system-nspr
220
221# This option identifies the default binary directory of the Thunderbird
222# installation and is used to locate Thunderbird's installed files. This
223# option is not required for end-user use, and is only used for
224# development purposes. Due to PDF line length limitations, the command
225# below is modified. If you need to use the command below, change the
226# ... to /usr/lib.
227#ac_add_options --with-default-mozilla-five-home=.../thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;</literal>
228
229EOF</userinput></screen>
230
231 <para>Compile <application>Thunderbird</application> by
232 issuing the following commands:</para>
233
234<screen><userinput>cat &gt;&gt; layout/build/Makefile.in &lt;&lt; "EOF" &amp;&amp;
235ifdef MOZ_ENABLE_CANVAS
236EXTRA_DSO_LDOPTS += $(XLDFLAGS) -lX11 -lXrender
237endif
238EOF
239
240sed -i "s/^ enum$/&amp; xptinfo_enum_1/" \
241 xpcom/reflect/xptinfo/public/xptinfo.h &amp;&amp;
242
243make -f client.mk build</userinput></screen>
244
245 <para>This package does not come with a test suite.</para>
246
247 <para>If you're building the <application>Enigmail</application> extension,
248 issue the following commands:</para>
249
250<screen><userinput>tar -xf ../enigmail-&thunderbird-enigmail-version;.tar.gz -C mailnews/extensions &amp;&amp;
251( cd mailnews/extensions/enigmail &amp;&amp; ./makemake -r ) &amp;&amp;
252
253make -C ../thunderbird-build/mailnews/extensions/enigmail &amp;&amp;
254make -C ../thunderbird-build/mailnews/extensions/enigmail \
255 XPIFILE=enigmail-&thunderbird-enigmail-version;.xpi xpi</userinput></screen>
256
257 <para>Install <application>Thunderbird</application> by running the following
258 commands as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
259
260<screen role="root"><userinput>make -f client.mk install &amp;&amp;
261
262install -v -m644 ../thunderbird-build/dist/public/ldap-private/* \
263 /usr/include/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/ldap &amp;&amp;
264
265install -v -m644 ../thunderbird-build/dist/bin/isp/{movemail,rss}.rdf \
266 /usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/isp &amp;&amp;
267rm -rvf /usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/defaults/isp</userinput></screen>
268
269 <para>If you built <application>Thunderbird</application> utilizing
270 system-installed NSS and NSPR libraries, the
271 <filename>thunderbird-ns*.pc</filename> <application>pkgconfig</application>
272 files are broken as they point to the wrong directories where the actual
273 libraries and interface headers are located. Issue the following commands
274 as the <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user to replace the
275 broken files with symbolic links to known good files:</para>
276
277<screen role="root"><userinput>ln -v -sf nss.pc /usr/lib/pkgconfig/thunderbird-nss.pc &amp;&amp;
278ln -v -sf nspr.pc /usr/lib/pkgconfig/thunderbird-nspr.pc</userinput></screen>
279
280 <para>If you did <emphasis role="strong">NOT</emphasis> build
281 <application>Thunderbird</application> utilizing system-installed NSS and
282 NSPR libraries, issue the following commands as the
283 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user to install the NSS
284 interface headers:</para>
285
286<screen role="root"><userinput>install -v -m755 -d /usr/include/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/nss &amp;&amp;
287cp -v -Lf ../thunderbird-build/dist/{private,public}/nss/*.h \
288 /usr/include/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/nss</userinput></screen>
289
290 <para>If you built the <application>Enigmail</application> extension,
291 issue the following commands as the <systemitem
292 class="username">root</systemitem> user to install the
293 <filename>.xpi</filename> file:</para>
294
295<screen role="root"><userinput>install -v -m644 -D ../thunderbird-build/dist/bin/enigmail-&thunderbird-enigmail-version;.xpi \
296 /usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/xpi_store/enigmail-&thunderbird-enigmail-version;.xpi</userinput></screen>
297
298 <para>If you want to install <application>Enigmail</application> globally
299 so that all users who run <application>Thunderbird</application> will have
300 access to the extension, issue the command shown below. Note that this
301 procedure starts an instance of <application>Thunderbird</application> and
302 you must have an X server running. Issue the following command as the
303 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
304
305<screen role="root"><userinput>/usr/bin/thunderbird -install-global-extension \
