source: chapter02/hostreqs.xml@ e454a54

ml-11.0 multilib
Last change on this file since e454a54 was e454a54, checked in by Xℹ Ruoyao <xry111@…>, 17 months ago

Merge changes from trunk to multilib

git-svn-id: http://svn.linuxfromscratch.org/LFS/branches/multilib@11988 4aa44e1e-78dd-0310-a6d2-fbcd4c07a689

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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
2<!DOCTYPE sect1 PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.5//EN"
3 "http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.5/docbookx.dtd" [
4 <!ENTITY % general-entities SYSTEM "../general.ent">
5 %general-entities;
6]>
7
8<sect1 id="ch-partitioning-hostreqs" xreflabel="Host System Requirements">
9 <?dbhtml filename="hostreqs.html"?>
10
11 <title>Host System Requirements</title>
12
13 <para>Your host system should have the following software with the
14 minimum versions indicated. This should not be an issue for most
15 modern Linux distributions. Also note that many distributions will
16 place software headers into separate packages, often in the form of
17 <quote>&lt;package-name&gt;-devel</quote> or
18 <quote>&lt;package-name&gt;-dev</quote>. Be sure to install those if
19 your distribution provides them.</para>
20
21 <para>Earlier versions of the listed software packages may work, but have
22 not been tested.</para>
23
24 <itemizedlist spacing="compact">
25
26 <listitem>
27 <para><emphasis role="strong">Bash-3.2</emphasis> (/bin/sh
28 should be a symbolic or hard link to bash)</para>
29 </listitem>
30
31 <listitem>
32 <para><emphasis role="strong">Binutils-2.25</emphasis> (Versions
33 greater than &binutils-version; are not recommended as they have
34 not been tested)</para>
35 </listitem>
36
37 <listitem>
38 <para><emphasis role="strong">Bison-2.7</emphasis> (/usr/bin/yacc
39 should be a link to bison or small script that executes bison)</para>
40 </listitem>
41
42 <listitem>
43 <para><emphasis role="strong">Bzip2-1.0.4</emphasis></para>
44 </listitem>
45
46 <listitem>
47 <para><emphasis role="strong">Coreutils-6.9</emphasis></para>
48 </listitem>
49
50 <listitem>
51 <para><emphasis role="strong">Diffutils-2.8.1</emphasis></para>
52 </listitem>
53
54 <listitem>
55 <para><emphasis role="strong">Findutils-4.2.31</emphasis></para>
56 </listitem>
57
58 <listitem>
59 <para><emphasis role="strong">Gawk-4.0.1</emphasis> (/usr/bin/awk
60 should be a link to gawk)</para>
61 </listitem>
62
63 <!-- glibc-2.30 requires gcc-6.2 or later -->
64 <listitem>
65 <para><emphasis role="strong">GCC-6.2</emphasis> including the C++
66 compiler, <command>g++</command> (Versions greater than &gcc-version; are
67 not recommended as they have not been tested)</para>
68 </listitem>
69
70 <listitem>
71 <para><emphasis role="strong">Glibc-2.11</emphasis> (Versions
72 greater than &glibc-version; are not recommended as they have
73 not been tested)</para>
74 </listitem>
75
76 <listitem>
77 <para><emphasis role="strong">Grep-2.5.1a</emphasis></para>
78 </listitem>
79
80 <listitem>
81 <para><emphasis role="strong">Gzip-1.3.12</emphasis></para>
82 </listitem>
83
84 <listitem>
85 <para><emphasis role="strong">Linux Kernel-&min-kernel;</emphasis></para>
86
87 <para>The reason for the kernel version requirement is that we specify
88 that version when building <application>glibc</application> in Chapter&nbsp;6
89 at the recommendation of the developers. It is also required by
90 udev.</para>
91
92 <para>If the host kernel is earlier than &min-kernel; you will need to replace
93 the kernel with a more up to date version. There are two ways
94 you can go about this. First, see if your Linux vendor provides a &min-kernel;
95 or later kernel package. If so, you may wish to install it. If your
96 vendor doesn't offer an acceptable kernel package, or you would prefer not to
97 install it, you can compile a kernel yourself. Instructions for
98 compiling the kernel and configuring the boot loader (assuming the host
99 uses GRUB) are located in <xref linkend="chapter-bootable"/>.</para>
100
101 </listitem>
102
103 <listitem>
104 <para><emphasis role="strong">M4-1.4.10</emphasis></para>
105 </listitem>
106
107 <listitem>
108 <para><emphasis role="strong">Make-4.0</emphasis></para>
109 </listitem>
110
111 <listitem>
112 <para><emphasis role="strong">Patch-2.5.4</emphasis></para>
113 </listitem>
114
115 <listitem>
116 <para><emphasis role="strong">Perl-5.8.8</emphasis></para>
117 </listitem>
118
119 <listitem>
120 <para><emphasis role="strong">Python-3.4</emphasis></para>
121 </listitem>
122
123 <listitem>
