Setting up a CVS server.
A CVS server will be set up using OpenSSH
as the remote access method. Other access methods, including :pserver: and
:server: will not be used for write access to the CVS
repository. The :pserver: method sends clear text passwords over the network
and the :server: method is not supported in all CVS ports.
Instructions for anonymous, read only CVS access using
:pserver: can be found at the end of this section.
Configuration of the CVS server consists of four
1. Create a repository.
Create a new CVS repository with the following
mkdir /home/cvsroot &&
chmod 1777 /home/cvsroot &&
export CVSROOT=/home//cvsroot &&
2. Import source code into the repository.
Import a source module into the repository with the following
commands, issued from a user account on the same machine as the
export CVSROOT=/home/cvsroot &&
cd [sourcedir] &&
cvs import -m ["repository test"] [cvstest] [vendortag] [releasetag]
3. Verify local repository access.
Test access to the CVS repository from the same user
account with the following command:
cvs co cvstest
4. Verify remote repository access.
Test access to the CVS repository from a remote
machine using a user account that has ssh access to the
CVS server with the following commands:
Replace [servername] with the
IP address or host name of the CVS
repository machine. You will be prompted for the user's shell account password
before CVS checkout can continue.
export CVS_RSH=/usr/bin/ssh &&
cvs -d:ext:[servername]:/cvsroot co cvstest
Configuring CVS for anonymous read only access.
CVS can be set up to allow anonymous read only access
using the :pserver: method by logging on as root and executing the following
(grep anonymous /etc/passwd || useradd anonymous -s /bin/false) &&
echo anonymous: > /home/cvsroot/CVSROOT/passwd &&
echo anonymous > /home/cvsroot/CVSROOT/readers
If you use inetd, the following command will add the
pserver entry to /etc/inetd.conf:
echo "2401 stream tcp nowait root /usr/bin/cvs cvs -f \
--allow-root=/home/cvsroot pserver" >> /etc/inetd.conf
Issue a killall -HUP inetd to reread the changed
If you use xinetd, the following command will add the
pserver entry to /etc/xinetd.conf:
cat >> /etc/xinetd.conf << "EOF"
port = 2401
socket_type = stream
protocol = tcp
wait = no
user = root
passenv = PATH
server = /usr/bin/cvs
server_args = -f --allow-root=/home/cvsroot pserver
Issue a /etc/rc.d/init.d/xinetd reload to reread the changed
Testing anonymous access to the new repository requires an account
on another machine that can reach the CVS server via
network. No account on the CVS repository is needed. To
test anonymous access to the CVS repository, log in to
another machine as an unprivileged user and execute the following command:
cvs -d:pserver:anonymous@[servername]:/home/cvsroot co cvstest
Replace [servername] with the IP address or
hostname of the CVS server