306 /usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/xpi_store/enigmail-&thunderbird-enigmail-version;.xpi</userinput></screen>
307
308 <para>Global installation of other extensions can be done using the same
309 basic method as the <application>Enigmail</application> extension. See the
310 <quote>Configuring Thunderbird</quote> section below for information about
311 configuring <application>Enigmail</application> for individual users if you
312 did not not install it globally.</para>
313
314 <!-- This appears to not be required any longer. The regchrome program
315 is not built any longer, and multi-user access to Thunderbird appears
316 to work fine without running regxpcom and touching the files. -Randy
317
318 <para>To enable multi-user operation, execute the following as the
319 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user:</para>
320
321<screen role="root"><userinput>cd /usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version; &amp;&amp;
322export LD_LIBRARY_PATH="$PWD" &amp;&amp;
323export MOZILLA_FIVE_HOME="$PWD" &amp;&amp;
324./regxpcom &amp;&amp;
325./regchrome &amp;&amp;
326touch `find . -name *.rdf`</userinput></screen>
327
328 -->
329
330 <note>
331 <para>You should run <command>/usr/bin/thunderbird</command> once as the
332 <systemitem class="username">root</systemitem> user (or any user with
333 write privileges) to create some necessary additional files in the
334 <filename class='directory'>/usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;</filename>
335 directory.</para>
336 </note>
337
338 </sect2>
339
340 <sect2 role="commands">
341 <title>Command Explanations</title>
342
343 <para><command>'EXTRA_DSO_LDOPTS' += -lX11 -lXrender ...</command>:
344 Building the layout backend will break when the canvas element is enabled
345 without adding these two required libraries.</para>
346
347 <para><command>sed -i "s/^ enum$/&amp; xptinfo_enum_1/" ...</command>:
348 This command is used to fix an anonymous enum in an external/public
349 interface header file.</para>
350
351 <para><command>make -f client.mk ...</command>: Mozilla products are
352 packaged to allow the use of a configuration file which can be used to
353 pass the configuration settings to the <command>configure</command>
354 command. <command>make</command> uses the <filename>client.mk</filename>
355 file to get initial configuration and setup parameters, then depending on
356 the target parameter (<parameter>build</parameter> or
357 <parameter>install</parameter>), either runs the
358 <command>configure</command> script and compiles the package or installs
359 the package.</para>
360
361 <para><command>( cd mailnews/... &amp;&amp; ./makemake -r )</command>:
362 This command is used to recursively create <filename>Makefile</filename>s
363 in the <filename class='directory'>enigmail</filename> directory.</para>
364
365 <para><command>make -C ... xpi</command>: This command builds the
366 <application>Enigmail</application>
367 <filename class='extension'>.xpi</filename> file which is used to install
368 <application>Enigmail</application>.</para>
369
370 <para><command>install .../{movemail,rss}.rdf</command>: These commands
371 are used to install two mail extensions inadvertantly left out of the
372 installation script or installed to the wrong location.</para>
373
374 </sect2>
375
376 <sect2 role="configuration">
377 <title>Configuring Thunderbird</title>
378
379 <sect3><title>Configuration Information</title>
380
381 <para>No specific configuration is required as long as the
382 <command>thunderbird</command> script is in the user's path. If
383 <application>Thunderbird</application> is installed in a non-standard
384 location, then make a symlink to the <command>thunderbird</command>
385 script in the <filename class="directory">/usr/bin</filename>
386 directory.</para>
387
388 <para>If you don't have privileges to install extensions globally, or
389 you prefer to not install global extensions, you can configure
390 <application>Thunderbird</application> on an individual user basis for
391 access to extensions. For example, if you built the
392 <application>Enigmail</application> extension and did not install it
393 globally, it can be installed on an as-needed basis for each user of the
394 system who may use <application>Thunderbird</application>. It is
395 accomplished through the <application>Thunderbird</application>
396 <quote>Tools</quote> menu. Choose the <quote>Extensions</quote> &ndash;
397 <quote>Install</quote> option and fill in the <quote>Look in:</quote>
398 field with <filename
399 class='directory'>/usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;/xpi_store</filename>.