124 <para><emphasis role="strong">Sed-4.1.5</emphasis></para>
125 </listitem>
126
127 <listitem>
128 <para><emphasis role="strong">Tar-1.22</emphasis></para>
129 </listitem>
130
131 <listitem>
132 <para><emphasis role="strong">Texinfo-4.7</emphasis></para>
133 </listitem>
134
135 <listitem>
136 <para><emphasis role="strong">Xz-5.0.0</emphasis></para>
137 </listitem>
138
139 </itemizedlist>
140
141 <important>
142 <para>Note that the symlinks mentioned above are required to build an LFS
143 system using the instructions contained within this book. Symlinks that
144 point to other software (such as dash, mawk, etc.) may work, but are not
145 tested or supported by the LFS development team, and may require either
146 deviation from the instructions or additional patches to some
147 packages.</para>
148 </important>
149
150 <!-- Use an empty sect2 element to prevent a pdf warning. -->
151 <bridgehead renderas="sect2"
152 id="version-check"
153 xreflabel="Host System Requirements">
154 </bridgehead>
155 <!--<title> </title>-->
156
157 <para >To see whether your host system has all the appropriate versions, and
158 the ability to compile programs, run the following:</para>
159
160<screen role="nodump"><userinput>cat &gt; version-check.sh &lt;&lt; "EOF"
161<literal>#!/bin/bash
162# Simple script to list version numbers of critical development tools
163export LC_ALL=C
164bash --version | head -n1 | cut -d" " -f2-4
165MYSH=$(readlink -f /bin/sh)
166echo "/bin/sh -&gt; $MYSH"
167echo $MYSH | grep -q bash || echo "ERROR: /bin/sh does not point to bash"
168unset MYSH
169
170echo -n "Binutils: "; ld --version | head -n1 | cut -d" " -f3-
171bison --version | head -n1
172
173if [ -h /usr/bin/yacc ]; then
174 echo "/usr/bin/yacc -> `readlink -f /usr/bin/yacc`";
175elif [ -x /usr/bin/yacc ]; then
176 echo yacc is `/usr/bin/yacc --version | head -n1`
177else
178 echo "yacc not found"
179fi
180
181bzip2 --version 2&gt;&amp;1 &lt; /dev/null | head -n1 | cut -d" " -f1,6-
182echo -n "Coreutils: "; chown --version | head -n1 | cut -d")" -f2
183diff --version | head -n1
184find --version | head -n1
185gawk --version | head -n1
186
187if [ -h /usr/bin/awk ]; then
188 echo "/usr/bin/awk -&gt; `readlink -f /usr/bin/awk`";
189elif [ -x /usr/bin/awk ]; then
190 echo awk is `/usr/bin/awk --version | head -n1`
191else
192 echo "awk not found"
193fi
194
195gcc --version | head -n1
196g++ --version | head -n1
197ldd --version | head -n1 | cut -d" " -f2- # glibc version
198grep --version | head -n1
199gzip --version | head -n1
200cat /proc/version
201m4 --version | head -n1
202make --version | head -n1
203patch --version | head -n1
204echo Perl `perl -V:version`
205python3 --version
206sed --version | head -n1
207tar --version | head -n1
208makeinfo --version | head -n1 # texinfo version
209xz --version | head -n1
210
211echo 'int main(){}' &gt; dummy.c &amp;&amp; g++ -o dummy dummy.c
212if [ -x dummy ]
213 then echo "g++ compilation OK";
214 else echo "g++ compilation failed"; fi
215rm -f dummy.c dummy</literal>
216EOF
217
218bash version-check.sh</userinput></screen>
219<!--
220 <para>Also check for some library consistency:</para>
221
222<screen role="nodump"><userinput>cat &gt; library-check.sh &lt;&lt; "EOF"
223<literal>#!/bin/bash
224for lib in lib{gmp,mpfr,mpc}.la; do
225 echo $lib: $(if find /usr/lib* -name $lib|
226 grep -q $lib;then :;else echo not;fi) found
227done
228unset lib</literal>
229EOF
230
231bash library-check.sh</userinput></screen>
232
233<para>The files identified by this script should be all present
234or all absent, but not only one or two present.</para>
235-->
236
237 <para arch="ml_32,ml_x32,ml_all">
238 Building multilib support requires the kernel of the host system
239 to have 32-bit emulation support included.
240 </para>
241<screen arch="ml_32,ml_x32,ml_all">Binary Emulations ---&gt;
242 [*] IA32 Emulation
243 &lt;M&gt; IA32 a.out support
244 [*] x32 ABI for 64-bit mode
245</screen>
246
247 <para arch="ml_32,ml_x32,ml_all">The option 'IA32 a.out support' is
248 optional. In case your kernel does not have 'x32 ABI for 64-bit mode'
249 enabled but only 'IA32 Emulation', you can continue to build your
250 system but you have to leave out any sections showing instructions
251 for building x32 objects. If neither 'IA32 Emulation' nor
252 'x32 ABI for 64-bit mode' is enabled, you will run in errors
253 latest when building <application>glibc</application> in Chapter 6,
254 so an upgrade of your host system kernel is required.
255 </para>
256
257</sect1>
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