400 You'll then see the
401 <filename>enigmail-&thunderbird-enigmail-version;-linux-????.xpi</filename>
402 file listed. Choose this file and click on <quote>Open</quote>, then
403 click on <quote>Install now</quote>. The
404 <application>Enigmail</application> extension will install and you will
405 be prompted to restart <application>Thunderbird</application>.</para>
406
407 <para>If your Window or Desktop Manager does not allow you to configure
408 a default browser, you can add a configuration parameter to
409 <application>Thunderbird</application> so that a browser will start when
410 when you click on an Internet/intranet/local URL. The procedure to check
411 or modify any of the configuration parameters is quite simple and the
412 instructions here can be used to view or modify any of the
413 parameters.</para>
414
415 <para>First, open the configuration dialog by opening the
416 <quote>Edit</quote> drop-down menu. Choose <quote>Preferences</quote>
417 and then click on the <quote>Advanced</quote> icon on the top menu
418 bar. Choose the <quote>General</quote> tab and click on the
419 <quote>Config Editor</quote> button. This will display a list of the
420 configuration preferences and information related to each one. You can
421 use the <quote>Filter:</quote> bar to enter search criteria and narrow
422 down the listed items. Changing a preference can be done using two
423 methods. One, if the preference has a boolean value (True/False), simply
424 double-click on the preference to toggle the value and two, for other
425 preferences simply right-click on the desired line, choose
426 <quote>Modify</quote> from the menu and change the value. Creating new
427 preference items is accomplished in the same way, except choose
428 <quote>New</quote> from the menu and provide the desired data into the
429 fields when prompted.</para>
430
431 <para>The configuration preference item you need to check so that
432 <application>Thunderbird</application> uses a specified browser is the
433 <parameter>network.protocol-handler.app.http</parameter> which should
434 be set to the path of the desired browser, e.g.,
435 <option>/usr/bin/firefox</option>.</para>
436
437 <tip>
438 <para>There is a multitude of configuration parameters you can tweak to
439 customize <application>Thunderbird</application>. A very extensive and
440 up-to-date list of these parameters can be found at <ulink
441 url="http://preferential.mozdev.org/preferences.html"/>.</para>
442 </tip>
443
444 </sect3>
445
446 </sect2>
447
448 <sect2 role="content">
449 <title>Contents</title>
450
451 <segmentedlist>
452 <segtitle>Installed Programs</segtitle>
453 <segtitle>Installed Libraries</segtitle>
454 <segtitle>Installed Directories</segtitle>
455
456 <seglistitem>
457 <seg>thunderbird and thunderbird-config</seg>
458 <seg>Numerous libraries, email/newsgroups components, plugins,
459 extensions, and helper modules installed in <filename
460 class='directory'>/usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;</filename>
461 </seg>
462 <seg>/usr/include/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;,
463 /usr/lib/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;, and
464 /usr/share/idl/thunderbird-&thunderbird-version;</seg>
465 </seglistitem>
466 </segmentedlist>
467
468 <variablelist>
469 <bridgehead renderas="sect3">Short Descriptions</bridgehead>
470 <?dbfo list-presentation="list"?>
471 <?dbhtml list-presentation="table"?>
472
473 <varlistentry id="thunderbird-prog">
474 <term><command>thunderbird</command></term>
475 <listitem>
476 <para>is <application>Mozilla</application>'s next-generation
477 email and newsgroup client.</para>
478 <indexterm zone="thunderbird thunderbird-prog">
479 <primary sortas="b-thunderbird">thunderbird</primary>
480 </indexterm>
481 </listitem>
482 </varlistentry>
483
484 </variablelist>
485
486 </sect2>
487
488</sect1>
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